Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, we investigated three-dimensional fluid flow field and particle movement with respect to the injected gas flow rate variation in typical cyclone separator system. The results of numerical investigation were deduced by coupling the analysis of fluid flow field with Wavier-stokes equation and the tracking of the particle trajectory with Langrangian approach. It was shown that the increasing of injected gas flow rate resulted in the increasing of pressure loss in the separator. This change of inner pressure had an effect on an aspect of the fluid flow in the separator. Particle movement was determined by fluid flow in the separator and was fully depended on a diameter of particles under the fixed flow rate. Increasing of injected gas flow rate was led to an increasing of the trace of particle, so the particles moved to the lower part of the separator. For this reason, the minimum diameters of the particles were decreased and increased the separation rate under the fixed particle diameter. In conclusion, the changes of injected gas flow rate have an important factor to the fluctuation of the fluid flow field and particle trajectory in the separator.