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pISSN : 1976-9334 / eISSN : 2288-1522

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2008, Vol.8, No.2

  • 1.

    A Literature Review on Obesity in Postmenopausal Women

    양미성 , Misook Shin , 안혜림 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.1~13 | number of Cited : 4
    Objective This study was designed to collect latest papers and to find more effective approach for Postmenopausal Women Methods We searched 85 papers in English from Pubmed(www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and selected 40 in favor of our study. In addition to that, we searched 24 papers in Korean from Kiss(www.kiss.kstudy.com) and Medric(www.medric.or.kr). Results are as follows. Results and conclusion Many studies showed that postmenopausal obesity causes cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, breast cancer and decrease in immunity. To prevent and treat obesity, many studies suggested that dietary and exercise are most effective methods. If needed, medicine and hormone therapy may be recommended as next steps. But, Herb medication and acupuncture are not used yet as postmenopausal obesity treatment around the world. Postmenopausal obesity is significant, resulting in many medical problems. We hope more effective treatment based on these studies and combined with Korean traditional medicine could be developed after.
  • 2.

    The Study on Treatment of Obesity by Oriental Medicine Music Therapy

    이승현 , 김연수 , 김여진 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.15~23 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this study is to introduce oriental medicine music therapy related to the treatment of obesity. Obesity is caused by deficiency of the spleen, retention of phlegm, stagnation of liver Gi. According to the patients' state, the musical instruments should be chosen. In case of deficiency of the spleen, retention of phlegm, and stagnation of liver Gi, the obese patients beat pulsatile instruments to Earth-Gi rhythm, Fire-Gi rhythm, and Wood-Gi rhythm respectively. In addition to beating the musical instrument to the Five Phases rhythm, an oral sound therapy, relieving constraint therapy, and dispersing therapy can be performed. This study describes the theory of oriental medicine music therapy that has a good possibility as a new method of oriental medical treatment. It is necessary to study in measuring the effects after oriental medicine music therapy from now on.
  • 3.

    The Research about Distribution of Abdominal Fat in Obese Premenopausal Korean Women

    이아라 , Chung Won Suk , Mi-Yeon Song | 2008, 8(2) | pp.25~35 | number of Cited : 4
    Objectives This study was performed to find out the characters about distribution of abdominal fat(especially superficial and deep subcutaneous fat) in obese premenopausal Korean women. Methods 39 obese premenopausal women were recruited in 2008. Anthropometry and body impedance analysis have been done and abdominal fat distribution had been assessed by computed tomography scan at the level of L4-5. Blood test and questionnaires about depression, eating attitude and physical activity were underwent. Result Abdominal total fat area, subcutaneous fat area including superficial and deep were significantly correlated with anthropometry and BIA result while visceral fat was correlated only with age and waist circumference. In blood profile, only visceral fat area was correlated with HDL cholesterol and triglyceride. And there were no correlation among questionnaires and abdominal fat. There were no difference between superficial and deep subcutaneous fat. Conclusion Abdominal subcutaneous fat inculding superficial and deep did not have any correlation with heart risk factor. superficial and deep subcutaneous fat had no differences with each other and they did not show any correlation with visceral fat in obese perimenopausal Korean women.
  • 4.

    The Difference of Syndrome Differentiation Patterns between Premenopausal and Climacteric Obese Korean Women

    Chung Won Suk , 황미자 , 이아라 and 3 other persons | 2008, 8(2) | pp.37~47 | number of Cited : 8
    Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate the difference between pattern identification of premenopausal(n=39) and climacteric(n=40) korean obese and overweight women using Syndrome Differentiation Questionaire. Methods 39 premenopausal obese women(BMI≥25kg/m2) and 40 climacteric overweight and obese women(BMI≥23kg/m2) were recruited from October 2007 to March 2008 in Seoul, Korea. Subjects who had other disease were rejected. Basic anthropometry and body composition were measured. Every subjects were given and filled out the Syndrome Differentiation Questionaire, and we analyzed that using Fisher's exact test. Results 1. Premenopausal women showed high frequency of food accumulation pattern(43.6%), but in climacteric women, liver qi depression pattern was frequent(57.5%, p=0.021). 2. In weighted Syndrome Differentiation Questionaire score, Premenopausal women showed high frequency of food accumulation pattern(43.6%), but in climacteric women, liver qi depression pattern was frequent(47.5%, p=0.004). 3. There were no correlation between anthropometry and scores of the each patterns. Conclusions In this study, we can find out that the dietary factors play major roles in obesity of premenopausal women and emotional factors in obese climacteric women in the view of oriental pattern identification diagnosis. But it seemed that there lacked of consideration that reflected the degree of obesity in this Syndrome Differentiation Questionaire.
  • 5.

    Relation of Physical Activity and Visceral Adipose Tissue Accumulation in Korean Obese and Overweight Women

    조유정 , 황미자 , Chung Won Suk and 2 other persons | 2008, 8(2) | pp.49~62 | number of Cited : 3
    Objectives Physical activity is known to be beneficial to prevent weight gain and to be physically healthy. In this study, we tried to find out the relationship between body composition with physical activity. Methods International Physical Activity Questionnaire(IPAQ)-short form was given to premenopausal women aged 20~55 and BMI≥23 kg/m2. Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue of the subjects by CT scanning was obtainedin a single slice. They were given written consent and this study is performed under the permission of institutional review board of Kyung Hee East-west Neo Medical Center. Results The mean of physical activity of total subjects was 1935.18 MET-min/week(n=63). When three groups of physical activity pattern(inactive, minimally active, and HEPA(Health-enhancing physical activity) active) was analyzed, all of them were heavily relied on the activity intensities of walking. The VSR(visceral/Subcutaneous adipose tissue Ratio) was correlated with total physical activity in vigorous activity group. Conclusions The physical activity of Korean obese and overweight women was on the average, but the vigorous activity is thought to be necessary. The vigorous physical activity was related with visceral adipose tissue.
  • 6.

    Analysis of Oriental Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire on Overweight and Obese Korean Adult Women

    황미자 , 문진석 , 박경수 and 1 other persons | 2008, 8(2) | pp.63~72 | number of Cited : 9
    Objectives We aimed to explore obesity pattern among overweight and obese Korean adult women using oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. Methods This survey was performed using data of 83 overweight and obese women aged from 20 to 55 yrs (BMI ≥ 23 kg/m² : n=18, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m² :n=65) in Seoul, from 2007 to 2008. Subjects were given written consent and this study was performed under the permission of institutional review board of Kyung-Hee East-west Neo Medical Center. Results 1. The distribution of oriental obesity pattern identification did not show any differences between obese and overweight group(p>0.05). 2. The ratio of significantly-scored oriental pattern identification was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 21.7%) > Indigestion(食積, 18.1%) > Spleen deficiency(脾虛, 16.9%) > Yang deficiency(陽虛, 14.5%) (n=83). 3. The frequency of top-scored oriental obesity pattern was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 36.1%) > Indigestion(食積, 24.1%) > Yang deficiency (陽虛, 15.7%) (n=83). 4. The frequency of oriental obesity pattern identification was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 41.7%) > Indigestion(食積, 29.2%) > Yang deficiency(陽虛, 12.5%) > Stagnation of the liver Qi and Yang deficiency(肝欝兼陽虛, 8.3%) (n=24). Conclusions In Korean adult overweight and obese women, Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝), Indigestion(食積), and Yang deficiency (陽虛) were found to be the main pathology based on oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. It suggests that not only physical status but also general condition and emotional problem should be concerned in treatment of obesity. This study could play a role as a preliminary data of oriental obesity pattern identification.