Blockchain is designed to collect and store the data recorded on the network in one block unit, and is connected and stored back and forth, and its form is similar to how the blocks are connected, so it is called a blockchain. Many companies are trying to popularize blockchain-based services at home and abroad, and blockchains are used in various industries. This study introduces the technical characteristics of the blockchain and deals with application services utilizing the blockchain. Introducing 5 types of blockchain architecture and core technologies and introducing blockchain application services that are used in payment services, blockchain service networks, blockchain real estate platforms, identity verification, cryptocurrency, diamond distribution path tracking, and blog information recording. do. It is expected to increase the understanding of the blockchain and provide usefulness in future blockchain research and service development.