The aim of this study was to establish the appropriate guidelines in the sedation techniques and to organizethe continuing education programs for the sedation in future under the direction of Committee on Sedation,Education and Research under the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry(KAPD). The surveys on the sedationtechnique were performed on 111 organizations which practices the sedation and responded to the survey viaonline and e-mail by February 2014. The collected survey were analyzed. The purpose of sedation was mainly tomanage the children’s behavior and its uses were primarily on 3~4 years old children. The most frequent durationof treatment was 1~2 hours to treat both maxillary and mandible. The preferred dosages of sedative drugswere chloral hydrate(CH) 50~70 mg/kg, hydorxyzine(Hx) 1~2 mg/kg, and intramuscular midazolam(Mida IM)0.1~0.2 mg/kg. The preferred combination of the sedative drugs were CH + Hx + N2O/O2(67.6%), CH + Hx+ Mida submucosal administration (SM) + N2O/O2(29.7%), and Mida IM + N2O/O2(23.4%). The administrationof additional sedatives was carried out at 48%, mainly using Midazolam.
87.5% of the respondents experienced the adverse effects of the sedation such as vomiting/retching, agitationduring recovery, subclinical respiratory depression, staggering, and etc. Among them, only 20% periodically retrainthe emergency management protocol. About the discharge criteria for patients after the sedation, the respondentseither showed a lack of clear criteria or did not follow the recommended discharge criteria. 86% of therespondents expressed the interests in taking a course on the sedation and they wanted to learn mostly aboutthe sedation-related emergency management, the safe dosage of the sedative drugs, and etc.
The use of sedation in pediatric dentistry must be consider a patient’s safety as top priority and each dentistmust show the evidence of sound practices for the prevention of any possible medical errors. Therefore, KAPDmust establish the proper sedation guidelines and it needs to provide the systematic technical training programof sedation-related emergency management for pediatric dentists.