This study shows that the first map of human history is Çatalhöyük map from Antolia, Turkey. Therefore, this study intends to swipe off controversy about the first map and identifies the geographical value and characteristics of the map. Found in the excavation procedure of prehistoric settlement, Çatalhöyük map turned out to be the first settlement planning map using bird’s-eye view. In the map, Mount Hasan(Hasan Dağı), located near the settlement, was described as leopard pattern. Seeing that a leopard was fearful threat for nomadic Çatalhöyük residents who raised livestocks, Mount Hasan was recognized as threats like leopard for its potential volcanic explosion.Çatalhöyük map is considered to reflects the residents of Çatalhöyük’s mind.
The purpose of this paper is to consider the mountain hierarchy system of Philippe Buache in order to find some implication for the naming of “East Sea”. For this, we surveyed the old maps and old manuscripts possessed by the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Firstly, Philippe Buache became the first Royal geographer as a member of the Academie des Sciences. He introduced general system theory in geography to find the worldly order by the hierarchies of the mountains and oceans. Secondly, Buache’s used maps as a mean of geovisualiazation for a new discovery. Thirdly, the Earth is marked by chains of mountains which join together from one end of the continents to the other. These mountain ranges divide the three ocean basins. Each ocean basin is divided into maritime basins which are separated from each other by marine mountain ranges. East Sea is a particular maritime basin of the Pacific Ocean. Fourth, Buache always labelled East sea as ‘Mer de Corée’. A possible precursor of this labelling was Robert Dudley’s Asia map of 1647 and Guillauime Delisle’s Asia map of 1720. Fifth, the meaning of Buache’s toponomic choice in relation to the naming of East Sea is discussed.
This study focuses on the naming of the East Sea area and principles on maps produced by the map publishers of the United States and the United Kingdom since 2000. Most map publishers having their own policies regarding place names, the sea between Korea and Japan is represented as the pattern of ‘Sea of Japan(East Sea)’; however, in some cases, the single use of ‘Sea of Japan.’ Meanwhile, the various formats are used in naming the East Sea in geography textbooks because geographic naming of textbook publishers tends to be determined by each author. For the dissemination of the name ‘East Sea’ in the international arena, it is essential to give wider publicity on the legitimacy of the name ‘East Sea’ especially to authors of both map and textbook publishers.
Two hundred forty topographic maps stored in Korean War Project site have been analyzed. Data collection methods, year of publication, and languages used for place names have been analyzed through marginal note of each map produced by Army Map Service. Ninety-one maps are direct copies of apanese topographic maps published in 1910s and 1930s. Twenty four maps are redrawn after Japanese topographic maps. One hundred twenty five maps are compiled from Japanese maps and aerial survey data collected during the Second World War and Korean War. Japanese place names for the Korean places appear in the copied and compiled maps.These names are stored as variants in GeoNames database run by National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency of the USA. This database seems to be the origin of errors occasionally found in Google Earth maps.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the appellation ‘Dokdo’ island and its use in France and Korea from a historical perspective. This allows a better understanding of Korea’s claim to the legitimacy of sovereignty over the island. Before the use of the name Dokdo, this island was called: Usan-do, Sok-do, Sambong-do, Gaji-do, Seok-do, etc. ‘Dokdo’ was first discovered by Liancourt whaling ships, so it was first called ‘Liancourt Rock’. Historically and geographically, the name Dokdo was first used in the 20th century. This paper also proposes a new system of notation of South and North Korean romanization of the appellation ‘Dokdo’.
As the role of GIS in producing and distributing statistics becomes significant, many countries are building and operating their own geographic statistics systems and statistics navigators which are the combined systems of GIS and the mature statistics systems. In particular, a web-GIS based statistics navigator is regarded as a realistic alternative by providing dynamically interactive searching and mapping interfaces for users. In this paper, we attempt to suggest a guideline for building and operating the advanced geographic statistics systems and user services, by investigating major characteristics of various statistics navigators and comparatively analyzing the statistics navigator of Korea. For doing this, we particularly investigated the developed countries in statistics such as, UK, Sweden, Finland, and Norway including EU statistics institute. Furthermore, the comparative assessment of the statistics navigator of Korea has been conducted focusing data exploring functionality, the flexibility of thematic mapping and cartographic representation, the availability of raw data, and additional functionalities.
The importance of quantitative spatial location analysis in agriculture became increased, as traditional agricultural society has been transformed into international market oriented economic society in the process of globalization. However, there are not many geographical studies about agricultural location analysis in Korea. As a case study about agricultural location analysis, this study investigates Korean wild berry, which has recently been considered as both market oriented and grain alternative agricultural product. Korean wild berry has been successful, in limited scale, as a regionally specific griculture product. However, there has been no study about location analysis about Korean wild berry considering natural and human environments for the agriculture. Therefore, this study investigates to provide optimal location for Korean wild berry agriculture in Gyungsang province. Meanwhile, this study overviews previous Korean literature about agriculture location. Kriging and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) are applied for data management and spatial weight generation for Multi-Criteria analysis. The result shows that South-Eastern, Western, Southern areas in Gyungsang province are optimal locations for the wild berry agriculture. This study presents practical importance for agricultural planning in Gyungsang province. In addition, this is meaningful to provide spatial quantitative modeling application in agriculture location.
The FOSS (free and open source software), which ensures free reuse and redistribution of source code without restrictions of license, has become a new approach to building an information system nowadays. With the trends of GIS extension to the web, the utilization of FOSS for sharing and mapping of spatial data is also thought of as a valuable work. While existing FOSS applications for web-based GIS simply focused on the mapping of environmental and ecological information, the research on analysis-oriented FOSS for web-based GIS has been rarely carried out. Moreover, web-based coupling of spatial DBMS (database management system), GIS tool, and statistical package was not sufficiently challenged although each of the components has been well utilized. Hence, the objective of this paper is to present a GIS application framework for coupling server-side FOSS for geographical visualization and analysis on the web. We implemented a brokerage module for the invocation of FOSS functions on the server and developed an API (application programming interface) for coupling PostGIS, GRASS, and R Statistical Package. We also employed Google Maps and Google Earth Plug-in as a geo-browser for the visual exploration of spatial data. A feasibility test for our system was carried out using a regression analysis for the relationships between NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) and environmental factors in South Korea.