The purpose of this study is to examine types and characteristics of self-regulation which explain how individual diabetic patients determine their behavior in terms of diabetes management. Based on the results, we proposed the management method of the diabetic patients. As a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item, a Q method study was used. There were 38 subjects who were treated with oral drugs or insulin injections, but not currently hospitalized. And 40 statements in Q samples were classified in the form of a normal distribution using a 9-point scale. Research results regarding self-regulation in diabetic patients, type 1 is evidence-based compliance, type 2 is crisis responding denial reaction, type 3 is information-based orientation to relationship, type 4 is independent practice, and type 5 is willingness deficit impulse reaction. Therefore, for effective management of diabetic patients, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of each type of self-regulation and develop a program that reflects motivation for diabetes management, improvement of confidence, and countermeasures for negative emotions related to disease.