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2018, Vol.18, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on Concepts of Antipodes in Antiquity and the Middle Ages and Cartographic Representation

    JUNG,IN-CHUL | 2018, 18(1) | pp.1~13 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the concepts of antipodes in antiquities and medieval times and to look at cartographic representation of antipodes. The Greek philosophers whom the Earth regarded in the form of the drum or the sphere assumed the existence of antipodes. The concept of antagonism was established by Crates of Mallus and influenced Roman philosophers through Cicero. Although the presence of the antipode was denied by Augustine in the Middle Ages, the concept of antipodes continued in the Middle Ages through Macrobius. The zonal type and quatripartite type of mappaemundi represent antipodes by either directly naming the place or indirectly recording the contents of the medieval encyclopedia that referred to the antipodes.
  • 2.

    On Circumstances of the Publication of Klaproth’s SAN KOKF TSOU RAN TO SETS French Version

    KIMBooSung | Nam Young-Woo | 2018, 18(1) | pp.15~28 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study examines the background and process of the translation of the San Kokf Tsou Ran To Sets(三国通覧図説) by Hayashi Shihei(林子平) of Japan published in 1786 into French version by Klaproth from Germany published in 1832. We also examined his life and academic activities in order to clarify how Klaproth deciphered the book, and examined the influence of his linguistic achievements on Oriental studies. As a result, Klaproth, who was a genius of linguistics, expanded the horizons of linguistics by exploring the area of Caucasus, which became a report of language studies. For translations of the San Kokf Tsou Ran To Sets, which is presumed to have been obtained from Kyakhta or Irkutsk, the help of several sources and Siebold's advice, as well as Kolotygin, a Japanese-Russian, became a decisive moment. In 1832 Klaproth’s San Kokf Tsou Ran To Sets was eventually published in Paris, where he received translation funds from England and Ireland. Klaproth's San Kokf Tsou Ran To Sets should be regarded as a edited translation, rather than a mere translation, because it was written with footnotes and commentaries for Europeans easy to understand.
  • 3.

    The Regional Characteristics of Non-Seoul Metropolitan Transit Station Names

    Song Hoyul | 2018, 18(1) | pp.29~48 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    It has been 44 years since metropolitan transit system (MTS) introduced to South Korea. Nonetheless, there is a paucity of methodical and comprehensive research about station names of MTS. Since there was a research conducted about the characteristics of station names of seoul MTS, in this research, writer analyzed the characteristics of station names for 11 lines, 282 stations of MTS which were constructed and operated in non-capital area (Busan, Daegu, Gwangju, Daejeon). In syllable analysis, ‘two-syllable’ showed highest percentage with 65.2% and it showed exponential distribution in general. In word type analysis, ‘sino-korean word’ is overwhelmingly high with 89.0% followed by 5.0% of ‘native word’, 4.3% of ‘mixed word’, 1.8% of ‘foreign word’ and there is no numerical station name. In named source analysis, though some of them are ambiguous to be categorized, station names related to administrative district name have the majority with 58.9% followed by station names related to socio-cultural place name (35.5%), station names related to physical place name (4.6%). Station names related to town·township take the greater part in station names related to administrative district name with 77.1% (45.4% from total). Also there are 78.0% (27.7% from total) of station names related to society (public) which take the biggest part in station names related to socio-cultural place name. Since station name of MTS affect greatly on citizens’ daily lives, people have to be circumspect in establishment and revision of station name by considering publicness, representativeness, usability and so on.
  • 4.

    Spatio-temporal Changes of the Agglomerated Marketplace by Use of the Pedestrian Flow Data: A Case Study of Hongdae Area

    김완희 | 임종서 | Ahyun Song | 2018, 18(1) | pp.49~63 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Geographical distribution of agglomerated marketplaces in the city and the factors affecting them have been attracting attention lately. In the present study, we estimated geographic dimensions of the agglomerated marketplace on April 2016, October 2016, and April 2017, and interpreted the spatial pattern occurred in the area located neighboring Hongik University (Hongdae). To detect a spatial range of the agglomerated marketplace, we used pedestrian flow data and the restaurant business status data. As a result of the analysis based on the pedestrian flow data, it was confirmed that the spatial extent of Hongdae agglomerated marketplace gradually expanded, especially to the northward and southward directions. Similar spatial changes were detected in the restaurant data, but the amount of change was slightly smaller. The Hongdae area, the Shinchon Yidae street, and the Manglidan street have formed discrete agglomerated area without showing their connectivity. Overall, the spatial changes of Hongdae agglomerated marketplace were confirmed to be extended beyond the existing spatial range, which was saturated, to the residential area where rent fees are relatively cheaper.
  • 5.

    The Assessment of Environmental and Ecological Hot Spots in North Korea Using Frequency Ratio Analysis

    Geunhan Kim | Taehyun Kim | Moungjin Lee and 3other persons | 2018, 18(1) | pp.65~79 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    To prevent environmental degradation of North Korea, which will be caused by rapid development, if the re-unification ever happens, it seems reasonable to introduce remote sensing and Frequency Ratio Analysis into assessment of environmental and ecological hot spots in North Korea. As a result, ROC analysis of the probability map of Environmental and Ecological Hot Spots showed 87.1% accuracy. Kappa analysis of comparison of results of frequency ratio analysis and Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) results showed high conformity. The results of the assessment using the environmental and ecological hot spots assessment methodology will contribute to the sustainable management of the Korean peninsula by establishing various environmental conservation plans.
  • 6.

    Spatial Variations of Risk Factors Associated with the Diffusion of Highly Infectious Animal Diseases

    Hong Sungjo | Pak Son Il | Kwang-Nyeong Lee and 2other persons | 2018, 18(1) | pp.81~91 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) are the first class highly infectious diseases in domestic animals. Once occurred, tremendous costs arises since the preventive measures are compelled to be taken by law including culling, vehicle movement banning. Among others, frequent visits of livestock vehicles to livestock facilities and the high-density livestock rearing are considered to be two major risk factors. In addition, for HPAI, geographic distance to wild bird habitats is suspected to be additional factor. The impact of those factors on the spread of disease may geographically vary. The objective of the paper is to analyze the spatial variations in the impact of risk factors on the spread of highly infectious animal diseases using GWR (Geographically Weighted Regression). The empirical analysis was made both for FMD and HPAI occurrence cases. We found out there were distinctive spatial variations in the impact of risk factors. Expectedly, the analysis results may be utilized to aid to draft precise policy for preventing epidemics of animal diseases.
  • 7.

    Visualization and Spatio-temporal Analysis of Log Data Using STP

    Cho, Nahye | Youngok Kang | 2018, 18(1) | pp.93~102 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify the movement characteristics of students in field experience learning by visualizing the log data collected from field experience learning using mobile devices as STP technique and to analyze the characteristics of activity at the point of retention. As a result of analysis of log data, the patterns of movement and retention were consecutively appeared, and it was confirmed that the place and time were different depending on the type of inquiry activity, and the place where the retention appeared was not only the inquiry point but also the non-inquiry point. In the case of field experience learning, it is necessary to carry out further analysis on the activity at the retention point since it is performed within a limited space and time. It was confirmed that the visualization of the movement log using STP can be used as a basic data for exploring log data having a complicated structure and it can be applied to various types of log data analysis.