Epitaxial Bi4Ti3O12 films on SrTiO3(100), L$aA1O_3$(100) and MgO(100) were prepared by sol-gel process using metal naphthenate as a starting material. As-deposited films were pyrolyzed at 500℃ for 10 min In air and annealed at 750℃ for 30 min in air. Crystallinity and in-plane alignment of the film were investigated by X-ray diffraction θ-2θ scan and P scanning. A field emission-scanning electron microscope and an atomic force microscope were used for characterizing the surface morphology and the surface roughness of the film. The film prepared on MgO(100) showed the most poor crystallinity and in-plane alignment, compared to those on the other substrates. While the films on $LaA1O_3$(100) and SrTiO3(100) having high crystallinity and in-plane alignment showed the form of columnar grain growth, the film on MgO(100) which had poor crystallinity showed the form of acicula grain growth.
GaN nanoparticles were synthesized by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) process on SiO 2 substrate after irradiating the surface of the GaN sintered pellet by the ArF (193 nm) excimer laser. At this moment Ar gas pressure of 100 Pa, 50 Pa, 10 Pa and 1 Pa were applied during the ablation process and laser power of 100 mJ and 200 mJ were also applied. The synthesized fan nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS and optical absorption spectra. The synthesized GaN nanoparticles had the crystallite sizes of 20~30 nm, and besides, GaN nanoparticles synthesized under low Ar gas pressure compared to the others corresponded with stoichiometry, and the optical band edge of the GaN nanoparticles was blueshifted
The correlationship between heat treatment condition and electrical properties of the Mn-Co-Ni oxide NTC thermistor for fuel level sensor was investigated by the X-ray diffractometry, density measurement, and electrical properties measurement such as resistivity, B constant, and thermal dissipation constant. It was shown that the heat treatment of NTC thermistor was responsible for sinterability of Mn-Co-Ni oxide. The highest density of 5.10 g/㎤ was obtained at 1250℃, 2 hours, at which the densification was almost completed. This is also manifested from the microstructural observation. It is found that the electrical resistivity and B constant are increased at the elevated sintering temperatures. The NTC specimens prepared in this study showed the conventional decrease of resistance with the measured temperature and the linear behavior of output voltage with fuel levels. Therefore, the electrical properties of thermistor were closely correlated with sintering condition. and the Mn-Co-Ni oxide thermistor prepared in this study has a great possibility enough to apply for an automobile fuel level sensor.