AlN is a promising material for wide band gap and high-frequency electronics device due to its wide bandgap and high thermal conductivity. AlN has advantages as materials for power semiconductors with a larger breakdown field, and a smaller specific on-resistance at high voltage. The growth of a p-type AlN epilayer with high conductivity is important for a manufacturing an AlN-based applications. In this paper, Mg doped AlN epilayers were grown by a mixed-source HVPE.
Al and Mg mixture were used as source materials for the growth of Mg-doped AlN epilayers. Mg concentration in the AlN was controlled by modulating the quantity of Mg source in the mixed-source. Surface morphology and crystalline structure of AlN epilayers with different Mg concentrations were characterized by FE-SEM and HR-XRD. XPS spectra of the Mgdoped AlN epilayers demonstrated that Mg was doped successfully into the AlN epilayer by the mixed-source HVPE.
In this paper, GaAs/AlGaAs multi-layer structure was grown by liquid phase epitaxy with graphite sliding boat, which can be used as a device structure of a photocathode image sensor. The multi-layer structure was grown on an n-type GaAs substrate in the sequence as follows: GaAs buffer layer, Zn-doped p-type AlGaAs layer as etching stop layer, Zndoped p-type GaAs layer, and Zn-doped p-type AlGaAs layer. The Characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs structures were analyzed by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), secondary ion mass spectrometer (SIMS) and hall measurement.
The SEM images shows that the p-AlGaAs/p-GaAs/p-AlGaAs multi-layer structure was grown with a mirror-like surface on a whole (1.25 mm × 25 mm) substrate. The Al composition in the AlGaAs layer was approximately 80 %. Also, it was confirmed that the free carrier concentration in the p-GaAs layer can be adjusted to the range of 8 × 10 18 /cm 2 by hall measurement. In the result, it is expected that the p-AlGaAs/p-GaAs/p-AlGaAs multi-layer structure grown by the LPE can be used as a device structure of a photoelectric cathode image sensor.
Films fabricated using atomic layer 2-dimensional nanosheets exhibit various physical properties depending on the size of the nanosheet. This is because the physical properties of the film depend on the interfacial properties between the sheets. Therefore, the synthesis of large-sized nanosheets is very important because it can reduce the dependency of the film on the interfacial properties. In this study, we succeeded in fabricating TiOx nanosheets with atomic layer thickness over micrometer size by using single-crystallized starting material and its chemical exfoliation. In addition, it was revealed that the mechanical agitation speed (the stirring speed of a magnetic bar) during the exfoliation step using the organic material is closely related to the nanosheet size and the colloidal concentration of the nanosheets.
In this study, the effect of pre-curing process on the enhancement of mechanical properties of IGCC-slag-basedgeopolymer was studied. Pre-curing is a process in which the green geopolymer is left at room temperature for a certain period of time prior to the high-temperature curing, and it is known as increasing the strength of a specimen. Therefore, in this experiment, the compressive strength of the geopolymers was measured according to various pre-curing conditions, and microstructure and crystal phase changes were observed by SEM and XRD, respectively. The W/S ratio was determined to be 0.26, which can offer the maximum geopolymer strength with easy molding ability, and the concentration of the alkali solution was 15 M. Pre-curing was performed at room temperature for 0 to 27 days. Compressive strength of the geopolymer made with pre-curing process increased by 36~87 % compared with the specimens made with no pre-curing process. Those improved compressive strength for the pre-cured geopolymer was confirmed owing to promotion effect of pre-curing process on generation of C-S-H gel and zeolite phases, which were analyzed using by XRD and SEM measurement.
The FeCl3 waste solution used to etch various metals contains valuable metal such as nickel. In this study, we recovered as high purity nickel carbonate crystalline powders from nickel-containing etching waste solution after regeneration of iron chloride. Firstly we eliminated about of the iron impurities under the condition of pH 4 using 5 % NaOH aqueous solution and then removed the remaining impurities such as Ca, Mn and Zn etc. by using solvent extractant D2EHPA (Di- (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid). Thereafter, nickel carbonate powder having a purity of 99.9 % or more was obtained through reaction with sodium carbonate in a nickel chloride solution.
The ceria powder is excellent in oxygen storage capacity (OSC) through the oxidation and reduction reaction of Ce ions and is used as a typical material for a three-way catalyst of an automobile which purifies the exhaust gas. However, since ceria generally has poor thermal stability at high temperatures, it is doped with metal ions to improve thermal stability. Therefore, in this study, Zr ions were doped into ceria powder, and their characteristics were further improved due to the increase of specific surface area with decreasing particle size due to doping. In this study, the synthesis of zirconium doped ceria nanopowder was synthesized by hydrothermal process. In order to synthesis Zr ion doped ceria nanopowder, the precursor reaction at was 200 o C for 6 hours. The average particle size of synthesized Zr doped CeO2 nanopowder was below 20 nm. The specific surface area of synthesized Zr ion doped ceria nanopowder increased from 52.03 m 2 /g to 132.27 m 2 /g with Zr increased 30 %.
The microstructure of a cobalt-base superalloy (ECY768) obtained by an investment casting process was studied.
This work focuses on the resulting microstructures arising from different melt and mold temperatures in normal industrial environmental conditions. The characterization of the samples was carried out using optical microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy. In this study, the as-cast microstructure is an α-Co (facecentered cubic) dendritic matrix with the presence of a secondary phase, such as M23C6-type carbides precipitated at grain boundaries. These precipitates are the main strengthening mechanism in this type of alloy. Other minority phases, such as the MC-type phase, was also detected and their presence could be linked to the manufacturing process and environment.
In this study, a lightweight geopolymer was prepared using by slag discharged from IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) power plant and its physical properties, the density and compressive strength, were analyzed as a function of the concentration of alkali activators, W/S ratio and aging times. Also the possibility of applying it to lightweight materials by adding Si sludge as a foaming agent to the geopolymerg was investigated. In particular, a complex composition of alkali activator and a pre-curing process were applied to improve the strength properties of lightweight geopolymers. While the compressive strength of the lightweight geopolymer using a single activator was 9.5 MPa, the specimen made with a complex composition of alkali activator had compressive strength of 2~5 times higher. In addition, the lightweight geopolymer with pre-curing process showed a compressive strength value of 18~48 % higher than that of specimen made with no precuring process. In this study, by using a complex activator and a pre-curing process. the maximum compressive strength of lightweight geopolymer was obtained as 40 MPa (The specimen was aged for 3 days and had density of 1.83 g/cm 3 ), which is comparable to cement concrete. By analyzing the crystal phase and microstructure of geopolymers obtained in this study using by XRD and SEM, respectively, it was confirmed that the flower-bud-like zeolite crystal was homogeneously distributed on the surface of the C-S-H gel (sodium silicate hydrate gel) in the geopolymer.