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2010, Vol.20, No.4

  • 1.

    Effects of Hwangryunhaedok-tang(Huanglianjiedu-tang ) on Locomotor Dysfunction of Contusive Spinal Cord Injury-induced Rats

    성주원 | Ki-Yuk Kim | 반효정 and 4other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was performed to evaluate the effects of Hwangryunhaedok-tang(Huanglianjiedu-tang; HHT) water extract on locomotor dysfunction induced by spinal cord injury(SCI) in rats. Methods :SCI was induced by mechanical contusion following laminectomy of 10th thoracic vertebra in Sprague-Dawley rats. HHT was orally given once a day for 14 days after SCI. Neurological behavior was examined with the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan locomotor rating scale. Tissue damage and nerve fiber degeneration were examined with cresyl violet and luxol fast blue staining. Using immunohistochemistry, cellular damage to neurons and nerve fibers were examined against Bax and MAP-2. As inflammatory response markers, iNOS and COX-2 expressions were also examined. Results :1. HHT ameliorated the locomotor dysfunction of the SCI-induced rats. 2. HHT attenuated the reduction of motor neurons in the ventral horn of the SCI-induced rat spinal cord. 3. HHT significantly reduced the number of Bax positive cells in the peri-lesion of the SCI-induced rat spinal cord. 4. HHT attenuated the reduction of MAP-2 positive cells in the peri-lesion of the SCI-induced rat spinal cord. 3. HHT significantly reduced the number of iNOS and COX-2 positive cells in the peri-lesion of the SCI-induced rat spinal cord. Conclusions :These results suggest that HHT improves the locomotor dysfunction of SCI by protecting motor neurons from cell death through anti-inflammatory effect.
  • 2.

    Effects of Yeast Fermented Ganoderma Lucidum Extract on the Recovery of Exercise Fatigue in Forced Swimming Rats

    박지훈 | Hojun Kim | 이명종 | 2010, 20(4) | pp.17~31 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives :Ganoderma Lucidum has been used in traditional oriental medicine to treat various conditions including chronic fatigue and cough. This experimental study was designed to investigate the effects of yeast-fermented Ganoderma Lucidum extract on the fatigue of rats elicited by forced swimming. Materials and methods :The rat subjects were divided into 4 groups: normal group, control group administered with 0.9% normal saline, experimental Ⅰ(Exp Ⅰ) group administered with yeast-fermented Ganoderma lucidum extract and experimental Ⅱ(Exp Ⅱ) group administered with Ganoderma Lucidum extract for 4 weeks. All the serum samples collected by heart puncture were used to measure biochemical factors such as glucose, lactate, lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), creatine kinase(CK), inorganic phosphorus, ammonia, total cholesterol(TC), triglycerides(TG), high-density lipoprotein(HDL), low-density lipoprotein(LDL), aspartate transaminase(AST), alanine transaminase(ALT). Results :1. Weight change and swimming time were not significantly different in the experimental groups as compared with control group. 2. Lactate was significantly decreased in the experimental groups as compared with control group. Inorganic phosphorus was also significantly decreased in the Exp Ⅰ group as compared with control group(p<0.05). 3. Serum lipid concentration was not significantly different in the experimental groups as compared with control group. 4. AST and ALT were significantly decrease in the experimental groups as compared with control group. Conclusions :Yeast-fermented Ganoderma lucidum in forced swimming rats would appear to reduce fatigue-related factors, AST, ALT of serum and promote anti-fatigue effect.
  • 3.

    Anti-pathogenetic and Curative Effects of Gyehyeoldeungbokhap -bang(Jixietengfuge-fang ) on the Collagen-Induced Arthritis

    임진섭 | Kim, Soon-joong | 2010, 20(4) | pp.33~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was designed to elucidate the anti-pathogenetic and curative effects of Gyehyeoldeungbokhap-bang(Jixietengfuge-fang, GCP) on Type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) in mice. Methods :In experiment, twenty four mices were divided into non-treated normal group(n=6), bovine type Ⅱ collagen-induced control group(n=6), collagen immunized and treated two group medicated with extract of GCP(concentration of extraction: 200 ㎎/㎏ n=6, 400 ㎎/㎏ n=6) for 4 weeks after collagen immunization. Various experimental such as arthritis, incidence, index, total cell number of spleen, total cell number of peripheral lymph node(PLN), paw joint total cell number, analysis on the percentage of immunofluorescent cells of spleen in CIA induced mice, effects of inflammatory gene expression in spleen, PLN and paw joint of CIA mice, production of cytokine(IFN-γ, IL-4, TNF-α, IL-6), analysis of rheumatoid factor(anti-collagen IgG, IgM level in serum) and histopathological study on the paw joint. The arthritis index, incidence were measured a week over 4 weeks after second boosting. Total cell number of spleen, peripheral lymph node, paw joint were measured after performed experiment over 7 weeks. Concentration of cytokine and rheumatoid factor in serum were measured after experiment finished. Histopathological study on the paw joint was measured after 40 days medicated with extract of GCP. Results :1. Incidence of arthritis and index of arthritis were significantly decreased in treated group with 400 ㎎/㎏. 2. Total cell number of spleen, PLN and paw joint were significantly decreased in treated group. 3. Analysis on the percentage of immunofluorescent cells of spleen in CIA induced mice were significantly controled compare with control group. 4. Effects of inflammatory gene expression in spleen, PLN and paw joint of CIA induced mice were significantly controled compare with control group. 5. IFN-γ, IL-6 and TNF-α concentration(pg/㎖) in serum of treated group was significantly decreased compare with control group. But IL-4 was significantly increased. 6. IgM and IgG concentration(pg/㎖) in serum of treated group was significantly decreased compare with control group. 7. Histopathologically, suppurative and destructive lesion of synovial membrane, articular cartilage and subchondral bony tissue in treated group were alleviated compare with those of control group. Conclusions :Based on the results described above, it might be consider that Gyehyeoldeungbokhap-bang(Jixietengfuge-fang, GCP) has antiarthritic and analgesic effects and also inhibitory effects on the progression of collagen-induced arthritis mice.
  • 4.

    The Study on Effect of Warming the Meridian Therapy about the Pain Control of Korean Medical Theory - in the Hwangjenaegyeong -

    Cha Yun Yeop | 2010, 20(4) | pp.51~56 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Objectives and Methods :This study was performed to know about the reason of pain, the type of pain, etc. from Somun (素問) and Yeongchu (靈樞) of Hwangjenaegyeong (黃帝內經). And then we recognized the rational Korean medical physiotherapy about the pain control. Results :There was well described about the pain in Hwangjenaegyeong (黃帝內經). It was explained that the reason of pain was cold pathogenic factor one of the six exogenous pathogens. If the body was cold and qi-blood was lack of free flow, and the pain was occurred. Conclusions :According to above results, warming the meridian therapy is rational Korean medical physiotherapy about the pain control. And that gives positive effect about the pain control.
  • 5.

    A Literatural Study on the Evidence of Using Thermotherapy of Cutaneous and Muscle Meridian in Korean Medicine - Focusing on Dongeuibokam -

    Hwang Eui-hyoung | Shin, Byung Cheul | Misook Shin and 1other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.57~61 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this paper is to establish theoretical bases upon which to complement the clinical evidence in representative literature Dongeuibokam (東醫寶鑑) of Korean medicine. Methods :We searched applicable paragraphs about thermotherapy in Dongeuibokam (東醫寶鑑) and defined them as historical and theoretical bases of thermotherapy in Korean medicine. Results :Three paragraphs about thermotherapy are in Yehyung (外形篇) and Jabbyung (雜病篇) of Dongeuibokam (東醫寶鑑). These records to treat the disease of the internal organs and meridian are enough to explain historical and theoretical evidences. Conclusions :Although only three paragraphs are associated with thermotherapy, they mean that thermotherapy has been explained under the system of Korean medicine. It is necessary for more literatural study and clinical trials to be carried out to secure the evidence of physical therapies in Korean medicine.
  • 6.

    A Literatural Study on the Principles of Using Thermotherapy of Cutaneous and Muscle Meridian(Hot Poultice)

    EUNJOO KIM | Chung, Seok Hee | Mi-Yeon Song | 2010, 20(4) | pp.63~72 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this literature is to establish theoretical bases of using thermotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian(hot poultice). Methods :We reviewed literatures and books about thermotherapy in Traditional Korean medicine. Results and conclusions :Thermotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian(hot poultice) has developed from Yu-fa (熨法), a kind of poultice(also called cataplasm). Using it practically in the clinic, we simultaneously analyzed the distributions of cutaneous meridian(經皮) and muscle meridian(經筋) and observed the symptoms of a disease to select treatment region. It has characteristic and originality differentiated from western physical therapy because it makes the function of whole body as well as an affected part better.
  • 7.

    A Literatural Study on the Evidence of Using Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy of Cutaneous and Muscle Meridian in Korean Medical Physiotherapy

    최보미 | Seo-Young Hong | 2010, 20(4) | pp.73~81 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to establish literatural evidence about thermotherapy and cryotherapy for Korean medicine through literatural review. Methods :Applicable paragraphs which were related to the thermotherapy and cryotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian were phrased from in Yibujicheng(醫部集成) and Dongyibaojian(東醫寶鑑) where were archiving of Oriental or Korean medicine literatures. Searched paragraphs were analysed for establishing historical and theoretical bases of thermotherapy and cryotherapy in Korean medicine. Results :Thermotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian(經皮經筋溫熱療法) such as hot pack, warm water therapy, paraffin bath, ultrasound is originated from yu(熨), warm water(溫水), hot water(熱水). Matching indications are various pain conditions(caused by coldness(寒), hard-work(勞苦), extravasated blood(瘀血)), inflammatory skin disease, frostbite and several internal diseases. It also treats gynecological diseases and facial palsy. Diathermic therapy on acupuncture points(穴位照射溫熱療法) such as infra-red, microwave, shortwave is originated from huolu(火爐), wenlu(溫爐), xianglu(香爐), lamp light(燈火). Its objective is to improve the effects of herb medicine by aiding sweating or to treat the residual symptoms of fever disease or to care skin disease and pain from bone fracture, contusion. Cryotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian(經皮經筋寒冷療法) such as ice pack, ice spray, iced whirpool, cool water bath is originated from lengfu(冷敷), lengtie(冷貼), lengshiyu(冷石熨). Matching indications are contusions, animal bite injury, corn(肉刺) and linbing(淋病), eye disease, nasal bleeding, hemorrhoid, inflammatory skin disease and chicken pox. Conclusions :Thermotherapy and cryotherapy of cutaneous and muscle meridian(經皮經筋溫冷療法) are the treatments which were widely used in Korean medicine from the ancient Korean medicine. As scientific equipments were originated from yu(熨), huolu(火爐), wenlu(溫爐), xianglu(香爐), lamp light(燈火), lengfu(冷敷), lengtie(冷貼), lengshiyu(冷石熨). It can be said that these are elements of Korean medicine. More rigorous studies are needed to establish clinical evidence about not only thermotherapy and cryotherapy but also the other physiotherapy of Korean medicine.
  • 8.

    A Literatural Study on the Evidence of Using Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy of Meridian Muscle in Korean Medical Physiotherapy - Focusing on Hwangjenaegyeong -

    권정주 | Yun-Kyung Song | Lim Hyung Ho | 2010, 20(4) | pp.83~89 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this paper is to establish theoretical bases upon which to complement the clinical evidence in representative literature(Hwangjenaegyeong ;黃帝內經) of Korean medicine. Methods :We searched applicable paragraphs about thermotherapy and cryotherapy in Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經) and defined them as historical and theoretical bases of thermotherapy and cryotherapy in Korean medicine. Results :The meridian muscle treatment originated from Young-Chu(靈樞) was developed for many centuries. Five paragraphs about thermotherapy and one paragraph about cryotherapy are in Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經). These records to treat the disease of the muscle meridian are enough to explain historical and theoretical evidences. Conclusions :Thermotherapy and cryotherapy of meridian muscle are treatments which are used widely in Korean medicine. They mean that thermotherapy and cryotherapy has been explained under the system of Korean medicine. It is necessary for more literatural study and clinical trials to be carried out to secure the evidence of physical therapies in Korean medicine.
  • 9.

    Quantity and Quality Assessment of Randomized Controlled Trials in the Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine

    권동현 | 남종경 | 정민규 and 2other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.91~103 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to perform quantity and quality assessment of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) in the journal of oriental rehabilitation medicine(JORM). Methods :Upon extracting randomized controlled trials from all the articles published in the JORM from 1991 to 2009, assessments were made on the adequacy of the consolidated standards of reporting trials(CONSORT) checklist. The assessment were performed independently by two researchers, and adjustment of the differences were done by discussions. Results :Among the 824 articles from 1981 to 1999, 33 RCTs were selected. 4 RCTs were published from 1991 to 2002, and 29 RCTs were published from 2003 to 2009. Adequacy of the CONSORT checklist was 29.4%(27.3% from 1999 to 2005, 31.6% from 2006 to 2009). Conclusions :RCTs of the JORM consistently increased in quantity and quality. But researchers should make an effort to reporting more accurate.
  • 10.

    Statistical Errors of Articles Published in the Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine(Ⅰ)

    박태용 | Heo, Tae Young | Shin, Byung Cheul | 2010, 20(4) | pp.105~130 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study was to assess the statistical methods errors used in the Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine(JORM) and to identify the types of errors in statistical analysis. Methods :We reviewed quantitative articles that were published in the JORM from January 2005 through October 2009. Those were not used by statistical analysis such as literature studies, case study, review articles were not included in this analysis. A total of 296 articles was reviewed. We evaluated the adequacy and the validity of the statistical techniques with our checklist established by modified Lee's checklist, and three statistical evaluators assessed together to minimize bias. Results :Of the 222 articles, 213 were used in inferential and descriptive statistics. Of those 80% of articles adopting descriptive and inferential statistics were detected having statistical errors. One articles used 1.7 statistical method unit generally. Most frequently employed statistics were student t-test, one way ANOVA, pearson correlation analysis, Mann-whitney U test, paired t-test, and chi-square test in their order. However, most frequent statistics having errors were similar in order. The most common statistic errors were as follow: 1. absence of normality test, 2. misuse between paired test and unpaired test, 3. wrong choice of repeated measures analysis without consideration of time variables, 4. increase of Type Ⅰ error by using inappropriate multiple test, 5. inappropriate application of discrete or categorical data instead of continuous data in correlation analysis, 6. poor consideration of basic consumption in chi-square test, 7. confusion between frequency comparison and average comparison, 8. mentioning the statistical technique without using it. Conclusions :We found various mistake or misuses in the applications of statistical methodologies in the articles published in the JORM. Careful consideration of statistical use and review from the specialist of statistics are warranted for improving the quality of JORM.
  • 11.

    A Study on Incidence of Spinal Disease by Occupational Type

    정벌 | 신동재 | 2010, 20(4) | pp.131~138 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives :Recently work-related musculoskeletal disorders have increased in various workplaces and many reports have been confirming this, but a comparative study on incidence of spinal disease by occupation has not been established yet. So this study was designed to clarify the distinction on incidence of spinal disease between white and blue collar workers. Methods :The subjects who visited with spinal disease to Ja-Seng oriental hospital from January to April in 2010 were selected and divided into white collar workers(n=844) and blue collar workers(n=333). We counted the number of patients with each spinal disease in both groups and carried out comparative analysis in five items(herniated nucleus pulposus(HNP), stenosis, spondylosis, sprain, etc). All data were analyzed by chi-square test. Results and Conclusions :White collar workers had higher incidence in HNP(p=0.030), sprain(p=0.016), etc(p=0.035) than blue collar workers, while blue collar workers had higher incidence in stenosis(p=0.002). But we think that the confidence is low in stenosis because the number of cases are very small. There were no significance between two groups with spondylosis.
  • 12.

    Correlation Analysis between Radiological Result and Radiating Pain in Neck Pain

    한경완 | 김은석 | 우재혁 and 2other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.139~146 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :To compare the differences between the symptoms and the findings of MRI(magnetic resonance imaging) and x-ray, we studied the patients with neck pain or radiating pain, which has been diagnosed as cervical herniated disc recently. Methods :We randomly selected among the 143 patients with x-ray and cervical spine(C-spine) MRI films who have visited Ja-seng hospital with neck pain and neck and radiating pain from April 1 of 2010 to May 1. We used SPSS 13.0 for windows in analyzing statistical data of study results and the level of significance was below 0.05. Results :1. There were no significant differences between the presence of radiating pain and the amount of cervical herniation(p>0.05). 2. If the finding of a x-ray showed narrowing, based on MRI findings, the amount of herniation was more severe(p<0.05). 3. There were no significant differences between the presence of radiating pain and the findings of x-ray(p>0.05). 4. Among the 143 cases, which showed findings beside HIVD(herniation of intervertebral disc) were 13 cases. 88 cases of straightening(61.5%), 78 cases of uncovertebral joint arthrosis(54.5%), 25 cases of stenosis(17.5%), 13 cases of retrolisthesis(9.1%), 8 cases of osteophyte(5.6%), 4 cases of spondylolisthesis(2.8%), 2 cases of hemangioma(1.4%), 3 cases of OPLL(ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament)(2.1%), 2 cases of block vertebrae(1.4%), 2 cases of spondylitis(1.4%), 1 case of kyphosis(0.1%) and 1 case of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy(0.1%). Conclusions :The findings from this study suggest that there was no relation between radiating pain and radiological result. On the other hand, diagnosis of x-ray and MRI showed significant relevance. The narrower disc space there were, the severer the state of herniation there existed.
  • 13.

    The Influence of Psychological Stress on Neck Muscles and Heart Rate Variability

    권호영 | Gwang-Mook Lim | Jeonghwan Kim | 2010, 20(4) | pp.147~157 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study is performed to investigate the influence of psychological stress on neck muscles tone and heart rate variability(HRV). Methods :This study was carried out with the data from stress response index score(SRI), surface electromyography(sEMG) and HRV. First subjects were divided into two group according to the SRI points. Subjects in group A had points of SRI in which lower than 30 points. Subjects in group B had points of SRI in which higher than 30 points. Then we investigated how to difference of the index of sEMG and HRV according to each groups. Results :In this study, the muscle contraction of both upper trapezius muscle in stress group were higher than non-stress group significantly. Complexity, root mean square of successive differences of R-R intervals(RMSSD), standard deviation difference between adjacent normal to normal intervals(SDSD), high frequency oscillation power(Ln(HF)), normalized HF(Norm HF) in stress group were lower than non-stress group significantly and normalized LF(Norm LF) was higher. Conclusions :This results show that the stress was associated with neck muscle condition and autonomic nervous system.
  • 14.

    Correlations of Cross-sectional Areas of Psoas and Paraspinal Muscles in Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation According to the Age Groups

    공덕현 | Kwang-ho Bae | Go, Ho Yeon and 5other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.159~169 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was designed to evaluate the correlation of the cross-sectional areas(CSA) of paraspinalis(iliocostalis lumborum, multifidus, longissimus thoracis parts lumborum) and psoas muscle and sex, age, change of the VAS(visual analogue scale) and past history of chronic low back pain in patients suffering from HIVD(herniation of intervertebral disc). Methods :Medical records of 140 subjects with HIVD were retrospectively reviewed. The MRI(magnetic resonance imaging) findings on the patients were scanned and analyzed by PiView program to find the paraspinal and psoas muscle CSA and were evaluated by the correlation of sex, age, change of the VAS, and past history of chronic low back pain. Results :There was significant difference between groups in male and female, young-adults age and middle age, middle age and old age, young-adults age and old age. But the correlation of the paraspinal and psoas muscle CSA and past history of chronic low back pain were partially significant. On the other hand, the correlation of the paraspinal and psoas muscle CSA and change of the VAS were not significant. Conclusions :These results suggest that the cross-sectional areas(CSA) of paraspinalis and psoas muscle have relevance to sex and age.
  • 15.

    Relationship between Leg Length Discrepancy and Radiological Parameters of Lumbosacrum and Pelvis in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

    조유정 | Chung, Seok Hee | Mi-Yeon Song | 2010, 20(4) | pp.171~183 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Objectives :The biomechanical relationship of leg length discrepancy(LLD), lumbar lordosis, pelvic variance and degenerative scoliosis is one of the most important parameters when treat musculoskeletal disorders, however the reports are still controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the relationships between the parameters and bothersomeness in subjects with chronic low back pain. Methods :Sixty female and eight male adults with non specific low back pain over 3 months were recruited. LLD was measured by tape measure method. Lumbar lordosis, lumbosacral angle and related pelvic parameters were measured using simple radiologic films of lumbosacral view. Results :Lumbar lordosis was significantly correlated to the lumbosacral angle, pelvic incidence and difference of the both iliac widths. Pelvic incidence had significant correlation with difference of the both iliac widths. And difference of both iliac widths was related with LLD by radiologic film. There was also significant correlation between the LLD by radiologic film and tape measurement. Visual analogue scale(chronic low back pain) of normal lordosis group was greater than hyperlordosis group. Conclusions :There were close biomechanical relationships between lumbar, pelvis, and lower extremity. But in order to determine the effect of structure on the chronic low back pain, global balance of musculoskeletal structure seems to be worth further researching.
  • 16.

    The Study on the Correlation between Low Back Pain and Life Habit, Obesity in High School Students

    안희빈 | 김지영 | 손정민 and 2other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.185~195 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between the obesity, life style and low back pain(LBP) in high school students and provide informations for developing the prevention of the low back pain. Methods :Participants were the 2nd grade students from one high school in An-san(268 students). Using a self-reported questionnaire, we collected data. And the data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square in SPSS Win 12.0 program. Results :1. The experience rate of LBP for 268 high school students was 56.7%. 2. The experience rate of female students(61%) was significantly higher than the male students(50%). 3. Computer using time of males LBP group was significantly higher than the none-LBP group. 4. Body mass index(BMI) of females LBP group was significantly higher than the none-LBP group. Conclusions :This study showed that the experience rate of LBP among high school students was related to obesity and life style. Therefore, educational programs and policy for preventing low back pain are necessary.
  • 17.

    Clinical Trial of Taeeumjowui -Tang(Taiyintiaowei-tang) on Obese Patients - Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study -

    이지은 | Yun-Kyung Song | Lim Hyung Ho | 2010, 20(4) | pp.197~213 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    Objectives :The clinical trial was designed to investigate the safety and effects of Taeeumjowui-tang(Taiyintiaowei-tang) extracts on the change of the weight, body compositions, serum in obese patients. Methods :This study was a 12-weeks, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients with a body mass index of either greater than 30 kg/m2 or between 27 and 30 kg/m2 with controlled hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia were considered eligible. Participants of 41 obese patients were randomized either to Taeeumjowui-tang(Taiyintiaowei-tang)(23) or placebo(18). After 12 weeks of treatment, we measured anthropometric factors(weight, height, waist circumference, BMI(body mass index) etc.), abdominal fat area by CT(computed tomography) scanning, serum lipid(total cholesterol, tryglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol), blood level of variety(AST, ALT, BUN, creatinine etc.). Adverse events also evaluated. Results :After 12 weeks of treatment mean weight, waist-circumference, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and score of KEAT-26 were significant changed in Taeeumjowui-tang (Taiyintiaowei-tang). There were no serious adverse events in either groups. Conclusions :There were limited in this study that it conducted within a short period of 12 weeks. but its weight and WC(waist circumference), WHR(waist hip ratio), total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and score of KEAT-26 loss effect was significant and it had few adverse events.
  • 18.

    The Effects of Aroma Therapy on Sleep Disorder Patients with Musculoskeletal Pain

    박수곤 | 양미성 | 김오영 and 4other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.215~230 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of aroma therapy on sleep disorder patients with musculoskeletal pain. Methods :The 44 patients were divided into 2 groups: Experimental group(Exp. group) was treated with aroma therapy and control group was treated except aroma therapy. To evaluate the efficiency of aroma therapy, the Korean sleep scale A(Jin-Joo Oh, Mi-Soon Song, Sin-Mi Kim. 1998) and visual analogue scale(VAS) were applied before treatment and after 5 days treatment. Results :1. The Experimental group has improved statistical significance in sleep disorder score as compare to the control group. 2. The improvement of sleep disorder score of Exp.group has difference according to impression. 3. The improvement of sleep disorder has an effect on pain decrease. Conclusions :Aroma therapy has effects of improvement on sleep disorder with musculoskeletal pain.
  • 19.

    A Clinical Case of Oriental Medical Treatment for the Pregnant Woman with HNP at L-spine

    박민정 | Deok-Seon Yu | 정일민 and 3other persons | 2010, 20(4) | pp.231~239 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was performed to report the effect and safety of oriental medical treatment in the pregnant woman diagnosed to herniation of nuclues pulposus(HNP) at L5-S1 with central protrusion and left S1 nerve root. Methods :A 32-year old pregnant woman diagnosed HNP at L5-S1 at local hospital was admitted with low back pain and left leg rad pain. We treated her by acupuncture, a herbal medicine, cupping treatment and measured visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry disability index(ODI) and Roland-Morris disability qustionnaire(RMDQ) from 5th March 2010 to 26th March 2010. Results :After treatment, most symptoms decreased, VAS score changed 10 to 2, ODI changed 488 to 188, RMDQ changed 13 to 6. Conclusions :In this study, oriental medical treatment was effective and safe in pregnant woman with HNP at L-spine. But the rigorous studies will be needed to define clearly that oriental medical treatment is effective and safe in pregnant women with HNP at L-spine.
  • 20.

    Effectiveness of Oriental Medical Therapy and Bongchuna on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture of Knee, Two Case Reports

    오원교 | Young Dal Kwon | SONG YUNG SUN | 2010, 20(4) | pp.241~254 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Anterior cruciate ligament tear is a common disease of knee injury. We report 1 case of anterior cruciate ligament complete tear diagnosed by MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) imaging and 1 case after reconstruction. Outcomes were measured by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm knee scoring scale. We applied acupuncture treatment, bee venom injection, bongchuna and prescribed herbal medication. Patients who treated by oriental medical treatments had a significant effect on the pain decrease and range of motion and knee function. Oriental medical treatments are very useful on pain reduction and prevention of muscle contraction, leading to satisfied rehabilitation, as well as diminishing recurrence after operation.