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2009, Vol.9, No.3

  • 1.

    The implement status of dental hygiene curriculum in Korea and the comparison with the US ADA standard

    Sookhyang Kim | Sanghwan Oh | Minkang Kim and 1other persons | 2009, 9(3) | pp.229~247 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to provide the improvement basis for Dental Hygiene education program by analyzing the current implement status of Dental Hygiene curriculum in Korea and comparing the status with the US ADA standard. The researcher analyzed the Dental Hygiene syllabus limiting “Dental prophxis”, “Comprehensive dental hygiene”subjects only from 31 universities which offer 3 years program. The main interest was to figure the implementing status of the curriculum and to compare the actual teaching content with the CODA 2-17 standard. The results show that there are a number of problems in implementing the Dental Hygiene courses among different universities. First, there is a significant inconsistence among schools in terms of course title, total credit, hours, the ratio for theory and practice, etc. In addition, there is a big gap between the actual content of Dental Hygiene courses and the essential/required content of CODA 2-17 standard. For instance, most of the Dental Hygiene programs in Korea cover the overall assessment stage content and some of implementation stage content. However, very few programs deal with the planning and evaluation stage content. To improve these problematic circumstance a number of suggestions were made. Developing the standardized curriculum for the Dental Hygiene program might be one of the major solutions. Next, the regular accreditation and/or assessment system for the Dental Hygiene program should be developed. This research can provide the basis for the need to assess and improve the Dental Hygiene curriculum.
  • 2.

    A study of subjective oral health actual condition in elementary school teachers, Daegu area

    최성숙 | 류혜겸 | 김재도 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.248~261 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objective : This study was performed in order to figure out Oral Health Actual Condition in Elementary School Teachers in Deagu area. This study was conducted from March through May 2008. Method : A total of three hundred and ten Elementary School Teachers were surveyed. The collected data were analyzed by Oral Health Actual Condition and cognition, Diet habit or living and one's own intellect health state, Oral disease sign symptoms of percent and 2-test and One-way ANOVA test by using SPSS12.0 Program. Results : 1. The most of result Frequencies of tooth brushing per one day were 3 over 91.0% and Oral Examination, Oral Health Education need. 2. The result of oral disease sign and symptom were hypersensitivity due to cold food( 39.0%), halitosis( 21.6%), gingival bleeding tendency(21.3), clicking sound on TMJ(18.7%), hypersensitivity due to tooth burshing(17.1%), easy crown fracture and to be fine(10.0%), pain on TMJ or limitation of mouth opening(7.1%). 3. The most of result age a group oral hygiene assistance article age 20 for interdental tooth brushing( 46.4%), age 50 over not used interdental tooth brushing 38.5%. 4. The result of sign and symptom and snack following was statistically significant(P<0.05), health of own cognition and Oral health of own cognition was statistically significant(P<0.001). Conclusion : The study of understanded the Subjective Elementary School Teachers Oral Health Actual Condition and Promotion of Oral Health follow up Oral examination and Oral Health Education have to system groping
  • 3.

    A study on the effects of counseling on some dental hygiene students

    Lee Sun Hee | 2009, 9(3) | pp.262~281 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the perception of dental hygiene students about the necessity and effects of counseling. The subjects in this study were 273 sophomores, juniors and seniors at a college located in a rural community. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed with SPSS WIN 13.0 program. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. They gave a mean of 3.53 when they were asked about the effects of counseling, which indicated that they had a high opinion on that. 2. They didn’t receive counseling often, as they got a mean of 3.22. The largest group of the students who accounted for 64.5 percent received counseling once or twice. 3. They didn’t hope to take a lot of counseling on school life. They gave a mean of 3.37 to that. 4. They wanted to receive counseling on employment the most(45.4%), followed by academic standing(29.3%). Counselors should inform students of how to study to boost academic achievement when they provide counseling, and they should treat them with sincerity. In addition, students should be advised that not only specific students but everybody are eligible for counseling.
  • 4.

    A study on the implementation of infection control at dental offices

    우승희 | 임근옥 | 곽정숙 and 1other persons | 2009, 9(3) | pp.282~293 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of infection control implemented at dental offices and factors affecting it in an attempt to help promote the health of dental health care workers. The subjects in this study were 180 medical personnels who worked at dental offices in the region of South Jeolla Province. A self-administered survey was conducted from April 1 to May 30, 2008, and the collected data were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for the implementation of infection control at the dental offices, what the health care workers investigated did the most was post-treatment hand washing(95.0), a constant separation of infectious wastes(94.4), wearing rubber gloves all the time during medical instrument cleansing( 92.8) and pre-treatment hand washing(91.7). 2. In regard to the implementation of infection control at the dental offices, what the dental personnels did the least was drying their hands with air(5.0), wearing goggles in times of treatment( 23.3), receiving regular education on infection control(26.7) and putting sterilizers to a performance test on a regular basis(43.9). 3. The dental health care workers were significantly different according to age in the management of contagious diseases(p=0.005). Their career made a significant difference to the management of contagious diseases(p=0.000) and instrument cleansing/sterilization(p=0.043). The service area made a significant difference to wearing and managing personal protective clothes(p=0.040) and waste management(p=0.040). 4. Concerning the relationship between the acquisition of dental hygienist certificate and the practice of infection control, whether the dental health care workers were certified or not made no significant difference to that. 5. As to the correlation among the factors affecting the prevention and management of contagious diseases, there was a positive correlation among hand washing(r=0.379), wearing and managing personal protective clothes(r=0.349), instrument cleansing/sterilization(r=0.323) and waste management(r=0.388). All the factors made a statistically significant difference to the prevention and management of contagious diseases(p<0.01).
  • 5.

    A survey on dental hygiene students’ senses of employment

    전미진 | 최문실 | 박정수 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.294~305 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey on the senses of employment so that it could provide a basic reference required for good human resources specializing in oral health with responsibility as professional. Methods : To meet these goals, a self-administrated questionnaire survey was conducted to dental hygiene college students in Gwang-ju. Results : 1. It was found that 30.7% respondents wanted to be employed as government officials of oral health. Most respondents 37.4% answered that faithfulness is the highest value as prerequisite for employment in hospital. 2. It was found that interpersonal relationships among employees had most significant effects 4.58 score on selection of employment, which was followed by in-house welfare benefit (hospital size, rest room, ect; 4.31). 3. The survey on respondents’occupational sense was represented by hospital/clinic management and dental management support 25.2%, oral health education 22.7%, oral disease prevention 19.7% respectively. Conclusion : For future social awareness about dental hygienists as occupation, desirable training courses as a part of qualification for professional dental hygienists were represented by case management (services, manners, ect;25.0%), implant (22.8%), esthetics 14.7% and so on. As for working years, it was noted that 13.2% respondents would keep working as dental hygienists as long as they could.
  • 6.

    Actual conditions and recognition of dental hygienists for the smoking

    Jeong Min Seong | 황지민 | Jinkyung Kim and 6other persons | 2009, 9(3) | pp.306~318 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : There were reports about the decreasing of quit-smoking ratio because of taking professional advices. This study were to investigate smoking prevalence rate of the dental hygienist study in nationwide and quit-smoking counseling activity for patients in dental clinic. Methods : The registered Korea Dental Hygienists Association Meeting in 2005 were recruited as subjects. The personal surveyed, 486(87.7%) returned completed questionnaires. Results : The smoking rate of dental hygienist is 3.1%, past smoking rate 1.4% and smoking cessation 95.5%. In smoking cessation counseling activity, only 20.8% of dental hygienist would advise to quit smoking. However, 63.8% intended to advise to quit smoking but they have no idea about quit smoking program and 15.4% had no intention of advising to quit. It is a whole consent that Smoking dental hygienist is tend to against smoking and necessary training about smoking cessation same opinion. Conclusions : Dental hygienist is more effective for health care professional to help people stop smoking, therefore dental hygienist is important for them to have through knowledge of subject and confidence in their role in smoking cessation.
  • 7.

    Psychosocial distress of dental hygienists’and their related factors

    한세영 | Young-Chae Cho | 민희홍 and 1other persons | 2009, 9(3) | pp.319~328 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The levels of psychosocial stresses of dental hygienist were analyzed to reveal the various factors related to them. The self-administered questionnaires were performed, to 276 dental hygienist in Daejeon City. Univariate analysis and multiple regression were performed with survey results, in which a degree of psychosocial stress was dependent variable and others were independent variable. 1. In terms of various levels of psychosocial stress according to the higher level of stress was found in the group of lower age, unmarried, and without spare times for hobby activities, the group with shorter-term job career, lower salary, and stress was found in the group who think that their job is considered as low position or their job is not high position in society or their prospect about job is discouraging, the group without regularly exercise, without regularly eating habits, in the group with higher level of job demand, lower job autonomy, and lower social support from colleagues in work than their respective counterparts. 2. Concerning correlation between psychosocial stress and various factors, while level of stress was negatively correlated with age, job career, salary, socioeconomic status of oneself, socioeconomic status of dental hygienist, future status of dental hygienist, job autonomy, social support from superiors, social support from colleagues, social support, but it was positively correlated with job demand. 3. Multiple regression revealed that the factors which influence on psychosocial stress included hobby activities, sleeping hours, job demand, which has explanatory powers of 29.9%. Therefore, to reduce of stress of dental hygienists, it is required to develop an effective strategy that institutional support for improvement of job environments and research for them be revitalized.
  • 8.

    A research on the job satisfaction of dental hygienists an area in Jellabuk-do - The focus of management system -

    천혜원 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.329~343 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose : This study was to figure out the factors affecting the job satisfaction of dental hygienists working in dental clinics. To gain the data to establish the systems for enhancing the job satisfaction of the dental hygienists. This research has been conducted dental hygienists working in dental clinics institutes located in Jeonju and Iksan city, Jeollabuk-do, korea. Methods : The collected data were analyzed by using an SPSS statistical program, obtaining the following results. Result : The average satisfactory level of the dental hygienists was 3.45 out of 5 points. The most important factor affecting of the job satisfaction was the relationship with patients as 3.83 points and the least influencing factor was the compensation as 3.09 points. The management system and the satisfactory level were also correlated. For each of details, communication structure and working environment showed the highest correlation with Pearson’s correlation coefficient of 0.610. Among the management system the general job satisfaction according to the communicational structure was higher when they had better communication with dentists. Among the management system, the job satisfaction according to structural factors was higher when they have manuals for the job, when their job is taken partial charge of the responsibility As for job satisfaction by the welfare support factor in the clinic management system, the better an informal social gathering, the higher general job satisfaction. As for job satisfaction by the job autonomy factor in the clinic management system, the more evenly distributed job opportunities and chances of reeducation for professional development led to higher general job satisfaction. Conclusion : The compensation-related grade was the lowest among the 6 constituent factors of the job satisfaction, it seems that improvement of wages and incentives is required to enhance the satisfaction of the dental hygienists. Also, improving factors affecting the management system of the dental service institute can increase the job satisfaction since the job satisfaction was higher when the institutes have the better management system.
  • 9.

    Research on the subjective status of oral cavity’s health following senior citizens’characteristics

    박정란 | 이연경 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.344~356 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    To identify subjective health status of senior citizens’oral health following senior citizens’general characteristics and knowledge and behavior for the oral hygiene, this research conducted individual interview with 237 senior citizens in some parts of Seoul. The results are as follows. 1. Degree of senior citizens’knowledge on the oral hygiene is about Middle. Among the categories on the senior citizens’knowledge on the oral hygiene, teeth’s brushing was the highest while knowledge on fluorine was the lowest. 2. Senior citizens who feel that their oral health is healthy when it comes to the subjective health state of senior citizens’oral health following behavior for the oral hygiene, brush their teeth, three times in a day, for more than three minutes (p<.01). Moreover, senior citizens who feel that their oral health is healthy brush different corners of the tongue when brushing (p<.01). 3. In case of knowledge on the oral hygiene following general characteristics, knowledge on the oral hygiene was higher when economic status was higher (p<.01). In case of living expenses, knowledge on the oral hygiene was higher for the senior citizens with pay or income (p<.01). 4. In case of behavior for the oral hygiene, women tended to act for the oral hygiene more than men. As for the method for raising living expenses, senior citizens who receive basic social security check or those at the highest tier tended to act less for the oral hygiene (p<.01). 5. Senior citizens who answered that their oral health is healthy when it comes to the subjective health state of senior citizens’oral cavity tended to have high knowledge on the oral hygiene (p<.01). In conclusion, subjective health status of senior citizens’oral health is higher when the knowledge on the oral hygiene and behavior for the oral hygiene are higher. Accordingly, it is necessary to develop and execute oral hygiene training program to change senior citizens’behavior incrementally and the dental hygienists who can conduct this training should be actively attracted into the senior citizens’oral hygiene training.
  • 10.

    State of dental treatment among disabled patients at K university hospital pediatric dentistry

    김창희 | 박재홍 | 김선주 and 2other persons | 2009, 9(3) | pp.357~368 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the state of dental treatment among disabled patients by the type of disability. After the medical records of 531 disabled patients who received treatment at the pediatric dentistry in K university hospital, the following findings were given: 1. As for age distribution by year, the rate of patients aged 10 or down rose to 42.5 from 5.1 percent, and the 16-20 age group increased from 16.7 to 24.8 percent. But the rates of patients aged between 11 and 15 and aged 21 and up were on the rise(p<.05). 2. Concerning the type of disability by year, there was an increase in the number of patients with brain lesions, mental retardation, developmental disorder and Down’s syndrome(p<.05). As to the number of dental caries by the type of disability, the patients with heart diseases had the most dental caries that numbered 8.49, followed by Down’s syndrome, metal retardation, brain lesions, the other disabilities and developmental disorder. 3. In relation to dental treatment experiences by the type of disability, the patients with developmental disorder(57.5%) received the most dental treatment, followed by mental retardation, the other disabilities, brain lesions, Down’s syndrome and heart diseases(p<.05). 4. Regarding general anesthesia experience by the type of disability, the patients with mental retardation(31.6%) were put under general anesthesia the most, followed by developmental disorder, brain lesions, the other disabilities, heart diseases and Down’s syndrome(p<.05). In conclusion, nationwide efforts to nurture separate dental personnels responsible for the disabled, to expand relevant facilities and to improve the health care insurance are required to promote the oral health of disabled children.
  • 11.

    Effect of latex gloves on polymerization inhibition of addition silicone impression materials

    김수화 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.369~379 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the polymerization inhibition effect of latex gloves on addition silicone impression material. Three different kinds of addition silicone impression materials and a natural latex gloves were used in this study. The results were as follows. 1. Compared to the control group, all of those three kinds of impression materials took longer curing time in order of unwashed, alcohol and washed group, on the other hand, degloving group had shorter curing time than control group(p<0.05). 2. By the type of impression materials, there was no significant difference observed between Exafine and Twinz in ungloved group, Exafine and ImprintⅡ in unwashed group, and Exafine and Twinz in degloving group(p>0.05). 3. The degree of polymerization at 6 minutes after mixing impression materials was evaluated by dividing its range into score 1 to 5. All of the impression materials got score 5 in control group and degloving group, which implies perfect polymerization. In unwashed group, most of them appeared to be score 2 while score 3 were most frequently observed in alcohol group and score 4 in washed group. Thus each group showed differences in the degree of polymerization(p<0.05).
  • 12.

    A study on dental patients’satisfaction at different type(DISC) of character

    Young-soo LEE | 홍수민 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.380~391 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare results of dental satisfaction at different type of character and provide basic materials for making the valuable strategies of dental service. Methods : Data was obtained from 256 patients using questionnaire from September 5 to October 13, 2007. Self-administered questionnaires was utilized to assess their types of personal psychological variable and find out its influential factors upon dental consumers and their intent of revisit. The data was analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA and logistic regression using the SPSS 14.0 Windows. Results : There is no meaningful difference in dental satisfaction as for character types and factors. Considering the difference of dental satisfaction according to general characteristics, there was a meaningful difference between groups of gender. Also interpersonal relationship as well as level of skill is significantly high in periodical dental visit. Conclusion : The results of this study indicated that environment and facility, cost is the most important influencing factor in determining whether or not the patient will visit a dental clinic repeatedly. In the future, more precise and in-depth questionnaires should be developed to analyze dental consumers.
  • 13.

    Seoul some dental hygienist in the factors affecting job satisfaction study

    정정옥 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.392~402 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose : First, this study is to look into difference between dental hygienists’demographic characteristics and their job satisfaction by examining their demographic characteristics and job satisfaction. Second, this study is to analyze demographic factors of dental hygienists which influence their job satisfaction. Method : This study was made through mail survey with questionnaires for dental hygienists who are personally performing dental hygienist duties at dental clinics in Seoul between June 19 and July 24, 2008 by looking into factors influencing dental hygienists’job satisfaction in order to provide them as background data to enhance their job satisfaction. Total 180 questionnaires were distributed, and among these, 156 questionnaires excluding 24 questions of incomplete responses were statistically analyzed with SPSS 12.0. Result : First, the total mean of dental hygienists’job satisfaction was found to be 2.99 points out of 5 points, and that of their autonomy to be the highest as 3.26, and that of their salary to be the lowest as 2.55. Second, for relation between general characteristics and job satisfaction of dental hygienists, significant difference was found just in job experience(p<0.05), current position(p<0.05), average salary(p<0.001), and the expected period of engagement in dental hygienist duties(p<0.01). Third, descriptive power on demographic characteristics, which were used as an independent variable influencing their job satisfaction, was found to be 17.7%, and among the said factors, average salary had a statistically significant effect on their job satisfaction(p<0.01). Conclusion : The point of salary factor was lowest among 5 factors composing dental hygienists’ job satisfaction, and as a result of multiple regression analysis, a factor influencing job satisfaction was average salary. Therefore salary system is required to be improved in order to increase their job satisfaction, and further studies on factors influencing their job satisfaction are also required to be made.
  • 14.

    A research on knowledge and behavior for oral health of some middle school students according to the knowledge level of parents

    박홍련 | Kim,Nam-Song | 이동초 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.403~414 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This research aimed at investigating middle school students’knowledge and behavior of oral hygiene according to the knowledge level of parents on this ground, provide basic data for establishing a more effective school and home oral hygiene education program for students. Methods : Students were selected from four secondary schools in J city by convenience sampling, which is non probability sampling; then, the final analysis was performed on 272 self-administered questionnaires. For statistical analysis, SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to carry out frequency analysis and chi-square test at the 0.05 significance level in determining statistical significance. Results : 1. 50.0% had periodontal disease caused by ‘weak periodontal’, in the case of the father of academic ability was middle school graduated. 2. Showed lowly what is behavior prevention as regularly oral examination for the oral health, in the case of the parents’s academic ability was low(in the case of the mother’s academic ability was middle school graduated, 34.5% received regular oral examination every three months). 3. In the case of, the father and mother of academic ability was middle school graduated showed 50%, 44.8% about the teeth never important in the life. 4. In the case of, the father and mother of academic ability was middle school graduated showed 37.5%, 31.0% about time for the tooth brushing is under 1 minute per one time. Conclusions : It’s very important for middle school student’s oral health that the oral health education and oral hygiene attitude in their home. especially middle school student’s attitude was controlled by parents’knowledge level. This like basic data will be useful in establishing program of school oral health and individual oral hygiene attitude in their home.
  • 15.

    A sudy on influence of sleep dental treatment on satisfaction degree and revisit to dental clinics

    신연순 | 이종렬 | MIN KYUNG JIN | 2009, 9(3) | pp.415~425 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : In this study, the dental treatment satisfaction degree of the patients, who experienced the sleep dental treatment or non-sleep dental treatment, the revisit rate and the differences among the encouraging intention were compared and analyzed, and the primary factors through which the satisfaction degree of sleep dental treatment has influence on the revisits and the encouraging intention were analyzed, and the proposal was made on clinic management to raise qualitative medical service level on the basis of this study. Methods : The questionnaires filled out by the 202 users of a certain dental clinic located in Pohang-si, Gyeongbuk were analyzed. The frequency analysis and the crosstabulation analysis of the general characteristics of survey participants were carried out, and the satisfaction difference between the sleep dental treatment and the non-sleep dental treatment was identified with the t-test analysis. The multiple regression analysis were carried out to identify the factors through which the sleep dental treatment has influence on the through which the satisfaction degree of sleep dental treatment has influence on the satisfaction degree of the medical service and the revisited dentists. Results : In the medical service satisfaction degree in general, the sleep dental treatment had the higher meaningful value than the non-sleep dental treatment(p<0.05). In the case of the difference in satisfaction degree on each medical service factor, the satisfaction of the sleep treatment group was high in every case, but the meaningful difference showed up in the factors of waiting time, treatment procedure, revisit and the encouraging intention(p<0.01). The revisit to the sleep treatment dental clinic and the recommending dentist increased in proportion to the satisfaction degree of sleep dental treatment, and the Beta value appeared to be 0.337 at the influence of the subordinate variable(p<0.001). As for the influence on the sleep dental treatment satisfaction, the Beta value of the dental hygienist was the highest, marking the value at 0.375(p<0.01). As for the satisfaction of the patients who experienced the sleep dental treatment, the Beta value of the treatment fee was the highest, marking 0.352(p<0.001), in the multiple regression analysis of the revisit and the encouraging intention, and the 0.156 of dentist factor and the 0.152 of treatment procedure and waiting time showed lower regression coefficient(p<0.05). Conclusions : It is assumed that the satisfaction degree of sleep dental treatment, which is carried out as a new dental service has influence on the increase of revisit to the dental clinic as an important factor. But it was disclosed that the high level of treatment fee has the biggest influence on choice of revisit to the dental clinic. In the current medical charge system, the sleep dental treatment appeared to have a big influence on raising the quality of dentists, the satisfaction of patients, the revisit and encouraging intention, and also the roles of the dental hygienist was important. It is assumed that these facts are functioning as the factors that are linked to the increase of revisit and the encouraging intention.
  • 16.

    A study on the O’Leary index and dental plague Index of dental patients

    박성숙 | 조평규 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.426~438 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the general characteristics of dental patients to their total O’Leary index and individual plaque indexes in a bid to check the oral hygiene state of citizens and evaluate their plaque management ability. The subjects in this study were 288 patients at dental hospitals and clinics in Busan and South Gyeongsang Province. A survey was conducted from September to November 2008. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Overall, the O’Leary index of the patients investigated stood at 72 percent. By age and gender, the O’Leary index was highest among those in their 30s(83%) and among the women(75%)(p<.05). As to the influence of toothbrushing frequency, the patients who did it twice or more a day had the highest O’Leary index(75%)(p<.001). By the use of oral hygiene supplies, the patients who used oral hygiene supplies had a higher O’Leary index(76%) than the others who didn’t(p<.01). 2. As for plaque index for each tooth, 28 percent of their teeth were given zero point, and 52 percent were given one mark. 13 percent were given two marks, and 6.3 percent were given three marks. Thus, the teeth that were given one mark were largest in number(p<.001). 3. As for plaque index for labial posterior mandibular, 43 percent of their teeth were given one point, and 36 percent were given zero mark. 14 percent were given three mark, and 5 percent were given three marks(p<.01). 4. As for plaque index for buccal posterior maxilla, 57 percent of their teeth were given one point, and 20 percent were given zero mark. 16 percent were given two mark, and 6.3 percent were given three marks(p<.01). 5. As for plaque index for lingual posterior mandibular, 56 percent of their teeth were given one point, and 27.8 percent were given zero mark. 9 percent were given three mark and 6 percent were given three mark(p<.001).
  • 17.

    The status of clinical practice for students in the department of dental hygiene

    김정숙 | 강은주 | 김선주 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.439~455 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The number of dental hygiene students is increasing as dental hygiene departments are extended or newly installed continuously, and in other to keep up with the quantitative increase, we need to standardize dental hygiene curriculums. The present study conducted a questionnaire survey with dental hygiene students who had completed clinical practice. The obtained results as follows. 1. According to the contents of clinical practice at dental clinics, the frequency of dental hygiene students’observation practice was high in basic medical service, dental prosthesis, and orthodontics. 2. The frequency of performance practice was high in basic medical service, oral medicine, preventive dentistry, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and oral surgery. According to the area of clinical practice. 3. According to the contents of clinical practice at university hospitals, the frequency of dental hygiene students’observation practice was high in basic medical service, dental prosthesis, and orthodontics. 4. The frequency of performance practice was high in basic medical service, oral medicine, preventive dentistry, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and dental prosthesis. 5. The students’satisfaction was high in basic medical service, oral medicine, preventive dentistry, and periodontology. The period of clinical practice varies according to school curriculum and circumstance among dental clinics and university hospitals where clinical practices are performed, students’satisfaction with their observation practice and performance practice may be different. Thus, for dental hygiene students’clinical practice, it is considered desirable to prepare integrated education programs that standardize the period and contents of clinical practice.
  • 18.

    Study for general characters of dental implant patients and satisfaction level of function by dental interest level

    유은미 | 황윤숙 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.456~467 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    For this study, self-completion survey for 149 implant patients of dental clinics and hospitals in Seoul and Kyunggi areahas been executed in order to provide basic data for increasing patient satisfaction level by effective consultation and various information for the patients who want dental implantation. The conclusion of the study is like below. 1. In terms of demographics of the study, sample size of female patients(n=85) was more than that of male patients(n=64) and patients in their 50s were major age group. When it comes to the educational level, university graduates were 85 and high school graduates were 44. And 132 were married and 6 were single. In the income level, monthly income between KRW 2∼4 million was major group(n=59). 2. In the study, patients’most concern was complication or adverse events(n=41), and price(n=39) & annual dental check-up(n=49) were following it. And 80 patients responded that dental health is the most valuable(n=80) and whole body healthwas following(n=37). In terms of knowledge on dental implant, 100 patients responded ‘know just a little’, 31 and 13 answered ‘generally know’and ‘well know’each. 3. As a result of analyzing implant patients’satisfaction level by segment, general satisfaction rate was highest as 4.20, social satisfaction rate was 4.20, psychological function was 4.06 and masticatory function was 3.90. 4. Based on the result of comparing patient satisfaction level by general characters of dental implant patient, chewing function was the highest in the age group of 60s with score of 4.21 and in terms of social function, the group with over KRW 8 million of monthly income showed highest score with 4.54. When it comes to the psychological function, patients in their 70s showed highest satisfaction level with 4.52. In the end, patients in their 70s showed highest score with 4.81 in the overall satisfaction and it was also statistically significant. 5. In the overall satisfaction level by interest in dental health, appearance showed highest score with 4.57 and it was also significantly higher than that of whole body. In the variance by dental knowledge, ‘well know’group showed highest score with 4.58, and that of ‘just a little’group was 4.33. That means there are correlations between dental knowledge and satisfaction level. 6. As a result of analyzing correlations amongst variances of the study, there were strong positive correlations among them. And there were very significantly positive correlations especially between social and psychological function and between psychological and overall satisfaction level. In conclusion, higher psychological function has strong relations with both social function and overall satisfaction level(p<.001).
  • 19.

    Current conditions regarding dental infection management recognition of students in the department of dental hygiene

    이연경 | 김순덕 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.468~478 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This research was performed to provide basic data for the development of infection related dental hygiene studies by surveying the current condition of recognition among students in the department of dental hygiene toward hospital infection management while receiving the following results by using a personal self-administered survey method targeting 303 students in the department of dental hygiene from certain areas. 1. With the current condition of recognition on the sanitization and sterilization of instruments among students in the department of dental hygiene(study), the rate at which surgical instruments are to be sterilized with autoclaves was 79.9% which was relatively higher than other instruments while it was shown that prosthetic instruments for treatment was 56.4%, conservative instruments for treatment was 51.8%, and ultrasonic scaler tip was 51.1% while the way syringe tips(36.1%) and the dental anesthetic apparatus(27.9%) were revealed to require sanitization by alcohol. 2. The‘ hand wash’area was the highest with 4.71 while the‘ materials and environment management’area and‘ equipment management’area appeared high respectively with 4.43 and 4.41. 3. With the current condition of recognition on equipment management, ‘equipments used for contagious patients are separately washed after a one-time use and must be sterilized or separated-and-discarded’was the highest with 4.82 while ‘sterilization equipments with humidity or water on it are considered contaminated and are not used’showed the lowest recognition level with 3.90. 4. Regarding the current condition of materials and environment management, ‘contagious and general trash are separated and discarded’was the highest with 4.70 while ‘the refrigerator for medicine storage is cleaned on a regular basis once a month’was revealed as the lowest with 4.11. 5. With the current condition of recognition on hand washing, ‘one must wash their hands after coming in contact with contagious patients, was the highest with 4.90 while washing hands after taking off gloves’appeared as the lowest with 4.51 point. To conclude department of dental hygiene there is to infection management and necessary about organization disinfecting and pasteurization to strengthen an education in order raising a stamp helping practical ratio about the infection management which whole, is from presence at a sickbed and connection does and about the infection management which is substantial and educational program development leads feed with the fact that deepening studying which is continuous must become accomplished becomes.
  • 20.

    Relationship between dental anxiety and Self-efficacy that patients feel while dental hygienist conduct scaling

    Sung Suk Bae | 2009, 9(3) | pp.479~492 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to find out the relationship between dental anxiety and self-efficacy, physical and psychological condition and expected self-efficacy. The objective of this study was also to provide foundation for appropriate dental hygiene intervention model for scaling. In this study, anxiety reactions were measured among 178 patients, who made appointment with dental hygienists for scaling between May and July, 2009. The analysis was done in SPSS 12.0 statistical program which confirmed Cranach’s alpha value. Technical statistics, t-test and One-way ANOVA, correlation and regression were also used. The result of the study is following: While dental hygienist conducts scaling, the dental anxiety was each measured in following categories: Thus male, age between 40 and 50, single, high school graduated and unemployed were measured highest dental anxiety among various groups. Dental Fear Scale demonstrated the validity of relationship between dental anxiety and self efficacy. The correlation was equated as r=-.409(p<0.01). In the other words, the higher self efficacy, the lower dental anxiety. The relationship between dental anxiety and physical and physiological condition was relevant. Physical condition was r=-.229(p<0.01) And then, the psychological condition was r=-.299(p<0.01). Thus, better physical and physiological condition results in less dental anxiety. The relationship between expected Self-efficacy and dental anxiety is also valid. The dental anxi-ety after performance accomplishment is r=-.239(p<0.01), after vicarious experience is r=-.195(p <0.01), after verbal persuasion is r=-.152(p<0.05), after recognition of physiological state is r=- .410(p<0.01). In conclusion, sex, age, marital status, education level, employment, physical condition, physiological condition are all relevant to dental anxiety(F=8.834). Both independent and dependent variables p<.05 have 37.5% persuasiveness.
  • 21.

    A study on the relationship of general characteristics to behavioral reaction toward oral malodor

    장계원 | 박성숙 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.493~506 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of people in general characteristics about oral malodor. The subjects in this study are 184 people who visited the clinical practice lab at J health college to get their teeth scaled. After conducting a survey from May 1 to June 3, 2008, we selected four different ares and then analyzed the answer sheets from 179 respondents including smoking/nonsmoking, scaling experience, toothbrushing frequency and the use of oral hygiene supplies. SPSS WIN 12.0 program was used to make a frequency analysis and cross analysis. The findings of the study are as follows: 1. Concerning an intention of treatment for oral malodor, 37.4% didn’t intend to receive treatment even in case of having bad breath. 28.5% didn’t yet have any definite idea about that, and 20.7% had no mind to do that at all. 10.6% had an intention to receive treatment, and 2.8% want to receive treatment. 2. As for how to cope with oral malodor in case of suffering from it, 47.5% chewed gums or ate candy. 25.1% scarcely care about that, and 15.6% covered their mouth whenever they spoke. 9.5% had little confidence about talking to others, and 2.2% found it difficult to build an amicable interpersonal relationship. 3. Concerning what to do about another person’s oral malodor, 40.8% did nothing, and 19% talked to the person about that. 17.3% gave him or her chewing gum. Among their oral health characteristics, toothbrushing frequency made a significant difference to the way they responded to another person’s oral malodor(p<.05). 4. As to subjective feelings about another person’s oral malodor, 41.9% just found it bearable. 36.9% were a little displeased, and 9.5% never felt bad about another person’s bad breath. 8.9% tried to avoid the person, and 2.8% advised him or her to chew gum. 5. Regarding an intention of participating in a oral malodor program, 46.9% had no idea about that. 31.3% intended to participate in the program, and 13.4% wanted to do that without fail. 6.1% had no mind for that, and 2.2% were never going to do that. Among characteristics of the user oral hygiene device made a significant difference whether to participating in the oral malodor program(p<.05).
  • 22.

    A study on job satisfaction according to clinical dental hygienists’career in Busan

    강현경 | 권현숙 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.507~521 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study purposed to analyze dental hygienists’job satisfaction according to their clinical career as an effort to enhance their job satisfaction and quality and to provide basic materials for dental hygienists’effective job performance. For this purpose, we surveyed 120 dental hygienists working at dental hospitals and clinics in Busan during the period from the 1st February to 31st March 2009 by using a self administered questionnaire. Job satisfaction was measured using a 5 point Likert scale ranging from‘ Absolutely yes’(5 points) to‘ Yes’(4),‘ So so’(3),‘ No’(2), and‘ Not at all’(1), and a high score indicates high degree of satisfaction. When it testd the reliability of the job satisfaction scale was tested, Cronbach’s Alpha (α) was 0.85 which indicates the instrument is sufficiently reliable. Data collected were analyzed with SPSS. We performed frequency analysis in order to examine the subjects’demographical characteristics, and Chi square and one way ANOVA to examine their perception of their job, job satisfaction, and their aptitude and status as a dental hygienists‘ according to clinical career. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more they thought that they had aptitude as a dental hygienist (p<0.05). 2. The dental hygienists’turnover intention was different according to clinical career (p<0.01). 3. The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more satisfied they were when they were working at a dental hospital or clinic equipped with convenience facilities (change room, lounge, etc.) (p<0.01). 4. The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more power to make decisions they had and the more acknowledgement and trust they received from dentists (p<0.01). 5. Satisfaction with duty coordination was low in general, but it grew higher with increase in clinical career (p<0.01). 6. The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more satisfied they were with patients’ appreciation of their treatment (p<0.01). In addition, their time and opportunities to discuss with dentists were different according to clinical career, and their satisfaction with the items was higher when their clinical career was long (p<0.01). 7. As to their perception of dental hygienists’potential for development, they generally believed that they had potential for future growth with the expansion of their work scope (M=3.73). The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more satisfied the more power to make decisions they had and the more acknowledgement and trust they received from dentists and their time and opportunities to discuss with dentists when they were working at a dental hospital or clinic equipped with convenience facilities (change room, lounge, etc.). The longer clinical career the dental hygienists had, the more they thought that they had aptitude as a dental hygienist. In conclusion, the longer clinical dental hygienists’Career had, satisfaction was able to take a highness to a dental hygienist occupation.
  • 23.

    A study of subjective oral health actual condition in elementary school teachers, Daegu area

    송경희 | 배봉진 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.522~535 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Surveying perception of majors to students of Department of dental technology 433(48.3%) and Department of dental hygiene 463(51.7%), and their sex rates 272 (30.4%) for males and 624 (69.6%) for females, 896 examines in total, have let us to know the level of student's perception of their majors and now able to adjust the level of major's lectures and maximize the ability to study has brought these conclusions. 1. Although the hometowns of students had similar rates between large and small cities disregarding their departments, the type of highschool had differences for the academic highschool graduators were the most. Also, CSAT was the highest than other specialized types when entering. 2. Self selection considering employment percentage was the highest for the student’s choice of selecting department of dental hygiene and dental technology. 3. For the satisfaction of school and education systems, “satisfied”and “normal”were as high as 74% in both department of dental hygiene and dental technology for school satisfaction, and 75%, 74% for satisfaction of environment from the two departments. 4. As for the satisfaction of department and environment, department of dental hygiene and dental technology both answered “satisfied”and “normal”the most, but in satisfaction of companions, they have shown relatively high satisfaction by answering“ very satisfied”and“ satisfied”. 5. Difficulties of majors relating to the perception of learning, department of dental technology and dental hygiene both answered too much to memorize and hard to understand. 6. Department of dental technology’s try for majors relating to the level of perception of learning have shown that they have high understandings in proportion to how much they try but for department of dental hygiene has shown not much differences. 7. Department of dental hygiene had higher stress than department of dental technology in studying majors and there were both some differences statistically.
  • 24.

    An analysis of relationship between peer assessment results and self directed learning readiness in a team based learning objected on dental hygiene students

    채수진 | 황미영 | 2009, 9(3) | pp.536~544 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose : This study aimed to examine the relationship between intragroup peer evaluation and self-directed learning readiness(SDLR) in an Introduction to Education class that used a team based learning(TBL). Moreover, it identified the specific components of the SDLR that predicted the peer evaluation results. Method : The research subject pool comprised of 87 1st students in D Health College. Each team was composed of 6∼8 members, each of whom evaluated all other members on his or her team SDLR was measured by using SDLR-K-96. Results : SDLR and peer assessment scores had a positive relationship, confirming that SDLR was an important variable that could predict the peer evaluation scores. Among the SDLR factors‘, openness to challenge’and ‘self-confidence as a learner’was shown to have the predictive power for the peer assessment. Conclusion : The colleges should provide dental hygiene students with learning opportunities on ability to do self-directed learning through diverse learning methods such as team based learning.
  • 25.

    The relationship between maxillofacial injury and the use of mouth-gards in athletes

    Paek, Kyung-Hwa | 장종화 | Young-soo LEE | 2009, 9(3) | pp.545~558 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to investigate the use of mouth-guards and maxillofacial injuries and to examined the relationship among variables in athletes group. Methods : The subjects were 459(86.5%), who were 18 years or older with mean age of 20.7 years. Data was collected using a self administrated questionnaire from May 25 to June 15, 2009. We surveyed maxillofacial injuries(temporo-mandibular disorders contained) and mouth-guards usage and confidence concerning mouth-guards in athletes. The data were analysed with chi-square analysis, fisher’s exact test and logistic regression using the SPSS 15.0 windows. Results : Prevalence of body or maxillofacial injuries experiences was 54.5% for athletes and 47.1% for non-athletes groups(p>0.05). The other hand, the incidence temporo-mandibular disorders was 67.0% for athletes and 49.8% for non-athletes groups(p<0.05). The experience of the use of mouthguards was 83.3% for athletes and 78.8% for non-athletes, there were not significant differences between athletes and non-athletes groups (p>0.05). Risk factors found to be significantly related to the occurrence of maxillofacial injury were: unused mouth-guards(OR=2.83), no rules for use of mouth-guards(OR=2.46). Conclusions : Based on the findings, maxillofacial injuries experience is highly associated with mouth-guards usage, not only athletes also general people should be educated on the use of mouthguard in order to reduce the incidence of maxillofacial injuries.