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2014, Vol.21, No.4

  • 1.

    Mega-regional Economic Integration in the Asia-Pacific: Convergence of RCEP and TPP

    Weon Sik KANG | 2014, 21(4) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    While the mega-FTAs in the APR - RCEP, TPP and KCJ-FTA - are often thought of as the reflection of the US-China regional hegemonic rivalry, I think it is better to consider them of complementarity and harmonization from the following viewpoints:First, we should fix the sight upon the economic aspects in so far as the mega-FTAs are the attempts to set up a new economic order. Second, the mega-FTA is emerging with the object of expanding the supply-chain and solving spaghetti-bowl problem within bilateral FTAs, so that RCEP and TPP also have to be harmonized and taken. Third, RCEP and TPP have the common aspects to cooperate and unify, such as, overlapping membership, common relations with APEC, mutual economic entanglement and so on. China is already on the move to accelerate reform of state-owned enterprises and prepare for TPP membership. The US cannot help inviting China to TPP with relative-favorable terms for the sake of inducing the change of the state capitalism and enlarging economic benefit of TPP. ASEAN whose members are split to two blocks is seeking the regional harmony and unity. Korea is attempting to serve as a linchpin to connect RCEP and TPP on the basis of the Korea-US FTA and the Korea-China. Confrontation between the mega-FTAs will inevitably lead to diseconomy. All relating countries should concentrate their efforts to make the most of harmony, so that the efficiency and economic benefits of the mega-FTAs could be maximized and eventually integrated unitarily.
  • 2.

    The Effect of Rent-seeking Behavior on Economic Growth in China

    Lee, Hyukku | 2014, 21(4) | pp.31~45 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is focused on the effect of rent-seeking behavior on China's economic growth with 25 years data, between 1988-2012. The present study finds that as a proxy variable of rent-seeking behavior, such as Corruption Perception Index(CPI), corruption scale (CURSCALE), and the number of administrative corruption (CURNUM) were found to be affected in positive economic growth in China with higher significance. This means that although the rent-seeking behavior has a dysfunction, relatively large negative effect on the reform and innovation in the empirical literature, but the conclusion reached here is that China has a particularities of transitional economy would further lowers the cost of rent-seeking, furthermore, rent-seeking behavior is estimated to a positive impact on the economic growth in China.
  • 3.

    Total War System and General Economic Staff of Japan

    Park, Sung-jin | 2014, 21(4) | pp.47~78 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focused on General Economic Staff as one of elements explaining the remarkable economic growth in East Asia. General Economic Staff was intrinsically the outcome of the war. For coping with the unprecedented total war, the World War I, it was General Economic Staff that the politicians and the military authorities suggested as the compromise. The idea on General Economic Staff was proposed by the Munitions Bureau in 1918. However, it couldn't be realized because of the different views between the politicians and military authorities. The great depression, economic success of Soviet Union and establishment of Manchukuo around 1930 were the critical events accelerating the emergence of General Economic Staff. In particular, The Sino-Japanese War breaking out in 1937 brought the ideologically completed concept of General Economic Staff called “Planning Board” as the key organization in the total war system. It could be realized because of the model “Planning Bureau” already configured in Manchukuo. Meanwhile, the total war after the Sino-Japanese war caused the ironical situation restricting the activity of Planning Board. It's because the business ‘planning’ was fundamentally based on the stable domestic and global situations as the prerequisite. Consequently, the Planning Board acted as the pivotal organization for total mobilization rather than the leading organization for total war. However, it was ironically in Japan “Economic Country” after defeat not in Japan “Warfare Country” during the war when the intrinsic missions of General Economic Staff, that is, a variety of surveys for strengthening the country to cope with total war, drafting economic plans and coordination among ministers, were properly implemented. In this aspect, it can be said that the total war system maintained its intrinsic characteristics both during war footing and in modern Japan.
  • 4.

    An Analysis of the Process of Establishing the Chiang Mai Initiative as an International Financial Regime

    곽동진 | Hyun Kim | 2014, 21(4) | pp.79~110 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to explain the process of establishing the Chiang Mai Initiative (CMI) as a regional financial regime from the theoretical perspective of institutional bargaining model developed by Oran R. Young. Suffering from a financial crisis during 1997-1998, East Asian countries came to realize the need for providing short-term liquidity. As a result, discussions were developed about the creation of CMI and an Asian Monetary Fund (AMF) at the same time. Whereas the AMF failed to be brought into realization even at the stage of advocacy, the CMI was successfully established in 2000 and has been developing into Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralization (CMIM). Why the CMI was successfully created? This paper explains the process of establishing the CMI by applying six hypotheses about factors to account for the success of reaching an agreement on multilateral negotiations for an international regime. It finds out that a contractual environment, equitable arrangements, an exogenous crisis, and effective leadership were factors leading to the successful creation of the CMI.
  • 5.

    Perspective and Problems of the Eurasian Economic Union: Focusing on the Comparative Analysis on the European Union

    성원용 | 2014, 21(4) | pp.111~140 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine a few categories of conditions that can affect the future process of building the Eurasian Economic Union(EEU), foreseen for 2015. In order to doing that, this paper makes the comparative analysis of European integration experience and the present creation of the EEU, and focuses in particular on the specifics of institutional, organizational functions as related to supranational institutions of the EEU. The EU is supposed to be a useful frame of reference for leaders to promote the initiative for the further development of Eurasian regionalism based on the Customs Union and Common Economic Space. However, due to a plenty of different conditions under which Eurasian economic integration is going on, it is useless and even harmful to directly copy European experience into Eurasian integration practice. When we analyze the factors unfavorable to integration and identify the impediments to this process, the factor of asymmetries between potential member states of the EEU should be regarded as one of the most serious obstacles to deepening the integration process in this region. Besides that, to successfully complete regional integration, effective functioning of governance structure is needed from the point of supranational institution. Comparative analysis of institutional aspects of the EU and the EEU shows that the principal of supranationality is still very weak and intergovernmentalism continues to maintain the policy stance regarding governance structure and decision-making system in this region.
  • 6.

    Types of Candidate Selections and Their Political Outcomes of 2012 National Assembly Elections

    Park, Myoung Ho | Cha Hong Suk | 2014, 21(4) | pp.141~159 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This essay reviews how the two main parties nominated their candidates running for the 2012 National Assembly elections and evaluates the relationship between types of candidate selections and their political outcomes. First, New Frontier Party and Democratic United Party showed mixed picture when it came to candidate selections for the elections with NFP more depending on top-down style candidate selections while DUP on bottom-up style candidate selections. Second, contrary to the conventional wisdom that the bottom-up style of candidate selection system helps candidates earn more votes and their chances of being elected, this essay finds that the impact of bottom-up types of candidate selections is conditioned by the variable of regions. Specifically, DUP used the bottom-up type of candidate selection system for the 2012 elections mainly in Honam region that has been strongholds for the party for the last 30 years. Therefore, understanding of the types of candidate selection and their political outcomes requires us to incorporate all the possible variables influencing their relationships.
  • 7.

    Weakening and Sustainability of Socialist Ethics observed through North Korean Films and North Korean Refugees Survey: Why does North Korean not to resist?

    Keunwoo Nam | 2014, 21(4) | pp.161~191 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The Purpose of this article is to culturally analyze that why North Koran don’t Resist. Especially, This article focused on the socialist ethics that is the unique culture of the North Korea. This socialist ethics still work to obedience mechanisms of action and consciousness of North Korean. Looking at North Korea with reference to aspects of culture, we reserve that socialist ethics of North Korea has influenced on the daily lives of North Korean. Therefore the socialist ethics will be continually emphasized as obedience mechanisms of action and consciousness of North Korean. This article reviews North Korea films after the 2000s on socialist ethics to find that how socialist ethics is represented in the North Korean films. The North Korean films released since 2000 show how socialist ethics as a culture are dealt with in North Korea. And This article examines how north Korean films incorporate North Koran action and consciousness through a survey about North Korean refugees.
  • 8.

    Regional Economic Growth and Regional Logistics Industry

    Lee,Joung-Yong | Woonghee Kim | 2014, 21(4) | pp.193~210 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Regional development of logistics system and regional economic growth are closely related. Regional economic growth pulls regional development of logistics and the development of logistics pushes economic growth. Without designating specific direction of causation, this paper maximizes the relation between GDP variables as one set of measurement of economic growth and logistics variables as another set of measurement of logistics capability by using the canonical correlation analysis. The results show that neither the length of railroad nor the length of highway do not play important roles in explaining the relation while the number of employees explains most.
  • 9.

    When Will You Get Married?: Marriage, Mate Selection and ‘Left-overs’ in Modern China

    Eungchel, Lee | 2014, 21(4) | pp.211~240 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, I analyzed the transformation of marriage in modern China and interpreted its socio-cultural meaning. In this modern society, marriage and wedding ceremonies are inescapable from industrialization and commodification. I considered this context to analyze some characteristics of wedding ritual, mate selection and social discourses about marriage in modern China. In traditional China, marriage had been destined to accomplish the goal to reproduce and maintain male’s descent group. However, after 1949, the redefinition of marriage by the PRC banned arranged marriages and the State started to intervene to domestic affairs like any other aspects of everyday life. And moreover, the policy of reform and openness brought some social changes of marriage process and its socio-cultural meaning. In post-socialist China, the State and the media urge people to marry not too late. In the area of popular culture we can find many examples telling the stories of marriage. Some parents of unmarried son or daughter attend blind date event for themselves in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai to search for their son - or daughter - in - law. In modern marriage process of China, the economic condition of spouse (and his/her family) is considered as very important thing to marry each other. Some women, especially well-educated and with high incomes, are called as leftover women, which is a pejorative term made popular by the media. They are considered as people with deprivation and dangerous beings who can be harmful to society. However, this is problematic because it neglects some social contexts like population policy of the State, the sex ratio imbalance, and the unbalanced development between city and rural areas.
  • 10.

    A Study on Networked Social Citizens and Social Capital

    Song Kyongjae | 2014, 21(4) | pp.241~272 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to analyze political implications by taking note of the appearance of the networked social citizens. Concretely, this study is intending to analyze civil participation in political behavior by interpreting the ‘Networked Social Citizens’ constructed by IT on the basis of the concept of a social citizen suggested in the US through the use of Robert Putnam's social capital approach. This study applied the quantitative research methodology on the basis of a questionnaire survey to the analysis methodology. As a result of analysis, this researcher defined the networked social citizen in Korea as ‘a low trust individual-oriented resistant participatory citizens.’ According to this result, it's possible to predict the political behavior of those who are familiar with IT in the future Korean society. Particularly, in case of the analysis at a dynamic level of political participation, this study discovered a difference in political participation behavior due to the interaction between individual constituents of social capital. Accordingly, this study thinks that thee is the need for institutional, political effort to re-construct the vulnerable structure of social capital in Korea.
  • 11.

    Internet, Attitude Polarization, and the Local Elections: An Analysis of the 6th Local Election in South Korea

    이상신 | 2014, 21(4) | pp.273~305 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This research aims to see how the internet and new media influence the election and the political process in South Korea via an analysis of survey data that is collected after the 6th local elections in 2014. The first hypothesis is that usage of internet intensifies attitude polarization. The second hypothesis is to reconfirm ‘change hypothesis’ that maintains the liberal domination of online public opinion. With OLS analysis, this research concludes that (1) the communication over the internet does increase the attitude polarization, which is operationally defined as the difference in the evaluations between the most favored and the least favored political parties; and that (2) though the public opinion in Korean cyberspace is still against the Saenuri Party, the conservative ruling party of South Korea, this liberal superiority seems unstable.
  • 12.

    The Localization of China Studies and Issues on Research Methods in Taiwan since '90s

    LIM KYOO SEOB | 2014, 21(4) | pp.307~329 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korea's China Studies has been developing mainly under the academic influence of the U.S., Japan, China, and Taiwan, etc. Among them, Taiwanese study experiences had a great influence on the Korean researchers by presenting not a few research results and fruitful outcomes. In some periods, researchers who had studied in Taiwan used to play main roles in China Studies in Korea. This thesis reviews the history and status of the Taiwan's Studies related to China. And it analyzes the trend of Taiwan's China Studies by focusing on the points at issues that have emerged from the developing procedure. Especially, the purpose of this study mainly lays in the identity change of China studies and the debate of research method. Since Taiwan's national and social environment is differ from Korea, it started its China Studies with different epistemology and finality. Accordingly, this study tries to provide different point of view for the improvement of Korea's China Studies through the analysis of the Taiwan's China Studies.