This study examined what the concept of “convergence of industry and city” means and under what background the concept was developed as the concept has recently emerged in China and has entered the stage of practical policy promotion. Furthermore, the Suzhou Industrial Park was selected as a representative example of industry-city convergence, and the process of its growth and development was analyzed more in-depth.
On reviewing the reason why Suzhou Industrial Park was able to show considerable outcomes in industry-city convergence, first, the fact that a foundation for long-term industry-city convergence was prepared by planning appropriate levels of residential and commercial lands in advance bearing the preparartion of all the comprehensive functions required by the city in mind can be cited.
In addition, in the process of growth and development, basic facilities and services were expanded to neighboring townships and villages while securing the lands necessary for the sustainable growth and development of the park by including the neighboring township and village areas in the area of development of the park and developing the areas one by one.
This study examined the formation of neighborhood centers as the most characteristic method introduced in the process through which Suzhou Industrial Park practiced industry-city convergence. A common problem of other development zones in China is that various service facilities in the complexes were inadequate and greatly depended on the on the original city center for the relevant functions thereby causing a serious phenomenon of seperation of employment from home. The neighborhood centers greatly reduced the dependence on the city center by integrating various service functions for which development zones in China had been heavily relying on original city centers, into the complexes. These neighborhood centers helped Suzhou Industrial Park implement an independent and organic shape of the city.