In this paper, we design and implement a GPU-based parallel algorithm to effectively solve the traveling salesman problem through an ant color system. The repetition process of generating hundreds or thousands of tours simultaneously in TSP utilizes GPU's task-level parallelism, and the update process of pheromone trails data actively exploits data parallelism by 32x32 thread blocks. In particular, through simultaneous memory access of multiple threads, the coalesced accesses on continuous memory addresses and concurrent accesses on shared memory are supported. This experiment used 127 to 1002 city data provided by TSPLIB, and compared the performance of sequential and parallel algorithms by using Intel Core i9-9900K CPU and Nvidia Titan RTX system. Performance improvement by GPU parallelization shows speedup of about 10.13 to 11.37 times.