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2010, Vol.10, No.1

  • 1.

    A study on the ethical values of dental hygiene students

    Boo Wol Kang | 2010, 10(1) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the ethical values of dental hygiene students and set up the way of ethic educationin educational course. Methods: The subjects in this study were 948 students in four colleges located in the metropolitan area, on whom a survey was conducted. Results:1. Regarding values of human life, they got a mean of 3.01, which showed that they sort of took a deontological view. 2. As to values of dental hygiene duties, they got a mean of 3.62, which indicated that they took a deontological view. 3. Concerning values of clients, they got a mean of 3.22, which implied that they took a deontological view. 4. As for values of collaborators, they got a mean of 3.90, which denoted that they took a very deontological view. 5. In regard to correlation among each part of their ethical values, there was a very significant correlation between their views of dental hygiene duties and human life, and between their views of clients and collaborators(p<.001). 6. As to the relationship of general characteristics to ethical values, they took a significantly different view of human life according to academic year(p<.05), religion(p<.001), religious enthusiasm(p<.0010 and attitude to the occupation of dental hygienist(p<.001). Academic year Conclusions: Regardings ethical values of dental hygiene students which showed that they took a deontological view than autilitarianism view in all parts. Accordingly, In order to establish desirable ethical values, it was scrutinized that reinforcement of education on biomedical ethics and professional ethics in curriculum was needed.
  • 2.

    A study on the recognition and requirement of dental hygienists for enforcing specialty

    김선영 | Kim, Ji-young | 2010, 10(1) | pp.19~31 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was to seek the ways for strengthening the higher curricula for the bachelor's degree of the dental hygiene. For this two things are investigated with some students of the dental hygiene departments of colleges and workers on the part; one is what the recognition about the curricula is, and the other what are the demanding degrees through the curricula. Methods: The study has been performed with 298 persons who are workers for dental hygiene of dental clinics and students of the departments in B region by using structured and self- administered questionnaire from March to May, 2008, and were analyzed by using SPSS 14.0 program. Results : The rate to recognize the higher curricula for the bachelor degree is 88.9%. And 70.4% among them says the curricula is 'absolutely necessary' or 'necessary'. The ways to recognize the curricula are through 'professor or friends'(53.4%), through 'newspapers of broadcasting reports'(20.5%), and through 'internet'(14.4%). They want various teaching ways including the project-centered education(40.4%), lecture-like education(25.0%), field-experience within the workplace(14.4%), lectures in the workplace(10.6%), and discussion(9.6%). Those who works in the dental clinics want night classes(49.5%, 96 respondents), internet classes(16.5%, 32 respondents), and weekend classes(14.4%, 28 respondents). They like to learn majors more deeply(30.9%), important techniques and theories about their job(26.8%), and the new skills on their work(19.8%). conclusion : persons who are workers for dental hygiene of dental clinics and students of the departments have a requirement of dental hygienists for enforcing specialty. Therefor improve to develop education program and system about development of advance course for hygienists.
  • 3.

    Development of PBL packages for the improvement of the problem-solving ability, self-directed learning capability and communicative competence of dental hygiene students

    정영란 | 이우숙 | DukJoo Jo | 2010, 10(1) | pp.33~49 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Obiectives : The purpose of this study was to develop PBL packages geared toward improving the problem-solving abilities, self-directed learning capabilities and communicative competency of dental hygienists, which were all required for dental hygienists to have in the dental field. Methods : After three PBL packages for a semester of oral health education were developed,the PBL packages were evaluated by an expert to determine what improvements should be made. Results : The findings of the study were as follows. The three PBL packages were based on real clinical situations and designed to have a different degree of difficulty and provide problems in the form of scenario for learners to solve in a self-directed manner. When the packages were assessed by an expert, the packages were expected to make a contribution to the improvement of the three different abilities on which this study focused, and the packages were found to be appropriate in general in terms of learning content and field applicability, though they needed some modifications. Thus, this study attempted to develop PBL packages and let an expert assess the packages in order to give some suggestions about the development of PBL packages. The packages developed in this study are expected to help boost the problem-solving abilities,self-directed learning capabilities and communicative competency of dental hygienists,which should all be possessed by dental hygienists in the dental field. Moreover, the packages were found to be conducive to the introduction of PBL in the field of dental hygiene. Conclusions : To ensure the successful application of the packages, dental hygiene students should be provided with the packages in situations similar to real clinical situations,and they should have an opportunity to practice dental hygiene duties.
  • 4.

    Oral health knowledge and practice of school children in the upper grades in a WHO healthy city, Changwon

    Yoon Hyun Seo | 김진범 | Chun Jin Ho | 2010, 10(1) | pp.51~64 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Obiectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health knowledge and practice of elementary school children in the upper grades in a WHO healthy city for the development of oral health education programs gearing toward improving oral health care habits and oral health. The subjects in this study were 379 sixth-grade children in an elementary school in a WHO healthy city, Changwon. Methods : The questionnaire used in the study covered general characteristics with five items, oral health knowledge with 35 items and oral health care practices with 24 items. The oral health knowledge category consisted of general oral health knowledge with 13 items, knowledge on oral hygiene management with 11 items, knowledge on fluoride use with 8 items and healthy diet knowledge with 3 items. The oral health care practice category consisted of general oral health care practice with six items, practice on oral hygiene management with 11 items, practice related to fluoride use with four items, and healthy diet practice with 3 items. Results : The surveyed school children got a mean of 46.1 and 40.8 on oral health knowledge and oral health care practices, respectively out of 100 points. In the knowledge category, they scored the lowest on healthy diet knowledge with 12.6, and in the practice category, they scores the lowest on the practices related to fluoride use with 21.4. According to the regression analysis, gender had a significant impact on their oral health knowledge. The boys lagged behind the girls in that regard. Their oral health care practices were under the significant influence of knowledge level. Conclusions : Systematic education programs should be provided to prevent dental caries and promote oral health of school children, and the type of programs that stress actual oral health care is especially important.
  • 5.

    Workers’ fear of dental treatment and other factors

    김경원 | Lee, Kyeong-Soo | 2010, 10(1) | pp.65~79 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was designed to present how to reduce the fear associated with dental treatment by analyzing the fear levels for dental treatment, the influential factors for the fear, the general characteristics of patients and the correlations between trust in dental care professionals and satisfaction with dental treatment. Methods: The subjects were 400 workers at 5 industrial sites, which got health management conducted by health management agencies, among small and medium industrial sites located in the Gyeongbuk region of South Korea during a period of February to March, 2009. Results & Conclusion:1. Of the subjects, 134 (30.7%) and 303 (69.3%) persons had high and low fear levels of dental treatment respectively. 2. The fear levels of dental treatment were higher in women than men, and significantly high in proportion to the patients’ subjective bad health levels and past dental care fear frequencies. 3. The fear associated with dental treatment was significantly correlated to the trust in dentists.
  • 6.

    A study on caries experience in the permanent teeth of community residents

    장희경 | 김진수 | 2010, 10(1) | pp.81~92 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : Thus this study attempted to look into the level of community residents' dental health and the state of their dental diseases and estimate the general dental health condition so that these data can be available as references in upcoming public dental health planning, and to provide fundamental data for promotion of the level of residents'dental health by performing dental health education. Methods : Among community residents who visited the department of Dental Hygiene of Shinsung University for scaling from March to May 2009, the data of total 346 subjects of 129 women and 217 men were selected, and DMFT rate, DMFT index, dental health capacity of the first permanent molar, and tooth morality rate were investigated. For statistical analysis, SPSS 14.0 was used, for general characteristics of the subjects, frequency analysis was conducted, for caries experience in the permanent teeth of the subjects,mean and standard deviation were calculated, for caries experience in the permanent teeth by sex and residence, independent t-test was performed, and for caries experience in the permanent teeth by age, one-way ANOVA was conducted. The significance level applied to these analyses was 0.05. Results : As a result of investigation and analysis on caries in the permanent teeth of community residents who visited the department for scaling in this study, the findings are as follows:1. For sex, DMFT rate and tooth morality rate were found to be higher in women, while dental health capacity of the first permanent molar was found to be higher in men. 2. For age, DMFT rate and DMFT index were found to be highest in 40~49 years old,while DMFT rate, DMFT index, and tooth morality rate were found to be lowest in under 20 years old. Dental health capacity of the first permanent molar was found to be highest in under 20 years old, 20-29 years old, and 30-39 years old and found to be lowest in more than their sixties as 39.78 points(p<.000). Tooth morality rate was found to be highest in more than their sixties compared to other age groups.(p<.000). 3. For residence, DMFT rate and dental health capacity of the first permanent molar were found to be high in the Metropolitan area, while tooth morality rate was found to be high in Chungcheong area. Conclusions : Seen from the above-mentioned results, great importance shall be attached to the maintenance of residual teeth, and with this, efficient efforts are required to be made for upkeep and promotion of dental health.
  • 7.

    A Study on mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behavior of children

    Lee youn kyoung | 2010, 10(1) | pp.93~106 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The study examined mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behavior to their children that affect directly children's oral health to prepare basic aiming at children. Method: Therefore, a survey of 235 mothers in 10 kindergartens located in Seoul was conducted by self-administered questionnaires. Results: As to mothers' oral health knowledge, the correct-answer rate for questions about tooth-decay was highest, and the level of 'middle (5~7 points)' was the most common with 50.0%. Regarding oral health knowledge according to mothers' general characteristics, the higher academic background and family's monthly earnings were, the higher oral health knowledge was. It showed a statistically significant difference(p<.01). In terms of mothers' oral health management behavior to their children, 79.1% of mothers who had the visiting experience in the dentist’s for caries prevention was highest. As to the number of brushing, the twice was highest with 51.2%, and regarding brushing time 2min was highest52.6%. Also, the rate of using the fluoride toothpaste was 68.4%, and the rate of mothers who helped their children's brushing was 83.3%. As to the oral health management behavior to their children by mothers' oral health knowledge, mothers with higher oral health knowledge used the fluoride toothpaste showing that there was a significant difference(p<.01). Also, mothers with higher oral health knowledge helped more children’s brushing, so that there was a significant difference(p<.05). Regarding the oral health management behavior to their children according to mothers’ visiting experience in the dentist’s, mothers who visited the dentist’s during the recent one year had higher visiting experience of dentist’s for children’s caries prevention(p<.01) and longer time of brushing by 3min(p<.05), and helped their children’s brushing a lot. The findings showed a significant difference(p<.001). Conclusion: As the results above, as mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behaviors to their children affect closely children's oral health, more systematic, specific and active oral health programs should be provided to mothers.
  • 8.

    A study on subjective awareness and expectations of implant patients

    Eun Jeong Go | Jang Gye Won | 2010, 10(1) | pp.107~125 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective awareness and expectations of implant patients. Methods: The subjects in this study were 200 implant patients at three different dental clinics in the region of Busan. Results: Concerning awareness of implant, the patients aged between 41 and 50 were best aware of implant with 2.85(p<0.05). By education, those who received college or higher education were best aware of it with 3.53(p<0.001). By income, those whose income was three million won or more were best aware of it with 2.95(p<0.05). As for expectations for implant, the women expected more from it with 2.89(p<0.01). By age, those aged between 41 and 50 had the biggest expectations with 3.63(p<0.001). By education, the patients whose income ranged between 2 and 2.99 million won had the greatest expectations with 2.91(p<0.05). Education and occupation made no significant differences to that. In regard to correlation among their knowledge, awareness and expectations for implant, there was a positive correlation between their knowledge and awareness(0.439), and their awareness had a negative correlation to their expectations(-0.147). Conclusions: The above-mentioned findings suggested that what patients expect from implant should accurately be grasped when counseling is provided, and that accurate information should be provided to them as well. Their cooperation should be requested during implant treatment, and special post-care programs should be prepared to boost their quality of life after receiving implant treatment. Quality medical services should be offered in proportion to the cost of treatment in order to satisfy their expectations.
  • 9.

    A study on dental hygiene students effects of Team-Based Learning in the dental hygiene curriculum on learning motivation and self-directed learning capabilities

    박인숙 | Kim, Dong-Kie | 2010, 10(1) | pp.127~140 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to apply team-based learning to dental hygiene students in theoretical oral prophylaxis class, one of required courses geared toward acquiring professional knowledge on preventive public health, as oral prophylaxis was counted among major duties of dental hygienists. It's ultimately meant to compare the effects of team- based learning and expository instruction on the learning motivation and self-directed learning capabilities of learners in order to discuss the effects of team-based learning in dental hygiene education. Method : The subjects in this study were 60 dental hygiene students at C college. Out of them, 32 students who were freshmen as of 2007 were grouped into an experimental group, and 28 students who were freshmen as of 2006 were selected as a control group. The experimental group was engaged in team-based learning from August 30 to December 6, 2007, and the control group took expository lessons from August 28 to December 8, 2006. Their learning motivation and self-directed learning capabilities were evaluated by using t-test, paired t-test and GLM analysis. Results : The findings of the study were as follows:1. The experimental group scored better in learning motivation than the control group after they were engaged in team-based learning (p<.001). According to GLM analysis, there was a significant intergroup gap in learning motivation, and the two groups were statistically significantly different in its subfactors involving attention, relevance and confidence(p<.05). 2. The experimental group excelled the control group at self-directed learning capabilities(p<.05), and the team-based learning had a better effect on self-directed learning capabilities than the expository instruction. Conclusion : Given the findings of the study, the team-based learning was more effective than the expository instruction at boosting the learning motivation and self-directed learning capabilities of the students. Therefore revised teaching methods should be prepared in consideration of the characteristics of dental hygiene courses, and the development of new instructional models and educational programs is required as well.
  • 10.

    The relationship between BMI and health & oral health promotion behavior of highschool

    한지형 | 황지민 | 2010, 10(1) | pp.141~156 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objective : This study was conducted to examine the relationships among health & oral health promotion behavior according to BMI. The subjects in this study were 704 high school students. Method : A survey was conducted, and Chi-square, T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. The findings of the study were as follows;Results : Man is normal weight group accounted for 65.9%, and women is 69.7%(p<0.001). Health & oral health promotion behavior of nutrition(p<0.01) and exercise(p<0.001) that men were higher than women. But health responsibility was higher to women(p<0.001). As to the relationship for the BMI to health promotion behavior, nutrition is over weight group accounted for 3.45, obesity group 3.43, normal weight group 3.26 and under weight group 3.16(p<0.05). Exercise is over weight group accounted for 2.70(p<0.05), and nutrition for oral health is obesity group accounted for 3.47(p<0.05). As for correlation among the BMI, stronger social support, more exercise, better nutrition for oral health, there was a statistically significant relationship between BMI. As the factors significantly affecting BMI, their satisfaction level with exercise, nutrition for oral health, life appreciation, stress management for oral health. Conclusion : This study suggested that health & oral health promotion behavior of high school students in an effort to help improve policy setting on health projects and determine how to teach teens to promote their health throughout their lives.
  • 11.

    Related factor of oral health promotion activities, self-efficacy and oral disease control and beliefs of nursery teacher

    HYANGNIM LEE | shim hyung soon | 2010, 10(1) | pp.157~172 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study is to grasp the efficacy, locus of control, oral disease management beliefs, etc and to make a close inquiry the relevance between theses key figures and oral health promotion practice for a teacher and oral care about children and to provide the basic materials of oral health education for the teachers of infant nursery. Method: This study was made from July to September in 2009 to nursery teacher by having the self-report questionnaire for teachers of infant nursery who are performing nursry school tearcher. Total 187 questionnaire were distributed and among these, 167 questionnaire excluding 20 questionnaire of incomplete responses were statistically analyzed with SPSS12.0. Results: The efficacy is highly in a married person(p=0.001) according to the teacher's age(P=0.006), perceived good oral status(p=0.001) according to the oral conditions and has the significant difference. The internal locus of control is highly in a married person(p=0.006) according to the teacher's age(P=0.037) and the marital status and has the significant difference statistically. The external locus of control is the highest(p=0.038) in the age of 40 among teacher's age and has the significant difference statistically. The oral disease management beliefs is the highest in the age of 20 ∼ 29(p=0.001), highly in married(p=0.003) and has the significant difference according to the marital status and perceived good oral status(p=0.045) according to the oral conditions. There has no significant difference in the efficacy, the internal locus of control, the external Lotus of Control, oral disease management beliefs following by the infant oral care after taking medicines and oral care of infants after tooth brushing. Conclusions: Therefore, the oral health promotion activities should be induced by educating the nursery teacher and it needs to spread out the oral care education with the development to operate practically. It is considered in need of the infant oral care which is not burden on to the nursery teacher but helpful to the infant by connecting the subjects of dental hygiene and oral health education training.
  • 12.

    A study on job preference type, academic ability and academic performance of dental hygiene department student

    이정화 | KIM GI HWA | 2010, 10(1) | pp.173~183 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide basic materials for defining educational direction of dental hygiene department and establishing the instruction to improve direction consulting and academic effect of dental hygiene department student. Methods: The researcher surveyed the relation among job aptitude, academic ability and academic performance by selecting 131 dental hygiene department students of P university as study targets. Results: For high school classifications, direction searches and academic abilities of dental hygiene department students of P university, it was found that classical high school was 68.7% and vocational high school was 31.3%. For job aptitude, social type was 58.0% and artistic type was 26.0% so they were usual. For academic ability, interpersonal relation(12.78±1.34), music/rhythm was(12.32±1.09) and natural(12.32±1.00) showed high scores in order over the first, the second and the third field and language/vocabulary(22.6%) and music/rhythm(21.6%) was the next. For academic performance depending on high school classification, job aptitude and academic ability, there was a significant difference in high school classification by classical high school(86.55±8.21) and vocational high school(85.34±11.31)(p<0.05) and there was also a significant difference in job aptitude by social type(85.45±9.42) and artistic type(88.41±6.93)(p<0.05). In the mutual relation between academic ability and academic performance, the high academic ability score in the first field was led to the high score in the second and the third field, showing significant mutual relation(p<0.00). Conclusions: This research has been accomplished by college students of dental hygeine department, so you have to consider before generalizing these results. Therefore it is required to research more, likewise using a comparison with other students or it should be conducted by general people.
  • 13.

    A survey research on industrial workers' oral examination status and oral health educational request level

    최미혜 | 2010, 10(1) | pp.185~195 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to opportunity of oral examination and positively utilizing the oral-health educational method of being preferred on the basis of the contents promote workers' oral health. Methods: This study carried out questionnaire research by self-administrated method, which was selected by convenience sampling method, from February 9th to March 6th, 2009 targeting 237 workers where are located in Gunsan city of Jeollabuk-do Province. Results:1. Workers' interest and recognition of importance in oral health were high, and were low in subjective oral-health knowledge level, on the other hand. 2. Workers were indicated to be high in the response rate of work-site oral examination and, on the other hand, to be high in the dissatisfied rate at work-site oral examination. 3. As for work-site oral examination, the workers were indicated to positively recognize participation in work-site oral-health education along with high necessity. 4. Workers were indicated to prefer the most a method of lecture such as dentist along with contents in prevention and curing method of periodontal disease. Conclusions: An efficient result is thought to be probably obtained given offering an opportunity of oral examination and positively utilizing the oral-health educational method of being preferred on the basis of the contents with the highest preference, in order to promote workers' oral health.
  • 14.

    Analysis on the contents and satisfaction level of the dental hygiene students’ Clinical Practice

    박정희 | Song, Hye Jeong | Kim, Hye-Young | 2010, 10(1) | pp.197~213 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This research identified the frequency and satisfaction level of the observation and performance practice during the clinical practice process conducted by dental hygiene students. With the goal of providing base data required for the development and operation of increasingly effective clinical practice program and for the improvement of the existing clinical practice training. Method : The subjects in this study were 278 students of a university located in Masan. Survey comprised of 49 questions in 10 clinical practice domains was conducted. Results :1. As for the observation practice by each grade, there was significant difference in oral radiology, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, oral surgery(p〈0.05). As for the performance practice executed for each grade, there was significant difference in the oral radiology, preventive dentistry and oral surgery(p〈0.05). As for the satisfaction level for each grade, there was significant difference in basic medical service(p〈0.05). 2. As for the observation practice by each clinical practice institution, there was significant difference in oral medicine, oral radiology, preventive dentistry, prosthodontics, pediatric dentistry, orthodontics and oral surgery(p〈0.05). As for the performance practice executed by each practice institution, there was significant difference in basic medical service, oral medicine, oral radiology, operative dentistry, prosthodontics, orthodontics, oral surgery(p〈0.05). As for the satisfaction level by each practice institution, there was significant difference in the oral radiology, preventive dentistry, operative dentistry, prosthodontics, orthodontics, oral surgery(p〈0.05). Conclusion : As for the satisfaction level for the clinical practice, basic medical service is the crimary care clinical practice which is most basic and that is executed the most in a dental clinic. Satisfaction level was the highest in the domains where there were extensive observation and practice frequency. By conducting observation and practice frequency in the clinical practice process by each clinical practice domain in a broad and diverse manner, it would be possible to improve the ability of the clinical practice trainees who improve their clinical work execution capability and satisfaction level on the clinical practice.
  • 15.

    The relations between mothers' oral health behavior and children's mean number of decayed or filled primary teeth

    Jang Kyeung Ae | 김동열 | 2010, 10(1) | pp.215~229 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was to assess the children's mean number of decayed or filled primary teeth in relation to their mother's oral health behavior and then to increase children's oral health. Methods: The 346 children and their mothers were selected for this study. The children were 4 or 7 years old in the 4 dental clinics in Busan and Kyungnam, Korea. Data were collected by examination on children and self-administrated questionnaire on their mothers. The questionnaire was surveyed mother's oral health behaviour and children experienced dental caries or not and the number of decayed or filled they had were used as outcome variables. Results: 1. The mother's education level affected children's dft index significantly(p<0.05), In the case of tooth brushing method of children, the group with circle teeth wipes shows the low dft index (p<0.01). 2. On the other hand the group with snack as food eaten between meals has high dft index(p<0.001). 3. The group with mother's visiting to dentist within recent 1 year, experience in removing plaque or willing to attend the oral health education show low dft index(p<0.05). The important variables affecting to dft index are experience with oral health education, tooth brushing guidance, replacement of toothbrushes, the kind of food eaten between meals, recent experience of plaque removal and willing to participating in the oral health class. Conclusions: This study showed that the mother's oral health behavior and concern play an important role for the prevention of preschooler's dental caries. Dental health education would be focused on the mothers, expecially for the practice of preventive behavior by preschools themselves.