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2011, Vol.21, No.3

  • 1.

    Effects of Root of Scutellariae Radix against Inflammatory Response in the Spinal Cord Contusion Injury in Rats

    양기영 | 최원익 | 신정원 and 4other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was performed to evaluate the effects of root of Scutellariae Radix(SR) water extract against inflammatory response in the spinal cord injury(SCI). Methods :SCI was induced by mechanical contusion following laminectomy of 10th thoracic vertebra in Sprague-Dawley rat. SR was orally given once a day for 7days after SCI. Myeloperoxidase(MPO) positive neutrophils infiltration was examined. Inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) expressions were observed with immunohistochemistry. Glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP) positive astrocytes were examined using immuno-fluorescence. Results :1. SR reduced MPO-positive neutrophils infiltration in peri-damage regions of the contusive SCI-induced rats. 2. SR reduced iNOS positive cells in the white matter of the contusive SCI-induced rats. 3. SR reduced TNF-α positive cells in the gray and white matter of the contusive SCI-induced rats. 4. SR reduced cell number and size of astrocytes in peri-damage regions of the contusive SCI-induced rats. Conclusions :These results suggest that SR plays an inhibitory role against inflammatory response in the SCI.
  • 2.

    The Analysis of Erector Spinae Muscle on Difference of Functional Leg Length Inequality - through Meridian Electromyography

    윤대연 | 최진서 | 정수현 and 1other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.13~20 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives :We studied the clinical utility of meridian electromyography for the assessment of erector spinae muscle in functional leg length inequality. Methods :We compared electrical activity between A group with a functional leg length inequality(n=17) and B group(n=23) in dynamic flexion-reextension state during five minutes. We analyzed amplitudes and areas of electrical activity and asymmetry index(AI). Results :1. The short leg sides were significantly higher electrical activity than the long leg sides in the experimental group and control group(p<0.05). 2. The AI of A group significantly higher than B group(p<0.05). Conclusions :According to above results, there are correlations between erector spinae muscle and functional leg length inequality.
  • 3.

    The Effects of Burning Acupuncture Therapy with Chuna Therapy for Low Back Pain Patients

    장동호 | 배우열 | Jong-Hun Jeong and 1other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.21~32 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to prove that using burning acupuncture therapy with chuna therapy can be more effective therapy for low back pain patient. Methods :43 patients with low back pain were divided into 2 groups; using burning acupuncture therapy with chuna therapy group and using chuna therapy only group. The patients were evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and pain rating score(PRS). Results :Each group showed significant effect in decreasing VAS score and PRS score. After 2nd treatment, the sample group was significantly more effective in decreasing VAS. And after 3rd treatment, the sample group was significantly more effective in decreasing PRS(p<0.05). Constructive disease didn't affect the change of pain significantly. Conclusions :In this clinical study, using burning acupuncture therapy with chuna therapy group was more effective in relieving low back pain than using chuna therapy only group.
  • 4.

    Effects of Modified Fasting Therapy Using Fermented Herbal Medicine on Changes of Body Compositions

    Jung-Min Lee | 홍서영 | 2011, 21(3) | pp.33~43 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine on the changes of body compositions. Methods :This study was carried out on 11 patients who carried out modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine. They went through reducing food intakes period(7 days), fasting period(10~14 days) and refeeding period(10~14 days). Body compositions(weight, BMI(body mass index), skeletal muscle mass, body fat mass, percent body fat, basal metabolic rate, waist-hip ratio, visceral fat area) were measured at each state. And then the data was analyzed. Results :1. The weight and BMI decreased during the reducing food intakes period and the fasting period, and increased during the refeeding period. But the weight and BMI decreased during the fasting therapy period, as a whole. 2. The skeletal muscle mass decreased during the fasting period and increased during the refeeding period. As the final outcome, for the whole fasting therapy period, decrease of skeletal muscle mass didn't show significance. The body fat mass and percent body fat decreased during the reducing food intakes period, the fasting period and the refeeding period. 3. The basal metabolic rate decreased during the fasting period and increased during the refeeding period. As the final outcome, for the whole fasting therapy period, decrease of basal metabolic rate didn't show significance. 4. The waist-hip ratio decreased during the fasting period and the refeeding period. The visceral fat area decreased during the fasting period and refeeding period. Conclusions :Results from this investigation showed that modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine have positive effects on changes of body compositions. This results are expected to compensate the defects of existing fasting therapy.
  • 5.

    A Clinical Trial on the Blood Stasis and Efficacy of Kyejibokryong-whan(Guizhifuling -wan ) in the Patients with Motor Vehicle Accident

    조희근 | 박애련 | 기영범 and 3other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.45~55 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract
    Objectives :The main purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of Kyejibokryong-whan(Guizhifuling-wan) and examine the blood stasis for patients with motor vehicle accident. Methods :Of the patients who have visited Dong-Shin university oriental hospital for general pain due to motor vehicle accident from June 2010 to November 2010, we enrolled 29 patients and performed blood stasis diagnosis. Patients were divided into groups according to blood stasis findings. Patients who had more than twenty blood stasis diagnosis point were classified as blood stasis group. Patients who had under twenty blood stasis diagnosis point were classified as non blood stasis group. We administered Kyejibokryong-whan(Guizhifuling-wan) to all group. The effect was assessed by VAS(visual analogue scale), SF-MPQ(short form-McGill pain questionnaire) ODI(Oswestry disability index) & NDI(neck disability index). Results :The pain & function index decreased in both groups after treatment. Conclusions :The difference between blood stasis group and non blood stasis group were not significant at after treatment stage. This data suggested that the method of classifying blood stasis is useful and the Kyejibokryong-whan(Guizhifuling-wan) can be effective means that decrease pain caused by motor vehicle accident.
  • 6.

    The Effects of Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture on Muscle Activity and Pain Reception of Upper Limbs Muscles

    Gwang-Mook Lim | Jeonghwan Kim | 황의형 and 2other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.57~69 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to know the effects of the bee venom pharmacopuncture on muscle activity and pain reception of trapezius and deltoid the upper limbs muscles. Methods :We allocated healthy volunteers into two groups. After having exercise with barbell for load to trapezius and deltoid, we measured sEMG(surface electromyography) and VAS(visual analogue scale). In a moment, inject bee venom pharmacopuncture and saline each group. After 30 minutes, we measured sEMG and VAS again. We compared before and after sEMG and VAS data. Results :On sEMG data, bee venom pharmacopuncture had effects on muscle fatigue on left trapezius, muscle fatigue and recovery on right trapezius and both deltoid. On VAS data, values of bee venom pharmacopuncture decreased more than that of saline. Conclusions :These results show that bee venom pharmacopuncture have effects on muscle activity and pain reception of trapezius and deltoid the upper limbs muscle. But further studies should be carried out to verify the exact effects of bee venom.
  • 7.

    The Effect of Temporomandibular Joint Chuna Manipulation and Warm Needle Acupuncture at SI19 on Chronic Tinnitus; a Case Report

    황의형 | 설재욱 | Shin, Byung Cheul and 2other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.71~78 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to report the combination effect of Chuna manipulation and warm needle acupuncture for a case of obstinate chronic tinnitus. Methods :We applied Danmuji Anchu Traction technique, lateral pterygoid Chuna and warm needle acupuncture at SI19 once a day for 2 weeks. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used for the intensity of tinnitus and tinnitus handicap inventory(THI) was evaluated. Results :VAS was improved from 6 to 2 in right ear, 4 to 1 in left ear after the treatment. THI was also improved from 54 to 34 after the treatment. Conclusions :The combined therapy of Chuna manipulation and warm needle acupuncture can be used for chronic tinnitus.
  • 8.

    Moxibustion Therapy for the Pain Relief in Patient with TypeⅠ CRPS: a Case Report

    Hyun Woo Cho | Shin, Byung Cheul | Misook Shin and 2other persons | 2011, 21(3) | pp.79~87 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives :The aim of this study was to observe the pain relief effect of moxibustion therapy in a patient with complex regional pain syndrome(CRPS). Methods :A male with typeⅠ CRPS, 48-year-old, who suffered from severe pain and paresthesia on his legs despite of treatments of oral medications and spinal cord stimulation was treated by indirect moxibustion following Korean medicine diagnosis. Total 20 moxibustion treatments(once daily, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks) were given on the 4 acupoints(both side) where known to be effective for the CRPS. Visual analogue scale(VAS), digital infrared thermal imaging(DITI), Beck depression index(BDI) were evaluated before and after the treatments. Pain relief, thermal changes on affected legs, and improvement of depression scale were observed after the treatments. Results :As for DITI, right thigh showed low temperature compared with left one before the treatments. While after the treatments, DITI showed similar temperature in both legs at discharge day. Conclusions :Though it is a case report, moxibustion therapy might have pain relief effect. Further rigorous case series and controlled trials are warranted.