This paper studies the basic dance movements of Bugaku(舞樂), the composition of Goguryeo-style music & dance, and its status as a court dance.
In 『Kyokunsho(敎訓抄)』, a total of 46 Bugaku basic dance movements are recorded. However, one can see that there are some differences in the later literature, indicating that the tradition(transmission) has been severed or there are newly added movements. Meanwhile, in Komagaku (高麗 樂), the composition of <Daisotoku(退宿德)>, <Shinsotoku(進宿德)>, and <Komaboko(狛鉾)>, which are Goguryeo-style music and dance, mainly consists of 3 parts and commonly uses 8 basic dance movements. Most notable is that these movements have a very long history, and most of them can be found in daily life. The ancient Korean dance was never irrelevant in daily life. Thus, it is highly likely that Komagaku, which was introduced in Japan, includes the same or similar movements of the ancient Korean dance.
On the other hand, based on 『Bugakuyouroku(舞樂要錄)』, by studying its status as a court dance, it is clear that Goguryeo-styled music & dance have exerted considerable influence. As the ancient Korean wave, Komagaku, Japan contains some of the features of the ancient Korean dance. Obviously this study of Komagaku in Japan can be as a reference for the study of the ancient Korean music and dance, which is in a stalemate due to a lack of absolute data.