RE : YAG (RE = Nd 3+ , Er 3+ ) single crystals are laser diodes and generally grown by Czochralski method with controlling the various growth parameter. Since the defects occurred by temperature gradient or the rotation speed of solidliquid growth interface act as the decline of crystal optical property during the growth procedure, crystalline quality improvement via defects analysis is necessary. The etch pit density (EPD) analysis was used to confirm the surface defect of grown RE : YAG single crystal and to select the area of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Defects in the specimen produced by tripod polishing method such as buckling, rod shaped, bend contours by internal stress, segregation and others were observed by using 200 kV TEM and 300 kV FE-TEM.
A top-seeded solution growth (TSSG) is a method of growing SiC single crystal from the Si melt dissolved the carbon. In this study, multiphysics modeling was conducted using COMSOL Multiphysics, a commercialized finite element analysis package, to get analytic results about electromagnetic analysis, heat transfer and fluid flow in the Si melt.
Experimental results showed good agreements with simulation data, which supports the validity of the simulation model.
Based on the understanding about solution growth of SiC and our set-up, crystal growth was conducted on off-axis 4H-SiC seed crystal in the temperature range of 1600~1800oC. The grown layer showed good crystal quality confirmed with optical microscopy and high resolution X-ray diffraction, which also demonstrates the effectiveness of the multiphysics model to find a process condition of solution growth of SiC single crystal.
A novel Ce3+ doped (CexLu1 − x)3MgAl3SiO12 phosphor was successfully synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction. Heat-treatment temperature was controlled from 1250 to 1550oC for 5 h. XRD and PL properties were analyzed for the optimum heat-treatment condition. Ce doping concentration was varied from 2.0 to 10.0 mol% for the optimum Ce doping concentration. The PL intensity, peak wavelength and FWHM were calculated with the Ce doping concentration, and evaluated for the application to LED packaging. Particle size and morphology were also characterized for synthesized phosphor sample at optimum heat-temperature and Ce doping concentration.
In the late 1990’s implementation of CAD/CAM systems in 3D printer has been led to many changes in the jewelry industry. Low cost 3D printer has been started advertising in the jewelry in 2009 after expiration of key patents of FDM scheme. Mass jewelry production process will vary in appliance with direct production process of 3D printer production line. The studies presented in this variation is the jewelry manufacturing process using a 3D Printer and the different metals with different colors were also produced for bonding the prototype jewelry. Increasing the possibilities of 3D printer through them, presents a variety of jewelry mass production methods.
This study investigates the effect of carbon fiber sheet (CFS) and carbon fiber strand sheet (CFSS) on the fatigue resistance and compressive strength of RC slabs. The results of a comparison of the number of equivalent cycles between the CFS- and CFSS-reinforced RC slab test specimens obtained from a fatigue test indicate that the CFSS-reinforced RC slab has 1.2~1.3 times greater effect of reinforcement than the CFS-reinforced RC slab. This study also indicates that the fatigue resistance of the CFS- and CFSS-reinforced RC slabs is ensured when the compressive strength of concrete is not lower than the specified design strength prescribed in the Specifications for Highway Bridges but is not ensured when the compressive strength of concrete is lower than the specified design strength, although the effect of reinforcement is secured.
Far-infrared radiation ceramic is an attractive material that provides thermal therapy by permeating the infrared rays into the deep inside of the human skin. Therefore, it is currently used for thermal therapy devices, thermal mat, heating equipment and so on. This work aims to optimize the sintering process of the far-infrared radiation ceramic with the process parameters of temperature and time. A variety of characterization tools have been used to investigate the optimal sintering condition of far-infrared radiation. The phase of far-infrared radiation ceramic was characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and microstructure of fracture surface was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The FT-IR was also performed to measure the far-infrared emissivity.
End milling process is one of the broadly used manufacturing process for precision machined parts and products. Machining performance is often limited by chatter vibration at the tool-workpiece interface. Chatter vibration is a type of machining self-excited vibration which originated from the variation in cutting forces and the flexibility of the machine tool structure. Even though lots of cutting tooling methods are developed and used in machining process, precise analysis of cutting tooling effect in view of chatter vibration behavior. This study presents numerical and experimental approaches to verify and effects of various cutting parameters to affect to chatter vibration stability. Acquired knowledge from this study will apply the optimal cutting conditions to improve a machining process.
It is estimated that over 2 million tons of non-ferrous wastes are generated after refining. Up to now, most researches were focused on extracting precious metals and there were very few research on the utilization of the slag byproduct. In this study, we studied to evaluate whether copper slag could be used as aggregates in concrete. Fresh mortar were evaluated on the particle size and replacement ratio of the copper slag with river-sand. Experimental results indicated that flow, air content and drying shrinkage of concrete varied with particle size, which confirmed that proper classification of copper slag is very important. And, setting time and unit weight of the concrete increased with replacement ratio. When particle size of the slag was similar to the river-sand, concrete with copper slag showed slump, air content, setting time, drying shrinkage and unit weight became larger compared to the concrete using river-sand only. Therefore, it is believed that proper classification and replacement ratio should be optimized for the effective use of slag in concrete.
The effect of process parameters such as the growth pressure and temperature on the AlN crystal growth has been investigated. AlN crystal was grown onto 6H-SiC seed crystal using PVT (Physical Vapor Transport) method. Crystal properties and morphology of AlN crystal was changed with growth pressure and temperature. Raman analysis confirmed that AlN crystals with different orientation were successfully grown on SiC seed crystal.