Study of the Situations of the Traditional Plays in the Pyeongannam-do Region Viewed through Chijun Murayama’s Indigenous Entertainment in Joseon
This study examined the background of the traditional play research/ promotion of the Japanese Government-General of Korea during the Japanese colonial era and Chijun Murayama's Indigenous Entertainment in Joseon. In addition, this study investigated the situations of the traditional plays in the Pyeongannam-do region based on that.
The Japanese Government-General of Korea during the Japanese colonial era developed a movement for the promotion of the agricultural areas of Joseon and policy on the promotion of the traditional plays.
Also, before that, it surveyed the traditional plays of Joseon. Chijun Murayama's Indigenous Entertainment in Joseon can be said to be the result of the project for the survey on the traditional plays of the Japanese Government-General of Korea. Indigenous Entertainment in Joseon describes the names of a total of 6,400 plays of 13 provinces in nationwide Joseon and about 1,300 kinds of plays. This study investigated the situations of the traditional plays, focusing on Pyeongannam-do including Pyeongyang.
As a result of an analysis of the situations of the traditional plays of Pyeongannam-do based on Indigenous Entertainment in Joseon, children enjoyed the most plays at the time, followed by men and women. As a result of an examination of the plays of men and women, the plays of women were much fewer than those of men. Also, in women’s plays, labor plays were done, which were in the boundary between play and labor. Of men’s plays, Seokjeon (a mock fight with stone missiles) is remarkable. During the Japanese colonial era, Japan thoroughly controlled folk and play as well as politics. In plays, it thoroughly controlled Daedong Nori (festival of performers and audience), in particular, and as a result, Seokjeon had hardly been played since the 1910s while a Tug-ofWar had hardly been played since the end of the 1930s. Nevertheless, the fact that plays like Seokjeon, etc. were recorded in Indegenous Entertainment in Joseon shows that its existence was maintained as a play.
This study is a baseline study with traditional play as a topic and at the same time, an area study in a broad meaning. Thus, it is expected that it would help understand the area and culture. A study of other areas not dealt in this study would be left as a task for the future.