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2006, Vol.16, No.4

  • 1.

    The Effect of Very Low Calorie Diet with Chegamuiyiin-tang (T?jia?ny?y?re?n-ta?ng) on Body Composition and Size in Obese Women

    류수민 | Mi-Yeon Song | Chung, Seok Hee | 2006, 16(4) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives : This research have been in order to study the effect of VLCD with herbal diet medication, Chegamuiyiin-tang (Tǐjiǎnyìyǐrén-tāng), on body composition, body size, and bone mineral density (BMD). Methods : This clinical retrospective research carried out in 127 cases of obese female outpatients with 1 month treatment. Bioelectrical impedence analysis (for body composition), body size and Z-score (for BMD) were estimated in pre-treatment and post-treatment to evaluate the effects of VLCD with Chegamuiyiin-tang (Tǐjiǎnyìyǐrén-tāng). Results : 1)After 1 month treatment, the weight (8.78±1.79%), fat free mass (2.78±2.59%), body fat mass (18.78±5.04%), and percent body fat (10.99±4.84%) were decreased. 2)The skeletal muscle mass was decreased. But, the percent body skeletal muscle and the Z-score for BMD was increased despite of weight reduction. 3)In the changes of body size, the waist circumference was the biggest and calf circumference was the smallest. Conclusions : These results suggest that the effects of VLCD with Chegamuiyiin-tang (Tǐjiǎnyìyǐrén-tāng) were to decrease weight mainly with not fat free mass but body fat mass. Key words : VLCD, Chegamuiyiin-tang (Tǐjiǎnyìyǐrén-tāng), Obesity, Body composition
  • 2.

    A Study on Craniocervical Posture and Headache of Mouth Breath Patients

    홍정애 | SHIN HYUN DAE | Sungsoo Kim | 2006, 16(4) | pp.15~24 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate craniocervical posture change and headache of mouth breath patient with nasopharyngeal obstruction. Methods : 33 patients who had headache and mouth breath with nasopharyngeal obstruction and 25 patient who had non-headache and mouth breath with nasopharyngeal obstruction participated in this study. All patients were evaluated by X-ray findings about cervical lordotic angle, Atlantooccipital angle and Cervical Inclinination. X-ray findings in each two headache group and non-headache group were analyzed statistically. Results : Headache group was smaller than non-headache group in cervical lordotic angle, Atlantooccipital angle. Headache group was larger than non-headache group in Cervical Inclinination. Conclusions : On this results, craniocervical posture change of mouth breath patient with nasopharyngeal obstruction influences headache. Key words : Mouth breath, Craniocervical posture change, Headache
  • 3.

    The Study on Relation of Sentence between Biaoyoufu(標幽賦) in Zhenjiudacheng(鍼灸大成) and Saam-acupuncture in Traditional Literature

    InSeon lee | 2006, 16(4) | pp.25~36 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives : The aim of this study is to investigate Biaoyoufu(標幽賦) in Zhenjiudacheng(鍼灸大成) and Saam-acupuncture(圖解校勘 舍巖道人鍼法) for mutual relation study in literature. Methods : It was investigated how many sentence and meaning had been related between Biaoyoufu(標幽賦) and Saam-acupuncture. Results : 1. There are 23 similar sentence of Saam-acupuncture were investigated and 36 sentences were related from the 88 sentences of Biaoyoufu(標幽賦). 2. The meaning of zheng(正), ying(迎), sui(隨), xie(斜), yingzheng(迎正), duo(奪), zhenghuoxie(正或斜), wen(溫), liang(凉) that saam-acupuncture had been described was related with Biaoyoufu(標幽賦). Conclusions : According to this results, Saam-acupuncture had been affected by Biaoyoufu(標幽賦) to a certain extent, which made saam's buxie(補瀉) method more understood. Key words : Biaoyoufu(標幽賦), Saam-acupuncture, Zhenjiudacheng(鍼灸大成), Saam's buxie(補瀉) method
  • 4.

    Effect of Amygdalin on the Functional Recovery and c-Fos Expression in the Ventrolateral Periaqueductal Gray Region after Crushed Sciatic Nerve Injury in Rats

    김영욱 | SONG YUN KYUNG | Lim Hyung Ho | 2006, 16(4) | pp.37~47 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    배경 : 말초 신경 손상은 임상에서 자주 발생하는 질환으로 통증 조절계에 영향을 주어 만성 통증을 유발하고, 연관 부위에 운동 기능 장애를 남기는 질환이다. 목적 : 본 연구의 목적은 좌골 신경 손상으로 유발된 만성 통증과 운동기능 저하에 있어 Amygdalin의 통증 감소 및 기능 회복 효과에 대하여 알아보고자 함이다. 방법 : 좌골 신경에 손상을 입힌 쥐에 행인에서 추출된 Amygdalin을 복강내에 투입하여, 보행 분석과 면역조직화학을 활용한 vlPAG내 c-Fos 발현을 측정하여 통증 감소 및 기능 회복 정도를 판별하였다. 결과 : 복강 내에 행인에서 추출된 Amygdalin을 투입을 한 쥐는 보행분석과 면역조직화학을 활용한 vlPAG내 c-Fos 발현 정도에서 통증 감소 및 기능 회복에 있어 유의성 있는 변화를 보였다. 결론 : Amygdalin은 말초 신경 손상에 의한 질환에 있어 통증 조절 및 운동 기능 회복에 뚜렷한 효과가 있는 것으로 생각된다. Key words : Amygdalin, Sciatic function index (SFI), c-Fos Expression, Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG)
  • 5.

    Aqueous Extract of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-induced Expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 and Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Mouse BV2 Microglial Cells

    윤종태 | SONG YUN KYUNG | Lim Hyung Ho | 2006, 16(4) | pp.49~60 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    목적 : 지모는 임상에서 해열, 항염, 진정, 이뇨 그리고 항당뇨 작용을 가지고 있어 한의학에서 청열자음의 목적으로 사용되어 왔다. 본 연구는 생쥐 BV2 신경교세포에서 lipopolysaccharide에 의해 유발되는 염증유도산물인 PGs와 NO의 신경염증반응에 대한 지모의 효과를 살펴보기 위해 시행하였다. 방법 : 지모의 항염증 효과를 알아보기 위하여 lipopolysaccharide는 24시간 반응시키는 한편, 지모는 lipopolysaccharide 처치 1시간 전에 전처치 한 이후 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot analysis, PGE2 immunoassay, NO detection 등의 분석방법을 사용하였다. 결과 : lipopolysaccharide는 cyclooxygenase-2 와 inducible nitric oxide synthase의 mRNA와 단백질의 발현을 증가시켜 prostaglandin E2 합성과 nitric oxide 생성을 증가시켰다. 지모를 전처치 하였을 때에는 lipopolysaccharide에 의하여 발현이 증가되던 cyclooxygenase-2와 inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA와 단백질의 발현이 억제되었고 그 결과 prostaglandin E2 의 합성과 nitric oxide의 생성도 억제되었다. 결론 : 본 연구 결과, 지모는 여러 가지 염증성 질환에 진통 및 항소염 작용이 있는 것으로 보여진다.
  • 6.

    The Effect of the 4 Imageries of Alexander Technique in Traffic Accident Patients with Whiplash Injuries

    안치권 | 서진우 | 김수장 | 2006, 16(4) | pp.61~72 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives : The 4 Directions of Alexander Technique are very valuable in lessons of Alexander Technique. The study was to investigate pain relieving in patients with traffic accident through education with imageries of the 4 directions of Alexander Technique. Methods : 23 patients with neck sprain derived from traffic accident were divided to 10 experimental group and 13 control with random sampling and was investigated for 7days. Experimental group was educated imageries with the 4 directions of Alexander Technique and control group with no specific teaching about posture. Results : 1. There were changes of pain relieving on experimental group in VAS and Neck Disability Index. 2. There was change of pain relieving on control group in VAS but not in Neck Disability Index. 3. There is no evidence of change of pain in comparison between experimental and control group. Conclusions : It is considered that Imageries with 4 directions of Alexander Technique could be complement when relieving patients' neck pain. It is necessary that there will be further study about Mind-Body Therapies. Key words : Alexander technique, Direction, Whiplash injury, Neck pain, Imagery
  • 7.

    The Statistical Study of Hospitalized Spinal Disease Patients

    박경수 | LEE JUN HWAN | Chung, Seok Hee | 2006, 16(4) | pp.73~81 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives : The aim of this study was to find the change in the number of inpatient with spine disease, data were reviewed on inpatients who was diagnosed as spine disease in the Kyung-hee Medical Center(KHMC) for 25 years(1980~2004). Methods : Analysis data of the number of spinal disease was based on the KHMC annual report for 25 years(1980~2004). Results : 1.The number of inpatient in KHMC with spine disease has been increasing during 25years from 1980 to 2004(p-value:0.000) 2.The number of inpatient in KHMC with ankylosing spodylitis(AS) is increasing during 25years from 1980 to 2004(p-value=0.000) 3.The number of inpatient in KHMC with spinal stenosis is increasing during 25years from 1980 to 2004(p-value=0.000) 4.The number of inpatient in KHMC with herniated nucleus pulposus of cervical spine(HNP of C-spine) is increasing during 25years from 1980 to 2004(p-value=0.000) 5.The number of inpatient in KHMC with herniated nucleus pulposus of Lumbar spine(HNP of L-spine) is increasing during 25years from 1980 to 2004 (p-value=0.007) Conclusions : It is suggesting that the number of patients of spinal stenosis and HNP of L-spine increase at KHMC. Key words : Ankylosing spodylitis, Spinal stenosis, HNP of C-spine, HNP of L-spine, Spinal disease
  • 8.

    The Safety of Cervical Chuna Manipulation; Mechanism, Adverse Reactions and Cases Report

    고연석 | Park Tae Yong | SONG YUNG SUN and 3other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.83~95 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Objectives : The aim of the present study was to report the safety of cervical Chuna manipulation treatment (CCMT). We investigated the mechanism and complications of adverse reactions associated with CCMT, and newly demonstrated three cases in litigation. Methods : We searched relevant case reports, surveys, and review articles using a comprehensive databases of online and bibliography, combed adverse cases in clinical field. Results : A relative-to-absolute contraindication to cervical Chuna manipulation was circulatory and haematological disorders, neurological disorders, bone-weakening and destructive disorders, articular derangement or psychological factors. The majority of adverse reactions were mild or moderate in 85~90%, began within 4 h and generally disappeared within the next 24 h, at least one of them was reported by 30.0~60.9% of the patients after cervical manipulation. The most common were local discomfort (15.2~53.0%), headache (10.0~19.8%), stiffness (19.5~25.0%), tiredness (10.0~12.1%), or radiating discomfort (10.0~23.0%). The two of reported clinical cases were the occurrence of retropharngeal hematoma and cervical herniated disc disease after CCMT. The one was not a fault of practitioner, but complain for compensation. Conclusions : Manipulation of the cervical spine may also be associated with higher complication rates than previously reported. Although It is difficult to estimate the incidence of cervical manipulation complications, it is important to differentiate those patients who are susceptible to adverse reactions in order to inform them correctly.
  • 9.

    The Efficacy of Chuna Manual Therapy for Stroke Patients on Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Leg Function?Balance, and Arm Function

    최승범 | SONG YUN KYUNG | Lim Hyung Ho and 3other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.97~113 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of Chuna manual therapy for patients with chronic stroke. Methods : Chuna manual therapy at lumbar․thoracic․cervical vertebra, shoulder girdle and pelvic girdle was applied to seven stroke-originated hemiplegic patients who had been treated by general oriental medicine rehabilitation therapy(sample group). The other nine stroke-originated hemiplegic patients had only general oriental medicine rehabilitation therapy(control group). Outcomes were assessed by Modified Barthel Index(MBI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Modified Motor Assessment Scale(MMAS)(Upper arm function, Hand movement, Advanced hand activities) at the point of admission and discharge. Results : Both sample and control group exhibited substantial improvements on the MBI and BBS. And MBI, BBS and Upper arm function of MMAS showed significantly meaningful differences between sample and control group. Conclusions : Chuna manual therapy may be efficacious method of improving activity of daily living(ADL), leg function ․ balance, and arm function of patients after stroke.
  • 10.

    The Study on Misalignment of Cervical Spine of Patient with Scalenus Anticus Syndrome

    Kang Ji Hoon | 이길준 | Keum Dong-ho and 1other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.115~123 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives : We investigated the possibility of cervical spine misalignment caused by Scalenus anticus syndrome to find out the Scalenus anticus syndrome could effect misalignment of cervical spine. Methods : 18 patients with Scalenus anticus syndrome who attended Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-guk University from 20th June to 10th September 2006, were involved in the investigation. After researching misalignment through neutrality lateral, flexion lateral, extension lateral x-ray examination views, we measured difference of length of cervical spine misalignment. We analyzed the difference of length of cervical spine misalignment, and the relationship among the neutrality lateral, flexion lateral and extension lateral position. Results : Lateral flexion and lateral extension position were shown higher frequency than neutrality position in cervical spine misalignment. We got the statistical significance in the difference of length of cervical spine misalignment by position changes, it showed that C3, C4 vertebra bodies in lateral neutrality position, C2, C3, C4, C5 vertebra bodies in flexion lateral position, C3-5 vertebra bodies in extension lateral position. Conclusions : It was considered that scalenus anticus syndrome could increase cervical spine misalignment which could be a factor of making in cervical spine disease.
  • 11.

    Correlation between Horizontal Visual Analogue Scale, Vertical Visual Analogue Scale and Numerical Rating Scale for Pain Measurement

    하인혁 | 박원상 | 우인 and 3other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.125~133 | number of Cited : 30
    Abstract
    Objective : We investigated which measurement is more useful and reliable between NRS, horizontal VAS, and vertical VAS in 110 hospitalized patients who complain LBP and low extremity pain. Also, we analyzed interrelation in each measurement. Methods : Before we began investigation, we informed the objective and method of this investigation to patients. Then we checked patient's pain degree by using those three measurements(NRS, horizontal VAS, and vertical VAS). We evaluated that sensitivity, correlation and inter-individual variability of each measurement depended on analyzing values. Results : We included 108 patients because we excluded 8 patients who could not check VAS degree. Both of horizontal VAS and vertical VAS showed statically significant and high sensitivity appearing normal distribution shape. But NRS didn't show normal distribution shape. The mean value of horizontal VAS and NRS was significantly higher than NRS. There was no sharp difference clinically between horizontal VAS and NRS in inter-individual variability. The interrelation of each measurement were very close. Conclusions : There was significant difference between horizontal VAS, vertical VAS and NRS in statistics , not in clinical aspect. However, We can use those measurements usefully in pain evaluation because their interrelation is very close.
  • 12.

    The Clinical Study on the Change of Heart Rate Variability before and after Fasting Therapy

    이한성 | Mi-Yeon Song | Jongsoo Lee and 2other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.135~141 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of fasting therapy on autonomic nervous system. Methods : 12 selected patients took an examination on Heart Rate Variability in the morning of admission 1st day. And they experienced 8-day fasting therapy. In the morning of discharge day, examiner rechecked same parameters of HRV as ones which were examined on 1st day. Finally, two statistic data were compared by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results : SDNN, TP, and VLF showed significantly meaningful increase between before and after fasting therapy. Conclusions : HRV results indicate that fasting therapy has effectiveness in enhancing the function to balance autonomic nervous system.
  • 13.

    Clinical Studies for Chuna Treatment(Manipulation) on Cervical Sprain Caused by Traffic Accidents

    박현호 | 장준호 | 박선경 and 2other persons | 2006, 16(4) | pp.143~154 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of Chuna treatment on patients as diagnosed cervical sprain caused by traffic accidents. Methods : The therapies which used in patients were acupunture-therapy, herbal medication, moxa-therapy, physical therapy, Chuna Treatment. After being treatment, We measured Visual Analog Scale (V.A.S), Cervical Range Of Movement (R.O.M) and Pain Disability Index (P.D.I). Results : After being treated by our methods, Patients' R.O.M, V.A.S and P.D.I score were improved in cases. Conclusions : These cases has demonstrated that Chuna Treatment is useful on cervical sprain.
  • 14.

    A Clinical Case Study of Complex Ventilatory Defect

    신영진 | Myeong-Jong Lee | 2006, 16(4) | pp.155~161 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate manual therapy on the Complex restrictive ventilatory defect with neck pain. Methods : We used to take acupuncture, Gumsuyukun-geon(Jinshuiliujunjian) and Chuna manipulation Results & Conclusions : After treatment, he felt his symptoms cough, sputum, dyspnea, dizziness, general weakness, flushing sign improved. No changes were noted in VC, FVC but significant increase was noted in FEV1.0. Increased FEV1.0 and realigned posture show that respiratory muscle was recoverd. We may consider manual therapy to treat complex pulmonary disease on decreased expiratory function.