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2008, Vol.8, No.2

  • 1.

    State of Visiting Oral Health Programs and the Views of Dental Hygienists in Public Dental Clinics

    Boo Wol Kang | 황윤숙 | Sun-Mi Lee | 2008, 8(2) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the state of visiting oral health programs and the opinions of dental hygienists on the programs in a bid to help boost the efficiency of visiting oral health programs. The subjects in this study were 341 dental hygienists in public dental clinics across the nation. After their views were investigated, the following findings were given: 1. In regard to the management of visiting oral health programs, 44.3 percent of the respondents carried out visiting oral health programs, and 48.3 percent of that group did that in association with visiting health care programs. There were differences among the public dental clinics in beneficiaries of visiting oral health programs, beneficiary selection criteria and the details of oral health programs, which indicated the necessity of the development of standardized models. 2. As to difficulties in fulfilling visiting health care programs, a shortage of professional knowledge was viewed as the greatest hurdle. All their scores were above average, which implied that they were not able to perform the programs successfully. 3. As for the necessity and additional expected effects of visiting oral health programs, the largest number of the dental hygienists who carried them out expected that the programs would serve to change the mind-set of locals about themselves. And the others who didn't placed the most emphasis on cooperation from other departments, and the two groups had a statistically significantly different opinion. 4. Concerning the details of visiting health care programs, the dental hygienists who performed the programs found it most necessary to provide oral health education to employees and families to be visited. The others who didn't considered it most necessary to offer oral health education to people to be visited. The necessity of denture and prosthesis was least stressed by both groups, and they took a significantly different view of treatment for dental diseases, denture and prosthesis. 5. Regarding how to bolster visiting health care programs, the dental hygienist group that carried them out put more emphasis on everything suggested in the survey. Specifically, they attached greater importance to securing sufficient budget, establishing legal foundation, setting up an administration system and determining the directions for the programs in a realistic manner, which signified the desperate need for administrative and institutional backing.
  • 2.

    A Study about the relationship between mouth-odor survey and self awareness

    김민영 | 이혜진 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.13~22 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between cause and the element of mouth odor through measurement and identification of mouth odor and is to apply to effective method for elimination of halitosis. Methods: Subjects were 150 people who visited Dong Pusan College and lived in Pusan. Cross-sectional survey was used and mouth odor was measured by Oralchroma. Oral examination proceeded with status of tongue plaque distribution and calculus index. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS version 13.0 for window. Results: Among 150 people, 67.3% subjects thought they had halitosis. 89.3% people felt that their mouth odor were the severest as soon as wake-up. Tongue was serious place for halitosis by 53.3% subjects. Methylmercaptan and dimethyl sulfide showed the highest correlation by 0.549 index score. Moreover, methyl mercaptan was observed the correlation with brushing time in 0.190 index score and with food intake in 0.177 (P<0.05). In conclusion, brushing time and food intake were correlated with mouth odor.
  • 3.

    A Study on Dental Hygiene Students' Knowledge of Hepatitis B

    박성숙 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.23~37 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of dental hygiene students about hepatitis B including its seriousness, dissemination, infection route and prevention in an effort to lay the foundation for dental hygiene health education geared toward dental hygiene students who were going to work in clinical field. The subjects in this study were 134 dental hygiene freshmen, 124 sophomores and 102 juniors in some region. The survey was conducted from April 1, to April 14, 2008. A SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used for statistical analysis. The findings of the study were as follows: After a survey was conducted, the following findings were given: 1. As for the seriousness of hepatitis B, 79.6 percent of the students investigated were correctly aware of it, and 20.3 percent had the wrong knowledge. By academic year, the rates of the juniors, sophomores and freshmen who had a correct knowledge stood at 92.6 percent, 84.8 percent and 84.4 percent respectively. Thus, the students were better knowledgeable with academic year. 2. As for dissemination of hepatitis B, 55.6 percent of the students investigated were correctly aware of it, and 44.3 percent had the wrong knowledge. By academic year, the rates of the juniors, sophomores and freshmen who had a correct knowledge stood at 60.3 percent, 54.8 percent and 52.7 percent respectively. Thus, the students were better knowledgeable with academic year. 3. As for infection route, 46.8 percent of the students investigated were correctly aware of it, and 51.4 percent had the wrong knowledge. By academic year, the rates of the juniors, sophomores and freshmen who had a correct knowledge stood at 42.9 percent, 44.8 percent and 56.7 percent respectively. Thus, the students were lower knowledgeable with academic year. 4. As for prevention of hepatitis B, 64.7 percent of the students investigated were correctly aware of it, and 35.3 percent had the wrong knowledge. By academic year, the rates of the juniors, sophomores and freshmen who had a correct knowledge stood at 71.3 percent, 66.5 percent and 58.4 percent respectively. Thus, the students were better knowledgeable with academic year. 5. As for general knowledge of hepatitis B 52.4 percent of the students investigated were correctly aware of it, and 47.6 percent had the wrong knowledge. By academic year, the rates of the juniors, sophomores and freshmen who had a correct knowledge stood at 54.7 percent, 52.6 percent and 50.7 percent respectively. Thus, the students were better knowledgeable with academic year. The findings of the study indicated that many of the students gave the right answers to the questions about the seriousness and prevention of hepatitis B, and that the rate of the correct answers about the route of dissemination was lowest. Accordingly, students should be taught to have a correct understanding of hepatitis B to help provide appropriate preventive treatment and take proper measures.
  • 4.

    A study on the incremental oral heath care of C pediatric clinic using a Dentocult-SM test

    Woo Hee Sun | 2008, 8(2) | pp.39~51 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The research was conducted to 100 child patients selected by random sampling, which got a Dentocult-SM test in the first visit and then was being continuously managed, out of child patients of a pediatric clinic located in Gyeonggi-do. The period of there search is one year from June 2007 to May 2008. Using Dentocult-SM test, we analyzed the correlation between the distribution of dental plaque, a streptococcus mutans in saliva and condition of dental caries cavity in the teeth of child patients, then we measured the distribution of a streptococcusmutans. According to SM score, we applied incremental oral heath care for child patients to clinical and obtained the following results. 1. In terms of the age of child patients in research, the number of 3 years old patients was 29(1st ranked), the number of 2 years old patients was 28(2nd ranked). 2. The result of SM score showed that female child patients(52.0%) was higher than male ones in negative, male child patients(52.0%) was higher than female ones in mild, female child patients(68.2%) was higher than male ones in moderate, male child patients(57.1%) was higher than female ones in severe. 3. At the first visit, the SM score showed statistically remarkable difference between dt and dmft. We can also confirm the average of severe is the highest. 4. At the second visit, the SM score showed statistically remarkable difference among dt, ft, and dmft index. We can also confirm the average of severe is the highest. 5. At the third visit, The SM score showed statistically remarkable difference among dt, ft, and dmft index. We can also confirm the average of severe is the highest. 6. The comparison of dmft index differences to SM score showed statistically no remarkable difference in incremental oral heath care for negative and mild. In addition to that, we can confirm that the incremental oral heath care makes statistically remarkable differences in moderate and severe. 7. The comparison of dt index differences to SM score showed statistically no remarkable difference in incremental oral heath care for negative, mild, and moderate. In addition to that, we can confirm that the incremental oral heath care makes statistically remarkable differences in severe. 8. The comparison of mt index differences to SM score showed statistically no remarkable difference in incremental oral heath care for mild and moderate. In addition to that, we can confirm that the incremental oral heath care makes statistically remarkable differences in severe. 9. The comparison of ft index differences to SM score showed statistically no remarkable difference in incremental oral heath care for mild. In addition to that, we can confirm that the incremental oral heath care makes statistically remarkable differences in negative, moderate, and severe. 10. According to the comparison of dmft index to the age, the 4 years old patients showed the highest number(5.50 in the first visit and 6.08 in the second one). In the third visit, the 6 years old patients showed the highest number(7.00). By the above results, we can find that the incremental oral heath care by SM score makes the results of oral care better. Therefore, the improvement or maintenance in oral health of child patients needs continuing personal oral health management and regular systematic management focused on prevention by the specialist .
  • 5.

    인상채득 후 경화방법에 따른 주모형의 변화

    이정애 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.53~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There was to purpose of this study improves analyzing cause that prosthesis brings bite engaging that is inaccurate in patient's mouth, when supposed that all conducts that do in operatory and dental laboratory are perfect. Impression did check bite by alginate impression material and polymerization style silicon impression material that use usually in presence at a sickbed Irreversibility, hydrocolloid, alginate impression material washed in flowing water and poured anhydrite after wait about 8 minutes so that region that charge interest after impression check bite may become undoing. And hydrophile property addition polymerization style impression material poured anhydrite after blow 30 considering impression material dwell time and H2 gas occurrence time (5~15 minute) after have washed in flowing water. I got each 7 models, result that manufactures total 28 and measures by third dimension measuring instrument (Meteo, Korea) following sequence curing in tray holder and floor 1. By Alginate impression when is hardened in tray holder and when is hardened in the floor after do check bite, SPH 4, SPH5 all as there is synonymy appeared(P< 0.05). By in case do not use average 0.1741 in case use tray holder in 0.0447 SPH5s in case do not use average 0.2838 pastas in case use tray holder in SPH4 0.0309. When did not use both SPH4 and SPH5 tray holder, when used tray holder, I appeared more greatly. 2. By amity sex addition polymerization style silicon impression when is hardened in tray holder after do check bite and when is hardened in the floor SPH 4, all of the SPH5s very big synonymy be(P> 0.05) . And in case use tray holder in 0.000657 pasta SPH5s in case do not use average 0.000129 pastas in case use tray holder in SPH4 average 0.000114 pastas, by in case do not use 0.000757, I appeared more greatly when used tray when did not use both SPH4 and SPH5 tray holder, but I appeared is not level to keep in mind(Table 8~9). 3. SPH4 was looked very big mindfulness in model that manufacture doing impression check bite by Alginate and model that do impression check bite by amity sex accessory penalty silicon without using tray holder(P< 0.001) . I use tray holder and SPH4 did not appear synonymy in model that manufacture doing impression check bite by Alginate and model that do impression check bite by amity sex accessory penalty silicon(P> 0.05) . Study finding of above when see synthesis Alginate certainly tray holder use must and I could know that hardening method does not exert big influence on volume stability if remove impression sieve of excess because amity sex accessory penalty silicon passes over tray. Also, Alginate impression material previewed can get heading a conspiracy style that volume stability of accessory penalty silicon impression material degree is if use tray holder.
  • 6.

    The effect of dentifrice containing garlic extract on dental plaque and gingivitis

    장종화 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.67~76 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dentifrice containing 0.1% extracts of garlic on dental plaque and gingivitis in a double blind and crossover clinical studies in 33 healthy adults aged from 20 to 22 years who provided a consent for their participation. Oral examination was performed through clinical periods and on day of baseline, 6, 13, 19, 25 days plaque index and gingival index were scored by Turesky' modified index and Lӧe & Silness index. After 12, 19, 25 days use of their respective dentifrices, statistically decreases of plaque index, gingival index were shown in both the experimental and the control group, respectively. Experimental group exhibited significantly the lower plaque levels and the higher levels of gingival health by the use of the dentifrices contained extract of garlic from 12 days compare with control group(p<0.05). The degree of decrease was more significant on gingivitis level of the experimental group than the control group(p<0.05). This result indicate that the use of dentifrice containing extract of garlic has a positve effect in preventing plaque and gingivitis and treating periodontal diseases.
  • 7.

    A Study on Knowledge and Attitude Toward the Elderly in Dental Personnels

    지민경 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.77~92 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study was surveyed the knowledge and attitude toward the elderly in dental personnels, who play an important role in oral health of the elderly in the aging society. In order to arrange the basic data that is conducive to development in the mouth care of the elderly, the research was conducted from January 7 to February 14, 2008, targeting 270 dental personnels in Daejeon & Chungnam area, who are in charge of oral duties in the current clinic. As a result of analyzing so that questionnaire can be prepared with the self-administered questionnaire, the following results were obtained. 1. The knowledge level on the elderly in dental hygienist was 13.47 marks out of 25-mark perfection. And, a case of being not dental hygienist was 13.09 marks. There was no difference in knowledge depending on job category and volunteer-work activity experience. And, there was no difference even depending on physical & physiological sphere, psychological sphere, and family & social sphere. 2. The attitude level toward the elderly in dental hygienist was 91.63 marks out of 150-mark perfection. Dental hygienist showed positive attitude in personality characteristic, emotional characteristic, and self-management ability by sphere, and showed statistically significant difference (p=0.011). 3. In case of having volunteer-work activity experience, the attitude level toward the elderly was 92.57 marks out of 150-mark perfection. A case of having volunteer-work activity experience showed positive tendency in emotional characteristic, self-management ability, and judgement-ability characteristic by sphere. And, the attitude toward family relation was indicated to be negative tendency, thus there was statistical significance(p=0.022). 4. As for the correlation between knowledge and attitude toward the elderly, dental hygienist was indicated to have high interest in the volunteer-work experience, the elderly education experience, and the elderly problem. The knowledge and attitude toward the elderly had slightly positive correlation(r=0.155). Dental hygienists are being required gradually as the primary staff for the elderly people's dental care in the aging society. A continuous education is needed so that dental hygienists can have positive sight in understanding, knowledge, and attitude. And, the development in a mouth care program for the elderly in line with it is considered to be necessary.
  • 8.

    A study on the awareness of snack intake preference actual conditions and oral health education for business world man high school locating in Kyonggi Province.

    최윤화 | 지윤정 | 2008, 8(2) | pp.93~106 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to enforce to ready basic data of effective school dental health education for dental caries prevention, relation knowledge of class, eating habit and snack intake preference actual conditions, food and caries executed investigation on April, 2008 with questionnaire consisted of dental health education awareness to some business world man high school locating in Kyonggi Province. Total 487 people got following sequence using sequence that respond on interpretation finally. Result of this study is as following. 1. Result was the most by 36.1% a student who have breakfast every day how breakfast, and next main 2~3 inning 17.5%, I was expose in main 4~5 inning 13.6% order, and a student who hardly eat dominated 32.9%. Second-year student was shown difference that hardly ate and ate every day as class is a low student, and keeps in mind according to class breakfast than first, third-year student by grade(p <.01) . 2. Questions that answer that result about snack kind that often eat is cookies and snack kind was the most by 37.2%, and a student who answer that favorite symbol drink was a carbonated drink was the most by 50.9%. Second-year student appeared by thing which eat a lot of cookies and snack kind and carbonated drink to snack than first, third-year student by grade, but difference that keep in mind was not seen. 3. Result of relation knowledge degree has grand mean among 12.36 18 points perfect score with food and caries, business world man high school students appeared by thing which relation knowledge degree is seldom high with food and caries. Third-year student relation knowledge degree was the highest with food and caries, and second-year student was low relation knowledge degree with food and caries than other student by grade, and was shown difference that keep in mind according to grade(p<.01) . 4. Result appeared by more thing than student 42.9% that have experience that a student who experience that take dental health education does not exist receives by 57.1% whether there is experience of dental health education. Experience that had experience that take dental health education as grade is a low student by grade, and take dental health education as grade is a tall student did not exists, and was shown difference that keep in mind according to class(p<.05) . 5. when result about time that take dental health education for the first time is babyhood, a student who receive at first was the most by 56.7%, and I was expose in middle school 20.5%, high school 18.5%, elementary school 4.3% etc. order next. I was shown difference that when is babyhood, I received at first, and received at first middle school time as grade is a low student, and keeps in mind according to class dental health education as grade is a tall student by grade(p<.05) . 6. A student who recognize that result about awareness of necessity of dental health education may educate dental health and does not occupied half and is necessary next by 56.3% 35.9%, it was 7.8% period of ten days while do not need. Bearing which students who half exceeds are insincere about necessity of dental health education was seen. 7. when educate dental health, a student who recognize that to be educated importantly result for contents should handle brushing and mouth article directions importantly was the most by 44.6%, and was expose by caries 31.2%, gum disease 10.1%, scaling 9.0%, prosthetic dentistry and Implant 5.1% . When educate dental health as grade is a low student by grade, recognized that must handle caries importantly, and third-year student was shown difference that recognized that must handle brushing and mouth article directions importantly than first or Second-year student , and keeps in mind according to grade(p<.05).