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2014, Vol.24, No.3

  • 1.

    Acupuncture Effects of Fatty Mice Induced by High Fat Diet

    Chang-Hoon Woo | Yong Eun Lee | Seong-Soo Roh and 1other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.1~9 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acupuncture on weight loss, food intake, lipid metabolism, adipogenesis. Methods Four week-old C57BL/6J mice acclimatized to the laboratory environment for 1 week were allocated into four groups of 6~8 mice each: normal diet group, high fat diet group, high fat diet group and treated with acupuncture at HT7, high fat diet group and treated with acupuncture at ST36 for 90days. High fat diet group was used to control group. Results 1) Body weight, food intake of the ST36, HT7 groups decreased compared with those of control group. ST36 group was more effective with body weight decrease, and HT7 group was more effective with food intake decrease. 2) NEFA, TG, TC, ALT, AST of the ST36, HT7 groups decreased compared with those of control group. ST36 group was more effective. 3) The expression of SREP-1c, SREBP-2 of the ST36 group decreased compared with those of control group. These decreased rates were statistically significant. SREBP-2 of the HT7 group decreased significantly compared to the control group. 4) LXR, FAS, SCD of the ST36 group decreased significantly compared with control group. 5) p-ACC, HMGCR of the ST36 group decreased significantly compared with those of control group. HMGCR of the HT7 group decreased significantly compared with control group. Conclusions These results suggest that ST36, HT7 acupuncture may be used prevent or treat the obesity induced by high fat diet.
  • 2.

    Effect of Mixed Extract of Ephedrae Sinica and Fibrosum Gypsum on Differentiation of Preadipocytes and Obesity of Rats

    기영범 | 김대훈 | Mi-Sung Yang and 3other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.11~27 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Ephedra Sinica and Fibrosum Gypsum extract on obesity by using 3T3-L1 cells and high fat diet rats. Methods In vitro, Ephedra Sinica and Fibrosum Gypsum extract (50, 100, 200, 500 μg/ ml) were added in 3T3-L1 cells. Cytotoxicity was measured by MTT assasy. Adipocyte differentiation was measured by Oil Red O staining, GPDH activity and C/EBPα protein expression. In vivo, Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups : Normal diet group (Normal group), taken high fat diet and no treatment group (Control group), taken high fat diet and orally administered Ephedra Sinica and Fibrosum Gypsum extract daily (Group I: 50 mg/kg, Group II: 100 mg/kg, Group III : 200 mg/kg, oral). For 6 weeks of administration, body weight and the amount of food intake were measured once a week. After administration, blood analysis (AST, ALT, T-Bilirubin, BUN, RBC, Hb, HCT), serum lipid level (triglyceride, Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL), serum leptin level, epididymal adipose tissue weight and histological finding of liver were estimated. Results In vitro, The cytotoxicity was not significant. 3T3-L1 cell’s differentiation was significantly decreased in Oil Red O staining, GPDH activity and C/EBPα protein expression. In vivo, Body weight and the amount of food intake, AST, ALT, Total cholesterol, TG, LDL, serum leptin, epididymal adipose tissue weight showed significant decrease in group I, group II and group III. There were no significant difference in T-bilirubin, BUN, RBC, Hb and HCT between all groups. HDL showed significant increase in group I, group II and group III. In histological finding of liver tissue, there were decreased adiposity and cytopathic effect in group I, group II and group III. Conclusions It is suggested that Ephedra Sinica and Fibrosum Gypsum extract can be used in the treatment of obesity.
  • 3.

    Effects of Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) on Osteoporosis Induced by Ovariectomy in Rats

    금창준 | 조창영 | Jeong Min Lim and 4other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.29~37 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives Osteoporosis is an impending problem in the rapidly aging society. The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) on osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy in rats. Methods 24 rats were randomly assigned to a SHAM group, a control group, and a Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) group (n=8). Ovaries were extracted and for 8 weeks, the rats were given dry feeds and Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) group were given a mixture of dry feeds and Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān). At 8 weeks, their body weight, femur mass, tibia ash per body ratio, overall surface area and thickness of the trabeculae, overall surface area of the osteoblasts, and the number of osteoclasts were measured and levels of albumin, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total-cholesterol, calcium and estradiol were recorded. Results There was no significant difference in the weight of the femur and the tibia ash per body ratio. The Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) group had significantly thicker trabeculae than the control group and showed a minimal increase of overall surface area of the trabeculae. The overall surface area of the osteoblasts and the number of osteoclasts decreased in the Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) group. There were no statistically significant differences in AST, ALT, ALP, total cholesterol, phosphorus, and estradiol levels. On the contrary the Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ-dān) group had significantly higher levels of Albumin, triglyceride, and calcium. Conclusions It can be concluded that oral intake of Yoohyangheukho-dan (Rǔxiānghēihǔ- dān) prevents the thinning process of the trabeculae. Thus, it may have positive effects on the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
  • 4.

    Protective Effects of Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) on the Articular Cartilage Injuries Induced by Monosodium Iodoacetate in Rats

    정해창 | 정수현 | Seo,Il-bok | 2014, 24(3) | pp.39~50 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate the protective effects of Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) on the articular cartilage injuries in rat model of osteoarthritis. Methods Articular cartilage injury was induced by injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) (0.25 mg) into both knee joint cavities of rats. Rats were divided into control group (n=8) and Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) group (n=8), which was taken extracts of Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) by orally for 20 days. At the end of the experiment (20 days after MIA injection), gross and histopathological examinations on the articular structures of knee joints were performed. Proteoglycan (PG) content in articular cartilages was analyzed by safranin O staining method. And also, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) contents in synovial fluid were measured by ELISA method. Results 1. Grossly, the degree of articular cartilage injury in the Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) group was alleviated compared with the control group. 2. PG content in articular cartilage of the Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) group was increased significantly compared with the control group. 3. Histopathologically, osteoarthritic score of the Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) group was decreased significantly compared with the control group. 4. TNF-α and IL-1β content in synovial fluid of the Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) group was increased compared with the control group. But there was no significance. Conclusions On the basis of these results, we suggest that Banggi-eum (FangchiYin) have inhibiting effects on the progression of articular cartilage injury in MIA-induced osteoarthritis model.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Sibjeondaebotanggamibang on the Treating of Wound

    정훈 | 이현재 | 김빛나라 and 4other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.51~69 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives This study was aimed to investigate the effects of Sibjeondaebotanggamibang (SJT) on the wound-induced rats. Methods <In vitro> It was observed the effects of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation by using of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cells. For the observing on SJT anti-oxidation, it needed to mesure the total amount of polyphenol, DPPH scavenging ability, ABTS scavenging ability and the value of ROS production. In order to observe on the anti-inflammation of SJT, it was mesured the value of No and Cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6). <In vivo> It needed to make a scar (around 2x2 cm2) on the top of the fascia in the back of the rats and then the rats were divided into 4 groups (n=6). Control group was not treated at all, whereas SJ group was orally medicated SJT, Terra group was percutaneously applied Terramycin, and SJ+Terra group was both orally medicated SJT and percutaneously applied Terramycin per day for three weeks. The size of wound was measured with Digimatic Caliper and the blood samples (WBC, neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte) were analyzed using Minos-ST, which were collected by cardiac puncture. The effect on inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6), immunological cells in synovial fluid was measured. To measure the wound factor expressed by wounded skin sample, we extracted RNA and to investigate MMP-1,2,9 we used RT-PCR. For performing histopathological examinations, we paralyzed the rats by ether, and extracted wounded skin tissues, which were measured by H & E, and monitored on the optical microscope. Results <In vitro> 1. DPPH and ABTS scavenging activity of SJT was increased concentration- dependantly, and ROS scavenging activity was significantly increased (10, 100 μg/ ml). 2. NO production was significantly reduced in SJT treated cells (100 μg/ml), both TNF-α and IL-6 in SJT treated cells (1, 10, 100 μg/ml), and IL-1β in SJT treated cells (1, 100 μg/ml). <In vivo> 1. The size of wound was significantly decreasing in SJ group, Terra group, SJ+Terra group. 2. WBC was significantly reduced in SJ and SJ+Terra group, monocyte in SJ+Terra group. Neutrophil was also reduced in SJ, SJ+Terra group but meaningless. 3. TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly reduced in SJ group, Terra group, SJ+Terra group, and IL-1β in SJ+Terra group. 4. mRNA expression in MMP-1 was significantly reduced in SJ group. 5. Collegan production and chronic inflammation were significantly decreased in SJ group, Terra group, SJ+Terra groups. Re-epithelization on the skin in Terra group, SJ+Terra groups was decreased. Conclusions According to this in vitro experiment, Sibjeondaebotanggamibang (SJT) has the effects of anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory. By in vivo experiment, SJT has the effects of anti-inflammatory. Moreover, the progress of recovery was found visually, heamatologically, genetically and histopathologically. In conclusion, it could be thought that SJT has effect on the treating of wound.
  • 6.

    Anti-allergic Effects of Samhwangsasim-tang (Sānhuángxièxīntāng) on Ovalbumin-induced Allergic Model in Mice

    최종환 | 금선오 | 이세원 and 3other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.71~85 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Samhwangsasim-tang (S.H) on the allergic response caused by ovalbumin(OVA) sensitization and challenge in BALB/c mice. Methods The experimental animals were divided into five groups; 1) normal as negative control, 2) OVA-sensitized mice, 3) OVA-sensitized mice treated with 200 mg/kg of S.H 200, 4) OVA-sensitized mice treated with 400 mg/kg of S.H 400, and 5) OVA-sensitized mice treated with 5 mg/kg of Dexamethasone (Dex). Antigen sensitization for allergic mouse model was performed with twice injection of OVA for 2 weeks. After secondary injection, S.H was administrated orally into mice every day for 13 days and the inhibitory effect of S.H on allergic responses was evaluated. Results Treatment of S.H into allergic mice reduced significantly ear edema and infiltration of immune cells in ear tissues induced with OVA challenge in a dose-dependent manner. S.H reduced significantly the serum levels of Total Immunoglobulin(Ig)G and IgE, and particularly inhibited the production of OVA-specific IgE, but not OVA-specific IgG. The serum level of proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α and Th2-associated cytokine IL-4 also were significantly decreased by S.H adminstration in a dose denpendent manner. S.H attenuated OVA-induced secretion of IFN-γ, but not IL-12 which is a cytokine inducing the development of Th1 cells. It also reduced significantly the secretion of IL-4, which is a cytokine inducing the development of Th2 cells, after splenocytes were stimulated with OVA. However the secretion of IL-5 and IL-13 was influenced weakly or a little. Conclusions These results indicate that S.H could reduce the allergic response through inhibition of antigen-specific IgE and Th2-inducing cytokines. It suggest that S.H may be available clinically for the treatment of allergic patients.
  • 7.

    Therapeutic Effects of Acupuncture and Herbal External Preparation on Healing of Deep Partial Thickness Burn Wound in Rats

    Hee-Geun Jo | 박애련 | Jin-Bong Choi | 2014, 24(3) | pp.87~98 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives The present study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture and herbal external preparation on wound healing procedure in a deep partial thickness burn model in rats. Methods A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into four groups with an equal number in each group: acupuncture treatment group, herbal external perparation group, Silver sulfadiazine dressing group and control group. We describe the effect of acupuncture and herbal external preparation on morphologic and histologic changes, epithelial growth factor (EGF), hematological value of the deep partial thickness burn wound in rats. Results At 21th day after wounding the wound size in acupuncture treat group and herbal external preparation group were decreased more significantly compared to control group. In addition, epidermal regeneration on acupuncture treatment was than other treatment and control group in histological finding. Hematological findings revealed that acupuncture treatment group and herbal external prepartion group was more effective than control group in reducing inflammation response induced by burn. In acupuncture treated group, neutrophil and leukocyte level were significantly decreased compared to other treatment group. Also, this study showed that EGF was obviously expressed in nascent tissue when wounds were treated with the acupuncture and herbal external preparation after injury. In particular, acupuncture treatment group had a significant increase of EGF expression in burn wound healing area when compared with the other treatment groups. Conclusions These findings suggest that acupuncture and herbal external prepration may improve burn wound healing through decreasing inflammatory reaction, increasing tissue regeneration and expression of EGF. Moreover, acupuncture treatment could be more effective in comparison with Silver sulfadiazine dressing.
  • 8.

    Anti-oxidation and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Asiasari Radix in RAW 264.7 Cells

    이옥진 | Minseok Oh | 2014, 24(3) | pp.99~110 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the Anti-oxidation and anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract from asiasari radix (AR) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced in RAW 264.7 Cells Methods Anti-oxidative effects of AR were measured by scavenging activities of 1,1-diphenyl- 2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in RAW 264.7 cells. Anti-inflammatory effects of AR were measured by mediators including nitric oxide(NO), interleukin- 1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necosis factors-α (TNF-α) and iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α mRNA expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Results Total phenolic content was expressed 28.77±1.67. DPPH radical Scavenging was increased depend on AR ethanol extract. ABAT radical Scavenging was increased depend on AR ethanol extract. Production of ROS was significantly decreased by AR ethanol extract on concentration of 100 (μg/ml). Production of NO was significantly decreased by AR ethanol extract on concentration of 100 (μg/ml). Production of IL-1β, interleukin-6 and TNF-α were increased depend on AR ethanol extract. And Production of interleukin- 6, TNF-α were significantly decreased AR ethanol extract. iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF- α mRNA expression of RAW 264.7 cells was increased depend on AR ethanol extract. Conclusions According to this study, AR ethanol extract has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatoy effects.
  • 9.

    Thermal Distribution in Living Tissue during Warm Needling Therapy

    김종연 | 이종수 | 2014, 24(3) | pp.111~119 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Objectives This study aims to analyze a thermal distribution in biological living tissue during warm needling therapy by using a finite element method. The analysis provides an understanding of warm needling’s efficacy and safety. Methods A model which consisted of four-layered tissue and stainless steel needle was adopted to analyze the thermal distribution in living tissue with a bioheat transfer analysis. The governing equation for the analysis was a Pennes’ bioheat equation. A heat source characteristic of warm needling therapy was obtained by previous experimental measurements. The first analysis of the time-dependent temperature distribution was conducted through points on a boundary between the needle and the tissue. The second analysis was conducted to visualize the horizontal temperature distribution. Results When heat source’s peak temperatures was above 500oC and temperature rising rates were relatively slow, the peak temperature at skin surface exceeded a threshold of pain and tissue damage (45oC), whereas when the peak temperature was around 400oC, the peak temperature at the skin surface was within a safe limit. In addition, the conduction of combustion energy from the moxa was limited to the skin layer around the needle. Conclusions The results suggest that the skin layer around the needle can be heated effectively by warm needling therapy, but it appears to have little effect at the deeper tissue. These findings enhance our understanding of the efficacy and the safety of the warm needling therapy.
  • 10.

    The Effects of MET and ICT in Patients with Lumbago by Meridian Muscle Electrography

    조동인 | 박동수 | 정수현 and 1other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.121~130 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of MET (muscle energy technique) and ICT (interferential current therapy) on lumbago by meridian muscle electrography (MMEG). We performed MET and ICT on quadratus lumborum muscle. Methods This study was carried out on 30 lumbago patients. 30 patients were randomly divided into MET group and ICT group. MET group take treatment 10 minutes. ICT group take treatment 15 minutes. After performing MET and ICT twice, we compared both in terms of root mean square (RMS), special edge frequency (SEF), VAS and ODI. Results 1. Both MET group and ICT group showed significant improvement in VAS and ODI after treatment. 2. Both MET group and ICT group showed significant improvement in special edge frequency (SEF) of the left side after treatment. But SEF of the right side showed insignificant improvement. 3. Both MET group and ICT group showed insignificant improvement in root mean square (RMS) for both sides. 4. There are no significant differences between both groups. Conclusions According to above results, we found out that performing MET or ICT on quadratus lumborum muscle has effect in terms of VAS and ODI. But, in terms of SEF, we found out different result for both side. And we can't found out effect in terms of RMS.
  • 11.

    Comparison of Effects between MSAT on Piriformis Muscle and Non-MSAT on Piriformis Muscle in Patients with HLD with Leg Radiating Pain: A Retrospective Analysis

    허석원 | 최철우 | 이동현 and 5other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.131~137 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) on piriformis muscle regarding leg radiating pain with HIVD of L-SPINE. Methods Forty patients who received inpatient treatment from Febuarary 1 to March 31, 2014 in the Daejon-Jaseng oriental medicine hospital were divided into 2 groups by blocked randomization : Group A (n=20)=routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE with MSAT on piriformis muscle and Group B (n=20)=routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE (acupuncture, Shinbaro pharmacopuncture, herb medication, chuna treatment and physiotherapy). The MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) on piriformis muscle was administered each day and both groups were received routine treatment each day. Evaluations were made before treatment, after 3 days and 7 days, and before discharge using the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index). The statistically significance was evaluated by SPSS 18.0 for windows. Results Compared to before treatment, the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of both A and B groups after 3, 7 days and before discharge of treatment significantly decreased (p<0.05). Regarding group comparison, the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3, 7 days, before dischanre (p<0.05). Regarding improvement of the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index), A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3 day (NRS), 7day (ODI) (p=0.000) but there was no significant difference between the two groups at 7 days (NRS) and before discharge (p>0.05). Conclusions Compared to just routine treatment, the MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) on piriformis muscle significantly improved the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) after 3, 7 days, and before discharge. Because early intervention determines the grade of Leg radiating pain with HIVD of L-SPINE, the MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) on piriformisat the early stage will be clinically helpful to patients.
  • 12.

    A Retrospective Study about the Relationship of Improvement of Low Back Pain and Lumbosacral-Pelvic Parameters

    Cho Sungwoo | 2014, 24(3) | pp.139~148 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the improvement of low back pain and lumbosacral-pelvic parameters. Methods Fifty one patients were classified into the normal group and the abnormal group, based on X-ray. In each group, lumbosacral-pelvic parameters were measured. The data were analysed by independent t-test. Results The significant difference of the parameters of Femur Height was found in the normal group and the abnormal group. Conclusions These results show that we can predict effect of LBP treatment by investigating the parameters of and Femur Height.
  • 13.

    Study on Correlation between Difference of Pelvic Height and Gait Balance of Patients with Abnormal Postures

    박정우 | 정수현 | 2014, 24(3) | pp.149~155 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Objectives This study was designed to investigate the correlation between the difference of pelvic height and difference of gait balance. Methods 62 cases of patients who received treatment from January 2011 to March 2014 for abnormal postures were analyzed. Their difference of pelvic height were estimated by whole spine X-ray analysis and gait balance were estimated by Treadmill Gait Analysis system. The data were analyzed to find out correlation between difference of pelvic height and difference of gait balance, and correlation between the position of pelvic tilt and gait balance higher side. Pearson correlation and Chi-square analysis were used. Results Pelvic height heigher side were more left than right side, and gait balance higher side were also more left than right side. Difference of pelvic height and difference of gait balance had a positive linear relationship, but there was no significant correlation. The position of pelvic tilt had significant correlation with gait balance higher side. Conclusions The position of pelvic tilt had significant correlation with gait balance higher side and difference of pelvic height had no significant correlation with difference of gait balance.
  • 14.

    The Comparative Study on the Effects of Chuna and Combined with Acupuncture in Patients with Dysmenorrhea

    조동인 | 류성진 | 남은영 and 3other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.157~164 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Objectives The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of chuna with and without acupuncture, and compare the effect of both group by VAS (visual analogue scale) and Cox menstrual symptom scale. Methods This study was carried out on 24 dysmenorrhea patients. 24 patients were divided into single treatment group(Group A) and combined treatment group (Group B). Group A treated with chuna. Group B treated with chuna and acupuncture. After performing chuna and acupuncture 8 weeks, we compared both in terms of VAS and Cox menstrual symptom scale. Results 1) Both group A and group B showed significant improvement in abdominal pain and lumbago after treatment. 2) Both group A and group B showed significant improvement in Cox menstrual symptom scale for both frequency and severity after treatment. 3) There were no significant differences between both groups. Conclusions According to above results, we found out that performing chuna with and without acupuncture has effect in terms of VAS and Cox menstrual symptom scale. But, we can't found out difference between single treatment and combined treatment.
  • 15.

    The Study on Pillow Height for Arm Paresthesia Patients

    권헌준 | 김정섭 | 이종훈 and 2other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.165~171 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives This study was performed to analyze relationship between pillow height and patients of arm paresthesia. Methods The data were collected from December 2013 to April 2014. The subjects who visited in Korean Medical hospital for Arm paresthesia were 65. The pillow height was measured from the surface to occipital protuberance. And the angle of cervical spine was measured from the tragus to the acromion. Results 1. The average height of pillow was 5.36±2.37 cm, and the average of the angle of cervical spine was 18.62±8.94o. 2. Correlation and regression analysis were performed on the pillow height, the angle of cervical spine and paresthesia. There was a significant correlation between the pillow height and paresthesia (R=0.389). And it had correlation between the angle of cervical spine and paresthesia (R=0.269). 3. The regression analysis was used to determine the influence of elements. The pillow height can influence to the arm paresthesia. Conclusions Through this study, we found out significant relationship between pillow height, cervical angle and patients of arm paresthesia. This result suggests that the higher pillow height and cervical angle can cause the more painful arm paresthesia.
  • 16.

    A Clinical Case of Muscle Energy Technique and Schroth Method for Idiopathic Scoliosis

    이성준 | 박재현 | 남수현 and 1other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.173~179 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to report the effect of muscle energy technique (MET) and Schroth method on idiopathic scoliosis. A patient with idiopathic scoliosis was treated by MET and Schroth method. To investigate the outcome of the patient's improvement, we observed the X-ray of cervical, thoracic, lumbar spine. And Cobb's angle, correctability, visual analog scale (VAS) were used to measure changes during treatment. After treatment, Cobb's angle and correctability, VAS were improved significantly. MET and Schroth method are proved to be helpful to improve idiopathic scoliosis. And, further studies will be needed.
  • 17.

    Sudden Hearing Loss Treated by Chuna Manual Therepy; A Case Report

    김성태 | 이은지 | 한세혁 and 8other persons | 2014, 24(3) | pp.181~186 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to report a clinical progress of sudden hearing loss through korean medicine. Between 26th Mar. 2014 and 19th Apr. 2014, she was treated with Chuna manual therapy every day and observed by Pure Tone Audiometry (before and after) and visual analogue pain scale (VAS). A patient was diagnosed with sudden hearing loss on 23th Dec. 2013 in Severance Hospital, she had sudden hearing loss on left side. She had 19 times treatments. At the first of treatment, her audibility was 20 dB on right side, 74 dB on left side and she had tinitus and ear fullness (VAS 8 / VAS 9). At the middle of treatment (2nd Apr. 2014), symptoms of tinitus and ear fullness started improving. State was tinitus VAS 6, ear fullness VAS 6. At the end of treatment (21th Apr. 2014), state was tinitus VAS 4, ear fullness VAS 4, and recorded 35 dB on right side, 80 dB on left side in pure tone audiometry. Chuna manual therapy is estimated to be good for sudden hearing loss especially on tinitus and ear fullness. More cases are required to develop treatment of sudden hearing loss.