Nickel(Ni) powders were prepared from the mixture of nickel chloride and magnesium stearate by a hydrogen reduction process, and the effect of reaction temperature and the addition of magnesium stearate on the chracteristics of the powders were investigated. The effect of size reduction of nickel particles was observed in the presence of magnesium stearate owing to the inhibition of excess growth of paricles. The size reduction and the degree of agglomeration of the particles affected by the amounts of liqiud phase, which related to the increase of magnesium stearate.
Nickel fine powders were prepared from nickel chloride aqueous solution containing ethanol as an organic solvent, and their oxidation behaviors were investigated. The reduction reaction by hydrazine from nickel chloride aqueous solution containing ethanol depend on reaction temperature. The reduction reaction time by hydrazine decreased with the increase of reaction temperature. By controlling reaction temperature, the products could be obtained spherical particles in the range of 0.1 μm ~1.0 μm . Also, As reaction temperature increased from 40 ∘ C to 80 ∘ C , the particle size slightly increased and had a broad size distribution owing to the presence of the coarse particles. The mean particle size and specific surface area of nickel powders prepared at 60 ∘ C were 0.3 μm and 31.8 \m 2 /g, respectively. Weight loss of the powders at 300 ∘ C was due to composition of N i(OH)2 . In case of heat treatment at 200 ∘ C in air, oxidation resistance of nickel powders was remarkable than that of as-synthesized.
Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, we investigated three-dimensional fluid flow field and particle movement with respect to the injected gas flow rate variation in typical cyclone separator system. The results of numerical investigation were deduced by coupling the analysis of fluid flow field with Wavier-stokes equation and the tracking of the particle trajectory with Langrangian approach. It was shown that the increasing of injected gas flow rate resulted in the increasing of pressure loss in the separator. This change of inner pressure had an effect on an aspect of the fluid flow in the separator. Particle movement was determined by fluid flow in the separator and was fully depended on a diameter of particles under the fixed flow rate. Increasing of injected gas flow rate was led to an increasing of the trace of particle, so the particles moved to the lower part of the separator. For this reason, the minimum diameters of the particles were decreased and increased the separation rate under the fixed particle diameter. In conclusion, the changes of injected gas flow rate have an important factor to the fluctuation of the fluid flow field and particle trajectory in the separator.