This study was designed to evaluate the age, gender, location of trauma, etiology, injury site, types of treatment, elapsed time after trauma, and arrival time of children who visited trauma center of Wonju Severance Christian Hospital.
Records of a total of 841 patients who were 0 - 15 years old and received care in the period from March 2011 to October 2015 at the Trauma Center, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital were analyzed.
This study showed that traumatic dental injuries were more common in boys and patients between 0 - 3 years old. Under 6 years old, fall was the most common etiology and home was the most common place of trauma.
However, fall decreased, and sports and etc increased largely in etiologic factors over 6 years old. Besides, home decreased, and road and kindergarten∙school increased largely in the place of trauma. Etiology and location of trauma were statistically influenced by the age (p < 0.05).
The most commonly affected injury sites were maxillary incisors and lips. The most patients visited trauma center between 18 - 24 o’clock (53.3%), and the least patients visited between 0 - 6 o’clock (4.6%). 51.5% of patients visited the trauma center within 1 hour of sustaining trauma, and 26.8% and 11.5% of patients visited between 1 - 2 hours and 2 - 3 hours respectively. The most common treatment of traumatic dental injuries was observation, and the second most common treatment was suture.
Traumatic dental injuries in children exhibit specific epidemiological features according to children’s gender, age, and other conditions. These result from combination of social, developmental, and physiologic factors.