Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.88

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pISSN : 1225-8539 / eISSN : 2671-5171
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2007, Vol.14, No.2

  • 1.

    Globalization and gender inequality inlight of Feminism

    Hee Won Cho | 2007, 14(2) | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The world become closer and mutually dependent community over the boarder called globalization. An end of cold war, fast developing transportation and communication and each country's vigorous effort to the capitalism came to trigger the globalization affecting politic, economic, social and cultural affairs at rapid rate. Now, globalization is our reality closely associated with our everyday life regardless of our decision. Given this situation, what matters most to women is to create the new world which let women participate in and cooperate in the society with both gender's equality. To make it possible, it should be first understood what changes caused by globalization means to women and then set up the fundamental direction and political strategy for how women cope with the gender inequality appearing in the course of globalization.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Growth and Atrophy ofKaesong Merchants in the Latter Period ofthe Choson Dynasty

    Joo-Shin Chung | 2007, 14(2) | pp.21~42 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Discussion of this research is to the change of economic policy of the government have affect on huge effect to the merchants, and to the shift in policy of the government is cause effect with a what kind of the existence and atrophy of Kaesong merchants. Namely, There is meaning of this research the place where it grasps the interrelation of the growth and its atrophy of Kaesong merchant to the change of the government policy. It develops this discussion to be, as bias it classifies the scope of research, the growth and atrophy of Kaesong merchant is how developed a discussion puts the focus in the latter period of the Choson Dynasty. After all, Choson government stood a Confucianism idea and adhered a restraining merchant policy is burns the merchants at Kaesong confronted in ordeal, but the change of government policy is operated with the opportunity it will be able to acquire the enormous capital with him it means that has become the commerce base of Kaesong merchant. Finally, it was to show an instruction that becomes the capitalism permeation due to the outside power in national isolation policy and commercial affairs reverse recognition of the Choson government.
  • 3.

    Assessing the 2007 Summit Meeting

    Chang, Keung Ryong | 2007, 14(2) | pp.43~58 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study evaluates 2007 two Koreas Summit Meeting. The evaluation is done from the perspective of long term conflict theory. To what extent, can the Summit Meeting decrease the major characteristics of the inter-Korean long term conflict? The major characteristics of a long term conflict are threats to national interest, threats to national identity, negative perception of the other, (negative) institutionalized commitments, repeated accommodation failure, and repeated occurrence of international crises. In addition, common interests through inter-Korean cooperation as well as constructivist approach toward conflict resolution are also regarded as evaluation criteria. Positive evaluation results were given to the criteria regarding South Korean national identity, common interests through inter-Korean economic cooperation, and constructivist approach toward conflict resolution. Evaluations on the possibility of decrease in negative perception, repeated accommodation failure, repeated international crises were of average results. Increased threat perception of South Korea's NLL, no concrete negotiation on both Koreas' national identities, and no concrete measures to decrease two Koreas' institutionalized commitments led to negative evaluation results.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Exemption Model for Metropolitan Cities And Regional Administrative Systems in Japan

    So, Soon-Chang | 2007, 14(2) | pp.59~81 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Japan has implemented a wide range of administrative systems for metropolitan cities, such as ‘cities designated by government ordinance’(seireisiteitosi), ‘core cities’(chukaku-si), and ‘special cities’(tokurei-si). The drastic amalgamation of cities, towns and villages that has taken place in recent years can be best understood from this perspective. Such systems are the result of a new drive to adjust the autonomous bodies of Japan to a new environment by fixing the problems with the old-fashioned system caused by the advancement of telecommunication technologies, urbanization and industrialization. Similarly to Japan, Korea has also been recently pushing for adjustment of the designations of self-governing bodies, through discussions on a special administrative system for metropolitan cities. An out-of-date autonomous administrative area has not been properly adjusted to the present epochal changes in situations, and this has resulted in administrative problems. Japanese special administrative systems for metropolitan cities can be categorized into three types. Such special administrative systems for metropolitan cities have been discussed at the level of conurbation, and some functions of the system have proven to be meaningful, while others have remained nominal. Apart from effectiveness as a system, it is important that democracy and benefits to the residents as well as efficiency be taken into account when reorganizing autonomous administrative districts. If the system fails to attain the above two purposes, it does not meet the original purpose. In addition, the decisive power and responsibilities of an autonomous body should be expanded and solidified through institutional reform. If the special administrative system for a metropolitan city in Korea has currently, over the transom, expanded the decisive power of a chief executive of an autonomous body without any expansion of its responsibilities, lax management of the system can be expected. Considering that the variety of special administrative systems of Japan is highly suggestive Korea’s introduction of special administrative systems for metropolitan cities, this is an issue that should be further and fully deliberated in the future.
  • 5.

    Japan’s Economic Resurgence and Midium- and Small-Sized Businesses with the Monozukuri Spirit

    Kim Do-hun | 2007, 14(2) | pp.83~102 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Japan has been expanding its economy after its long economic recession whose background of the drive can be found in small- and medium-sized businesses that have strived to achieve their success based on the Japanese traditional spirit, Monozukuri. The companies have fought the price competition based on low-cost labor of Asian countries including China with high value-added products developed through the process of R&D, resulting in the final products from Japan to be the high value-added products in the world market. Through the study of several Japanese small- and medium-sized manufacturer cases, this paper will present the current management of Japanese manufactures, seek the findings applicable to the companies in Korea where the aversion by young people to work in the small- and medium-sized companies has been deepening, and furthermore emphasize the necessity for fostering the small- and medium-sized companies with Korea’s own Monozukuri spirit that are suited with Korea’s distinctive qualities and history.
  • 6.

    Japan’s EPA Strategy for East Asia Region and Implications

    CHEOLGU KANG | 2007, 14(2) | pp.103~126 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In the course of active development of an EPA(Economic Partnership Agreement), Japan announced the ‘East Asian EPA’ including sixteen countries such as ASENAN, Korea, China, Australia, New Zealand, India (ASEAN+6) in early 2006. The Japan’s EPA strategy aims at enhancing its political and economical voice by building up an international environment beneficial to Japan as well as maintaining its control over the East Asian region which is now emerging as a gigantic economic zone. However, taking into account such matters as Japan’s excessive awareness of its close relationship with the U.S., the general thinking of Japanese elites that they are not Asian, but they want to get into the culture of Western, historical issues, its competitive relationship with China and the nuclear issue of North Korea, it is dominant that Japan does not have the control over East Asian region as a leader country. On the other hand, in the case that the ‘East Asian EPA’ strategy achieves great success, a gigantic economic zone, which encompasses almost half of the world’s population and amounts to a quarter of the world GDP equivalent to nine trillion dollars, will be born. Korea geopolitically located midway between Japan and China should carefully cope with how the ‘East Asian EPA’ strategy develops and changes. That is, the negative recognition that an EPA or a FTA can cause deindustrialization, the agricultural devastation and social evils should be eliminated, and the national sympathy should be simultaneously formed to get rid of the feeling of unrest by making people focus on the positive effects generated from the long-term perspective. In addition, Korea should suggest specific alternatives in the perspective of an arbitrator or a conciliator without being fettered by interests with Japan and China at the point of time when Korea and the U.S. concluded a free trade agreement. In particular, since Korea and Japan have similarities in the economic and social situation, it is desirable for Korea to build its own governance in accordance with the economic integration in the East Asian region in the long-term perspective at the point of time when Korea has suspended free trade talks with Japan.
  • 7.

    A Comparative Study on Selection of Compact Car in Korea and China

    Yoon, Seong-Hwan | 2007, 14(2) | pp.127~144 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis researches directly and indirectly how country image and product attributes as well as brand personality influence consumers’foreign compact automobile brand selection –preference and purchase intention– and reports the strategic implications of its findings. Further, the country image embodied in products is examined for foreign compact cars in Korea and China. From the viewpoints of Korean and Chinese consumers, the researcher seeks to determine how country image, product attributes and brand personality influence the foreign brand selection. The strategic implications of this research are as follows: product attributes above all else was revealed as the most powerful variable. Next, brand personality presents as a symbolic aspect that accounts for a significant amount of differences in consumers’brand selection. Throughout this study, it can be acutely recognized that brand personality in relation to its symbolic aspect has an important influence on consumers’brand selection.
  • 8.


    Jun-Tae Lee | 2007, 14(2) | pp.145~159 | number of Cited : 1
  • 9.

    Past and Present Situation of China Studiesin Korea -Agony and reflection of a researcher of China-

    LIM KYOO SEOB | 2007, 14(2) | pp.161~180 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    China studies have been carried on for a long time in Korea, though interrupted now and then. And the researcher’s understanding of China and their role have also developed through important historical stages. However, China studies in the true meaning of area studies are not considered to be long enough, and Korea has not yet developed China studies from its own point of view. This is mainly because China studies in Korea have not seen due progress in quality, despite the growth in quantity. China studies should be done by a foreigner from his own standpoint. As a branch of area studies, China studies should be based on ‘their own position’. Then what do you mean by China studies what is based on Korean style and how should they be carried on? And what kind of role and function should they play? The researcher always raises such questions and is often confused about their social position and identity. This thesis research the standpoint of the researcher and the structural background of China studies such as history and system and the basis of China studies that have to be solve some arguments, aimed at seeking the way of the future china studies which based on Korean style.
  • 10.

    A Study on the International Oil Price and Its Effect on Economic Growth of Azerbaijan

    Hwang YunSeop | 2007, 14(2) | pp.181~194 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the possibility of sustainable economic growth of the Republic of Azerbaijan under high oil price circumstances. Although the Republic of Azerbaijan seems to in a sustainable economic growth, it, in fact, may have structural economic problems such as the concentration of product factors (e.g. labor, capital etc.) into the natural resource mining sector. This phenomenon will make major barriers to economic growth of Azerbaijan and, consequently, cause weakening the industrial competitiveness. In this paper, many publications from well-known organizations such as world bank, IMF, UN, etc. was used to analyze macroeconomic indicators of Azerbaijan. I finally discussed about the sustainable economic growth of Azerbaijan economy.
  • 11.

    Peaceful Resolution of Disputes vis-à-vis Counter‐terrorism and the Use of Force Peaceful Resolution of Disputes vis-à-vis Counter‐terrorism and the Use of Force

    Kwang Ho CHUN | 2007, 14(2) | pp.195~233 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since the creation of the International Law, the issue of the peaceful settlement of disputes has attracted the attention of the international community. And with the creation of the United Nations and the adoption of its charter, which places an obligation to states for the pacific settlement of disputes, this idea was closer to the realisation. But, the world division during the Cold War era led these efforts to a stalemate. After its end, the international community entered into a new era of co‐operation and development. The belief of a multilateral international system in which states would resolve their disputes by peaceful means with respect to the fundamental principles of International Law, was widely spread. Furthermore, since then conflict prevention has been recognized for its effectiveness by the international community. However, the 9/11 terrorist attacks marked the beginning of a new era in the international relations. They challenged the international environment of security affairs and triggered a debated over the effectiveness of the existing international legal order. One year after the attacks the US administration published its first National Security Strategy in which it drew the attention of the international community toward new threats such as weapons of mass destruction and terrorism and envisaged a new future for the International Law governing the use of force and the right to self‐defence. For years these issues were, and should be still, regulated by the provisions of the UN Charter, which crystallize the customary law. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact that the US NSS (US National Security Strategy) could have if adopted by the majority of stated on the obligation for the pacific settlement of disputes. The main question the paper posses is the prospect for the peaceful resolution of conflicts in a supposed era of unilateral recourse to force, justified by the special character of modern threats posed to the international community. A related issue that would be investigated is the prospect for conflict prevention and the role of United Nations in this field under the new international legal order that the US NSS envisaged. To this end, the focus will be on the existing international legal framework of the peaceful settlement of disputes, with reference to the International Law of the use of force and conflict prevention, through the UN charter as well as other sources, such as the Manila Declaration and the Friendly Relation Declaration of the United Nations General Assembly. And this paper is devoted to the US foreign policy after the attacks in the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon and the development of the so‐called Bush Doctrine of preemptive self‐defence.