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2009, Vol.9, No.2

  • 1.

    A study on the job values and job preference of dental hygiene students

    김경미 | 정영란 | 한화진 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the state of career and employment among dental hygiene students in an attempt to get an accurate grip on their preparation for career and employment. And it's also meant to help improve the efficiency of guidance by dental hygiene education institutions for career and employment. The subjects in this study were every dental hygiene student at three different colleges. After a self-administered survey was conducted, the following findings were given: 1. In regard to the future prospects of dental hygienist, 44.2 percent of the students investigated believed that there would be a bright future for dental hygienist, and 55.8 percent didn't agree to that or considered the prospects to be neither bright nor bleak. 2. As to the motivation of choosing the department of dental hygiene, 51.2 percent thought that it was easy for dental hygienists to get a job, and 22.2 percent wanted to be a professional. 3. Concerning preference for workplace, they hoped to work in a hospital-sized or larger institutions including dental hospitals. As to the reason why they wanted a job, 76.2 percent had their sight set on standing on their own feet. 4. As for the top priority for employment, they took interpersonal relationship into account the most(3.63), followed by aptitude(3.52) and working conditions/environments(3.51). 5. In terms of job values by academic year, all the freshmen, sophomores and juniors attached the most importance to interpersonal relationship. By academic standing in the previous semester, the students who got an A, B or C put more value on human relations, and those who got a D gave more weight to social status and fame. The gap between them was statistically significant. As for the impact of the high schools they graduated from, they took the most statistically significant consideration on interpersonal relationship irrespective of their alma mater.
  • 2.

    The study on the state of the elderly oral health and food habits

    권미영 | 김윤신 | 원영순 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.13~24 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the dietary habits and oral health of elderly people in an attempt to pave the way for the development of oral health promotion programs geared toward improving the quality of life of the elderly. The subjects in this study were senior citizens who were selected by convenience sampling from Seoul. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Regarding subjective oral health state, 54.5% of the elderly people, more than the half, considered their mouth to be in good health. The number of their mean remaining permanent teeth was 13.71. 47.5 percent of the senior citizens investigated had no shaking teeth. 2. Those who found themselves to be in good oral health had meals on a regular basis(p=0.022) and ate detergent food often. The gaps between them and the others was significant(p=0.005). In contrast, the elderly people who were in a bad oral health frequently ate cariogenic food(p=0.044). 3. The elderly people who had 21 teeth or more ate detergent food often(p=0.029), and those who owned no teeth had a sweet teeth(p=0.003), ate more cariogenic food(p=0.001) and had a snack frequently(p=0.026). 4. The subjective oral health status had a positive correlation to detergent food intake(r=0.23) and had a slightly negative correlation to preference for sweets(r=-0.14), cariogenic food intake(r=- 0.14) and snack intake(r=-0.06). The number of tooth was positively correlated to detergent food intake(r=0.23) and negatively to preference for sweets(r=0.32), cariogenic food intake(r=-0.30) and snack intake(r=-0.21). The presence or absence of shaking teeth had a positive correlation to snack intake(r=0.14). The above-mentioned findings suggested that the dietary habits of the elderly people had a statistically significant relationship to subjective and objective oral health state, which indicated that there was a close relationship between oral health and dietary habits. Therefore how to improve dietary habits as well as oral health should be taken into account when oral health promotion programs are developed for the sake of the elderly. That would contribute to promoting the oral health of elderly people and eventually boosting their quality of life.
  • 3.

    A study on the periodontal care of dental clinic patients

    고은정 | 이가연 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.25~43 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the periodontal care of dental clinic patients. The subjects in this study were 213 patients who visited four different dental clinics in the region of Geoje. After a survey was conducted, the following findings were given: 1. In regard to the prevention of periodontal diseases, 52.1 percent of the patients investigated received treatment at a dental clinic when their gums were swollen or bleeding, and the way they responded to their swollen or bleeding gums was significantly different according to age, occupation(p<.01) and academic credential(p<.001). 31.0 percent got their teeth scaled to take care of their gums, and how to take care of the gums differed significantly with age, occupation, academic background(p<.001) and monthly income(p<.01). As to yearly preventive treatment frequency for periodontal diseases, 22.5 percent received treatment to prevent any possible periodontal diseases once a year, and age, educational background(p<.01) and occupation(p<.05) made a significant difference to that. By occupation, the company employees received more preventive treatment. As many as 66.7 percent intended to receive education on the prevention of periodontal diseases if there would be any chance, and gender and age(p<.001) made a significant differences to that. 2. As for oral health care habits, 52.1 percent brushed their teeth in a mixed way, up and down and right and left, and the women did that up and down more than the men. Those who were in their 30s did toothbrushing in the mixed way the most, and gender(p<.05), age(p<.05) and academic credential(p<.001) made a significant difference to that. Concerning daily mean toothbrushing frequency, 43.7 percent did that three times a day, and the women who did that three times outnumbered the men who did. The daily mean toothbrushing frequency varied significantly with gender(p<.01). By occupation and education, the professionals and better educated patients were significantly different from the others in that regard(p<.01). As to the use of an interdental brush, 57.3 percent had ever used it, and those who were better educated, who had a larger monthly income(p<01) and who were professionals(p<.001) were significantly different from their counterparts in that aspect. As to scaling experience, as many as 68.5 percent had ever had their teeth scaled, and those who were in their 30s had done that the most. Age made a significant difference to that(p<.01), and the professionals, larger income earners and better educated patients were significantly different from their counterparts in that regard(p<.001). The findings of the study justified the necessity and importance of periodontal care, and the prevention of periodontal diseases, regular dental checkup and the development of oral health education programs were required.
  • 4.

    Relationships between physical pain and preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases among dental hygiene students

    정유선 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.45~56 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationships between the degree of physical pain and the knowledge and preventive actions of musculoskeletal diseases among dental hygiene students with a potential risk of contracting those diseases and thus to help them prevent them. A survey was taken among 207 sophomores and juniors specializing in dental hygiene at S1 and S2, Gyeonggi Province in the area of physical pain, knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases, and preventive actions against them. The findings were as follows: 1. The mean scores of the sophomore in the knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases were 6.20 ± 2.21, and those of the juniors were 6.72 ± 2.29. The mean scores of the sophomores and juniors in the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases were 22.50 ± 2.37 and 22.29 ± 3.01, respectively. 2. The subjects displayed severe physical pain in the lower back, shoulder, and neck in the descending order and medium physical pain in the neck, shoulder, and lower back in the descending order. 3. The higher level knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases they had, the less physical pain they felt. And there were significant differences among the shoulder, lower back, hip, ankle, and foot. 4. There were relationships between physical pain and the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases in "placing the hands at the height of the elbows during treatment", "reducing such positions as bending and extending during treatment", "narrowing the distance with the patient", "taking regular breaks during treatment for recovery", "trying not to incline the neck, back, arm, and wrist as much as possible", and "trying to keep the torso in the neutral position." 5. As for the education about musculoskeletal diseases, 74 sophomores(88.10%) and 102 juniors(89.74%) answered they received no such education. The results suggest that there should be some instructions to help dental hygiene students practice the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases and further prevention programs against those diseases.
  • 5.

    Stress factors by personality type of students department of dental hygiene who will take national examination soon and countermeasures

    Heo Nam Suk | 박정희 | 김은희 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.57~71 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to investigate the stress factors of students in Dental Hygiene Department who will soon take the national examination, corresponding countermeasures and relationship of internal and external personality. On the basis of the results from investigation, this study will identify the methods to effectively cope with stress and to take the national examination with more positive thinking for the students and faculty members in Dental Hygiene Department, who have to pass the difficult test, the national examination. The structured questionnaires were given to junior students in Dental Hygiene Department in three colleges, to identify the stress factors, methods to deal with stress and A/B personality types. For the stress factor by field, the M college showed significantly higher stress about curriculum and assignment than the C college. In the stress factor analysis by item, the lack of information on national examination in the test area, all items in learning environment, a quantity of assignment that doesn't help the preparation of national examination in the assignment area, and lack of information on employment in job area demonstrated the significant difference(pE0.05). For the methods of subjects to deal with stress, several subcategories of long-term and short-term adaptation had significance. In case of the methods to deal with stress by personality type, B type in the short-term adaptation method in M college and A type in the long-term adaptation method in C college were significantly higher(pE0.05). As for the correlation between the population sociological features and stress factors by personality type, health status had the high correlation with test in the test area. In other areas, the travel hours to school showed the significant correlation. The higher the records were, the longer the travel hours were and the better the health status was, the higher the long-term adaptation method scores were. Moreover, the personality of A type showed the higher scores in the long-term adaptation method than that of B type. The health status and personality type showed the significant correlation(pE0.05). In conclusion, it is required to prevent any situations b identify the personality type and stress reasons of the students in Dental Hygiene Department who will take the national examination soon. The additional requirement is the continuing interest and counseling of faculty members to help students to cope with stress with positive attitude.
  • 6.

    A study on recognition and practice of dental hygiene students for Infection control dental hygiene major courses

    이지영 | 정미경 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.73~88 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the study was to provide the basic for the prevention of infection control by analyzing the level of recognition and practice of dental hygiene students. It is important for dental clinic staffs to know and practice infection control measures in favor of effective infection control. Thus, this study conducted an one-month questionnaire survey (during October 2008) for dental hygiene students who ever experienced in 16-week clinical practice, and analyzed total 206 questionnaire forms as collected from them, so that it could determine potential associations between their recognition and practice of infection control and thereby suggest an efficient solution for infection control in dental hygiene. 1. It was found that our students' recognition about infection control averaged 4.49±.58 points on the whole, and they were best aware of instrumental disinfection and sterilization among other measures, which was followed by hand washing, extirpation control, post-sterilization management, personal protective outfit and instrumental surface maintenance respectively. 2. It was found that our students' practice of infection control averaged 3.85±.57 points on the whole, and they practiced hand washing most actively among other measures, which was followed by extirpation control, post-sterilization management, instrumental disinfection and sterilization, personal protective outfit and instrumental surface maintenance respectively. 3. It was found that our students scored higher mean points in recognition about every measure of infection control than those in practice (t= 15.676, p=0.000). Particularly, it was notable that there were significant differences between their mean points in recognition and practice of some infection control measures, such as instrumental surface maintenance (t= 15.361, p=0.000), personal protective outfit (t=15.245, p=0.000) and instrumental disinfection and sterilization (t=11.169, p=0.000). But there was least significant difference between mean points in recognition and practice of hand washing (t=5.460, p=0.000). 4. For potential associations between recognition and practice of infection control, it was found that higher recognition was in significantly positive associations with higher practice in every measure of infection control (r=.478, p=.000), such as extirpation control (r=.630, p=.000), instrumental disinfection and sterilization (r=.477, p=.000) and post-sterilization management (r=.433, p=.000). 5. It was found that there were differences in our students' recognition depending upon availability of infection control guideline (t=4.587, p=.011), and there were significant differences in practice depending on necessity of infection control education on a statistical basis (t=2.229, p=.027). Overall, it is found that our dental hygiene students are very likely to practice hand washing and extirpation control, because both of these measures are relatively easy to practice or are considered legally binding.
  • 7.

    A study on the oral health recognition and oral health education for man high school students

    유미선 | 구경미 | 김윤정 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.89~98 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study did question, and got following conclusion to ready necessary basic data to develop school oral health educational programs because grasp 388 man high school students in Jeolla-bukdo Namwon per June, 2008 realization about oral health and oral health education actual conditions. 1. Students of 56.7% recognized own oral health as is not healthy in realization about subjective oral health, and students of 72.2% were interested in oral health, and was recognizing oral fitness by important health problems. 2. Oral health realization by class was significant difference in toothbrushing reason, cause of dental caries, cause of periodontal disease. Students who respond that know adjusted water fluoridation did only for 10.3%, and it was 43.0% of students who responded that students of 57.0% do toothbrushing because of draft cleanliness, and responds that cause of dental caries is food dregs. 3. Responded that 87.1% is right toothbrushing by oral disease preservative, and next time was on-time oral medical examination 79.4%, smoking resection 58.5%, sugar intake limitation 55.4% round. 4. Students, who oral health education by interest degree of oral health is interested in oral health, is oral health educational experience and the need rate, participation intention was high when educate.
  • 8.

    A study on the professional identity of dental hygienists

    이선미 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.99~109 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting the professional identity of dental hygienists in an attempt to raise awareness of the necessity of professional identity building for dental hygienists, to spread awareness of dental hygienist as one of professions, and to boost the pride of dental hygienists. The subjects in this study were 268 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The dental hygienists investigated got a mean of 3.44, 3.81 and 3.46 on professional identity, professional attitude and job satisfaction respectively. 2. In regard to the relationship of the general characteristics to professional identity, those who were older, whose career was longer, who worked in public dental clinics and who were married were statistically significantly ahead of their counterparts in that aspect. 3. Concerning connections between the general characteristics and professional attitude, age, career and marital status made statistically significant differences to that. As to links between the general characteristics and job satisfaction, there were statistically significant intergroup gaps according to age, career, service area, martial status and the field of job. 4. As for the correlation of the variables, better professional identity led to better professional attitude and higher job satisfaction. 5. In relation to factors affecting professional identity, better professional attitude, longer career and higher job satisfaction had a better impact on professional identity. Those factors made a 55% prediction of that.
  • 9.

    A literature review on expansion of dental hygienists radiography operations

    최영숙 | 장종화 | 김진경 and 1other persons | 2009, 9(2) | pp.111~124 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes through the review of literature and laws the exposure time, clinical frequency, and radiation exposure of intraoral and extraoral radiography as well as of panoramic radiography performed by dental hygienists in dental clinics, compares the dental radiology curriculums of radiological science and dental hygiene departments, and proposes the expansion of dental hygienists' radiography operations. The radiology curriculums were compared between the radiological science and dental hygiene departments of colleges. For new analysis by radiography for dental diagnosis, the exposure time, radiation absorbed dose, effective dose, and number of days of natural radiation were compared by the type of oral radiation films and radiographical techniques proposed by domestic and international studies. The exposure time of panoramic radiography is 15 seconds and it takes about two minutes for completion, whereas the exposure time of the standard radiography is 0.2 ~ 0.8 seconds and it takes 10 times longer for completion of the radiography of full mouth than the panoramic radiography. The standard radiography can cause distortions of radiation at severely curved parts of dental arch and palatopharyngeal reflex. However, panoramic radiography can be performed even for lock jaw patients, causes less inconvenience to patients and is much simpler than the standard radiography. The percentage of dental clinics where radiography is performed by dental hygienists was 92.0%, and the percentage of standard film radiography by dental hygienists was 98% whereas the percentage of panoramic radiography by dental hygienists was 92%. For the absorbed dose which is an indicator of radiation exposure, the When the effective dose which is an indicator of the danger of radiation exposure was converted to the number of days of natural radiation, it was 3.3 days for panoramic radiography, but 13.9 days for the full mouth standard radiography by bisecting angle technique which was 4.2 times longer than the panoramic radiography. There were two colleges that had a dental radiology course with two credits in the departments of radiological science. The credits for dental radiology courses in the department of dental hygiene ranged varied by college, ranging from 3 to 8; on average, the theory course was 2.2 credits and the practice course was 2.02 credits. To summarize the above results, the percentage of dental clinics where panoramic radiography is performed by dental hygienists under the guidance of dentists is high. Panoramic radiography has become an essential facility for dental clinics. It is faster than standard film radiography and less dangerous due to low radiation exposure. Panoramic radiography is a simple mechanical job that does not require training of oral radiography by radiotechnologist. Because panoramic radiography is one of major operations which must be performed at all times in dental clinics, it must be designated as intraoral technique rather than extraoral technique, or legalized for inclusion in the scope of operations of dental hygienists.
  • 10.

    A study on the knowledge and awareness of some health-related and health-unrelated majors about Hepatitis B

    정기옥 | 김주영 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.125~136 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the recognition of the infection routes, symptoms and treatments of HBV by students of health-related departments so as to help students learn correct knowledge about hepatitis B and provide the basic data for establishment of oral health policies to prevent hepatitis B and improve the quality of infection management. For the subjects of this study, 666 students of health-related departments and other departments of universities in Daegu City, Gyeongbuk Province were arbitrarily chosen and given a questionnaire. Then the questionnaires collected between October 1st and 31st, 2007 were analyzed. Major findings from this study are summarized below. 1. Regarding general characteristics of the subjects, 311 were students of health-related departments and 355 were students of other departments. 55.9% of the health-related department students and 49.0% of the other department students received immunization against hepatitis. 36.0% of the health-related department students and 31.6% of the other department students had antibodies. 2. Regarding the recognition of the infection routes of HBV, the right answer “Infected through placenta” was chosen by more juniors(94.4%), sophomores(93.8%) and freshmen(74.1%) of health-related departments than other students in this order (P<0.05). The answer “Infected through sexual intercourse” was chosen by the highest percentage(75.0%) of juniors followed by freshmen(69.2%) and sophomores(31.9%) (P<0.05). 3. The percentages of health-related department students who knew that “HBV can develop into hepatic cirrhosis or liver cirrhosis were the highest among juniors(88.9%), freshmen(87.7%) and sophomores(68.8%) in this order(P<0.05). Among the other department students, the percentages of right answers to the question “Acute HBV infection shows jaundice” were the highest among juniors(75.0%), sophomores(74.8%) and freshmen(58.7%)(P<0.05).
  • 11.

    On the awareness and satisfaction of parents with sedation therapy of children visiting pediatric dentistry

    민희홍 | 이미라 | 지민경 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.137~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In pediatric dentistry, sedation therapy is one of methods for managing children’s behavior, and various types of sedation therapy are being used. Thus, this study surveyed the awareness of and satisfaction with sedation therapy in 204 parents who visited the Pediatric Dentistry using a self-administered questionnaire during the period from June to December 2008 in order to get information necessary in behavior management for pediatric patients, and obtained results as follows. 1. The most common path of learning about sedation therapy was dentistry (49.5%), and the most common reason for choosing sedation therapy was ‘The child was young’ (42.3%), which was followed by ‘The child is too afraid’(18.8%), ‘There are many teeth to be treated’(16.0%),‘ To adjust the number of visits’(11.3%), and‘ For behavior management’(3.1%). 2. Most of the parents felt anxiety about sedation therapy, and the reasons for the anxiety were ‘The child was young’(33.0%), ‘Worry about side effects’(31.3%), ‘Worry about recovery of consciousness’(25.7%),‘ Worry about the blunting of intellectual abilities’(7.6%), and others (2.4%). 3. Satisfaction with sedation therapy was higher in men than in women, and was high in order of ‘Stationing of an anesthetist,’‘One time completion of treatment’, and ‘Cautions.’Statistically significant difference was observed between men and women only in question“ Have you ever heard about sedation therapy?”(p=0.018). 4. According to age, satisfaction with sedation therapy was highest in parents whose child was less than 48 months old. Satisfaction was high in order of ‘Stationing of an anesthetist,’‘One time completion of treatment’, and ‘Cautions,’‘Choice of sedation therapy’, and statistically significant difference was observed according to age only in question“ Have you ever heard about sedation therapy?”(P=0.005). 5. Positive correlation was observed among questions on satisfaction with sedation therapy. In the survey on the awareness of and satisfaction with sedation therapy in parents visiting the dentistry, awareness and satisfaction were generally high with regard to the parents’choice of sedation therapy, but many of the parents answered that they chose sedation therapy and felt anxiety because their child was young. The results of this study need to be considered for behavior management in pediatric dentistry and there should be systematic education and promotion of sedation therapy.
  • 12.

    Assist works as to implant system which dental hygienists perform in a clinical field

    남용옥 | 김선숙 | 김민자 and 1other persons | 2009, 9(2) | pp.147~163 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was attempted in order to look into 'Assist work' as to Implant system which dental hygienists perform in a clinical field. Subjects of this research were 362 dental hygienists who work at general hospital, University hospital, dental hospital, and dental clinics located in Seoul, Kyeong-gi, In-chon, and Jeon-buk area. As to research tool, we produced questionnaire which was comprised of the total 25 items regarding 3 of general features (age, career of dental hygienist, and personality), 6 of implant system assist work, 3 of Informed consent before surgery ,6 of preoperative preparation and maintenance related business, and 7 items related to postoperative maintenance. By using SPSS program, collected data was analyzed. Results of analysis in this study were as follow; 1. As to implant related education, dental hygienists' experience of education was high as 77.7%, and the people who is needed more education was 86.3%. Consequently, dental hygienists' concern about the implant related education was very high. 2. It was observed that most of informed consent making approvement by announcement to the surgical operation was made by dental hygienist before implant as 95%. 3. Over 80% of dental hygienists performed acquisition of cleanliness technology, motivation, back up articles preparation, treatment area arrangement, and etc. which we can check by preoperative maintenance items. In particular, response about the motivation was very high as more than 90%. 4. When performing an operation, in the case of disinfecting finger was low for 53.9% and the method was mainly washing with drug solution, and gown sterilization was performed only in 52.2%. Therefore education regarding disinfection was urgently needed. 5. Significance of education could be known that answers of hygienists experienced education appeared highly in items of maintenance method and there was statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 6. In case that assist work were 21cases or greater, agitation measurement was the most many performed in 68.9% and difference was showed up significantly(p<0.001). 7. Evaluation about periodontal tissue was high in dental hygienists who had experienced education and also there was statistically significant difference. In conclusion, assist work of dental hygienists was very comprehensive when implant surgery was performed, and all of items excluding hand disinfection or gown disinfection were highly showed up in most of hygienists. However, since there is the limit that we didn't investigate the quality of performing contents. It is considered that further study regarding the content has to be progressed for supporting this result in the future.
  • 13.

    A study on the comprehensive oral prophylaxis care at G university

    이은숙 | 박정란 | 최미숙 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.165~178 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to provide basic information for improving oral health and dental hygiene through comprehensive dental hygiene care. The subjects in this study were 54 patients who had been treated for 4 weeks in clinic of the Dental Hygiene Department of G University under comprehensive dental hygiene control and care and measured their oral condition, intensity of oral malodor, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI), and Modified Personal Hygiene Performance Index (PHP-M), and surveyed their oral health behavior and oral health consciousness. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The intensity of malodor decreased by 16.49ppb from 75.33ppb on the first visit to 50.84ppb on the last visit when the comprehensive dental hygiene care had been finished. 2. As to change in S-OHI according to gender between the first visit and the last visit for comprehensive dental hygiene care, S-OHI decreased from 2.89 on the first visit to 1.16 on the last visit, and the difference was statistically highly significant. 3. As to change in PHP-M index by tooth according to gender and age between the first visit and the last visit, PHP-M index of the first 6 teeth decreased very significantly from 0.50 on the first visit to 0.34 on the last visit. 4. As a whole, significant improvement was observed in every tooth. According to gender and age, PHP-M index for Tooth No. 26, 36 and 32 decreased significantly in men and women, and those aged under 30 and those aged 30 or over, but for Tooth No. 13 and 15 and 44 it decreased significantly only in men and those aged 30 or over, and for Tooth No. 44 only in men. As presented above, the oral health behavior and oral health consciousness of the visitors to the oral prophylaxis practice room are very important, and it is necessary to enhance their interest in and knowledge of how to improve oral health. Furthermore, comprehensive dental hygiene care required for improving the visitors’ oral health.
  • 14.

    A study on the needs of dental hygiene students in a region for the credit bank system for a bachelor’s degree

    김미정 | 이혜경 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.179~191 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the needs of dental hygiene students at a lifelong education center of a three-year-course college for a credit bank system. The subjects in this study were 200 dental hygiene students at a college located in J, which offered courses of a credit bank system. A survey was conducted from May 19 to 23, 2008, to gather data on the acquisition of a bachelor's degree and the credit bank system, and the answer sheets from 184 respondents(92%) were collected. After the collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 12.0 program, the following findings were given: 1. In regard to an intention of taking a bachelor's degree, the largest number of the students investigated( 74.5%) intended to do that if they had any chance. As for the reason, 55.6% wanted to get the degree in pursuit of their own personal development. 2. Concerning how to win a bachelor's degree, the largest group that accounted for 63.0% preferred the credit bank systems of college lifelong education centers. 41.8% got interested in the credit bank system mainly because their acquaintances informed them of it. It shows that colleges should reinforce publicity activities if they want to offer the credit bank system. 3. The quality of educational programs and cost had an impact on the choice of an educational institution when they planned to get a bachelor's degree from the credit bank system. Therefore excellent educational programs should be provided, and the government should provide learners with economic help and fund educational institutions. 4. As to comparison of a regular college and the credit bank system as a way to get a bachelor's degree, that was considered to be helpful for finding a job(a mean of 3.39) and for the development of sociability(3.22). That was also deemed to be of use for the improvement of practical job performance, to win public recognition and to be helpful for being well-cultivated, though not many students had those opinions. They took a different view according to academic year(p<.05). 5. Regarding the expected effects of getting a degree from the credit bank system, the greatest group expected it to step up their personal development(3.85). The second largest group expected it to boost job efficacy(3.30), and the students whose academic year was higher had a better opinion. 6. As for future directions for the credit bank system, the largest group put emphasis on the improvement of social perception through intensive P.R. and the enhancement of the qualifications of professors and lecturers(4.02). These opinions were more stressed by the juniors than by the sophomores and seniors, and academic year made a significant difference to their views(p<.05).
  • 15.

    The perceived oral health status of elderly people in Jeolla province

    김은미 | 이향님 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.193~205 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to use the result as basic resources for oral health project for elderly people. we found the needs of oral health project and perceived oral health status, oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior of elderly people. we conducted a study on 194 elderly more than 60 years living in several social welfare facility, asylum, or care centers in Jeolla province. Through selffilled questionnaires and direct interviews from December 2008 to January 2009. The obtained result were as follows. 1. In perceived oral health status, 57.7% of respondents said they have hypersensitivity and 42.8% of respondents needed denture. 2. In oral health promoting behavior, 67.0% of respondents said they didn’t have any tooth brushing and 45.9% of respondents said they haven’t visited to dentist for the last year. 3. In oral health knowledge, 94.8% of respondents gave correct answers on dental caries prevention but only 7.2% of respondents gave correct answers on dental caries cause. 4. In oral health attitude, 40.2% of respondents said they don’t recognize the importance of oral hygiene devices. 46.9% of respondents the unnecessary to see a dentist even though they don’t have toothache. 5. Needs of oral health project, 53.6% of respondents said they wanted to have a dentist come over their house. Therefore, oral health projects should have vehicles of dental treatment equipment. It is necessary to visit places where elderly people live and treat them in person. Also, it is vital to continue educate people about oral health knowledge in a systematic way to change their attitude toward oral health. Moreover, it is necessary to implement oral health promotion behavior more proactively.
  • 16.

    A survey research on working environment and job importance in dental coordinator

    원복연 | 이가연 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.207~220 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study researched into literature materials in order to utilize basic data on job importance in dental coordinator, and analyzed questionnaire on job importance in dental coordinator for about 2 months from August and September in 2008 targeting dental hygienists and other manpower for dental hospitals & clinics where are located in D region and neighboring region. The following are the results: 1. Dental hospital & clinics where dental coordinators work were surveyed to be totally 66.9%. Dental coordinators were indicated to be 71.1% as for dental hospital°§clinic(women), and to be 28.4% as for a case with none. There was significant difference according to final academic degree and working place(P<.001). 2. License holders(women) for dental hygienist as dental coordinator accounted for 39.8%. The opposite case accounted for 60.2%. A case of doing duty of dental coordinator given not dental hygienist was indicated to be high. There was significant difference according to working place(p<.01). 3. The task importance on job that a dental coordinator directly performs was indicated to be averagely 3.24, thereby having been recognized to be important. 4. As for the recognition on job importance according to working-year number, it was indicated to have higher recognition on task importance in the more working-year number regarding customer management(p<.01), organization management(p<.05), and self-management(p<.01). 5. Given seeing difference in recognition on task importance according to medical institution, it was indicated to be 3.34 for dental clinic and 3.25 for dental hospital. Thus, the task importance was indicated to be slightly high in a person who works for dental clinic. There was no significant difference. In light of the above results, in order to educate dental coordinator who can successfully perform a role at dental hospital & clinic, a dental hygienist is required who is equipped with dental-clinic career rather than a person without a major. A professionally educational program for dental coordinator needs to be developed. Even in a dental coordinator's task, there is necessity for the curricular development and the specialized education.
  • 17.

    A comparative study on the oral health impact profile in two urban area

    김설희 | 박인숙 | 2009, 9(2) | pp.221~228 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of oral health impact profile in two urban area The respondents enrolled in this study were elderly people aged 65years from Gwang-ju city, Sunchon city. A total of 371 participants(Gwang-ju city 161, Sunchon city 210) analyzed. The contents of the research were social demographic characteristics, self perceived need for dental care, attributes related to denture, dental visiting pattern, the perceptions regarding dental health condition, and OHIP-14. 1. In the comparison Two urban area, the perceptions regarding dental health condition, self perceived need for dental care, dental visiting pattern was statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 2. Among the 7 OHIP-14 subscales, the mean scores of physcial disability were significantly higher in two urban area(p<0.05). 3. The Social demographic characteristics, OHIP-14 represented a statistically significant difference related to gender, age and denture use(p<0.05). Through this research, Both Gwang-ju city and Sunchon city was found that eldery people was more negative impact of physcial disability on oral health related quality of life. Therefore need to oral health program for improving oral health in the eldery people.