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pISSN : 1976-9334 / eISSN : 2288-1522

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2008, Vol.8, No.1

  • 1.

    Food Intolerance

    박정현 | Hojun Kim | 이명종 | 2008, 8(1) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Adverse reactions to foods are common and increasing problems worldwide. It is important to differentiate between the different forms of adverse reactions to foods, in particular the difference between food intolerance and food allergy. Food allergy is an adverse immunologic response to food and typically rapid in onset, whereas food intolerance is consequence of a variety of non-immune mechanisms and slow in onset. It has been difficult to diagnose food intolerance because of lack of diagnosis measure. There are now effective findings to identify food intolerance, and paradigms with food allergy are shifting. Food intolerance affects virtually every part of the body-from mildly uncomfortable symptoms to severe illness. While there is no known simple 'cure' for food allergy and food intolerance, there are a number of measures that will help avoid and lessen symptoms and correct the underlying causes. We focus the diagnosis and treatment of food intolerance through various views.
  • 2.

    A literature Review - More Effective Approach for Postpartum Obesity

    안혜림 | Misook Shin | 양미성 | 2008, 8(1) | pp.13~22 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Adverse reactions to foods are common and increasing problems worldwide. It is important to differentiate between the different forms of adverse reactions to foods, in particular the difference between food intolerance and food allergy. Food allergy is an adverse immunologic response to food and typically rapid in onset, whereas food intolerance is consequence of a variety of non-immune mechanisms and slow in onset. It has been difficult to diagnose food intolerance because of lack of diagnosis measure. There are now effective findings to identify food intolerance, and paradigms with food allergy are shifting. Food intolerance affects virtually every part of the body-from mildly uncomfortable symptoms to severe illness. While there is no known simple 'cure' for food allergy and food intolerance, there are a number of measures that will help avoid and lessen symptoms and correct the underlying causes. We focus the diagnosis and treatment of food intolerance through various views.
  • 3.

    Review on Clinical Trials of Acupuncture Application for Obesity Treatment in SCOPUS

    정재혁 | 황덕상 | 이창훈 and 2other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.23~32 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Objectives We aimed at reviewing the clinical trials of the acupuncture application for obesity treatment, recently. Methods We searched the clinical trials papers with keywords of obesity, weight loss, overweight, obese and acupuncture and limited method to clinical trial since 2006 in the search site, Scopus. Results & Conclusion We reveiwed 13 articles searched. Recently, acupuncture application for obesity treatment were 3 types ; traditional acupuncture, auricular acupuncture and electroacupuncture. In the 13 articles, 6 articles were uncontrolled trials and 7 were controlled trials. Acupuncture application were effective method to decrease weight and to improve complication such as Polycystic ovarian syndrome, insulin resistance and psychological symptoms
  • 4.

    The Inhibitory Effects of Sansayukbokhap-bang(SSYBHB) on the Obese-Mouse Induced High Fat Diet

    김형준 | 홍서영 | 허동석 and 2other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.33~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Objectives In order to investigate the effects of Sansayukbokhap-bang (SSYBHB) on the hematological and histological changes. Methods C57BL/6 mice were fed with high fat diet. C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups and fed for 15weeks. Results 1. The body weight of SSYBHB intake mice was significantly lower than high fat diet group. 2. The final increase of body weight was decreased significantly. 3. The levels of ALT, AST, total cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol, triglyceride, Leptin were decreased significantly. 4. The levels of creatinine were decreased but did not show significance. 5. The level of HDL-cholesterol and the expression of β3AR mRNA gene in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes were increased significantly. 6. Adipocytes' size was decreased significantly. 7. The expression of β3AR mRNA gene, Leptin mRNA gene and serotinin mRNA gene in Adipocytes tissue was decreased significantly. Conclusion Based on these results, it is proved that SSYBHB is effective on the therapy of obesity by referring to obese-gene and obese inhibitory. So, it is espected that the clinical application of SSYBHB can help the treatment of obesity.
  • 5.

    Weighting Method based on Experts Opinions for Obesity Syndrome Differentiation Questionnaire

    문진석 | 강병갑 | 강경원 and 3other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.51~61 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    Objectives We have investigated a questionnaire on syndrome differentiation pertaining to obesity. To calculate data from this questionnaire, we can simply sum up the degree of symptoms. However, this does not reflect the difference in contribution of syndrome differentiation. In order to improve the level of precision of this questionnaire, we gather the weight of each symptom from experts and apply them to overweight persons. Method Nine Experts from The Society of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research nominated weights for the symptoms. We created a program based on weight survey results and applied to 1487 overweight persons and 26 oriental medical doctors. The concordance rate between the result obtained from the oriental medical doctors and that obtained using three methods was analyzed. Results 1. The reliability of this questionnaire is very high (Cronbach' α =0.963). 2. The concordance level between diagnosis by oriental medical doctors and the result of general calculation is 0.347, between diagnosis by oriental medical doctors and the result of weighted calculation by syndrome differentiation is 0.362, between diagnosis by oriental medical doctors and the result of weighted calculation by symptoms is 0.1. Conclusions Weighted calculation by syndrome differentiation is relative more appropriate among three methods studied.
  • 6.

    A Study on Characters of Heart Rate Variability in Young Overweight and Obese Woman

    이윤재 | 황덕상 | 이창훈 and 1other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.63~70 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Objectives Obesity is the major risk factor of the heart disease and the metabolic disease. The autonomic nervous system is a key contributor in the regulation of energy balance, so the blunted activity may contribute to the maintenance of the obese state. So we evaluated the function of the autonomic nervous system in young overweight and obese women with heart rate variability. Methods The subjects were 26 overweight and obese young women(BMI〉23㎏/㎡) and 25 lean women who visited Kangnam Kyunghee hospital for obesity management from March 2006 to April 2008. Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA), short-term spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) were performed. Results HRV of obese young group was lower than the lean young group, but there is no statistical significance. BMI had significantly a negative correlation with Low Frequency(LF) of HRV. LF power is mediated by sympathetic nervous system activity. These results indicate a decrease of sympathetic modulation in overweight and obese young women. Conclusions Overweight and obese young women have decreased sympathetic nervous system activity. In clinical practice, an assessement of HRV would be noninvasive and sensitive methods for sympathetic nervous system of young overweight and obese women.
  • 7.

    Relationship between Obesity, Social Readjustment Rating, Self-Esteem, Eating Attitude, Depression, Stress Response and Climacteric symptom in Korean Peri-menopausal Overweight Women

    Chung Won Suk | 황미자 | Kim Sung-Soo and 2other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.71~80 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Objectives Obesity and climacteric symptom are affected by various cultural, social and psychological factors. This study is performed to recognize the relationship between obesity, climacteric symptom, and other social and psychological factors such as self-esteem, depression, eating attitude, stress response and social readjustment rating. Methods SRRS(social readjustment rating scale), SES(self-esteem scale), SRI(stress response inventory), BDI(Beck depression inventory), KEAT-26 (Korean Eating Attitude Test-26) and Kuperman index were given to 43 peri-menopausal women aged 45-55 and BMI ≥23. They were given written consent and this study is performed under the permission of institutional review board of Kyung Hee East-west Neo Medical Center. And height, body weight, waist circumference were measured. These variables were treated by correlation and regression analysis for finding effect factors of climacteric symptom. Result BMI and WC were not related to climacteric symptom. There were significant correlation between KEAT-26(r=0.4388, p=0.004), SES (r=-0.4748, p=0.001), SRI(r=0.6941, p<0.001), BDI(r=0.6354, p<0.001) and Kuperman index. In multiple regression, SRI was find to be a prediction factor of Kuperman index.(Kuperman index=19.033+0.7SRI(R²=0.490)). Conclusion Climacteric symptom is related to self-esteem, eating attitude, depression and stress response. And the most important prediction factor of climacteric symptom is stress response. So managing of stress response may be essential to treating climacteric syndrome. And it is necessary to study about climacteric symptom with many other effective factors of various peri-menopausal subjects.
  • 8.

    Heart Rate Variability in Obese Climacteric Women in Korea : Relations between Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Obesity

    황덕상 | 황미자 | 이윤재 and 2other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.81~88 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Objectives To investigate the relationship between Heart Rate Variability and menopause among obese middle-aged women in Korea. Subjects and Methods Forty middle-aged women (age 49.05 ± 2.64 years) with BMI > 23㎏/㎡ were recruited by local advertisement. Blood profiles of estrogen, FSH, LH, glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride were measured. Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) was estimated by short-term spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were accessed using Computerized Tomography (CT), Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA), and anthropometry. To scrutinize the influence of ANS on obesity-related factors, we divided the subjects into pre- and post-menopausal women. Results The total cholesterol, FSH and LH were significantly higher in post-menopausal obese women group. The estradiol and standard deviation of all normal R-R intervals (SDNN), high-frequency components (HF) of the HRV were significantly lower in postmenopausal obese women group (P<0.05). Adipose tissue distribution and blood profiles were not significantly different between two groups. Conclusion Menopause induced a decrease in SDNN and HF values and increase in total cholesterol level in obese women although the VAT itself was not related with ANS in obese women.
  • 9.

    Relationship between Visceral Adipose Tissue and Self-Esteem in Korean Pre-menopausal Obese Women

    황미자 | 이아라 | 황덕상 and 2other persons | 2008, 8(1) | pp.89~99 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Objectives Obesity is not only a matter of accumulation of adipose tissue but also a projection of self-cognition. This study examined the association between low self-esteem and visceral obesity; visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and visceral adipose tissue /subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio (VSR). Methods This cross-sectional study was performed in pre-menopausal obese(BMI ≥ 25 kg/m²) women in Seoul, from 2007 to 2008 (n=54). Simple anthropometry including BMI and waist circumference and Computed Tomography (CT) including VAT and VSR were done. To measure self-esteem, Rosenberg self-esteem scale (SES) questionnaire was administered. Subjects were given written consent and this study was performed under the permission of institutional review board of Kyung-Hee East-west Neo Medical Center. Results There was a significant relationship self esteem (SES score) with visceral obesity (VAT and VSR). 1. SES was correlated with VAT (r=-0.377, p<0.01) and VSR (r= -0.400, p<0.01) significantly by Pearson Correlation. 2. VAT and VSR could be predicted from SES by Simple linear regression. VAT = -1.701 x (SES score) +161.191 (R²=0.142) VSR = -1.09x10-² x (SES score) +0.858 (R²=0.160) Conclusions This study proves that low self-esteem might contribute to visceral obesity in Korean pre-menopausal obese women. Self-esteem and psychological factor should be considered in treatment of visceral obesity in adult-women.
  • 10.

    A Case Study on Obese Patient with Oligomenorrhea and Polycystic Ovary

    김동환 | 2008, 8(1) | pp.101~108 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Objective The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity management program with herbal medication(Changbudodamtanggamibang) on an obese female patient with oligomenorrhea resulted from polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods I applied herbal medication(Changbudodamtanggamibang), acupuncture, auricular acupuncture, electrolipolysis, low calorie diet, aerobic exercise, behavioral modification therapy and fumigation therapy to her. Results Her weight decreased from 64.3kg to 54.0kg, BMI from 26.4kg/m2 to 22.2kg/m2, PBF from 38.9% to 29.6%, and WHR from 0.89 to 0.82. Menstrual period was normalized from 60days to 34days. Conclusion These results provides an evidence that obesity management program with herbal medication(Changbudodamtanggamibang) is effective on oligomenorrhea of an obese female patient with polycystic ovary syndrome.