Following the development of Internet of Things (IoT) technology, the scope of application of IoT technology is expanding to industrial safety areas that detect and prevent possible risks in outdoor environments in advance, away from improving the convenience of living in indoor environments.
Although this expansion of IoT service provides many advantages, it also causes security problems such as data leakage and modulation, so research on security response strategies is being actively carried out.
In this paper, the IoT-based road construction risk management system in outdoor environment is proposed as a research subject. As a result of investigating the security vulnerabilities of the low-power wide-area (LPWA, BLE) communication protocol applied to the research targets, the security vulnerabilities were identified in terms of confidentiality, integrity, and availability, which are the three major elements of information security, and countermeasures for each vulnerability were proposed. This study is meaningful in investigating and analyzing possible vulnerabilities in the operation of the IoT-based risk management system and proposing practical security guidelines for each vulnerability