Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.88

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pISSN : 1225-8539 / eISSN : 2671-5171
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2015, Vol.22, No.1

  • 1.

    Problems of labor migrants in Russia and policy issue: Focusing on labor migration between CIS countries

    Byun Hyun Sub , Kim, Young Jin | 2015, 22(1) | pp.5~40 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to analyze recent change of labor migration in Russia in terms of the pull-push model and dual labor market theory. And we look at the perception of Russians to the labor migrants and relating issues and problems caused by them, and raise need of a new approach to the policies of labor migration. Russia, a second largest country in terms of the number of labor immigrants following to the United States, is experiencing population shrinking, particularly in terms of economically active population, and the influx of labor migrants is inevitable due to the reduction of population, And Russia is constantly requiring low-wage unskilled labors who are willing to work in the second labor market with poor wages and insecure working conditions. On the other hand, unemployed people in the post-Soviet countries, as the main sources of labor migrants, come to Russia to find jobs based on individual rational choice for better wages and for livelihoods of families. The number of labor migrants in Russia from the post-Soviet countries increased by the result of mutual interests, but the influx of labor migrants in Russia caused various social problems and many Russians have a negative perception on the labor migrants. Russia’s repressive immigration policy, including deportation and enforcement penalties, which is focused on the regulation by means of quota system and working permission exacerbates the problems caused by massive illegal labor migrants. Therefore, it is required to pursuit a new approach of migration policy for the change of recognition that labor migrants can play a positive role in the Russian communities as the potential resources for long-term economic growth. In other words, Russia should consider the labor migration as a method for long-term sustainable socio-economic development, as well as a means of solving the problem of population decline. It is also the time to develop sophisticated policy models that can contribute to the cooperation and integration with these CIS countries and to see the migration issues in perspective of foreign policy towards CIS countries according to the change of external environment, such as the launch of the Eurasian Economic Union.
  • 2.

    China’s Engagement with GMS: Co-production, Cooperation, Competition

    LEE SEUNG EUN | 2015, 22(1) | pp.41~75 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The Greater Mekong Subregion(hereafter, GMS) is consisted of five Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and China’s Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The GMS project has started as part of Asian Development Bank in 1992. Its aim was to build a united economic region in order to have sustainable economic growth, reduce poverty, develop human resources, trade and investment via “Connectivity, Competitiveness, Community.” Yunnan has been participating in this since 1992. Guangxi is a latecomer which started from 2005 only. This plays an important role in China’s involvement in regional cooperation with Southeast Asia. This paper explores the ways in which diverse stakeholders use a simultaneously “cooperative” and “competitive” mechanism in the process of the GMS development. By doing so, this article analyzes relevant policies and projects and provides implications. Involving parties in the GMS include China’s central and local governments, these five Southeast Asian countries’ central and local governments, and international organizations. They act as “bridges” between China and Southeast Asia for their own interests. This article analyzes the GMS cooperation as a field of co-production and mutual interests among several stakeholders.
  • 3.

    The Causes of North Korean Famine: a review of FAD and FED approach

    MOON, KYUNGYON , 이수철 , 백인립 and 3 other persons | 2015, 22(1) | pp.77~109 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There are very complicated and confronting approaches to the analysis of North Korean famine. Two dominant approaches on the issue of famine are food availability decline approach (FAD) and food entitlement decline approach (FED). The desirable analysis of famine cause is possible when it balanced between FAD and FED approaches. In North Korean famine studies, however, there have been a tendency that it was divided into FAD and FED. This paper examines FAD and FED approaches as two dominant analytical framework for famine analysis. Based on FAD and FED framework, we categorized the existing papers and reports on North Korean famine and found relationship between the administration of South Korea and a preferred approach.
  • 4.

    Evaluation Framework of Development Partnership Reconsidered: A Case of Developmental Public Private Partnership (DPPP) of South Korea

    Hyuk Sang Sohn , 강경재 | 2015, 22(1) | pp.111~132 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Despites Development Public-Private Partnership’s importance and popularity in international development, evaluations on the partnership has not produced sufficient evidence of partnership’s synergy on intended outcome of the project. The authors argued one of reasons for such lack of evidence is that existing evaluation framework for Development Public-Private Partnership often did not fully appreciate the objective measures of outcome achievement and relied solely on the subjective measures of partnership dimension. Suggested alternative evaluation framework treated partnership as one component of overall project and attempted to connect the logical link between the partnership dimension and delivered outcome. The suggested framework was applied to Indonesia Bogor Chileungsi Socially Disadvantaged Class’ Youth TVET Project, one of KOICA’s Global CSR projects using secondary data. The evaluation framework was able to identify that the synergistic dimension of partnership was missing from the partnership’s theory of change, though the project clearly defined role for each partners involved.
  • 5.

    A Comparative Study of the Olympic Games in East Asia: the nexus between politics and sports

    권소영 | 2015, 22(1) | pp.133~168 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    East Asia has grown its importance in the field of international sports as host of series of significant mega-sports event, such as Olympic Games. These events are often blended with cultural and political dynamics of the Asia-Pacific region, exhibiting certain features specific to the region. A comparative study of Olympic Games in East Asia has demonstrated that they have been strongly state-centric and predominately attached to national identity and nationalism. Hosting of an Olympic Games often featured in the national agenda, and accompanied direct involvement of the state. Despite the vastly different aspirations and economic, political and social situations that the cities confronted when they bid for the Olympic Games, the case studies of the Seoul 1988 Olympic Games and the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games showed that the legacies tend to converge for the betterment of the host country and the society in general. Whereas the debut in the Olympic stage has been strongly state-centric in connection to national development, future Olympic Games in East Asia is likely to bring different vision, objectives, and expectation as the transnationalistic ideals and goals gain more importance in international sports movement.