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pISSN : 1976-9334 / eISSN : 2288-1522

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2016, Vol.16, No.1

  • 1.

    The Development of Obese Pattern Identification Questionnaire for Uzbekistan

    Yunyoung, Kim | 문진석 | SunMi Choi and 1other persons | 2016, 16(1) | pp.1~10 | number of Cited : 1
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop Russian version of Korean obese pattern identification questionnaire (KOPIQ) and classify the pattern of Uzbekistan obese patients. Methods: This study was conducted from 10 September 2014 to 10 December 2014 in Korea- Uzbekistan Oriental Hospital. The KOPIQ was translated to Russian language with the help of local expert in Russia and Korean Medicine. The patients who visited obese clinic in hospital were guided to join this study and informed consent was obtained. The inclusion criteria was >23 kg/m2 in body mass index. The Cronbach’s alpha was used for it's inter consistency reliability and the KOPIQ result was compared with the experts one. Results: The Russian version of KOPIQ was developed. The 103 patient (25 males, 78 females; average age 57.2 years) joined in this study. The Cronbach’s alpha of questionnaire was 0.787∼0.883 according to individual pattern. The agreement rate of pattern Identification between local expert and KOPIQ was 13%. This developed questionnaire was realized as web version, which could be easily used in Uzbekistan. Conclusions: The Russian version of KOPIQ is developed in this study with suitable reliability. Further study is needed for KOPIQ to be applied in Uzbekistan with high validity.
  • 2.

    Microbiological Characteristics and Cytoprotective Effects of Samjung-Hwan Fermented by Lactic Acid Bacteria

    CHANG SEJU | WANG JINGHUA | Shin Na Rae and 1other persons | 2016, 16(1) | pp.11~18 | number of Cited : 1
    Objectives: To confirm microbiological change and cytoprotective effect of Samjung-hwan (SJH) which fermented by Lactic acid bacteria from natural fermented SJH. Methods: SJH was fermented by Lactobacillus brevis and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis from natural fermented SJH. After 1 week of fermentation, we analysed pH and microbial profiling. We also performed measuring total polyphenol total flavonoid contents and 1,1-Diphenyl-2- picryhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity to investigate antioxidant ability. Cell viability was performed by using HepG2 cell. Results: pH of lactic acid bacteria inoculated group and non-inoculated group was decreased and total counts of lactic acid bateria for both group was increased after fermentation of SJH. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents and DPPH free radical scavenging activity was increased in both group. Total polyphenol contents of lactic acid bacteria Inoculated group is more increased than non-inoculated group. HepG2 cell viability was increased in both group. Conclusions: SJH fermentd by Lactobacillus brevis and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis shows change in microbiological character and has cytoprotective effect. Further studies are required for investigating function of lactic acid bacteria during fermentation of SJH.
  • 3.

    The Study of the Changes of Obesity-Relating Biomarkers in High Fat Fed-Induced C57BL/6 Mice

    송미영 | 2016, 16(1) | pp.19~26 | number of Cited : 3
    Objectives: The prevalence of obesity continues rise and obesity and metabolic syndrome is a major problem in global health care. Animal models are used in the drug discovery of novel treatment for obesity. One of common models of obesity is a high fat diet induced obesity in a C5BL/6 mouse, and the development of obesity and glucose tolerance in mouse model is different according to period of diet. Therefore, this study was performed to observe the development of obesity and glucose tolerance during a high fat diet (HFD). Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice, 5 weeks of age, were fed on a standard chow diet as a normal diet (18 kcal% fat) or a HFD (60 kcal% fat) for up to 16 weeks. The various factors related with obesity and insulin resistance were measured at 8, 12, and 16 weeks. Results: The weights of body and epididymal fat were gradually increased for 8∼16 weeks, however the change of hyperglycaemia and glucose tolerance have shown different with that of body weight. Blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance were increased more clearly at week 12 and 16 than week 8. Lipid accumulation of liver and body temperature were also significantly increased at week 16, compared with normal group. Conclusions: The developments of obesity and related factors were different by a HFD period in a C57BL/6 obese mice. This result suggests that the development of obesity with glucose tolerance and liver lipid may induce clearly by a HFD for 16 weeks.
  • 4.

    Antiobesity Effect of Water Extract of Coix lacrymajobi var. mayuen in High Fat Fed C5BL/6 Mice

    송미영 | Hyo Won Jung | Yong-Ki Park | 2016, 16(1) | pp.27~35 | number of Cited : 12
    Objectives: This study investigated the effects of water extract of Coix lacrymajobi var. mayuen on obesity and its associated factors in high fat diet (HFD) induced obese mice. Methods: Male C5BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to 4 groups, normal group (chow diet), a HFD, HFD with water extract of Coix lacrymajobi var. mayuen 100 mg/kg (W-Coix), and HFD with phentermine 5 mg/kg (Phen) as positive control. Body weight, food intake, fasting blood glucose were checked every week and then organs, blood serums were collected after 16 weeks of treatment. Results: Body weight and adipocyte size were significantly lesser in W-Coix than in HFD group; however energy efficiency in W-Coix were not different with HFD. The oral glucose tolerance test, serum glucose and insulin were significantly decreased in W-Coix, also lipid accumulations in liver tissue and lipid levels (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol) were improved with W-Coix treatment. However skeletal muscle loss with HFD was not changed in W-Coix compared with HFD group. Conclusions: The W-Coix treatment decreased body weight, adipocyte size and it is associated with improved glucose and lipid metabolism. Further studies are needed to know the mechanism of antiobesity in W-Coix.
  • 5.

    Clinical Outcomes after Modified Fasting Therapy Supplied with Gamrosu: A Retrospective Observational Study

    신승우 | 김동환 | 신현택 and 1other persons | 2016, 16(1) | pp.36~49 | number of Cited : 4
    Objectives: Two historical evidence supported the concept of Gamrosu. The first one was Jeho-tang, a selected thirst quencher in Chosun Dynasty and the second one was Saeng- Maek-san, Dongeuibogam’s recommendation as one of the qi-vigorating summer beverages. Gamrosu is a modified fasting therapy beverage which is manufactured from those two prescriptions and the carbohydrates (420.6 kcal/d). A retrospective observational study was conducted to evaluate the clinical outcomes. Methods: Thirty-three cases were reviewed at three local Korean Medical clinics that each site’s participant has finished the modified fasting for 10 consecutive days. Clinical outcomes were reviewed at pre- and post-fasting sessions by retrieving the changes of body composition, blood pressure, blood chemistries & urine tests, and subjective symptoms & fatigue scores. Results: Demographics of the observed participants were 17 of male and 16 of female. Post-Gamrosu session, −6.89% of body weight, −8.97% of body fat mass were reduced with the nutrition indices being improved (P<0.001). −8.72% of systolic blood pressure, −39.86% of serum triglyceride, −6.75% of fast blood sugar and −8.12% of waist circumference were improved (P<0.05). The levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (−58.34%), CRP (−43.55%) and eosinophil (−21.30%) showed the significant diminished profiles (P<0.05). Liver/kidney functions and the standard of electrolytes were maintained within normal range in stable manners. The fatigue scale scores indicated significant lower scores. Conclusions: Taken together, obesity-related clinical outcomes after a modified fasting therapy with Gamrosu were sufficiently feasible and the observed findings should be considered for further prospective clinical studies.
  • 6.

    Review of Clinical Study on Fasting for Obesity: Focused on Korean Medicine Research

    박원형 | Cha Yun Yeop | 2016, 16(1) | pp.50~63 | number of Cited : 3
    Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze methods and outcomes about fasting for obesity in korea medicine research. Methods: We searched the studies with key words of ‘obesity’ and ‘fasting or starvation’ in Korean database (Korean traditional knowledge portal, OASIS, KISS, KMBASE, DBPIA, RISS). Studies were analyzed for contents, evaluation methods and adverse effects. Results: Twenty-one studies were reviewed. Studies were published in 1983∼2015. 1. Studies can be classified into three types: comparative study on before and after, comparative study between groups, case study on other disease occurred during the fasting therapy period. 2. The most common step of fasting were 3 steps: reducing food intakes period (3∼5 days), fasting period (7∼10 days) and refeeding period (3∼5 days) and additional period-diet period (28 days). 3. The most common evaluation methods were body weight (BW), body fat mass (BFM), muscle weight (MW), fat free mass, body mass index, body fat percentage, etc. 4. BW, BFM, MW were reduced largely in fasting period. 5. The most common adverse effects were fatigue, nausea, headache, vomiting, insomnia, etc. Conclusions: As a result of the review papers, fasting therapy have positive effects for obesity. To verify the effectiveness of the fasting, more studies are needed such as randomized controlled trial.
  • 7.

    The Effects of Ganoderma Lucidum Pharmacopuncture and Moxibustion (Wang-tteum) on Abdominal Obesity: Case Report

    박수아 | 이흔주 | 백지영 and 2other persons | 2016, 16(1) | pp.64~69 | number of Cited : 4
    This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum pharmacopuncture and moxibustion on abdominal obesity. Five women with abdominal obesity were treated 6 times in 2 weeks with Ganoderma lucidum pharmacopuncture on abdominal fat followed by 30 minutes of moxibustion on abdominal area. Before treatment and after 6 treatments were finished, body weight, body mass index, body fat mass, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio were measured. After all treatments, all average measured values were reduced. Body weight and body mass index were reduced by 0.34 kg and 0.46 kg/m2 respectively. Also, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio were reduced by 4.52 cm and 0.04 respectively. We suppose combined therapy of Ganoderma lucidum pharmacopuncture and moxibustion might be a time-effective treatment for abdominal obesity.
  • 8.

    A Case Report for the Effects of the Modified Fasting Therapy (Gamrosu) on Obese Patients with Hypertension

    김동환 | Oh, Dal-Seok | 신승우 and 1other persons | 2016, 16(1) | pp.70~77 | number of Cited : 3
    Gamrosu was originally conceptualized from Jeho-tang, a selected thirst quencher of the kings in Chosun Dynasty and Saeng-Maek-san, a qi-vigorating summer beverage recommended by Dongeuibogam. It is a modified fasting therapy beverage which is manufactured from the single herbal medicines composed of those two prescriptions. This study was conducted on 6 obese patients with hypertension. A modified fasting therapy with Gamrosu was practised on them for 10 consecutive days. After the therapy, their average blood pressures were descended from 148/89 mmHg to 119/79 mmHg. The modified fasting therapy with Gamrosu is supposed to be more effective than general diet program or dietary sodium reduction on controlling hypertension. And, Gamrosu improves anti-hypertensive effect by reducing the side effects, such as fatigue, electrolyte imbalance, heartburn, nausea, and headache, during the modified fasting therapy.