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2019, Vol., No.26

  • 1.

    Park Jung-Yang, a Pro-Japanese Government Official, and the Rule over Joseon

    Lee, Hyoung-Sik | 2019, (26) | pp.51~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, the trail of Park Jung-yang's life was traced and his consciousness and acts as a pro-Japanese government official were examined. He gained Japan's trust by studying in Japan and joining the army in the Russo-Japanese War, which helped him to step on the fast track as a government official. After he was chosen as a governor of Daegu by Ito Hirobumi in 1906, he was served as a provincial governor for 3 years and 3 months. Working as a provincial government official in the days of Daehan Empire, he proved his loyalty to Japan by taking the initiative in introducing Japanese system and facilities with the slogan of reforming what's old into what's new(革舊改新), representing the interests of Japanese in Korea and cooperating in suppressing the voluntary troops in resistance against Japan. During the March First Independence Movement, he organized a refrain club in Daegu and led the oppression of the movement by making use of his experience of crackdown on the anti-Japan troops as a governor in North Gyeongsang Province. With his steadfast loyalty to Japan, he could get quick promotions as a government official, and return to his governmental office after two failures in promotion because of a woman problem.
  • 2.

    “Tyûtôkyôikukokubuntokuhon(中等教育国文読本)” as a Media -Textbook Description by Editing, Excerpt, Concealment-

    KIM Hyosook | 2019, (26) | pp.87~112 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    “tyûtôkyôikukokubuntokuhon(中等教育国文読本)” is a Japanese textbook published by the the Japanese Government-General of Korea. Volume 8 contains an introductory text about “The Tale of Genji”. As a result of the investigation, it was found that this sentence was excerpted from the “kokubungakurekidaisen(国文学歴代選)” written by Haga Yaichi . By the way, when comparing the relevant parts of “tyûtôkyôikukoku buntokuhon” and “kokubungakurekidaisen”, it was found that there are many omissions. “kokubungakurekidaisen” defined Japan's Heian period as an era when “Vanity” prevailed, and “The tale of Genji” was highly regarded as a work that portrayed the Heian period as it was. However, “tyûtôkyôikukokubuntokuhon” omitted all negative evaluations regarding the Heian period and emphasized that the real society was copied as it was. By such omission, Haga Yaichi's negative appraisal about the Heian period was completely concealed in “tyûtôkyôikukokubuntokuhon”. The textbook published by the Japanese Government-General of Korea, “tyûtôkyôikukokubuntokuhon”, conceals negative evaluations of Japan's Heian period by editing and emphasizes only the excellence of “Japanese literature”.
  • 3.

    Japan's Economic Policies after the Global Crisis: Transformative Developmentalism

    Park, Chang-Gun | 2019, (26) | pp.113~150 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines what the trends and characteristics of Japan’s economic policies after the Global crisis and predicts what form Japan’s economic strategy will take for future growth engines towards the era of the fourth industrial revolution. The Abe administration is implementing a new growth strategy that Japanese-oriented economic policies with increases institutional non-compliance in the post-neoliberal era. Namely, the Japanese administration is adopting economic strategy adding the social security measures in the three arrow – bold monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy, and growth strategy – of Abenomics in the post-neoliberal era. That is to prove that Japan is adopting economic policies from the ‘economic development’ led to government-led economic growth to a model of ‘transformative developmentalism’ presented economic democratization. The Abe administration’s tendency toward transformative developmentalism can be characterized by promoting strategic macroeconomic policy, reinforcing official-led institutionalized leadership and importance of policy network among government-market-society. Above all, Japan is preparing for fourth industrial revolution of 2030 for the growth of Japanese economy through the analysis of ‘human capital’ and ‘human investment’. In other words, the Abe administration is creating new industries in the process of solving the challenges facing its country and using a strategy to prepare for Japan’s economic society in 2030 by changing the weakness of ‘task-preferred country’ to the strength of ‘task-solving advanced country’.
  • 4.

    Stratified Party Organization and Strategic Segregation of National and Local Elections : Analysis on Kōmeitō's Side-Switching in Tokyo in 2017

    SOHN Sukeui | 2019, (26) | pp.151~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine why Kōmeitō sometimes employs doublesided behaviors in local and national elections, and to shed light on the party's electoral rationality by analyzing the perceived opportunity structures surrounding local and national elections in 2017. The analysis reveals that the party has indeed developed high level of local autonomy and segregation from national politics in order to maintain organizational integrity. As the results of two elections held in Tokyo in 2017 show, the side-switching between local and national elections is not the result of intra-party conflict, but rather the embodiment of electoral rationality within the Kōmeitō’s party organization. This paper first discusses the characteristics of Kōmeitō’s party organization as ‘stratified organization,’ in which the decentralization of power is systematized for the sole purpose of maintaining electoral integrity. Second, it draws LDP-Kōmeitō relations at local level in Tokyo as ‘disengaged’ relationship characterized by strategic complacency. Lastly, this paper analyzes the results of two elections held in Tokyo in 2017 which vividly exposed Kōmeitō’s effective side-switching between local and national elections.