Information obtained through various sensors embedded in a smartphone can be used to identify and analyze user’s movements and situations. In this paper, we propose two rule-based motion detection systems that can detect three alphabet motions, ‘I’, ‘S’, and ‘Z’ by analyzing data obtained by the acceleration and gyroscope sensors in a smartphone. First of all, the characteristics of acceleration and angular velocity for each motion are analyzed. Based on the analysis, two rule-based systems are proposed and implemented as an android application and it is used to verify the detection performance for each motion. Two rule-based systems show high recognition rate over 90% for each motion and the rule-based system using ensemble shows better performance than another one.