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pISSN : 1226-8496 / eISSN : 2288-3819

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2019, Vol.46, No.4

  • 1.

    Lip Closing Force and the Related Factors in Elementary School Children

    Haney Lee , Kyounghee Baek , KIM JAE GON and 2 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.343~352 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Abnormal orofacial functions such as lip incompetency in the period of growth and development can cause morphological anomalies of the craniofacial complex. Therefore, it is crucial to make an early diagnosis based on the evaluation of the myofunctional conditions, and to make appropriate treatment plans. The objectives of this study were to quantitatively evaluate the standard lip closing force (LCF) of each age in the elementary school children, and to evaluate the relationships between LCF and affecting factors. The sample consisted of 765 children who were 7 - 12 years old in Jeonju city. Clinical examination about occlusal conditions and lip competency, and LCF measurement were performed by a single examiner. LCF was measured three times for each children with the LCF measuring device. The LCF was correlated positively with age in both sexes. The distribution of LCF groups was correlated significantly with Angle’s classes and lip competency (p = 0.016, 0.004). The proportion of children with high LCFs was greater in the “competent lip” group, whereas the proportion of those with low LCFs was greater in the “incompetent lip” group.
  • 2.

    Color Stability of Bulk-Fill Resin Composites after Immersion in Different Media

    Sungkyoon Kang , Jihyun Song | 2019, 46(4) | pp.353~361 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the color stability of bulk-fill and conventional resin composites with respect to different storage media and thickness of composites. Filtek™ Z250 and Filtek™ Z350XT were evaluated as conventional resin composites. Filtek™ Bulk-fill Posterior Restorative and Tetric® N-Ceram Bulk Fill were evaluated as bulk-fill resin composites. CIE L*a*b* values of baseline were measured after 24 hours of storage in distilled water, and each resin composite group was divided into three subgroups and stored in distilled water, red wine, and coffee media respectively. Again after 1, 7 and 28 days of immersion, color changes (ΔE*) were calculated using the CIE L*a*b* values. The greatest ΔE* was observed in red wine for all resin composites, and the mean color changes were ranked in the increasing order of distilled water, coffee, red wine. Filtek™ Z350XT exhibited the greatest color change in all media, followed by Filtek™ Bulk-fill Posterior Restorative. Filtek™ Z250 and Tetric® N-Ceram Bulk Fill followed with similar mean color change values. According to the 2 different thicknesses of 2 mm and 4 mm of bulk-fill resin composites, there was no thickness-related difference on color changes.
  • 3.

    Referral Trends of Children in Jeonbuk National University Dental Hospital for Last 3 years

    Cheolhyeon Bae , LEE DAE-WOO , KIM JAE GON and 1 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.362~368 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze outpatient referral patterns of children in Jeonbuk National University Dental Hospital. All patients under 16 years old who were consulted from the external facilities were reviewed based on the electronic medical record of Jeonbuk National University Dental Hospital from 2015 to 2018. Total 720 boys and 460 girls with an average age of 7.4 years were referred from local dental clinic (85.2%) for treatment severity (90.2%). 3.2% of patients has disability with the highest number of intellectual disabilities. The patients were usually referred at the pre-treatment stage with higher rates if they had disability or medical problem. Referral rate by chief complaints was highest in surgery, followed by reparative treatment and orthodontic treatment. 2nd referrals in pediatric dentistry had a higher rate of referrals to minor surgery and pulp treatment than of first referrals. The time point of 2nd referral was relatively delayed with increased ratio of ‘during treatment’. These results suggest necessities of appropriate case selection and referral based reasonable criteria for pediatric dentist.
  • 4.

    Diagnosis and Effect of Maxillary Expansion in Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

    Doyoung Kim , Kyounghee Baek , LEE DAE-WOO and 2 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.369~381 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to analyze the changes and improvements in symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) using semi-rapid maxillary expansion (SRME) in children with narrow maxilla and SDB symptoms. Subjects were 15 patients with sleep disorder (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI ≥ 1) and narrow maxillary arch between 7 and 9 years of age. Before the SRME was applied, all subjects underwent pediatric sleep questionnaires (PSQ), lateral cephalometry, and portable sleep monitoring before expansion (T0). All subjects were treated with SRME for 2 months, followed by maintenance for the next 3 months. All subjects had undergone PSQ, lateral cephalometry, and portable sleep monitoring after expansion (T1). Adenoidal-nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR), upper airway width and hyoid bone position were measured by lateral cephalometry. The data before and after SRME were statistically analyzed with frequency analysis and Wilcoxon signed rank test. As reported by PSQ, the total PSQ scale was declined significantly from 0.45 (T0) to 0.18 (T1) (p = 0.001). Particularly, snoring, breathing, and inattention hyperactivity were significantly improved (p = 0.001). ANR significantly decreased from 0.63 (T0) to 0.51 (T1) (p = 0.003). After maxillary expansion, only palatopharyngeal airway width was significantly increased (p = 0.035). There was no statistically significant difference in position of hyoid bone after expansion (p = 0.333). From analysis of portable sleep monitoring, changes in sleep characteristics showed a statistically significant decrease in AHI and ODI, and the lowest oxygen desaturation was significantly increased after SRME (p = 0.001, 0.004, 0.023). In conclusion, early diagnosis with questionnaires and portable sleep monitoring is important. Treatment using SRME will improve breathing of children with SDB.
  • 5.

    Utilization of Resin Infiltration for the Minimally Invasive Composite Restoration

    Hyung Joon, Kim , Soyoung Park , JEONG,TAE-SUNG and 1 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.382~391 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was aimed to assess the new trial for minimal cavity preparation in composite restoration combined with resin infiltration, focusing at application sequence. 32 human primary molars with early carious lesions around small cavity were selected and randomly divided into two groups, according to the sequence of cavity preparation (P), composite filling (F) and resin infiltration (I) as IPF and PFI group. Each group was assessed about amount of tooth reduction, features of resin infiltration, and marginal leakage around restoration. Amount of tooth reduction evaluated using micro-CT was decreased compared with the original lesion size in both groups. Features of resin infiltration were verified under confocal laser scanning microscopy. In both groups, infiltrant resin was found on all around the composite and maintained in spite of extent of decalcification even after artificial caries induction. Marginal micro leakage assessed with silver nitrate immersion and micro-CT was found more frequently in PFI group. The technique combining resin infiltration and composite restoration might ensure better adhesion prognosis as applied by the sequence of resin infiltration, cavity preparation, and composite filling. This new trial was thought meaningful in minimizing the cavity size and contributing to minimal invasive dentistry.
  • 6.

    Evaluation of the Changes in Polymerization of TheraCal LC with Various Light-curing Time and Distance

    Sangyong Bae , Je-Woo Lee , Jiyoung Ra | 2019, 46(4) | pp.392~399 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate polymerization of TheraCal LC, one of the tricalcium silicate cements. To measure the Vickers hardness number (VHN), the specimens were cured at different light curing time and distance. As a result, the VHN of the upper surface was significantly higher than the lower surface’s in all groups (p < 0.05). The VHN of the lower surface was increased significantly with the increase of the light curing time in all distance (p < 0.05). When the distance was more than 4.0 mm at all light curing time, the VHN of lower surface was significantly decreased (p < 0.05). When the specimen was light cured for 20 seconds, the VHN of the lower surface did not exceed 2, which corresponds to 10% of the upper surface’s. These results suggested that the 20 second light curing time was not sufficient to polymerize the lower surface under specific conditions and that light-curing time should be increased.
  • 7.

    A Study of Root Canals Morphology in Primary Molars using Computerized Tomography

    Dohee Sim , Yonjoo Mah | 2019, 46(4) | pp.400~408 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify the most common canal type in primary molars and the correlation between their roots and canals. A comprehensive understanding of root canal morphology will lead to more successful root canal treatment. Computed Tomography (CT) images from 114 children (81 boys, 33 girls) aged 3 - 7 years were obtained. The locations and numbers of roots and canals were evaluated, and the relationship between root and canal parameters was determined. The most commonly observed canal morphology in primary maxillary molars were mesio-buccal, disto-buccal and palatal canal. Primary mandibular molars most frequently contain mesio-buccal, mesio-lingual, disto-buccal and distolingual canal. All the roots of the primary maxillary molars except for the mesio-buccal root, each had 1 canal while there were 2 canals observed in each root of primary mandibular molars. Without exception, all mesial roots in primary mandibular 2nd molars had 2 canals. In case when either the palatal root in a primary maxillary molar or the distal root in a primary mandibular molar was separated into 2 roots, each root seemed to have its own canal. Even though the disto-buccal and palatal roots were fused into 1 root in primary maxillary molars, this fused root had tendency to have 2 separate canals. Primary mandibular molars showed similar canal morphologies between left and right molars in the same patient, while the primary maxillary molars did not.
  • 8.

    A Novel RUNX2 Mutation in a Korean Family with Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    Ji Won Lee , Ji-Soo Song , Shin Teo Jeon and 5 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.409~415 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by the delayed closure of cranial sutures, defects in clavicle formation, supernumerary teeth, and delayed tooth eruption. Defects in the Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2 ), a master regulator of bone formation, have been identified in CCD patients. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular genetic causes in a CCD family with delayed tooth eruption. The 23-year-old female proband and her mother underwent clinical and radiographic examinations, and all coding exons of the RUNX2 were sequenced. Mutational analysis revealed a single nucleotide deletion mutation (NM_001024630.4 : c.357delC) in exon 3 in the proband and her mother. The single C deletion would result in a frameshift in translation and introduce a premature stop codon [p.(Asn120Thrfs*24)]. This would result in the impaired function of RUNX2 protein, which may be the cause of delayed eruption of permanent teeth in the family.
  • 9.

    Dental Management in a Patient with Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis : A Case Report

    Cheolhyeon Bae , LEE DAE-WOO , KIM JAE GON and 1 other persons | 2019, 46(4) | pp.416~421 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder; affected patients are characterized by inability to feel pain and to sweat over the entire body, as well as by mental retardation. Because, in the oral examination, no specific findings on soft or hard tissue may be found except possible lesions due to selfmutilation, early recognition and diagnosis are essential for these patients. Pediatric dentists must be aware of the clinical manifestations and treatment considerations related to uncontrolled body temperature, tactile hyperesthesia and lack of pain reflex. In this case report, dental management of CIPA was suggested by presenting a 6-year follow-up of young patient.
  • 10.

    Orthodontic Traction of the Permanent Molar Using Skeletal Anchorage: A Case Report

    Hyelim Mo , Sohee Oh | 2019, 46(4) | pp.422~432 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Treatment options for impacted permanent molars include orthodontic traction, surgical repositioning, transplantation, and extraction of the impacted teeth. Orthodontic traction is recommended because it is the most conservative method. However, it has limitations, such as loss of tooth anchorage. In an effort to overcome these limitations, skeletal anchorage devices tailored for orthodontic use were developed. In this case report, 3 patients were diagnosed with impacted permanent molars. The impacted teeth of these patients were surgically exposed, the orthodontic devices were attached, and the skeletal anchorage devices were implanted for the successful traction of the impacted teeth.