This study evaluates 2007 two Koreas Summit Meeting. The evaluation is done from the perspective of long term conflict theory. To what extent, can the Summit Meeting decrease the major characteristics of the inter-Korean long term conflict? The major characteristics of a long term conflict are threats to national interest, threats to national identity, negative perception of the other, (negative) institutionalized commitments, repeated accommodation failure, and repeated occurrence of international crises. In addition, common interests through inter-Korean cooperation as well as constructivist approach toward conflict resolution are also regarded as evaluation criteria.
Positive evaluation results were given to the criteria regarding South Korean national identity, common interests through inter-Korean economic cooperation, and constructivist approach toward conflict resolution. Evaluations on the possibility of decrease in negative perception, repeated accommodation failure, repeated international crises were of average results. Increased threat perception of South Korea's NLL, no concrete negotiation on both Koreas' national identities, and no concrete measures to decrease two Koreas' institutionalized commitments led to negative evaluation results.