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2012, Vol.22, No.3

  • 1.

    The Enhancing Effects of Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) on Cognitive Function and Memory in Scopolamine-induced Dementia Rat Model

    김정원 | Kim Seon Jong | 2012, 22(3) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this experiment was designed to investigate the effects of Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng), which has been traditionally used for treatment of psychologic disease and brain damage in oriental medicine, on dementia induced by scopolamine in the rats. Methods : Groups were divided into 4 groups: Normal group, control group, positive control group(tacrine group) and Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group. Control group :To induce dementia, 1 mg/kg of Scopolamine intraperitoneal injection is used for 14 days(1 per day) in the rats. Positive control group(tacrine group): 10 mg/kg of tacrine, the dementia treatment, is medicated in oral inoculation. After 30 mintues, 1 mg/kg of scopolamine intraperitoneal injection, which causes dementia, is used for 14 days(1 per day). Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group: 300 mg/kg of Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) is medicated in oral inoculation. After 30 mintues, 1 mg/kg of scopolamine intraperitoneal injection, which causes dementia, is used for 14 days(1 per day). The present author observed the passive avoidance performance test, the spatial learning and memory ability test(Morris water maze test), the values of acetylcholine(ACh), acetylcholin esterase(AchE) activity in the hippocampal, the cerebral cortex. Results : 1. In passive avoidance test on 1st day and 3rd day of causing dementia, Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group appeared to be more significant than positive control group. On 7th day and 14th day, Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group appeared to be more significant than normal control group and control group. However, there was no significant difference between Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group and positive control group. 2. In a test of spatial learning and memory ability, on 7th day and 14th day of causing dementia, Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group and positive control group appeared to be more significant more than control group. There was no significant difference between Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group and positive control group. 3. In Ach and AchE activity test, Ach and AchE activity in brain system and the hippocampal, cerebral cortex appeared to be more significant in Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group and positive control group than control group. However, there was no significant difference between Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) group and positive control group. 4. In liver and kidney tissue tests, all experimental group appeared to be normal. which indicates that Gwibi-tang(gul̄plˊ-tāng) does not damage liver and kidney. From the results above, Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) is thought to be effective in improvement of memory related to cholinergic nerve problem and dementia. Conclusions : The present author thought that Gwibi-tang(guīpí-tāng) might be usefully applied for prevention and treatment of dementia and memory disorder. Further study is needed to conduct a rigorous clinical research.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Effect of EST on Trunk Flexors and Extensors

    Jae-Hwa Shin | 최보미 | 김현수 and 1other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.15~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of EST(electrical stimulation therapy) on trunk flexors and extensors. Methods :33 normal participants participated in this study. The muscle power of trunk flexors and extensors of each participant was tested before and after applying 15 minutes of EST on low back, using Cybex HUMAC NORM. Results :1. The average power of trunk extensors increased by 19.47±30.69, from 255.11±85.80 to 274.58±95.72(p<0.05) after applying EST on low back(Table Ⅳ), which was statistically significant. 2. The average ratio of trunk flexors and extensors decreased by 5.82±13.95, from 68.61±20.48 to 62.79±16.25(p<0.05) after applying EST on low back(Table Ⅵ), which was statistically significant. 3. The average power of trunk flexors insignificantly decreased by 1.83±30.39, from 168.47±57.27 to 166.64±55.441(p>0.05) after applying EST on low back(Table Ⅴ), which was not statistically significant. Conclusions :These results suggest that EST strengthens the muscle power when applied on trunk extensors.
  • 3.

    The Effect of the Ethanol Extracts from Lythrum Salicaria L. and Aceriphyllum Rossii on the Body Composition and Temperature of Overweight and Obese Adults - a randomized, double blinded, two arm, placebo food controlled, single center, preliminary human study -

    이동은 | 박원형 | Cha Yun Yeop | 2012, 22(3) | pp.25~36 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    bjectives :The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the ethanol extracts from Lythrum salicaria and Aceriphyllum rossii on the body composition and temperature of overweight and obese adults. Methods :This study, which was approved by IRB(institutional review board), was conducted on a total of 50 male and female subjects between the ages of 19 and 60 with a body mass index(BMI) of 23.0 kg/m2 to 29.9 kg/m2. Voluntary consent was obtained from the subjects, who were then randomly assigned to a treatment group(25 subjects) and a placebo group(25 subjects). Ethanol extracts from lythrum salicaria and aceriphyllum rossii and placebo food were orally administered to the treatment group and the placebo group, respectively, at an equal dosage of four 500 mg capsules three times a day for 8 weeks. During the testing, 8 subjects from each group were eliminated, and a total of 34 subjects completed the testing. Measurements of the surface areas of intestinal and subcutaneous fat using the abdominal computed tomography(CT) scan, measurements of the limbs and torso, and assessment of abdominal body temperature using digital infrared thermographic imaging(DITI) were conducted before and after the testing. Results :When the area of fat was measured using the abdominal CT scan before and after the testing group, a difference was observed within the placebo group, but not within the treatment group. The circumference of the limbs and torso measured through the body composition test performed before and after the testing showed no difference within either group. An intragroup comparison through infrared thermographic imaging showed no significant difference within the placebo group, but showed difference in the middle abdomen area in the treatment group. There were no significant difference between the two groups in the comparison of body temperature, CT scan and the circumference of the limbs and torso measured through the body composition test performed between before and after the testing. Conclusions :The treatment group administered the ethanol extracts from Lythrum salicaria and aceriphyllum rossii showed no significant difference in terms of body composition and body temperature compared to the placebo group.
  • 4.

    Analysis of Persistent Pollutants in Supplied Korea Traditional Medical Materials at Oriental Medical Hospital of Sangji University

    이용현 | Cha Yun Yeop | EunMee Lim and 1other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.37~47 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study was to analyze persistent pollutants(harmful heavy metals, sulfur dioxide and residual pesticides) in 23 kinds of Korea traditional medical materials. Methods :This study was carried out on 23 samples of Korea traditional medical materials. The examination methods follow the guideline of food and drug administration. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) was used to analyze arsenic, cadmium, lead. Mercury was analyzed by amalgamation methods. A modified Monier-Williams method was used to analyze sulfur dioxide. The gas chromatography / electron capture detector (GC/ECD) was used to analyze residual pesticides. Results & Conclusions :Most of the results were within normal limits at baseline. but cadmium was detected over the limits in 1 sample and residual pesticides was detected over the limits in 5 samples.
  • 5.

    Effects of Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang ) and Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu Pharmacopuncture on Fracture Healing in Diabetic Rats

    기영범 | 김대훈 | 강대희 and 2other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.49~63 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang) and Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu pharmacopuncture on fracture healing in diabetic rats. Methods :In this study, 80 Sprague-Dawley rats were induced by STZ(streptozotocin) which was in general use as diabetes model. After the subjects were induced femur fracture, we divided the subjects into 4 groups : Control group with no treatment, experimental Ⅰ taken with Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang), experimental Ⅱ taken with Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu pharmacopuncture and experimental Ⅲ taken with Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang) and Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu pharmacopuncture groups. Serum T-ALP(total alkaline phosphatase), histological observation of callus formation, and the degree of TGF-β1(transforming growth factor beta 1) in each group were observed at the 7th, 14th, 21th day and at the 28th day respectively. Results :1. Experimental group Ⅰ and experimental group Ⅲ showed significant changes in serum T-ALP after 7-days of experimental period. All the experimental groups showed significant changes in serum T-ALP after 14-days of experimental period, especially experimental group Ⅲ showed more significant changes than other groups. 2. After 14-days, 21-days and 28-days, all the experimental groups showed significant changes in histological observation of callus formation, compared with control group. Especially experimental group Ⅲ showed more significant changes than other groups. 3. All the experimental groups showed significant changes in TGF-β1 compared with control group. Especially experimental group Ⅲ showed more significant changes than other groups. 4. Injury of liver tissue and kidney tissue in histological findings were not seen after 28-days of experimental period. Conclusions :It is suggested that Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang) and Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu pharmacopuncture may play a significant role in fracture healing in diabetic rats, and these two treatments could be more effective when used together.
  • 6.

    Effects of Ethanol Extract from Sodok -eum on UVB-induced Damage in Human Keratinocyte HaCaT Cells

    전규상 | 김일현 | 임광묵 and 1other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.65~78 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :Sodok-eum(xiāodú-yˇln, SDU) exhibits potent anti-inflammatory activity with an unknown mechanism. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of SDU on pharmacological and biochemical actions in inflammation. Methods :We examined the effect of SDU on pro-inflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide(UVB)-stimulated HaCaT. The investigation focused on whether SDU inhibited cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-8(IL-8) and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPKs) in UVB-stimulated HaCaT cells. Results :SDU inhibited UVB-induced IL-6, IL-8 productions as well as the expressions of COX-2. Furthermore, SDU suppressed the UVB-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2), c-JUN N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK 1/2), p38. Conclusions :These results suggest that SDU has inhibitory effects on UVB-induced IL-6, IL-8 production, as well as the expressions of COX-2 in the HaCaT. The inhibitory effects occur through blockades on the phosphorylation of MAPKs following activation.
  • 7.

    Narrative Review of Clinical Trial on Hominis Placenta Pharmacopuncture in Korean Literature

    이진현 | Dong-Chan Jo | 문수정 and 5other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.79~88 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this review is to investigate clinical studies of Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture and to find out the effectiveness of Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture in order to suggest a better research method in the future. Methods :We retrieved numbers of clinical studies about Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture from 7 Korean web databases, using key words such as ‘Hominis Placenta', ‘Hominis Placenta AND Pharmacopuncture'. This study had been conducted from 1st February 2012 to 30th April 2012. Controlled studies and case studies were only used for this study. Clinical studies that we picked from the databases were classified according to the diseases that those studies are about, and from these clinical studies, we are to research what has to be improved generally in clinical researches. Results :21 case studies, 12 controlled studies had been under research. Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture has a therapeutic effect in various diseases ranging from dermatological disorders, neurological disorders, gynecological disorders, male reproductive disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, respiratory disorders, psychiatric disorders including stroke and cancer. However objectivity and reliability of the Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture studies still remains controversial. Conclusions :It has been proved that there are various effects of Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture therapy in treating wide-ranging diseases. However, in order to put Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture therapy to use for many kinds of diseases in more reasonable ways, it is essential to build well-designed clinical research tools. In the future, abundunt case studies, follow-up trials and RCTs should be done to use Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture for a clinical purpose.
  • 8.

    Trend Analysis about New Health Technologies Notified by Ministry of Health & Welfare : Focused on Traditional Korean Medicine

    박황진 | Ohmin Kwon | Lee Bong Hyo and 2other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.89~100 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives :The new health technology assessment system introduced in April 2007. The result of the safety and effectiveness for new health technology is published by Ministry of Health & Welfare and it is also reflected in deciding the economical benefits. The purpose of this study was to understand the present status and developments of new health technologies in Korean medicine. Methods :This study analyzes ‘Manual of new health technologies(act) notification’ published by Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. It included 985 items(covered 426, non-covered 559). We analyzed it by year, technologies assortment and major practitioner. Results :Korean medicine doctors can utilize notified new health technologies, eighteen items(2%) were found. In the Korean medicine, only two new items were notified since 2001. Procedure and treatment were three times more than the higher proportion of examination. Examination items was only eight items(1%) at the Korean medicine. Conclusions :In order to introduce and boost the new health technology of korean medicine, the continuous interest and efforts of people, academic circles and medical profession will be necessary.
  • 9.

    A Literature Review on the Clinical Application of Muscle Energy Techniques(MET) : Reviewing Domestic and International Articles Published after Year 2000

    최효정 | Chang-Ho Yeon | Sang Min Lee and 2other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.101~115 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :Muscle energy techniques(MET) are used commonly for lengthening shortened musculature, improving joint function and range of motion. This article reviews articles on MET published for recent 11 years to consider effectiveness of MET. Methods :We searched Pubmed, KSI, KERIS, KMBASE, and national assembly library using “Muscle Energy Techniques” and classified the articles into subsets of posture, pain relief, increasing the range of movement, lengthening shortened muscles and inactivation of myofascial trigger points(MTrPs). Also we evaluated their values according to the Jadad Scale. Results :A total of 20 articles reconfirmed that MET reduce pain, increases range of motion(ROM), lengthens shortened muscles(especially hamstring) and inactivates MTrPs. But domestic articles scores 0 to 1 points in Jadad Scale. Researchers should make an effort to write clinically more reliable randomized controlled trials(RCTs). Conclusions :MET may be applied on various musculoskeletal problems, and further studies analysing its effect are needed.
  • 10.

    Experience of Low Back Pain in Bone-arrangement Therapy : A Qualitative Study

    임보경 | Park, In Sook | Jeong-Hwa Lee and 2other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.117~131 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study is to identify the essence of bone-arrangement therapy experienced by patients suffering from low back pain. Methods :The current study was approved by the institutional review board(IRB No. I-1110/005-001) and planned by phenomenological methods among qualitative studies. In-depth interviews with nine patients who visited and treated their low back pain in a bonesetter’s office at Busan were completed and was analyzed based on a Collaizzi’s phenomenological method. Results :The interviews were classified into five themes as follows : “Low back pain with large amounts of inconvenience”, “Repulsion to existing medical treatment”, “Treatment by hand is the best”, “Must hold out bone set therapy”, “Giving up more improvement or hope for keeping health”Patients often are misunderstood because they could not actively participate in social activities due to their low back pain or frustrated by their incompetence to finish their work on time. They also visited a hospital to treat their pain, but had no reaction even after getting an injection or rather felt worse due to formal treatment. At first, they felt nervous and in great pain during process of treatment, but after a certain period of treatment, they felt much easier in their back and refreshment. Conclusions :The therapeutic effects by a unique treatment called bone set experienced by patients suffering from lower back pain patients who have no effects from the institutional treatment were reported in the current study. Through this finding, it is considered that further study on more objective and detailed therapeutic effects should be conducted.
  • 11.

    The Study on Correlation between the Lumbar Lordosis and the Spinal Alignment Deformation

    김형길 | Cha Yun Yeop | 박원형 | 2012, 22(3) | pp.133~140 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was designed to investigate the correlation between the lumar lordosis and the spinal alignment deformaion. Methods :We examine the whole spine X-ray of the students. We measured cervical angle(CA), Cobb's angle, Ferguson's angle(FA), thoracic kyphotic angle(TKA), lumbar lordosis angle(LLA) of 79 students. We analyzed the relationship between them by Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient. Results :There was significant correlation between LLA and TKA. There was no significant correlation among LLA and CA, Cobb's angle. There was significant correlation between CA and TKA. There were no significant correlation among Cobb's angle and CA, TKA, LLA. Conclusions :According to above results, the more LLA increase, compensately the more TKA increase. But, this doesn't mean that CA or Cobb's angles also increase.
  • 12.

    The Effects of Ultrasonic Lipolysis Treatment on Obesity Compared to Electroacupuncture

    Ji-Young Kim | Kim, Soon-joong | Jeong, Su-hyeon | 2012, 22(3) | pp.141~149 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives :In order to observe clinical effects of ultrasonic lipolysis treatment compared to electroacupuncture, we analyzed correlation among reduction of weight, BFM(body fat mass), PBF(percent body fat), WHR(waist-hip ratio), BMI(body mass index) and WC(waist circumference). Methods :Among the patients who admitted to Semyung oriental medicine hospital, Chungju university from August, 2011 to May, 2012 for obesity treatment, 15 subjects who were practiced with ultrasonic lipolysis treatment and 13 subjects who were practiced with electroacupuncture were chosen. Results :1. The group under the practice of ultrasonic lipolysis treatment showed significant decrease in weight, WC, BFM, PBF, WHR and BMI. 2. The group under the practice of electroacupuncture showed significant decrease in weight, WC, BFM and BMI. 3. Compared to the group under the practice of electroacupuncure, the group under the practice of ultrasonic lipolysis treatment showed less change in reduction of Weight, WC, BMI but more change in reduction of BFM. The changes were not statistically significant though. Conclusions :This study showed the efficacy of the sole practice of ultrasonic lipolysis treatment and electroacupuncture on obesity. The practice of ultrasonic lipolysis treatment showed significant decrease in weight, WC, BFM, PBF, WHR and BMI. The practice of electroacupuncture showed significant decrease in weight, WC, BFM and BMI.
  • 13.

    The Effect of Sling Exercise Therapy and Motor Control Exercise on Pain, ADL Performance and Trunk Muscle Strength in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

    하영신 | Jongsoo Lee | 김성식 and 1other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.151~162 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was to determine the effects of a sling exercise therapy and motor control exercise program on pain, disability and lumbar strength in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods :24 subjects who were in the patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into two groups for trunk muscle training: with sling exercise group(n=12), and motor control exercise group(n=12). but 4 subjects were left out of this study, finally 9 and 11 in each group respectively. All groups were given four-week conventional physical therapy, which was conducted 40 minutes per day, 2 times per week over a 4 week period. sling exercise subjects received Sling exercise program for 40 minutes per day, 2 times per week over a 4 week period. motor control exercise subjects received motor control exercise program for 40 minutes per day, 2 times per week over a 4 week period. Pain, disability and trunk muscle strength are measured to identify the effect of the sling exercise and motor control exercise. Results :For the low back pain, the level of visual analogue scale(VAS) were significantly decreased after compared to before the intervention within sling exercise group and motor control exercise group(p<0.05). For the disability, the level of Oswestry disability index(ODI) were significantly decreased after compared to before the intervention within sling exercise group and motor control exercise group(p<0.05). For the trunk muscle strength were significantly decreased after compared to before the intervention within sling exercise group and motor control exercise group(p<0.05). There was significant pain relief, improvement of disability and trunk muscle strengthening in both group(p<0.05) after 4 weeks. Conclusions :These findings indicate that the both interventions may release pain and improve ADL performance and trunk muscle strength in patients with chronic low back pain.
  • 14.

    The Correlation among Neck Pain, Temporomandibular Pain and Headache in Patients with Neck Pain

    양요찬 | 송은모 | Koh-Woon Kim and 2other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.163~171 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives :To investigate correlation among neck pain, temporomandibular joint pain, and headache in patients with neck pain. Methods :A clinical study was carried out in 58 neck pain patients in Kyung-Hee university hospital at Gangdong. Visual analogue scale data of 19 patients who have all symptoms of neck pain, temporomandibular joint pain, and headache were analyzed. Results :Neck pain had significant positive correlation with temporomandibular joint pain controlling for headache in 19 patients who have all symptoms of neck pain, temporomandibular pain, and headache. Conclusions :The results suggest that pathological mechanisms of neck pain accompanying temporomandibular joint pain play the principal role in patients with symptoms of neck pain, temporomandibular joint pain and headache.
  • 15.

    An Analysis of Comparison between Wet Cupping with Dry Cupping - On Acute Cervical and Lumbar Sprain Patients by Traffic Accident -

    이형은 | Dongseok Heo | 2012, 22(3) | pp.173~192 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :This study was designed to compare wet cupping with dry cupping on acute cervical and lumbar sprain patients by traffic accident. Methods :This study was carried out on the 90(dropout=5) acute cervical and lumbar sprain patients by traffic accident. We divided these patients into 2 groups. Group A was treated with the dry cupping and Group B was treated with the wet cupping once a day for five days. All patients were treated with acupuncture, physical therapy and herbal medicine along with two types of cupping therapy. We measured visual analogue scale(VAS), neck disability index(NDI), Oswestry disability index(ODI) twice(pre-treatment(Tx.) and post-Tx.) and conducted satisfaction questionnaire after treatment. Results :1. The VAS score, NDI score, ODI score were statistically decreased after treatment in all patients. 2. The VAS score for nuchal pain of females, low back pain of 40 to 50s patients, overweight and normal weight in Group B was statistically lower than those of Group A after treatment. 3. Two types of cupping therapy received a favorable evaluation from each group in satisfaction questionnaire. Especially, Group B showed a higher percentage in excellent and improved items than Group A did. Conclusions :In this study, Two types of cupping therapy were highly effective on acute cervical and lumbar sprain patients. But wet cupping was more effective than dry cupping in reducing the initial pain. And wet cupping was more effective in female, 4~50s patients.
  • 16.

    The Comparison of Superficial and Deep Acupuncture on the Ashi-point of Elbow Pain Patients

    이상민 | Jongsoo Lee | 2012, 22(3) | pp.193~203 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of superficial acupuncture to deep acupuncture on finger extensor muscle function. Methods :We included 22 participants who met the inclusion criteria and assigned them into two groups after the randomization. We allocated 11 people in the superficial acupuncture treatment group and the deep acupuncture treatment group. We used 0.25 mm×40 cm needle made by stainless steel. In superficial acupuncture treatment group, 11 subjects had been treated by superficial acupuncture(2 mm) on finger extensor muscle. In deep acupuncture treatment group, 11 healthy subjects had been treated by deep acupuncture(10 mm). Each session took 15 minutes. Before and after the treatment, outcomes were assessed by algometer for muscle tenderness, VAS(visual analog scale) for bothersomeness and pain, dynamometer for grasping power and meridian-electromyograph(MEMG) for finger extensor muscles, heart rate variation(HRV). Results :There was a significant increase in the pressure pain threshold of the finger extensor muscle in the superficial acupuncture compare to deep acupuncture at before-after treatment comparison. There was a significant increase in the pressure pain threshold of the finger extensor muscle in the deep acupuncture compare to superficial acupuncture at end point comparison. There was a significant reduction in LF(low frequency power)/HF(high frequency power) ratio in the deep acupuncture group. There was a significant increase in Ln(natural logarithm) HF, LF/HF ratio in the deep acupuncture compare to superficial acupuncture at end point comparison. Conclusions :According to above results, superficial acupuncture tend to more effective on reducing pressure pain threshold and VAS for pain in immediate treatment. deep acupuncture tend to more effective on muscle function and power in long-term treatment.
  • 17.

    A Study on Clinical Effectiveness for the Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint Between Acupuncture group and Acupuncture Plus TDP(Tending Diancibo Pu)

    어봉우 | 허혁 | 2012, 22(3) | pp.205~213 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives :This paper investigates the effectiveness of TDP devices on the osteoarthritis of knee joint among more than 60-aged women patients. Methods :Randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness between acupuncture group(ACU group) and acupuncture plus Tending Diancibo Pu(TDP group). Subjects of the research were 74 persons(divided into ACU group 37 persons and TDP group 30 persons) via three local oriental medicine clinic from January 2012 to April 2008. A total of 7 subjects of TDP group were dropped out. ACU group and TDP group were treated by each intervention three times a week for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was measured using visual analogue scale(VAS) per visit, and the secondary outcome was investigated using The Western Ontario and McMaster universities arthritis index(WOMAC) once a week. Results :Our research shows that there were significant statistically between ACU and TDP group from visit 3 to visit 13 in the VAS, and the difference of VAS (baseline-each visit) in the within-group were significant at every visit. Additionally, It was reported that there were significant statistically between ACU and TDP group from visit 7 to visit 13 in the WOMAC score, and the difference of WOMAC score(baseline-each visit) in the within-group were significant at every visit. Conclusions :It could be concluded that TDP plus acupuncture is more effective than only acupuncture in more than 60-aged women patients with knee osteoarthritis.
  • 18.

    A Case Report of Eyelid Ptosis Caused by Oculomotor Nerve Palsy after Traumatic Epidural Hemorrhage Treated with Press Needle

    이성준 | 김병정 | 박국지 and 1other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.215~224 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of press needle treatment for eyelid ptosis caused by traumatic epidural hemorrhage(EDH). A traumatic epidural hemorrhage(EDH) ptosis patient was treated with press needles. Marginal reflex distance(MRD), palpebral fissure width(PFW) and levator function was used to measure changes in ptosis during the treatment. After treatment, marginal reflex distance 1(MRD1), marginal reflex distance(MRD2) improved from 0 mm to 3 mm, from 0 mm to 6 mm. Therefore palpebral fissure width(PFW) showed remarkable improvement. Press needle treatment showed significant improvement to the oculomotor nerve palsy patient who was showing no signs of improvement for three months. This clinical trial showed that press needle treatment has meaningful effect on ptosis and more researches should be followed.
  • 19.

    Two Case Studies on the Patients Suffer from Referral Retro-orbital Pain by Splenius Cervicis Muscle

    황은미 | 박영희 | Keum Dong-ho | 2012, 22(3) | pp.225~234 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    We have researched the effects of conservative treatment on two patients who suffer from retro-orbital pain after whiplash injury. We investigated what caused referral retro-orbital pain so that we draw improvement about the symptom. We diagnosed the patient's symptom as referral retro-orbital pain caused by splenius cervicis muscle with medical examination by interview and physical exam. So, acupuncture therapy was used to treat the patients. we measured visual analog scale(VAS) before and after treatment. As a result, the patients improved remarkably and VAS score was declined sharply when we applied acupuncture therapy on the a-shi point of splenius cervicis muscle. Therefore, we are certain that referral retro-orbital pain can be caused by splenius cervicis muscle damaged by whiplash injury. It shows dramatical and satisfactory progress by acupuncture therapy to relax shortening of splenius cervicis muscle with upper trigger point.
  • 20.

    Oriental Medicine Treatment for Common Peroneal Neuropathy after Traffic Acidents; 2 cases report

    Dong-Chan Jo | 임광묵 | 이진현 and 6other persons | 2012, 22(3) | pp.235~242 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The objective of this study is to report the effect of oriental medical interventions on common peroneal neuropathy by observing two clinical case studies and to have oriental medical doctors realize the importance of treating oriental rehabilitative complex therapy after nerve injuries. Two patients, diagnosed as common peroneal neuropathy after traffic accidents, were hospitalized and treated by oriental medical interventions; acupuncture, moxa, cup therapy, herbal medicine, pharmacopuncture and etc. Numeric rating scales were adopted as a method of measuring the treatment results of hypoesthesia. The range of motion of the ankle joint, manual muscle test and the circumference of the lower extremity were employed as methods of measuring the resulting motor recovery after treatment. The hypoesthesia, myoatrophy and muscle strength of the patients were improved and the range of motion of the ankle joint was extended. Oriental rehabilitative complex therapy can be effectively used for common peroneal neuropathy. Further studies are needed to set up a rehabilitation protocol with oriental medical interventions on this disease.