This paper gives analyses on the formation of The formation of the ‘city control system’ in North Korea. How and When have the city control system in North Korea been formated? This paper provides arguments with the historical formation about the ‘city control system’ in North Korea. North Korean regime had built its social control system as Panopticon from the Korean War. North Korean had been embraced into the structure of routine resocialization in its production unit and living space in the Panopticon.
The key analyses in this paper are summarized as follows. The key analyses in this paper can be summarized as follows. First, North Korea’s city control system has the character of one-way vertical control over its atomized citizens. the city control system was formed under the strong control code of ‘juche’. Second, the city control system is based on a horizontally cut structure. The North Korean city was built to block space in other areas and within the region politically and economically. Any movement and migration of its members were strictly controlled. Third, the city control system based on ‘vertical control and horizontal disconnect’ has been reproduced of in the Korean Peninsula. The North Korean authorities could have the legitimacy of controlling citizen in a quasi-war status.
However the economic crisis in North Korea, which was maximized in the mid-1990s, resulted in mass starvation and escape from the North Korea. Such an economic crisis has weakened the city control system. For this reason, further research should needed on changes in the city control system.