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2017, Vol.44, No.1

  • 1.

    Utilization of Resin Infiltration for Prolonging of Tooth Whitening Effects

    Kyeong Ho Lee | Shin Kim | 2017, 44(1) | pp.1~10 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of resin infiltration in improving color stability after tooth whitening. Enamel samples were extracted from 40 healthy bovine upper incisors, and primary staining and whitening were performed. After that, specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups : resin infiltration group(n = 15, RI group), resin adhesive group(n = 15, RA group), and control group (n = 10). Secondary staining was performed on all samples. Coloration was assessed 5 times as follows: initial color, immediately after staining, after whitening, after resin application, and after secondary staining. Color was measured using a spectrophotometer and recorded by using the CIE L*a*b* color space. The color changes after primary staining for the RI, RA, and control groups were 12.16 ± 3.50, 12.16 ± 3.38, and 15.81 ± 6.39, whereas those after secondary staining were 15.21 ± 7.19, 15.93 ± 4.31, and 26.62 ± 17.89. Color changes after secondary staining showed a significant difference between the RI and control groups. In the within-group comparison between primary and secondary staining, there was no significant difference found in the RI group only (p = 0.26). The results suggest that Color stability after tooth whitening can be improved using resin infiltration.
  • 2.

    Effects of Fused Primary Teeth on the Permanent Dentition

    서예진 | 김영진 | Kim, Hyun - Jung and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.11~19 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the study was to investigate the distribution of primary fused teeth and identify the correlation between primary fused teeth and their effect on permanent dentition. 2575 children between the age of 4 and 6 in Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 2009 to August 2015 were investigated. A total of 84 children (46 boys and 38 girls) had fused teeth. 14 of these children had two fused teeth. Prevalence of caries involvement was in 65% of maxilla and 6% of mandible. Prevalence of permanent successors missing was 86.3% in the cases involving maxillary central and lateral incisor, 70% in mandibular lateral incisor and cuspid, 11.7% in mandibular central and lateral incisor. 27 of 84 children (32.1%) had supernumerary teeth. The highest prevalence rate is seen in the cases involving maxillary central and lateral incisor. Delayed permanent tooth eruption was only observed in the maxilla because of developing supernumerary tooth. Early diagnosis of fused tooth in the primary dentition can allow the dentist to make treatment plan at the appropriate time in accordance with the tooth arrangement and tooth development.
  • 3.

    Microleakage Assessment of a Pozzolan Cement-based Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Root Canal Sealer

    김미준 | Howon Park | LEE JU HYUN and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.20~27 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to assess microleakage of Endoseal MTA when it is used as a root canal sealer and a root canal filling material compared with conventional endodontic treatment materials Forty-two mature human permanent teeth with a single root canal were divided randomly into three experimental groups (n = 10) and two control groups (n = 6). Group A was obturated with AH plus􀋓 and gutta-percha (GP). Group E1 was obturated with Endoseal MTA and GP. Group E2 was obturated with Endoseal MTA only. The positive control group was obturated with GP only and the negative control group was obturated in the same way as the experimental groups. The samples were kept in saline solution for 24 hours and were immersed in 0.2% rhodamine B dye solution for 24 hours. Then the samples were split longitudinally and the micoleakage was assessed under a stereomicroscope. Complete microleakage was detected in all positive control group samples, whereas no microleakage was detected in the negative control group. There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups in the Kruskal-Wallis test. These results suggest that Endoseal MTA has potential use as a root canal sealer and a root canal filling material.
  • 4.

    Spectrophotometric Analysis of Crown Discoloration Induced by Various MTA Based Materials

    임유란 | Namk Choi | Jaehwan Kim and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.28~37 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Mineral trioxide aggregate have been used for many years as a pulp therapy material. The most widely used product, Proroot white MTA􀋓 has a major drawback that it causes tooth discoloration. This study assessed discoloration of crown when various MTA-based materials were placed in the coronal aspect of the root canal. Seventy-five single-rooted, unrestored premolar teeth were selected. The teeth were randomly assigned to four experimental groups, each of Biodentine􀋓, Proroot wMTA􀋓, Endocem􀋓, RetroMTA􀋓 and one negative control groups. Color measurements were utilized by the Commission International de I’Eclairage’s L*a*b* system with spectrophotometer. The color was assessed eight times : initial, 1 day, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, and 16 weeks after the placement. Statistical analysis was performed using the 2-way repeated analysis of variance and Bonferroni’s method with p < 0.05. Proroot wMTA􀋓 induced significant decreases in L* values during experiment period. Tooth samples from the Endocem􀋓 group presented indistinct grayish color changes. The Biodentine􀋓 and RetroMTA􀋓 showed color stability. Consequently, while Proroot wMTA􀋓 and Endocem􀋓 that contain bismuth oxide as a radiopacifier showed tooth discoloration, displayed no sign of discoloration Biodentine􀋓 and RetroMTA􀋓 that contain zirconium oxide as a radiopacifier.
  • 5.

    Effectiveness of Dental Emergency Education for School Nurses

    Sunmi Yang | Jaehwan Kim | Namk Choi and 2other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.38~46 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    School nurses can play an important role in improving the prognosis of traumatized teeth of school children when they are informed about the immediate and proper dental first aid steps. The purpose of this study were to assess the awareness of school nurses concerning the management of traumatized teeth and to determine if a lecture on dental trauma management could improve school nurses’knowledge on this topic. School nurses in Gwangju and Jeonnam province completed a questionnaire before and after the lecture on the first-aid knowledge with particular focus on the following three categories. Questionnaires are composed of questions asking general information and about knowledge and proper attitude in case of the specific situation on dental trauma. According to previous studies, school nurses’knowledge tended to be higher compared with the teachers. Improvement of knowledge in school nurse was observed in emergency actions, in visiting time, replantation, carriage method, vaccine prescription related with luxation, and in possibility of fragment reattachment related with subluxation and fracture. In conclusion, it is recommended that periodical education are needed for improvement of school nurses’knowledge on proper management of dental trauma emergency.
  • 6.

    A Retrospective Study of Critical Success Factors in Regenerative Endodontic Treatment

    정화경 | LEE NAN YOUNG | LEE, SANG-HO | 2017, 44(1) | pp.47~55 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study evaluated critical factors influencing the success of regenerative endodontic treatment for necrotic immature permanent teeth. The study enrolled patients who had regenerative endodontic treatment in a necrotic immature permanent tooth through 1-year follow-up. Possible explanatory variables related to the success rates for 46 teeth were age, gender, dental stage at the initial appointment, etiology, treatment information, and clinical and radiographic outcomes. The dental stage at the time of regenerative endodontic treatment did not influence the success rate. The success rate was significantly related to the etiology of the necrotic immature tooth. The success rate according to etiology decreased in the following order: dens evaginatus, caries, and trauma. There was also a significant difference according to the type of antimicrobial. The success rate was influenced by appropriate disinfection of the root canal system, provision of a scaffold, and coronal sealing. Above all, careful case selection is necessary for treating a necrotic immature permanent tooth, especially in cases of trauma.
  • 7.

    Clinical Features and Correlation With Congenital Missing Teeth of Delayed First Permanent Molar

    이명연 | Lee Hyo-Seol | Je Seon Song and 4other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.56~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Delayed eruption of the first molar, without a generalized or localized cause, is usually associated with delayed development of the affected tooth. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of the first permanent molar showing delayed development and eruption, and its association with developmental anomalies of other teeth. Panoramic radiographs of 40 healthy children showing delayed development and eruption of first permanent molars were analyzed. The clinical features of affected first molars and developmental anomalies of other teeth (except third molars) were evaluated. Delayed first molars were more frequent in the maxilla. The incidence of bilateral delayed development of first molars was greater than that of unilateral cases in female patients. In contrast, male patients showed unilateral delayed development of the first molar more frequently. A higher incidence of congenitally missing teeth was observed in patients with delayed first molar. In each case, delayed development or congenital absence was observed in the second molar adjacent to the delayed first molar. Overall, delayed first molar seems to be associated with congenital absence of additional teeth. Understanding the developmental mechanisms of this phenomenon requires further studies.
  • 8.

    Retrospective Study of Traumatic Dental Injuries among Children Aged 0 - 15 Years in Wonju

    배두환 | Ji Hun Kim | 2017, 44(1) | pp.64~71 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study was designed to evaluate the age, gender, location of trauma, etiology, injury site, types of treatment, elapsed time after trauma, and arrival time of children who visited trauma center of Wonju Severance Christian Hospital. Records of a total of 841 patients who were 0 - 15 years old and received care in the period from March 2011 to October 2015 at the Trauma Center, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital were analyzed. This study showed that traumatic dental injuries were more common in boys and patients between 0 - 3 years old. Under 6 years old, fall was the most common etiology and home was the most common place of trauma. However, fall decreased, and sports and etc increased largely in etiologic factors over 6 years old. Besides, home decreased, and road and kindergarten∙school increased largely in the place of trauma. Etiology and location of trauma were statistically influenced by the age (p < 0.05). The most commonly affected injury sites were maxillary incisors and lips. The most patients visited trauma center between 18 - 24 o’clock (53.3%), and the least patients visited between 0 - 6 o’clock (4.6%). 51.5% of patients visited the trauma center within 1 hour of sustaining trauma, and 26.8% and 11.5% of patients visited between 1 - 2 hours and 2 - 3 hours respectively. The most common treatment of traumatic dental injuries was observation, and the second most common treatment was suture. Traumatic dental injuries in children exhibit specific epidemiological features according to children’s gender, age, and other conditions. These result from combination of social, developmental, and physiologic factors.
  • 9.

    Effects of Artificial Saliva Contamination on the Bond Strength of Three Dentin Adhesives to Dentin of Primary Teeth

    배영은 | Shin Kim | JEONG,TAE-SUNG and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.72~81 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of artificial saliva contamination and decontamination procedures at different stages of a bonding procedure on the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of two one-step self-etch adhesives and a two-step total-etch adhesive to dentin of primary teeth. Forty-two extracted sound primary molars were randomly divided into three groups depending on three adhesives, Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SBU), All-Bond Universal (ABU) and Prime & Bond NT (PNT). For each adhesive, the teeth were allocated into seven groups. Except for control group, group 1, the groups were contaminated with artificial saliva at three different stages: the groups 2 and 3 - before adhesive application; the groups 4 and 5 - before adhesive polymerization; the groups 6 and 7 - after adhesive polymerization. Decontaminating procedures were rinsing, air-drying (group 2, 4, 6) and air-drying (group 3, 5, 7). The specimens were restored with composite resin (Filtek, Z350) and microtensile bond strength was measured. The data was analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD test (p < 0.05). In the control group, using PNT resulted in significantly higher bond strength than when ABU and SBU were used (p < 0.001). For three adhesives, the groups 2, 4 and 6 had greater bond strength than the groups 3, 5 and 7. Also, when the artificial saliva was contaminated before adhesive polymerization (group 4, 5), it showed a significantly lower bond strength. Generally the two-step total-etch adhesive generated a higher bond strength than the one-step self-etch adhesive. Artificial saliva contamination before adhesive polymerization led to a drastic decrease in bond strength, and rinsing with water followed by air-drying could not recover the bond strength.
  • 10.

    Shear Bond Strengths of Dentin Bonding Agent containing 0.2% Chlorhexidine

    김진혁 | 김기섭 | Jong-Soo Kim and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.82~88 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate shear bond strengths of Peak􀋓 Universal Bond (Ultradent, USA) containing 0.2% chlorhexidine in bovine dentin. Total of 30 bovine teeth were divided into three groups, 10 teeth each. Before comparing and evaluating shear bond strength, in group I, AdperTM Single Bond Universal (3M ESPE, USA) was applied, in group II, processing with Consepsis􀋓 (Ultradent, USA) was followed by applying AdperTM Single Bond Universal, and in group III, Peak􀋓 Universal Bond was applied and filled with FiltekTM Z-350 XT (3M/ESPE, USA) shade B3. As a result, processing with Consepsis􀋓 after acid etching showed no statistically significant influence on shear bond strength of dentin (p > 0.05). The shear bond strength of with or without Consepsis􀋓 on AdperTM Single Bond Universal and that of Peak􀋓 Universal Bond showed statistically significant difference (p < 0.05).
  • 11.

    Evaluation of Microleakage and Penetration Ability of Flowable Resin in Occlusal Fissure

    CHEONG HYE RAN | 임성옥 | LEE, SANG-HO and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.89~98 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to compared the penetration scores and microleakage levels of flowable resin in comparison to resin-based pit and fissure sealant. A total 120 extracted premolars were used and classified with group I (resin-based pit and fissure sealant), group II (flowable resin), group III (bonding agent + flowable resin), IV (fissurotomy + bonding agent + flowable resin) depending on the materials and the application methods. The penetration scores of the group treated with flowable resin following fissurotomy were similar to those of the group treated with resin-based sealant, but higher compared to those of the other groups treated with flowable resin without fissurotomy or bonding agent. The group treated with flowable resin following fissurotomy also exhibited the lowest microleakage levels. The group treated with resin-based sealant and the one treated with a bonding agent prior to the application of flowable resin showed similar microleakage levels. In conclusion, flowable resin may be applied as a pit and fissure sealant, and its application along with fissurotomy could increase the penetration scores.
  • 12.

    Ankylosed Primary Molar and Eruption Guidance of Succeeded Permanent Premolar : Case Reports

    Ha Young Jang | Sohee Oh | 2017, 44(1) | pp.99~107 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the management of ankylosed primary molars, early diagnosis, proper treatment, and thorough follow-ups are very important. Untreated infraocclusion due to ankylosis has a negative impact on normal occlusal development, and may cause problems. There are many treatment options on infraoccluded deciduous molars, such as periodic observation, conservative method, restoration, and space regaining via extraction of the teeth. In this case report, two 6-year-old girls were diagnosed with ankylosed maxillary second primary molar and displaced tooth germ of the second premolar. Early surgical removal of the ankylosed primary molar was considered as a treatment approach. The long-term follow-up shows normal eruption of a succeeded permanent premolar.
  • 13.

    Autotransplantation of Ectopically Impacted Teeth : Two Case Reports

    임유란 | Jaehwan Kim | Namk Choi and 1other persons | 2017, 44(1) | pp.108~115 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Numerous therapeutic approaches are available for impacted teeth, including orthodontic retraction, implantation, and autogenous tooth transplantation. Autotransplantation is a promising method, especially for juvenile patients, as it enables preservation of the function of the periodontal tissues, as well as continued alveolar bone growth. This report describes autotransplantation in two cases in which the tooth was fully-ectopically impacted. With case 1, an ectopically impacted premolar was extracted and transplanted in an upright position, and regenerative endodontic treatment was performed using a platelet-rich fibrin clot and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). With case 2, a calcifying odontogenic cyst with an impacted left mandibular second molar was treated by enucleation. The tooth was transplanted into the proper position 3 months after enucleation, and endodontic treatment was performed using MTA. In both cases, autotransplantation appeared to provide a simple and rapid treatment option for patients with ectopically impacted teeth. These cases demonstrate that autotransplantation of ectopically impacted teeth is a viable treatment option rather than implant placement or prosthesis, especially in juvenile patients.
  • 14.

    Additional Root of the Primary Maxillary Second Molar Possibly Associated with Displacement and Rotation of the Permanent Successor : Two Case Reports

    구재원 | Je-Woo Lee | Jiyoung Ra | 2017, 44(1) | pp.116~121 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    An additional root of the primary maxillary second molar is rarely observed. Two cases are presented herein, and we discuss a possible association between additional root of the primary maxillary second molar and displacement and rotation of the permanent successor. Investigation of crown morphology enables the detection of a potential additional root of the primary maxillary second molar, and eruption of the permanent successor needs to be examined carefully if an additional root is present. Early extraction of primary molar and space maintenance can be used as a conservative treatment if the premolar germ shows an abnormal eruption pattern.