This paper considers how Hino Keizo began writing novels after covering the Vietnam War, and analyzes that the memories of war and colonization are newly recalled and embodied.
Hino Keizo was born in Japan and moved to colonial Chosun in 1934. After Japan’s defeat in 1945, he repatriated to Japan. In the 1960s, he visited Seoul again, and returned to Japan as a correspondent to cover the Vietnam War. As a result, his literature represents the relative topology by the continuous movement and the existence of floating people, showing the expansion of boundaries between subject and space. This characteristic composes new relationships, representing a literary embodiment of “home”.
Hino Keizo’s works from the early works to the series of autobiographical novels are created by continuous movement, representing the memories of war and colonization and symbolic of a new relativity and place of memory
Matsumoto Seicho served as a Nursing soldier in Yongsan and Jeongeup, for about a year and three months. From this experience, he wrote six novels and one autobiography. This paper analyzed related works focusing on the period Seicho spent in Yongsan.
Through analysis of Seicho’s military-related works, first, I looked at the problems of expanding conscription and military service corruption to solve the shortage of troops. Secondly, you can see the barracks scenery of Yongsan and the daily life and feelings of Seicho, a Nursing soldier. Third, The problems of implementing the conscription system in colonial Chosen can be seen.
This paper examines several issues related to the introduction of Korean plays to Japan through three cultural events. For twenty years, fifty plays by fifty Korean playwrights have been translated into Japanese through the exchange program. The writers represented are diverse in their age and gender, and the translated works represent a wide range of genres from realism to avant-garde. The exchange program selected and performed Kyeokjeong-Manri for the season-ending show of its tenth event in January 2021. In the Japanese performance, various Korean repertories and historical events were explained using both diegetic and non-diegetic elements. The non-diegetic elements include the narrator’s explanations and the projection of subtitles on the back screen. In 2020, a translation of The History of Korean Play Movements, was published, but there are several problems with the translation that relate to the globalization of Korean literature. As the original was written with a nationalistic point of view characteristic of the twentieth century, the publication could not reflect recent transnational and postcolonial research that has emerged in the new millennium.
The rapid progress in low birthrate and aging in Japan has brought a large increase in the cost of social security. This study seeks to predict the trajectory of Japaneses social policy by taking population problem, technology and labor in the form of change, legacies of previous welfare structures, and value change into account. First of all, medical spending will increase considerably while the growth of the pension spending would be moderate by 2030 due to the achievements of past reforms. Second, while the importance of social insurance contribution in terms of financial components will be maintained, tax-based expenditure will rise sharply. In addition, social investment in the family and the labor market increases. However, considering the strength of political influence of elderly, conservative discourse of reform of the ruling power, and the slow pace of the changing social values, the turn of the welfare state will be based on functional responses in Japan.
The purpose of this paper is to examine how Japan is internalizing the current trend of carbon neutrality and the realization of a green economy, and to analyze the contents and decision-making process of related policies in the power generation sector in particular. This is because decarbonization of the power generation sector is key to the realization of carbon neutrality and a green economy. Therefore, the subject of the analysis in this paper is the offshore wind and nuclear-related plans related to the power generation sector, among the strategies of the Japanese government to achieve green growth. The study reveals that the Japanese government has prioritized coordination with the related industries through various policy mechanisms in the Japanese energy policy-making process. In the end, the role of the Japanese government is to shape policy by bringing together the diverse voices of potentially conflicting industries. However, it is difficult to see the results of such coordination as a result of coordinating different voices in the energy industry as a whole. reflects the voice of some gigantic industries. To what extent these strategies can contribute to the goal of achieving carbon neutrality, and which actor’s influence was greater, are left to future research.
This study attempts to show that the response of the government, local community, and private organizations regarding the management of isolated islands, which has recently been drawing attention to its ocean strategies of the Japanese government. According to the existing research, Japan’s ocean policy was mainly carried out through the government-led strategies and the legal systems. This paper suggest that the roles of various actors such as private organizations and local communities. While the remote border Island has been described as strategic area to ocean policy, they are facing a population decline due to aging population, lack of employment, and poor infrastructure. In order to solve this problem, the Japanese government revised the laws. This study examines cooperations between local governments and private sectors based on Japanese ocean policy. This paper conclude that the Japanese ocean policy is promote with comprehensive management, the government, the private sector and local governments are strengthening cooperation in remote islands.
In the 2010s, which coincided with the period of the second Abe administration, Japan’s inscription on the list of intangible cultural heritages underwent a major change in direction after the 2013 inscription of “Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New Year”. This paper examines the significance of this shift and its background from the perspective of the discourse of the Cultural Council of the Agency for Cultural Affairs. The members of the Council did not only select targets for inscription on the list, but also attended UNESCO meeting and participated in negotiations on the implementation of the Convention, then providing feedback to the Council. It is the contention of this paper that the Council’s role was, at its core, to give theoretical support to the new intangible cultural heritage policy in the face of unexpected difficulties in the original one.