The purpose of this study is to investigate whether depression and social support have a multiple mediating effect in affecting the life satisfaction of the elderly with public and private transfer income.
To this end, the 7th panel data (2017) among the data of the Korean Retirement & Income Study (KReLS) was used for analysis, and the analysis was conducted using structural equation modeling (SEM). As a result of the analysis, first, it was analyzed that the higher the public transfer income of the elderly, the lower the level of depression, the higher the social support, and the higher the satisfaction of life. Second, the partial mediating effect of depression was verified in the influence of the elderly's public transfer income and private transfer income on life satisfaction. Third, the partial mediating effect of social support was verified in the influence of the elderly's public transfer income and private transfer income on life satisfaction. Fourth, it was verified that the multiple mediating effects of depression and social support were significant in the effect of the elderly's public and private transfer income on life satisfaction. Based on the results of this analysis, policy proposals were made, such as revitalizing the Community Care program to strengthen the social support network of the elderly.