This study is to verify the feasibility of SiC single crystal growth using recycled SiC powder. The fundamental physical properties such as particle size, shape, composition and impurities of the recycled powder were analyzed, and the sublimation behavior occurring inside the reactor were predicted using the basic data. As a result of comprehensive judgment,the physical properties of the recycled powder were suitable for single crystal growth, and single crystal growth experiments were conducted using this. 100 mm 4H-SiC single crystal ingot with a height of 25 mm was grown without poly type inclusion.
In the case of micro-pipe density was 0.02 ea/cm² and resistivity characteristics was 0.015~0.020 ohm·cm², commercial level quality was obtained, but additional analysis related to dislocation density and stacking faults is required for device application.
Rare-earth elements were doped with Mg to enhance the temperature stability of dielectric properties of BaTiO₃ for its application to MLCC (Multi-Layer Ceramic Capacitor). The additives strongly affect both grain growth and densification behaviors during sintering, and hence dielectric properties. The additive effects therefore should be examined in each system with different additives. This study investigated the crystal structure, grain growth and densificationbehaviors and related variations in dielectric constant with respect to sintering temperature. Dielectric constant appears to be varied with grain size in a temperature range between 1200 and 1300°C, suggesting the importance of grain size control. The temperature dependence of grain size variation was well explained by an established theory correlating the grain growth behavior with grain boundary structure. This accordance provides a basis for sintering technique to control grain growth thus to improve dielectric constant in rare-earth doped BaTiO₃.
Diopside (CaMgSi₂O₆) is known to have high bioactivity as well as excellent mechanical properties. In this study, we tried to improve the bioactivity of zirconia ceramics by surface coating of diopside and its bioactivity was investigated through an in vitro test. Surface coating on zirconia substrate was prepared by sol-gel method using a diopside sol which was prepared by dissolving Ca(NO₃)₂·4H₂O, MgCl₂·6H₂O and Si(OC₂H₅)₄ in ethanol with a fixed molar ratio andthen hydrolysis. To examine the bioactivity of diopside coating, we examined the surface dissolution and the precipitation of new hydroxyapatite particles through in vitro test in SBF (Simulated Body Fluid) solution. Dense and thick diopside coating layers could be fabricated on zirconia substrate by sol-gel method. Also, we confirmed that they contained high bioactivity from the in vitro test, indicated the precipitation of hydroxyapatite particles after the 14 days immersion in SBF solution. In addition, we checked that the bioactivity of diopside coated layers was dependent on the repeated coating cycle and coating thickness.
Zirconia and titanium alloys, which are mainly used for dental implant materials, have poor osseointegration and osteogenesis abilities due to their bioinertness with low bioactivity on surface. In order to improve their surface bioinertness, surface modification with a bioactive material is an easy and simple method. In this study, akermanite (Ca₂MgSi₂O₇), a silicate-based bioceramic material with excellent bone bonding ability, was synthesized by a solid-state reaction and investigated its bioactivity from the analysis of surface dissolution and precipitation of hydroxyapatite particles in SBF solution. Calcium carbonate (CaCO₃), magnesium carbonate (MgCO₃), and silicon dioxide (SiO₂) were used as starting materials. After homogeneous mixing of starting materials by ball milling and the drying of at oven, uniaxial pressing was performed to form a compacted disk, and then heat-treated at high temperature to induce the solid-state reaction to akermanite. Bioactivity of synthesized akermanite disk was evaluated with the reaction temperature from the immersion test in SBF solution. The higher the reaction temperature, the more pronounced the akermanite phase and the less the surface dissolution at particle surface. It resulted that synthesized akermanite particles had high bioactivity on particle surface, but it depended on reacted temperature and phase composition. Moderate dissolution occurred at particle surfaces and observed the new precipitated hydroxyapatite particles in synthetic akermanite with solid-state reaction at 1100°C.
A new three-dimensional Gd-MOF, [Gd(p-XBP₄)4(H₂O)]·W(CN)₈; (1; p-XBP4 = N,N'-p-phenylenedimethylenbis (pyridin-4-one)) has been synthesized by slow-evaporation and its crystal structure was characterized by single-crystal X-raydiffraction (SCXRD) analysis. For each GdIII ion, there are seven coordination sites, which are occupied by six oxygen atoms of six p-XBP4 ligands and one oxygen atom from the water molecule. The [W(CN)₈]³⁻ anion exists for charge balance with cationic framework. The GdII ions are interconnected by the p-XBP4 ligand to form the three-dimensional structure. Considering the magnetic property of lanthanide ions, magnetic studies of Gd-MOF were investigated by direct-current (DC) magnetic susceptibilities measurements.
The Granule Spray in Vacuum (GSV) process is a method of forming a dense nanostructured ceramic coating film by spraying ceramic granules on a substrate at room temperature in a vacuum. In the Granule Spray, the granulesmade by agglomerating particles with the size from submicrometer to micrometer can be sprayed into the substrate. Once the granules were squashed upon collision with the substrate, they become several dozens of nanometer-sized crystals in vacuum process. The zirconia of the monoclinic phase transform into tetragonal phase at 1150°C. At this time, its volume is changed by about 6.5 %. For this reason, it is widely held that it is difficult to acquire a compact of monoclinic zirconia sinter. In this study, the effect of particle treatment temperature and standoff distance on the substrate of zirconia granules were investigated in GSV. Also, particle treatment temperature, standoff distance, coating efficiency, and microstructure of the film were considered in forming the monoclinic zirconia coating film in GSV without any heating process. The deposited films exhibited monoclinic zirconia phase without any other detectable phase by X-ray diffractometer (XRD).
Large thermal stress due to the difference between silicon carbide and graphite’s coefficients of thermal expansion could be formed during crystal growing process of silicon carbide (SiC) at high temperature. The large thermal stress could separate the SiC seed crystals from graphite components, which bring about the drop of the seed crystal during crystal growth. However, the bonding properties of SiC seed crystal module has hardly reported so far. In this study, SiC and graphite were bonded using 3 types of bonding agents and a three-point bending tests using a mixed-mode flexure test were conducted for the bonded samples to evaluate the bonding characteristics between SiC and graphite. Raman spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and X-ray Computed Tomography were used to analyze the bonding characteristics and the microstructures of the SiC-graphite interfaces bonded with the bonding agents. As results, an excellent bonding agent was chosen to fabricate SiC seed crystal module with 50 mm in diameter. An SiC single crystal with 50 mm in diameter was successfully grown without falling out during top seeded solution growth of SiC at high temperature.