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2008, Vol.8, No.4

  • 1.

    Subjective oral health perception and oral health behaviors of the elderly people in Busan and Gyeongnam province

    장경애 | 김동열 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.1~10 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status of elderly people living in nursing home with private home in Busan, Kimhae and Jinju in Gyeongnam province for development oral healthy policy of elderly people. 253 elderly subjects aged more than 65 in a hall for the aged and special medical treatment hospital are made up questions. The date was analysed using the SPSS 13.0 program. The obtained result were as follows. 1. 39.5 percent elder people recognize that their subjective oral health is not good. In the case of above three times in brushing tooth a day, 29 percent people are less their oral health is good. As the number of times of brushing tooth decreases, the percent feeling their oral status good decrease(p<.05). 2. The respondents who have visited the dentist within one year are less than people with no visit. Also the percent having a mind that their oral health status is good is higher in the respondents having scaling than them without scaling(p<.05). The respondents who answer that their diet is not bad is most in the ratio of people feeling subjective oral health status good(p<.001). 3. The portion of people feeling their oral status not healthy is highest in the respondents without tooth(p<.05). 4. Among the respondents answering their subjective oral health is not good, the some problem of conversation due to no tooth or denture and relation with others is issued each(p<.001). This study suggests that perceived toothbrusing frequency and periodic scaling with oral health among the elderly. The findings of this study will be helpful to policy makers to design plants to increase the oral health related quality of life among the edlerly.
  • 2.

    Surface change of enamel according to application time of 35% Carbamide Peroxide

    이혜진 | 김민영 | 한명숙 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.11~18 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study were to examine the effect of 35% Carbamide Peroxide(CP) bleaching agent on the changes in physical and chemical characteristics of tooth. The effect of bleaching agent on enamel was analyzed using Hardness test, SEM and EDS. The microhardness between bleached groups after bleaching showed statistically significant difference according to the paired t-test. The bleached enamel surface showed apparent morphological changes compared to the enamel, which was stored in distilled water only. The difference of the total mineral contents for the distilled water and Carbamide Peroxide did not show statistical significance. These results demonstrated that bleaching using 35% Carbamide Peroxide were adversely affects application time of experimental group and may confirm the safety of using these agents for a short time in dentist- monitored bleaching.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Dental Service Statifation of Cityizens in Deajeon.

    성보견 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.19~30 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study reached the following conclusions as a result of carrying out the questionnaire survey of self-descriptions for the satisfaction after the citizens of Daejon uses the dental clinics, in order to identify the factors of satisfaction to the medical services of such dental clinics to be utilized in the patient management by dental hygienists, provide the basic data to provide the medical services desired by patients. 1. 43.9% men responded to the facilities and 56.1% women to the atmosphere for the standards of selection of dental clinics by general characteristic, and the college graduates or more to the kindness (38.2%), high-school graduates (43.2%) and middle-school graduates (25.9%) or less to the close distance for the level of educational attainment (p=0.009), which was meant to have a statistical significance. 2. The execution of reservation system for the dental clinics showed 54.7%, the reserved time was observed upon the execution of such reservation system, the dental clinics where they practice such system were 40.6%, and the confirmation methods was done through the telephone with 62.5%. 3. The experience of fear upon the dental treatment showed 74.6%. The type of fear showed the machine sound (48.7%) for men and cry of others for women (70.8%) at the highest. 70% of those under 30 at the age responded to the sharp instruments at the highest. 83.3% of Yousung-gu showed the highest by responding to the cry of others for the residential areas. The statistically significant difference was shown in both the age and residential area (p=0.000). 4. Women showed higher in the distribution of gender for the sterilization of instruments for the external satisfaction of dental clinics(p=0.000) and those under 30 at the age showed the highest with 2.98±0.95(p=0.001). Seo-gu (3.48±0.77) was the highest for the residential area (p=0.000), and there was statistically significant differences in the gender, age and residential area. 5. Men showed higher satisfaction than women in the clean state and the statistically significant differences were shown (p=0.000) at the age as the high satisfaction was shown for those under 30 at the age (2.35±0.79), those having the income not less than 10 million won and not more than 20 million won (2.43±0.78), and Seo-gu (2.63±0.69) for the residential area. 6. For the internal satisfaction of dental clinic by users for the medical services in the dental clinics, 61.1% women responded to no in the ability of solving the inconvenience in the service process, and showed low ability of solving the inconvenience from 30 at the age (26.2%) and by responding to Dong-gu (22.1%) for the residential area, showing statically significant differences(p=0.000). For the re-use of dental clinics, 46.6% men (p=0.043) for the gender, 24.3% under 30 at the age and 22.9% of Dong-gu for the residential area responded to the re-use, showing statistically significant differences for the gender and residential area (p=0.000). 7. The dissatisfaction showed a high rate of 69.5% for the satisfaction to the medical services of dental clinics. 46.2% men responded to the pain and women to the feeling of foreign substance for the reason of dissatisfaction while those under 30 at the age showed 55.6% for others, those between 50 and 59 41.7% for the feeling of foreign substance. 86.3% carried out the education for cautions after the treatments and most people turned out that they do not carry out the continuous health management of mouth as 20.5% responded to that they carry out such health management.
  • 4.

    Oral management of Stevens-Johonson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis patients

    Park Ji il | 윤선학 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.31~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe mucocutaneous reactions which are most frequently caused by drugs. Although the incidence of SJS and TEN is known to be relatively low, outcomes may be fatal. A systematic approach is required because morbidity rate is currently increasing and oral lesion is frequent. We investigated the clinical features and outcomes of 6 patients diagnosed as SJS and TEN and referred from the department of dermatology, Chonnam National University Hospital for oral care. Ketoconazol, Ofloxacin, Chlorphenesin, Amoxicillin, Pontal, Harnal, and Ciprofloxacin were suspected as the causative drugs. Average treatment period was 3.2 weeks, and two patients were referred to 'burn-patients' hospital. Most of oral lesion were cured to be normal tissue, but scars with discoloration were observed. For intraoral management, antibiotic disinfection and steroid application were performed according to systemic treatment principles. Additionally, ingestion of zinc, antioxidants, and vitamin was recommended. The establishment of oral treatment principles is demanded because it has not been yet. Also, through investigation of drug side effect and careful prescription are required.
  • 5.

    A servey on the actual conditions & recognition of tooth bleaching in female college students

    신민우 | Ji, min gyeong | 한명숙 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.43~53 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Some female college students have to recognize and understand the actual conditions of the tooth bleaching, and effective consultation and training to provide basic data for the purpose of investigation. this study made a survey about recognize and understand the actual conditions of the tooth bleaching and oral health knowledge and generalization methods for 649 female college student in Daejeon and Jeonbuk areas during the period between March. 15 and April. 10, 2008. The results were as follows; 1. Tooth Status was found low, self-discontent respondents Status 44.2% and average 31.1%, self- contentment were 14.8%. Tooth color was average respondents were 69.8%, yellow 29.0%, White 1.7% (p=0.001, p=0.030). 2. Tooth bleaching experience has not experienced the most the military was 86.4%, to the desired Tooth bleaching for the external beauty 44.2%, confidence of smile time 37.5%. self-discontent 10.7%(p=0.000, p=0.000). 3. Tooth health status satisfaction was dental hygiene students higher than non dental hygiene, and scaling knowledge of the Tooth bleaching effect was non dental hygiene higher than non dental hygiene(p=0.039, p=0.000). 4. General knowledge for Tooth bleaching was found high 96.1%, as for the recognition route, 55.6% were through broadcast medium(p=0.025, p=0.000). 5. Medical institution chosen for Tooth bleaching treatment method appears the most preferred by 79.9% to the dental hospital·dental clinic. 6. Important to consider that the choice of Tooth bleaching was Tooth bleaching duration of 37.1% cost 33%, And when Tooth bleaching hoped to be long-lasting. In this research the high recognized of Tooth bleaching treatment, but very low Tooth bleaching experience. female college students for the Tooth bleaching had the wrong information. Therefore, Tooth bleaching treatment and counseling that can be used to development and education were required to provide the correct information.
  • 6.

    The Factors to Affect the Oral Health Promotion Behavior of Elementary School Students

    Soo-Kyung Kim | 2008, 8(4) | pp.55~64 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study set out to identify the factors to affect the oral health promotion behavior of elementary school students and to provide a framework to develop educational programs to promote their oral health promotion behavior. A survey was conducted to 729 fifth and sixth graders attending four elementary schools in Seoul. The variables were measured with a five-point Likert scale and include previous oral health related behaviors, perceived oral health status, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and oral health promotion behavior. First, the subjects scored relatively high 3.51 points out of 5 in oral health promotion behavior. They also scored 3.88 points in perceived benefit, 3.51 in self-esteem, 3.43 in self-efficacy, 3.28 in perceived oral health status, 2.77 in previous oral health related behaviors, and 1.79 in perceived barriers. Second, a significant difference was observed according to gender in previous oral health related behaviors and oral health promotion behavior. And a significant difference was also found according to grade in previous oral health related behaviors, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and oral health promotion behavior. Third, when they had an experience of visiting a dental clinic for preventive purposes, a significant difference was found according to the purposes of going to a dentist in previous oral health related behaviors, perceived benefit, and oral health promotion behavior. And fourth, multiple regression analysis was carried out with oral health promotion behavior as a dependent variable. As a result, all the research variables, which include previous oral health related behaviors, perceived oral health status, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, and self-efficacy, turned out to have significant influences on oral health promotion behavior. And their explanatory power was 49%. Conclusions: Those factors that were identified to affect the oral health promotion behavior of elementary school children will be put into practical use in developing and applying educational programs to promote their oral health. Key words: previous oral health related behaviors, perceived oral health status, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, self-efficacy, oral health promotion behavior
  • 7.

    A Study on the Employment Stress and the Coping Type in Some Dental Hygiene Students

    김은주 | 김진경 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.65~77 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to offer basic data in order to make it possible for becoming the mentally more matured dental hygienist by being aware of stress factors on employment in preliminary dental hygienists and examining a coping plan according to it. The self-administered questionnaire research was carried out targeting Dental Hygiene Students at 4 colleges in metropolitan area for 1 month from October to November in 2007. Totally 209 questionnaires were collected. Among them, 206 copies were analyzed with methods in frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and ANOVA analysis by using SPSS WIN10.0 statistical program. As a result, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. 84.5% out of subjects were the active students. 95.2% and over 95.6%, respectively, were surveyed to be more than 'moderate' as for the academic achievement level and the satisfaction with college life. 2. the majority in the survey subjects were researched to receive high stress as for ‘a guiding professor doesn't lead and have interest in my employment, thereby being disappointing’ and ‘failing to be employed is likely to lead to hurting pride so much.’ 3. a coping type with stress in the survey subjects was researched to select a coping plan much as for ‘sincerely hoping for the work to be well done,’ ‘going out for a change,’ ‘establishing a few countermeasures for solving a problem,’ ‘overeating,’ and ‘waiting while thinking it to be solved some time.’ 4. most of stress factors had high correlation with a coping type with saying of ‘trying to be alone as a whole,’ and had high correlation with ‘failing to be employed is likely to lead to hurting pride so much’ and ‘overeating.’ Even additionally, it was surveyed to have high correlation with ‘smoking’ and ‘depending on the past experience.’
  • 8.

    A study on the effect of negative word-of-mouth of dental clinic patients

    양해영 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.79~88 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study was done to investigate the negative word-of-mouth style and the effect of communication with negative word-of-mouth from dental clinic patients. Data were collected from 223 dental clinic patients living in Seoul and GyeongGi-Do. The study was collected from October 15th to October 29th, 2007 with self-recording questionnaires. The results of this study were as follows. First of all, in the characteristic of relationships category, subject who were negative word-of-mouth was more 'persuader person' than others. The results showed that the general characteristics of subjects was effective factor of word-of-mouth. Secondly, the behavior scale which was based of negative word-of-mouth was not suitable of the satisfaction of dental clinic service. This results meant that the low satisfaction of dental services haven't relation with negative word-of-mouth. Thirdly, 33% of people who have complaints spread negative word-of-mouth. Finally, the main reason of dissatisfaction was long-waiting time for dental clinic service. The results showed the adjustment of dental clinic system and staff's services will prevent negative word-of-mouth spread.
  • 9.

    Investigation of factors influenced on accuracy of polyvinylsiloxane

    Kim, Soo-Hwa | Sun-Mi Lee | 한지민 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.89~99 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, polyvinylsiloxane impression materials were investigated to examine the characteristics of the impression materials that affect the accuracy of the final restoration. The flow property of impression materials which can reproduce the detail in the oral cavity and accurately duplicate it, and the tear strength and strain-in-compression which can cause problems when it is being removed from the oral cavity were studied. The results are as follows. 1. As for the flow properties of impression materials, ImprintⅡ was 18.24±0.30, which was the highest; and Twinz was 8.9±0.62, which was the lowest. There was no significant difference among ImprintⅡ, Examixfine, and Genie(p<0.05). 2. As for the tear strength of impression materials, ImprintⅡ had the highest level, while Genie had the lowest value. There was no significant difference between Twinz and Genie(p<0.05). 3. As for the strain-in-compression, there were significant differences by impression material groups(p<0.05); the strain-in-compression of Examixfine was shown to be the highest at 5.56±0.56, Twinz and ImprintⅡ followed respectively, and Genie has the lowest at 3.19±0.23. 4. Flow showed the correlation with tear strength but no significant connection to strain-in-compression. Also, there was no significant correlation between the tear strength and strain-in-compression(p<0.05). Making impression to reproduce oral tissue and tooth is an important part of making final restoration. The accuracy of impressions is influenced by the methods of taking impression or other condition. However the property itself of impression materials is the most essential and the materials with proper qualities should be selected.
  • 10.

    Oral health education in the health segment of the 7th National curriculum and Oral health awareness

    Jung Young Ran | 최혜숙 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.101~113 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the health segment of the 7th national physical education curriculum in an effort to grasp the state of oral health education in the school curriculum. And it's also meant to investigate the relationship between oral health education and the oral health awareness of some high schoolers to check into any possible problems with oral health education as part of health education. The subjects in this study were 240 students from two different girls' high schools in Seoul, on whom a survey was conducted to find out their oral health knowledge, behavior and awareness. And the health category of the current P.E. curriculum announced by the Ministry of Education was analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: Oral health education provided by the high schools as part of health education in P.E. class wasn't linked to P.E. theories and practice. The weight of oral health education was extremely small in the health segment, and there was no sequence, continuity and integration among the content systems of oral health education for different grades. When some high schoolers were investigated, they weren't properly oral health conscious, though it was very important for students to receive oral health education to prevent and manage dental diseases. And they didn't consequently take care of their own oral health. Future research efforts should be channeled from diverse angles into developing oral health education curriculums to bolster school oral health education to improve national oral health.
  • 11.

    A study on analysis of the Relationship Oral bacteria to dental caries experience in disabled student's: in Gyeong nam

    cho pyeong-kyu | 박성숙 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.115~125 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the Dentocult SM and LB scores of students and their DMF rate. The subjects in this study were 134 special school students in south Gyeong-sang province. After they were tested to find out their , they received tooth brushing education and preventive treatment. The test, education and treatment were all conducted from March 17 to April 9, 2008. Their oral state was checked and recorded by using a mirror and explorer, and then the data on oral state were analyzed to their DMFT, DT, FT and MT rates. All the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows program, and independent-samples t-test, one-way ANOVA and crosstabs analysis were implemented to see what differences their disability type, gender, Dentocult-SM scores and Dentocult-LB scores made. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for connections between disability type and DMFT rate, the students with mental retardation were similar to the other students in that regard. The mentally retarded students had higher DT and FT rates than the other students, and the MT rate of the latter was higher than that of the former. 2. Concerning the relationship of gender to DMFT and DT rates, the girls had larger DMFT and DT rates than the boys, and the FT and MT rates of the boys were higher than those of the girls. 3. As to links between Dentocult SM scores on the tongue and DMFT, the students whose bacteria was mildly activated had the highest DMFT rate, and the students who had a severely activated bacteria had the highest DT and FT rates. Those who had a moderately activated bacteria had the highest MT rate. 4. Regarding the connections of Dentocult SM scores on maxillyright molar. to DMFT and DT rates, the students whose bacteria was severely activated had the highest DMFT and DT rates. Those who had no activated bacteria had the largest FT rate, and the students who had a mildly activated bacteria had the highest MT rate. 5. Regarding the connections of Dentocult SM scores on maxillyleft molar to DMFT and DT rates, the students whose bacteria was severely activated had the highest DMFT and DT rates. Those who had no activated bacteria had the largest FT rate, and the students who had a mildly activated bacteria had the largest MT rate. 6.Regarding the connections of Dentocult SM scores on mandibularright molar. to DMFT and DT, FT rates, the students whose bacteria was severely activated had the highest DMFT and DT, FT rates. Those who had a moderately activated bacteria had the highest MT rate. 7. Regarding the connections of Dentocult SM scores on mandibularleft molar. to DMFT and DT rates, the students whose bacteria was mildly activated had the highest DMFT and DT rates. Those who had no activated bacteria had the highest FT rate, and the students who had a moderately activated bacteria had the highest MT rate. 8. Regarding the connections of Dentocult LB scores to DMFT and DT rates, the students whose bacteria was severely activated had the highest DMFT and DT rates. Those who had no activated bacteria had a moderately FT rate, and the students who had a mildly activated bacteria had a mildly MT rate.
  • 12.

    A study on characteristics to territorial among awareness of halitosis

    박성숙 | 서은주 | Jang Gye Won | 2008, 8(4) | pp.127~139 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of people in general about halitosis. The subjects in this study were 184 people who visited the clinical practice lab at J health college to get their teeth scaled. After a survey was conducted from May 1 to June 3, 2008, the analyzable answer sheets from 178 respondents were analyzed after four different areas were selected, which included smoking/nonsmoking, scaling experience, toothbrushing frequency and the use of oral hygiene supplies. SPSSWIN 12.0 program was utilized to make a frequency analysis and crosstabs analysis. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Concerning subjective feelings of halitosis, 55.3 percent(99 people) of the respondents found themselves to have a moderate level of bad breath. 28.5 percent(51) deemed themselves to have a little foul breath, and 14 percent(25) didn't feel they had any bad breath. 2. As to the subjective level of halitosis, 89.8 percent(168) thought that their bad breath was a little perceived only by themselves, regardless of smoking, scaling experience, toothbrushing frequency and the use of oral hygiene supplies. 3. In regard to the cause of halitosis, 31 percent(56) cited plaque in the mouth as the cause, and 28.5 percent(51) pointed out the other causes that weren't mentioned in the questionnaire. 18.4 percent(33) cited decayed tooth, and 11.2 percent(20) pointed out gastroenteric disorder. 10.6 percent(19) viewed diabetes as the cause. 4. As to the time when they had the subjective symptom of halitosis, 114 respondents(63.7%) felt their own bad breath the most immediately after they got up. 21.8 percent(39 respondents) did it when they were hungry. 5.5 percent(9) did that before breakfast, and 4.5 percent(8) did that after having breakfast. 5. Regarding view of how to prevent halitosis, 52.5 percent(94) brushed their teeth frequently. 21.2 percent(38) got their teeth scaled on a regular basis at a dentist's office, and 17.9 percent(32) drank water often. The above-mentioned findings seemed to suggest that the respondents weren't well aware of the fact halitosis was a sort of oral and systemic disease. Therefore the development of halitosis prevention and care programs geared toward practice lab visitors was required.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Oral Health and Oral-Health Care of Some Health-Related and Health-Unrelated Majors

    이민영 | Yoo Jahea | 2008, 8(4) | pp.141~151 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health awareness and oral health care of health-related and health-unrelated majors in an attempt to stress the importance of oral health education and boost the efficiency of oral health care. The subjects in this study were 363 college students. Out of the selected students, 174 were health-related majors, and 189 weren't. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed for the purpose of comparison, and the following findings were given: 1. Concerning daily mean toothbrushing frequency, the largest number of the male students who accounted for 55.2 percent brushed their teeth once a day on average, and the greatest number of the female students who represented 52.9 percent did that twice a day. As for the influence of their major, the largest group of the health-related majors who numbered 89(51.1%) brushed their teeth twice a day, and the greatest group of the health-unrelated majors who numbered 93(49.2%) did that once a day. The gaps between them were statistically significant(p<0.05). 2. As to the length of toothbrushing time by gender, it took more than two or three minutes for the largest groups of the male and female students that respectively numbered 96(76.8%) and 184(77.3%) to do toothbrushing(p<0.01). The greatest groups of the male and female students that respectively numbered 72(57.6%) and 183(76.9%) brushed their teeth after meals. 3. In regard to oral hygiene supplies, the largest groups of the health-related and health-unrelated majors that respectively numbered 78(44.8%) and 115(60.8%) had chewing gum and candy with them. As to the use of oral hygiene supplies, 99 health-related majors(56.9%) and 133 health-unrelated majors(70.4%) didn't put oral hygiene supplies to use. Thus, the use of oral hygiene supplies was statistically less common among the health-unrelated majors, and the gap between the two was significant(p<0.01). 4. As for health-related concern by gender, the largest group of the male students that numbered 56(44.8%) showed the most interest in preventing dental caries, and the greatest group of the female students that numbered 103(43.3%) were most concerned about tooth whitening. The gap between the male and female students was statistically significant(p<0.05), but the track of their major made no statistically significant difference to that. 5. Regarding the experience and awareness of scaling, the largest number of the students never got their teeth scaled regardless of gender and major, and the greatest group didn't care about scaling irrespective of gender and major, either, though they considered it advisable to do
  • 14.

    Evaluation of oral health with equipped prosthesis using OHIP-14

    Kim Hye-Jin | 정현자 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.153~163 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of life of clients who treated and equipped prosthesis in Eulji University Hospital in Dae-Jun City. The results of this study were as follows. The oral status of Female had more carious tooth than male had. Carious tooth(p<0.05) and losed tooth(p<0.001) was more popular in older female. The frequency of treated tooth was higher under 59 years old female than over 60 years old(p<0.01). In education category, carious tooth(p<0.05) and losed tooth(p<0.000) was more popular in low education than high education In the score of relation of OHIP-14 category and general characteristic, female was significantly higher than male in dysfunction(p<0.05), physical disorder(p<0.001) and activity disorder(p<0.05). The score was significantly higher in older than younger in dysfunction(p<0.05), physical disorder(p<0.001) and activity disorder(p<0.001). The score of education was significantly higher in low education group than high education group in physical pain (p<0.001), mental discomfort (p<0.001). The score of marriage status was significantly higher in marriaged group than other group in dysfunction (p<0.05) and mental discomfort (p<0.05). In the score of relation of OHIP-14 category and oral status, the score of carious tooth group was significantly higher in dysfunction(p<0.05), physical disorder(p<0.05) and activity disorder(p<0.05). The score of losed tooth group was significantly higher in dysfunction(p<0.05), physical pain (p<0.05), mental discomfort(p<0.05), physical disorder(p<0.05) and activity disorder(p<0.01). The score of non treated tooth group was significantly higher in dysfunction(p<0.05), mental discomfort(p<0.05), social disorder(p<0.05) and activity disorder(p<0.05). In the score of relation of OHIP-14 category and the sort of prosthesis , the score of being bridge group was significantly higher than being crown group in activity disorder(p<0.05). The OHIP-14 category and the number of prosthesis was not significant relationship. These results suggest that the information and services of the process of dental prosthesis based on subjective evaluation should be provided to clients rather than based on clinical evaluation. The continued system of oral management should be developed and provided.
  • 15.

    A study on middle school students’ oral health belief and oral health practice

    지민경 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.165~180 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The present study is a descriptive survey on factors affecting middle school students’ oral health belief and oral health practice. In order to find methods for forming right beliefs and inducing desirable behavioral patterns, we conducted a questionnaire survey with 470 students at two middle schools in Cheongju and drew conclusions as follows. Of the 470 questionnaires, 457 were recovered. With 10 inappropriately answered ones excluded, 446 questionnaires were analyzed. 1. As to oral health belief according to general characteristics, susceptibility was 2.63 points (p=0.035) in male students, 2.68 (p=0.016) in 3rd year students, and 2.92 (p=0.002) in only child students. Seriousness was 2.57 (p=0.017) in male students, 2.67 (p=0.001) in 3rd year students, and 2.92 (p=0.001) in only child students. barrier was 2.62 (p=0.009) in 3rd year students, and 2.95 (p=0.002) in only child students. Benefit was 3.40 (p=0.011) in female students, and 3.43 (p=0.003) in 1st year students. salience was 3.21 (p=0.006) in female students, and 3.24 (p=0.009) in 1st year students. 2. As to oral health belief according to oral health related factors, susceptibility and seriousness were 2.69 (p=0.003) and 2.72 (p=0.000), respectively, in the lower middle class group, 2.83 (p=0.001) and 2.80 (p=0.003), respectively, in the drink taking group, and 2.80 (p=0.000) and 2.75 (p=0.000), respectively, in the low conversation group. barrier was 2.63 (p=0.018) in the lower middle class group, 2.67 (p=0.021) in the low conversation group, and 2.77 (p=0.000) in the group fearing the visit to the dental clinic. Benefit was 3.36 (p=0.000) in the high conversation group, and 3.37 (p=0.015) in the group visiting the dental clinic for prevention. salience was 3.26 for beverage and 3.20 (p=0.003) for fruit and vegetable. 3. As to oral health practice according to general characteristics, the score of oral health practice was 3.21 (p=0.000) in female students, 3.30 (p=0.000) in those aged 12 or below, and 3.27 (p=0.000) in 1st year students. 4. As to oral health practice according to factors related to oral health, the point was 3.17 (p=0.002) in the middle upper class group, 3.24 (p=0.001) in the group eating mainly fruit or vegetable, and 3.18 (p=0.030) in those with experience in education. 5. Oral health practice was in a negative correlation with susceptibility (r=-0.143), and in a positive correlation with benefit (r=0.229) and salience (r=0.286).
  • 16.

    A study on the conditon and perception of smoking in dental Hygienist

    Kyungmi Kim | Myong-Suk Shin | Choi Hye-Jung and 2other persons | 2008, 8(4) | pp.181~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the condition and perception of smoking in dental hygienist of Korean Dental Hygienists Association. The subjects in this study were dental hygienists who attended a symposium on July 5. 2007. after a survey was conducted, the answer sheets from 590 participants were analyzed, and the findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for the reality of smoking, 98.3% were nonsmokers, and 1.7% were smokers. 2. perception of smoking was so high(4.76), 'smoking in pregnancy is bad for embryo(4.88)' was highest, 'dullness of taste(4.56)' was lowest. 3. In the smoking-perception of age, under 23 years was highest(4.78) and it was not shown statistically significant correlation. 4. In the smoking-perception of the school career, dental hygienist from 4-grade system was highest(4.87) and it was shown statistically significant correlation. 5. In the smoking-perception of working place, it was shown in order of health center(4.84±0.30), dental department of general hospital dental hospital, dental clinic and it was shown statistically significant correlation. 6. In the smoking-perception of living place, Dae-jeon·Chung-nam, Je-joo was highest(4.83±0.30) and Seoul was lowest(4.65±0.43). It was shown statistically significant correlation.
  • 17.

    A study on the improvement of dental hygiene curriculums: in comparison with the curriculum segment of the accrediting criteria for dental hygiene education

    Mi-Yeong Hwang | 2008, 8(4) | pp.193~204 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose : The purpose of this study was to make a comparative analysis of the curriculum segment of the dental hygiene education accrediting criteria, one of the six segments of the criteria, and the curriculums of 26 colleges in a bid to provide information on the modification or improvement of the curriculums. Method : The curriculums of 18 three-year-course colleges and eight four-year- course universities were selected, and the courses offered by 10 colleges or more were categorized into three different fields to tabulate the courses: primary education, prevention/education, and clinical dental hygiene. After the courses were analyzed, some of them that were possible to integrate in view of dental hygienist duties were presented in this study as inclusive courses. Results : There was connection among the degree courses of the three-year- course curriculums in the field of primary education. The curriculums failed to keep up with the worldwide globalization trend. 90 credits or more were allocated to major subjects, which satisfied one of the mandatory requirements of the accrediting criteria, and two colleges provided theoretical and practical courses in the ratio of 50:50. A wide variety of personality-education and teaching-profession courses were offered according to each college's circumstances. None of the colleges was equipped with an inclusive curriculum, and there was a tendency for the three-year-course colleges to offer segmented subjects in accordance with the national examination. The courses in the field of prevention and education that are bound up with the job performance of dental hygienists should be integrated into dental hygiene and practice, and the courses in the clinical dental hygiene field should be incorporated into an inclusive course of 치과임상학. The integration of the courses will make it possible to ensure the successful articulation of the different school systems and to stay abreast with the globalization trend. Even just inclusive courses should give more weight to practice than theory to bolster the job performance of dental hygienists, and an inclusive curriculum should be prepared for students to receive activity-centered hands-on education in different semesters.
  • 18.

    A study on the oral-health belief and oral-health care of company employees

    Lim Mi Hee | 2008, 8(4) | pp.205~217 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to provide information on the development of an oral-health promotion program geared toward office workers. The subjects in this study were 240 employees at the headquarters of S construction company. After a survey was conducted in July and August 2008, the answer sheets from 208 respondents were gathered, and 191 answer sheets were analyzed except 17 unanalyzable ones. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. In regard to subjective oral health status, the largest number of the participants that accounted for 37.2% found their mouth to be neither healthy nor unhealthy. The greatest number of them that represented 58.1% had never visited a dentist's office to receive preventive treatment. 2. Regarding relationship between toothbrushing education experience and toothbrushing frequency, the most common toothbrushing frequency was three times a day(46.5%) among the company employees who had ever received that education. In the event of the office workers without that experience, the most prevalent frequency was three times(63.6%). The toothbrushing frequency was statistically significantly different according to the toothbrushing education experience(p<0.05). As to the relationship of toothbrushing education experience to tooth- brushing method, the largest number(48.2%) of those who had ever received that education brushed their upper and lower teeth along with the gums by rotating the toothbrush downward from the top and upward from the bottom respectively. In the event of the office workers without that experience, 49.4 percent brushed their teeth and gums by rotating the toothbrush up and down. Thus, whether they had ever received education about toothbrushing made a statistically significant difference to their toothbrushing method(p<0.05). 3. As a result of evaluating their oral health belief by utilizing a five- point scale, they got a mean of 2.95. In each area of oral health belief, they got the best marks in benefit(3.66), salience(3.42), barrier(2.84), susceptility(2.58) and seriousness(2.23). Given the above-mentioned findings of the study, two sorts of oral health beliefs, which are benefit and salience, should be stressed in the development of oral health education programs that cater to company employees. And sustained research efforts should be channeled into finding out the relationship between oral health belief and actual oral health care.
  • 19.

    A study on the oral health state and oral health care of dental clinic patients

    권미영 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.219~228 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health status and oral health care of adults using dental clinics and the relationship between their oral health state and oral health care. The subjects in this study were 219 patients who visited dental clinics in Gyeonggi province between February and April 2008. A dental checkup and survey were implemented, and SPSS 12.0 program was utilized to analyze the collected data. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The DT, MT and FT rates of the respondents who used oral hygiene supplies respectively stood at 30.7, 24.6 and 24.6 percent, which were all low. The gaps between them and the others were statistically significant. The DMFT index of the users of oral hygiene supplies was 12.3, which was high, but the difference between them and the others was not statistically significant. 2. The DT rate of those who got a dental checkup on a regular basis stood at 20.8 percent, which was low. The gap between them and the others was statistically significant. Both the MT and FT rates of the former numbered 28.8 percent, which was low, but the gap between them and the others was statistically insignificant. The DMFT index of the respondents who got a regular dental checkup was 12.8, which was high, and the gap between them and the others was statistically significant. 3. The DT and FT rates of respondents who had ever had their teeth scaled respectively stood at 24.6 and 27.1 percent, which were both low, and the differences between them and the others were statistically significant. The MT rate of the former was 27.1 percent, which was low, but the gap between them and the others was statistically insignificant. The DMFT index of those who had ever had their teeth scaled was 12.2, which was high, and the gap between them and the others was statistically significant. The above-mentioned findings suggested that there was a very close relationship between oral health care and oral health status. Therefore people in general should be encouraged to pay more attention to their own oral health care, and they should be well informed about how to take care of the oral cavity to promote their oral health.
  • 20.

    The relationship of dietary habits, obesity and level of oral health among elementary school children

    장종화 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.229~240 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to investigate the impact of dietary habits and obesity on level of oral health in the elementary school children and to characterize the relationship among dietary habits, obesity and level of oral health by DMFT index and perceived oral health. Methods : Participants were 314 total students from one elementary school who lived Yeosan. Self-administered questionnaires were given to the subjects from March 25 through May 12, 2008, to identify their the degree of dietary habits, perceived oral health. A trained investigator made an oral examination of them in natural light using a mirror and explorer to determine their DMFT index. We classified the subjects into Data were analyzed with T-test, one-way ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple range test, pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Results : Regarding dietary habit, the subjects achieved a mean of 10.52±3.80 out of a maximum 20 points. The DMFT index in the subject was 0.60±2.03. The group of obesity by gender were 19.2% and 22.5%. Moreover, those who were children and had more severe level of obesity felt that their perceived oral health and DMFT index were higher. There was a significant assocciation of oral health among elementary school children with obesity. Conclusion : These results suggest that oral health behavioral and attitude, dietary habits and obesity influenced the level of oral health. Thus further research targeting to positive attitude toward effective management of childhood obesity combined with significant dietary habits, may lead to promotion of oral health.
  • 21.

    Identification and morphology of scanning electron microscopy(sem) of bacteria isolated from dental biofilm

    Jang Gye Won | 2008, 8(4) | pp.241~248 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, specimens such as tongue, supragingival and subgingival biofilm were taken from total 20 scaling subjects who visited the oral prophylaxis practice lab at department of dental hygienics, J Health College in order to observe bacterial distributions and morphology using scanning electron microscopy(sem). as a result, this study came to the following conclusions: 1. According to observation of tongue, supragingival and subgingival biofilm through sem, it is found that there are round colonies of gram-positive cocci and gram-negative bacilli on blood agar medium. 2. The observation of bacterial morphology on dental biofilm through sem, cocci in chain cocci in cluster and bacillus(rod) respectively. 3. For tongue biofilm, it is found that a variety of bacterial species are detected, such as Granulicatolla adiacens(1), Gemella morbillorum(3), Streptococcus mitis(2), Streptococcus sanguinis(1), Aerococcus viridans (2), Streptococcus equinus(1), Leuconostoc spp.(1), Gemella haemolysans (1) and Lactococcus lactis spp.(1) respectively. 4. For supragingival biofilm, it is found that a variety of bacterial species detected, such as Aerococcus viridans(1), Gemella haemolysans(2), Leuconostoc spp.(2), Gemella morbillorum(1) and Pseudomonas fluoescens (1) respectively. 5. For subgingival biofilm, it is found that a variety of bacterial species detected, such as Leuconostoc spp.(1), Staphylococcus lugdunensis(1) and Streptococcus salivarius(1) respectively.
  • 22.

    A study on the stressors and coping patterns of some dental hygiene students

    박일순 | Lee Sun Hee | 2008, 8(4) | pp.249~261 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors and coping patterns of dental hygiene students in a bid to boost the efficiency of guidance and counseling. Subjects and Method : The subjects in this study were 359 dental hygiene students from some colleges. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 13.0 program. Statistical data on frequency and percentage were obtained, and ANOVA and t-test were utilized. Findings : 1. The dental hygiene students investigated suffered the most stress with excessive workload, and anxiety about the national examination was the greatest stressor. Among the areas of stressors, school life put the most pressure on them(3.25). 2. The most dominant way for the dental hygiene students to handle stress was talking with friends(4.32). Out of the areas of stress-coping patterns, mental coping was most prevalent(2.94), and the least common stress-coping area was physical coping(2.23). 3. As for the relationship between the place where they were raised and stress-coping styles, physical coping and direct coping were more widespread among the students who were brought up in large urban communities than the others. Conclusion : As the dental hygiene students were different in stress-coping styles according to the place where they were grown, educators who nurture dental hygienists should offer customized education and counseling in consideration of where students were brought up.
  • 23.

    Theoretical analysis for the development of early childhood oral health curriculum and developmental case

    Jung Young Ran | 김영경 | 황윤숙 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.263~276 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze theories of curriculum development in an attempt to develop a systematic early childhood oral health curriculum that would be the basis of the lifelong oral health of preschoolers. The findings of the study were as follows; 1. The current kindergarten curriculum just stated that kindergarteners should keep their teeth clean, and no systematic guidelines on what to teach were included. That was hardly expected to provide efficient education on oral health promotion. 2. Preschoolers, teachers and parents were investigated to find out learner needs, and educational objects and what to teach were selected based on their needs and Tyler's Curriculum Development Theory. 3. Most of the early childhood teachers felt the need for oral health education, but faced difficulties in conducting it due to heavy workload. Another reason seemed that they were empowered to provide that education at their option since that was not mandatory. 4. As a result of analyzing the early childhood segments and educational objects of college textbooks on oral health education, every textbook differed from one another. There was a necessity to set up standardized educational objects for early childhood oral health education. 5. Oral health specialists should be involved in the development of early childhood curriculum to ensure the selection of standardized educational objects and contents.
  • 24.

    General aspect of residents in Youngnam area and subjective evaluation about oral health and quality of life along with health activity

    KIM GI HWA | 이정화 | 2008, 8(4) | pp.277~288 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This survey is to increase the quality of life by improved oral health. Total 572 Youngnam area residence joined the survey and answered for the subjects of general aspect & health activity, self-determined oral health status, oral health knowledge, oral health activity, food behavior, OHIP-14,THI, QOL. Survey was analyzed by SPSS ( Ver. 12.0). Result of the study is summarized as follows; 1. Among total 572 residents, women were 58% and 20~29 aged were 35.5%, highest. In academic background, High school graduated were 59.6%. In average monthly income view, Lower than 1.5 million KRW was 43.5%, 49.3% replied drinks 1~3 times a month. No smoking group was 73.1%. No exercise group was 35.5% and every day exercise group was 11.4%. In self evaluating about oral health status question 40.4%(231) replied as bad, which was highest. 2. Women have higher score about oral health knowledge. Woman and Every day exercise group have better score about oral health practice. Man, 40~49 aged, more than 2.51 million KRW avg' income, every day exercise groups has good score about diet related question. 3. OHIP-14 has lower score as age is older, as more income. THI shows higher score from woman, 20-29, more income group and QOL has higher score from more than college educated, every day exercise groups. 4. Similar correlation indexes on QOL are OHIP-14, diet, oral health knowledge, oral health practice listed in order of effect size. Self-determined oral health index is important to improve quality of life along with health activity, especially oral health recognition index is different depends on age and monthly income that addresses it is necessary to deliver training with carefully designed oral health training program development