The mainstreaming of sustainable development in development debates has been prompted by the UN Summit’s adoption of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. 17 SDGs covers issues from general development issues (poverty, education, health, gender inequality etc.), socio-economic problems (housing, employment, production and consumption, international and domestic economy, etc.) as well as environmental issues (climate change, energy, environmental degradation, biodiversity, ecological protection, sustainable management and use of natural resources etc.). From this comprehensive development perspective, the aim of this study is to analyse the impacts of the Chillean non-traditional export industry on local development. Chile has promoted its economic development with market-oriented neoliberal reforms since 1973 when General Pinochet had staged a coup against the social democratic government led by Salvador Allende. The country has developed non-traditional export industries such as agriculture, forestry as well as aquaculture, in parallel to the traditionally important copper industry since the mid-1980s. It conducts a case study of salmon aquaculture industry in the region of Patagonia, focusing on changing state’s policies. By doing this, it intends to examine how non-traditional export industry impacts on local development and suggest a policy alternative for sustainable coastal development.