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2010, Vol.10, No.4

  • 1.

    A study on factors affecting the job satisfaction of dental hygienists in part areas

    shim hyung soon | HYANGNIM LEE | 2010, 10(4) | pp.555~565 | number of Cited : 20
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was intended to examine job satisfaction in dental hygienists working in the Gwangju․Jeonnam area and provide basic materials for the efficient management of dental clinics and the improvement of working conditions in dental hygienists. Methods: In order to achieve this purpose, the questionnaire survey was conducted from August 13 to October 6, 2007. Of a total of 394 questionnaires, 34 was excluded because of poor responses and finally 360(Gwangju 296, Jeonnam 64) were analyzed. Results: For job satisfaction associated with the total career and turnover, satisfaction was increased with the total career. Job satisfaction associated with working conditions became higher as a monthly mean paycheck was increased or when an incentive, in the annual pay system and long-service men preference was provided(p<0.05). Job satisfaction was 3.26. The highest satisfaction at detailed factors was found in patient relation(3.85), colleague relation(3.40), prospects(3.26), dentistry organization(3.17), autonomy(3.10), and pay(2.78). For detailed factors of job satisfaction, the most influential factor was monthly mean paycheck, followed by incentive, age and marriage(p<0.05). Conclusions: When dental hygienists' working environment is planned and improved in the rational and desirable direction, their job satisfaction will be improved. As a result, it will contribute to a decrease in the jobless rate and an increase in the productivity of oral care and the efficiency of hospital management.
  • 2.

    A study on knowledge of influenza A(H1N1) and preventive behavior in the midst of the spread of the flu

    최혜숙 | 전미진 | Lim Mi Hee | 2010, 10(4) | pp.567~576 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine selected people's knowledge of Influenza A(HINI), their self-efficacy, social norms, awareness of the gravity of the infection of the flu, behavioral intention, preventive behavior, the impact of their knowledge of the flu on those variables and the relationship of the variables, as the spread of the flu has been accelerated. Methods : The subjects in this study were 484 health-related majors at two selected colleges selected by random sampling from the metropolitan area, on whom a survey was conducted from October 5 to 9, 2009. Results : The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for connections between knowledge of the 2009 H1N1 and self-efficacy, the students who were knowledgeable about the flu got a mean of 3.24, and those whose knowledge was on an intermediate level got 3.08. The students who didn't know well about that got 2.91. The students who were better informed were ahead of those who were less informed in terms of self-efficacy, and the intergroup gap was statistically significant(p<0.01). 2. In relation to self-efficacy, the better-informed students scored higher than the less-informed ones in both of the two items: whether to know how to cope with the spread of the 2009 H1N1(p<0.01), and whether to be able to be ready for the spread of it(p<0.01). The intergroup gaps were statistically significant. 3. In regard to relationship between knowledge of the flu and the gravity of the infection, those who were better knowledgeable took a more serious view of the consequence of the infection when they were asked a question whether being infected with the flu might lead to death (p<0.05). 4. Concerning links between the knowledge and behavioral intention, the better-informed group had an intention to behave in a more discreet manner than the less-informed group when two related questions were given: whether to intend to cover the mouth with a tissue not to be infected by the flu in case of having a cough or sneezing(p<0.05), and whether to carefully consider meeting someone infected by that(p<0.001). 5. As to relationship between the knowledge and preventive behavior, knowledge of the 2009 H1N1 made no statistically significant differences to every kind of preventive behavior. 6. Self-efficacy had a positive correlation to social norms(r=0.575***), behavioral intention(r=0.193***) and preventive behavior(r=207***), and social norms were positively correlated to behavioral intention (r=0.269***), and preventive behavior(r=0.208***). Awareness of the gravity of the flu had a positive correlation to behavioral intention (r=0.270***), and behavioral intention was positively correlated to preventive behavior(r=0.516). Conclusions : The knowledge of the students about Influence A(H1N1) and their preventive behavior were analyzed in association with the spread of the flu, and there were no differences in actual preventive behavior though they were not the same in terms of behavioral intention. Therefore health education programs should be prepared to improve not only their knowledge but their attitude and preventive skills to boost their preventive behavior.
  • 3.

    A study on the amount of toothpaste used among some college students

    Lee Sun Hee | 박일순 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.577~584 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of toothpaste-squeezing methods to the amount of toothpaste used among adults. Methods: The subjects in this study were 227 freshmen in a local college. After the intent of a survey was explained by this researcher, how much dentifrice they used was checked to ensure statistical objectivity, and then a survey was conducted. The collected data were analyzed with a SPSS WIN 13.0 program. Results: The findings of the study were as follows:1. As for connections between the way of squeezing and the amount used, the usual amount used, the amount used by horizontal squeezing and the amount used by pea-sized squeezing were respectively 1.12g, 0.66g and 0.46g. The amount used by horizontal squeezing and pea-sized squeezing was less than the usual amount used by 0.46g(41%) and 0.66g(59%) respectively.2. Gender, residential area, educational experiences and daily mean toothbrushing frequency made no differences to the amount of toothpaste used.3. The students who normally used a larger amount of toothpaste used a greater amount of toothpaste as well when they utilized horizontal squeezing and pea-sized squeezing, and the larger amount used by horizontal squeezing led to the greater amount used by pea-sized squeezing. Conclusions : As there were large disparities in the amount of toothpaste used according to the squeezing methods, systematic research efforts should be directed into setting the standard for the recommended amount of toothpaste used for adults and into squeezing method so that they could brush their teeth in an effective manner by using the minimum amount of toothpaste.
  • 4.

    The effect of factors dental treatment fear of level middle-school student's

    최성숙 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.585~593 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study were to measure the effect of factors analyse the associated by the dental treatment fear of level middle school student's, and then to provide basic material which can help to improve adolescent's oral health and dental service. Methods: This subject of study consists of 342 middle schools each 1,2,3 grade Daegu city. The data were collected from July through August 2009, by way of the self-reported questionnaire. The data materials are analyzed by general characteristics and dental service behavior frequency analysis, dental fear of levels general characteristics, dental service behavior, the burden of dental visits, the pain experience of the past χ2-test and dental treatment fear relationship with multiple regression analysis. Results: General characteristics, 56.7% for boys and girls, with 43.3 percent of boys and girls high. dental service behavior in the dental visited was treatment purpose 76.5%, preventive purpose 23.5%. high-level dental treatment fear of the female 60.8%, male 33.0% was higher, The higher age also increased dental fear of the levels, dental services dental visit in 1-2 year the dental fear level of the higher, was statistically significant (p<0.05). Medical purpose 'preventive' than 'treatment' is a higher dental fear. Factors affecting dental treatment fear experiences directly from your pain (β=0.116), inadequate anesthesia, treatment experience (β=0.126), indirect painful experience (β=0.125) in both a statistically significant positive relationship was found (p<0.05). Conclusions: Finally, it is necessary carry out further studies on the improvement of dental service of oral health of adolescent based on the dental treatment fear.
  • 5.

    Job stress and reaction of dental hygienist by using the job strain model

    Choi Mi Suk | Ahn Kwon Suk | 2010, 10(4) | pp.595~605 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : A precedent research has documented that occupational stress is closely associated with increased the risk of fatigue and decreased in job satisfaction. This study was conducted in an effort to assess the relationship of occupational stress to self-perceived fatigue and job satisfaction by using job strain model. Method : The number of respondents was 122 dental hygienist who work in dental clinic and period of the investigation was July 2009 through september 2009. A structured questionnaire was employed to evaluate the participants' sociodemographics, job-related factors, health-related behaviors, occupational stress, job satisfaction and self-perceived fatigue. Occupational stress and self-perceived fatigue were assessed using the Korean Occupational Stress Scale-Short form (KOSS-SF) and the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS), respectively. Results : In job strain model, the ratio of Q2(High Strain Job) group that more susceptible to disease by stress than other group was 16% and the proportion of high fatigue group(Q3, Q4 group) and low job satisfaction group(Q3, Q4 group) was 48%, 45% respectively. In logistic regression analyses, a High Strain Job group was associated with higher odds of react factor(fatigue, job satisfaction) and the odds was down by 3.3%~7.5% after adjustment for age, smoking, alcohol drinking, regular exercise. So the effective strategy for fatigue, job satisfaction reduction for dental hygienist requires additional program focusing on innovated work environment that provide a enough leisure time and exercise program considering the personality traits. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that occupational stress is a determinant predictor of self perceived fatigue and job satisfaction. Thus, a stress management program for the reduction of occupational stress, and the promotion of dental hygienist impact assessment health and quality of life is strongly recommended.
  • 6.

    Affecting factors to using oral health of korean adolescents

    전미진 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.607~616 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was performed to enhance a rate of Using oral clinic and to search related factors of using oral clinics. Methods: The subjects of the study were 74,698 subjects who answered to the 2007 korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based survey. Answers of 73,836 subjects were used for the final analysis. We used spss of version 12.0. This study conducted a Chi-square test to identify using oral clinics rate according to characteristics of subjects and a multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify whether they are independently significant. Results :Tooth scaling experiences were responded by 10,060 subjects(25.6%). Grade and metropolis, economic level had significant associations with using oral clinic experiences. The rate of using oral clinic showed significant difference in point, depending on general characteristics. Their oral health showed significant difference in point between using oral clinic experience and non-experience groups. According to the multiple logistics regression analysis whose significant independent variables were sex, grade, metropolis, economic level , blooding gum, tooth brushing, oral malodor. Conclusions : The policy is needed to prevent economic constraints from worsening oral health by supporting the poor. And our government should eventually prepare a public relation program suitable for public.
  • 7.

    About dentistry infection from dentistry medical institution recognition research of patient

    이연경 | 김순덕 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.617~625 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The research which sees collected information about dentistry infection management recognition of the patients and the infection management which the medical treatment consumer does in necessity is what, grasped and satisfaction and became the fundamental data which makes the hospital will be able to trust about dentistry image rise and dentistry environment of the medical treatment consumer who assists a dentistry character executed. Methods: From 2009 April 1st until May 28th 233 people common people who have the experience which visits a Gyeongsangnam-do area dentistry the object with the entry question law which sleeps did and the data analysis SPSS, 12.0 For Window under using produced each question item by frequency and a ratio, the analytical degree of infection management One - Way ANOVA stamps and executed t-test. Results: Information experience experienced about dentistry infection of the investigation object person to be, appeared with 74.7% and the after that dentistry assistance at the time of conduct change which experiences the answer back regarding of `Former times attentively observes organization disinfecting' was most with 46.6%. The protective equipments wearing goal of the dentistry medical attendance appeared the dentistry medical attendance and patient protection 77.7%, dentistry medical attendance protection 12.9%, by patient protection 9.4% order. Before medical treatment starting of the dentistry medical attendance the hand `Does not confirm ' appeared 72.1%, with. The hand washing, is whole and the degree which appears is high with 4.11 points the stamp. Is high there was a possibility of knowing the thing about the recording infection where the educational background will be high and considers statistically the difference which was visible Conclusions: The education which is active and continuous is necessary about infection management and sets the guides which are standardized to the patients and about infection management and about infection prevention and exposes from dentistry practices well to emboss the thing is thought that there is a necessity to plant a trust feeling about the dentistry where the patients assist
  • 8.

    A study for the standardization of dental hygiene terms

    Hwang Ji Young | 조민정 | 박영남 and 3other persons | 2010, 10(4) | pp.627~633 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare and analyse periodontal terminology of 16 dental hygiene textbooks including periodontology, dental prophylaxis for the standardization. Method : 16 kinds of major publications were classified into the following criteria. - the standardization of translation, orthography, classification Results :1. There are twelve cases, all told, of words with same origin used as different explanation and interpretation. Mucogingival Junction is most translated as ‘치은점막 경계’ with high percentage of 53.8%, while Probe is translated as ‘치주낭 측정기’ with 41.7% and Acquired Pellicle is translated as ‘획득피막’ with 57.1%. In addition, Stippling is interpreted as ‘점몰’ with high percentage of 70%, and Supine Position is interpreted as‘수평자세’ or ‘앙와위’ with 33.3%. Yet, Pen Grasp is explained differently in all five books, whereas Modified Pen Grasp is explained as ‘변형 연필 잡기법’ with 57.1%. The rest, Palm Thumb Grasp and Adaptation, have different interpretation in books, requiring unified interpretation of terms. 2. There are two cases of loanwords expressed according to orthography. Implant is expressed as ‘임플란트’ (87.5%) and ‘임프란트’ (12.5%). Scaling is expressed as ‘스켈링’ (40.0%) and ‘스케일링’ (60.0%). 3. There are four cases of same terms classified in a different way. Classification of 'Probing시 압력' and '치주인대섬유군’ concurs only 50.0% in six books. ‘치석제거 시술자의 위치’ is classified differently in all six books, while ‘정상치은 열구 깊이’ concurred 45.5% in books. Conclusions : In conclusion, related academic majors and writers should provide cohesive explanation and interpretation of terms for unification of terminology in the field of periodontics as well as higher level of understanding and learning opportunities for students. Furthermore, description of all terms should be reviewed and analyzed comprehensively based on existing classification criteria in order to provide best standard explanation.
  • 9.

    A study on the actual condition of dental clinic use of the out patient

    한세영 | 한수연 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.635~644 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze and investigate the effecting factors on the actual condition of dental clinic use of the out patient. Methods: In oder to achieve this purpose, A survey for 302 patients in 6 participating dental clinics located in Daejeon metropolitan city from May 01 to May 30, 2010. The result of this study was as follows. Results: 1. The duration of dental clinic use was reflected in 36.1% of the under 1 year, 34.1% of over 2 years, and 29.8% of over 1 ~ under 2 years in order. Especially, the higher the duration of over 2 years the higher the age was, on married group had a significance. 2. The type of medical examination for samples was 27.6% of periodontal, 26.5% of conservative, 17.2% of prosthodontics, 10.9% of implant, and 7.9% of preventive in order. Especially, the male group the more the prosthodontics, implant had a significance. the higher the monthly income, on married group, the more the prosthodontics, periodontal, and implant had a significance. 3. The motive of dental clinic selection was 38.4% of acquaintances' inducement, 33.4% of the high level of treatment, 15.6% of easy accessibility, and 7.0% of good physician interaction in order. Especially, male group the more the easy accessibility, high level of treatment, good physician interaction had a significance. 4. The mean of transportation in order to visit a dental clinic was 38.7% of public transportation, 37.5% of the own car, 23.8% of others in order. Especially, there was a highly significant difference on the public transportation in female, the lower education level, lower monthly income, and medical protection group. 5. The duration of time required of dental clinic reflected in 80.1% of the under 30 minute , 16.3% of over 30 minute~under 1 hour, and 3.6% of over 1 hour in order. Especially, the higher the treatment satisfaction, the dissatisfaction the higher the duration of time required under 30 minute had a significance. Conclusions: These results indicate that as medical services upgrade and get more varied, the expectation of medical quality also increases. It is thus considered that the revitalization of this hospital’s management strategy can be achieved by providing highly developed medical services, and, more importantly, by better understanding the actual conditions of dental clinic use by the patients themselves.
  • 10.

    Dental hygienist, the relationship between empowerment and organizational commitment

    lee hye kyung | Mi-Jeong Kim | 임연실 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.645~654 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objective : This study provides dental care organization that is responsible for services of dental hygienists to measure levels of empowerment and organizational commitment to. The impact of empowerment on organizational commitment is a variable that has to validate the improvement of organizational commitment of dental hygienists to have been studied for the suggestions. The study period 2009 July 1 to August 30 at Jeonju Jeollabuk dental material and dental hygienists are working in medical institutions to target a total of 336 copies (88.4%) and for analysis of the data was studied. Methods : For data analysis SPSS (Statistial Package for the Social Science) WIN 12.0 program using frequency analysis, T-test and One-way ANOVA test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, linear regression analysis was conducted through the following. Results : 1. Demographic characteristics (education, salary, age, workplace), the empowerment and organizational commitment as the decisive factor affecting the level was a significant difference. 2. Education, salary, age and demographic characteristics of the working period of the empowerment uimiseong, yeokryangseong, self-determination, but no significant differences in impacts factors, work factors, not only was a significant difference uimiseong. 3. Demographic characteristics (education, salary, age, duration of employment, workplace), the affective commitment, normative commitment, ever, ever commitment and showed significant differences remain. 4. The higher the level of empowerment of the subjects that were higher organizational commitment, was a significant difference. 5. Empowerment and Organizational Commitment of subjects related factors were analyzed in all the variables showed a significant correlation between. Conclusions : Dental health agencies that provide services of dental hygienists to improve empowerment and organizational commitment to develop a structured management program, a dental hygienist job dental hygienist program and professional standards for the continuous and systematic research. That will be needed.
  • 11.

    Location of mental foramen by lateral cepalometric radiography

    이승훈 | 김동열 | 정소윤 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.655~661 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study is aimed to prevent the damage to the inferior alveolar nerve during the orthognathic surgery. Methods : The control group consist of 50 patients with class I occlusion. The experimental group consist of 50 patients with class III malocclusion. The cepalometric radiography was used to evaluate the position of the mental foramina. Results : In the first, mental foramen position of class III was more inferior 0.85 mm in the distance between base of mandible and mental foramen. But the distance between occlusal plan and mental foramen had not statistically significant. Secondly, mental foramen location of Mandibular Prognathism was more anterior 0.91 mm in the distance between coronal plane of mandible included pogonion point and mental foramen. Also, the distance of occlusal-coronal plane of mandible included central incisor and mental foramen had statistically significant. The mental foramen location of class III was more anterior 4.81 mm than class I patients. Conclusions : The result of this study could help the clinicians to apprehend fundamental data with various facial skeletal types for any related researches about the location of the mental foramina for other purposes.
  • 12.

    A study on employment stress of health college students

    신선행 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.663~670 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to measure employment stress of health college students and to consider a proper means for the solution. Methods: The population of the research is some randomly chosen health college students located in Seoul City during the period from May 10 to June 11 2010, and the sample of 295 students were recruited as the analysis object group. The data on general characteristics and employment stress were collected by a questionnaire survey. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. The following shows the results of this study. Results:1. Mean scores of employment stress in female students were significantly higher than those in male(p<0.01). 2. Employment stress level was significantly higher in low group of home economy, competence for a schoolwork, personal relations, satisfaction in campus life. 3. In regression analysis, home economy, competence for a schoolwork, satisfaction in campus life were proved as significant factors that is related to the employment stress(p<0.01). In othe words, It is significant statistically that the lower home economy, competence for a schoolwork, satisfaction in campus life, the higher employment stress level (p<0.05). Conclusions: I suggest with the result of the study that for coping effectively employment stress of health college students, we will need to open an exclusive employment counsel window for better administration·welfare service in campus. Because of students are independent responsibility of employment, active effort must take precedence in order for the solution of problem by themselves. Also, we will need to create better academic environment and show more concern, consideration, love in family.
  • 13.

    Association between perceived oral health and perceived oral symptoms among adults in Daegu

    이형숙 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.671~681 | number of Cited : 22
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to evaluate the association between perceived oral health and perceived oral symptoms among adults in Daegu. Methods : All 437 subjects aged 18 or more selected convenience sampling were surveyed cross-sectionally via the self-administrated questionnaire. The questionnaire was measured perceived oral symptoms and perceived oral health, and also obtained socio-demographic characteristics, oral health behaviors. To assess the crude associations, bivariate analysis were applied. For the adjusted association between perceived oral health and perceived oral symptoms, multivariate linear regression multiple regression analysis was conducted. Results : 33.2% of the adults rated their perceived oral health was good, and 30.9% as poor. Older age, low education, had peridontal disease was negatively perceived their oral health(p<0.05). As oral symptoms were more frequently perceived, the perceived oral health were negative. Among the factors of perceived oral symptoms, trouble biting/chewing, poor periodontal status, trouble of appearance of teeth were positively associated with the perceived oral health after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, oral health behaviors in the regression model. Age, education, income, recent dental treatment, and all perceived oral symptoms showed the highest impact of association with perceived oral health in the baseline-category logit model. Conclusions : Perceived oral health are significantly associated with perceived oral symptoms among adults in Daegu. The findings of this study will be helpful to design plans of oral health promotion in welfare institutions to increase the oral health related quality of life among the adults.
  • 14.

    A study on TMD and stress of first children

    Myung-Eun Kim | 2010, 10(4) | pp.683~693 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between stress and temporomandibular disorder(TMD) of first the child. Methods : 500(the first child -250, non first child -250) high school students living in Jecheon city, form November 4th to 5th 2009, were the subjects of this questionnaire. The questionnaire was made up of three contests: sociodemographic characteristic, symptom & dysfunction of TMD and stress of high school students. The date were analyzed by chi-square test, two sample t-test and Pearson correlation. Results : Only 443(the first child -209, non first child - 234) students were evaluated due to inadequate responses. The obtain results was as follow. 1. Subjective symptom of TMD reported by 443 students were joint sound(63.5%), pain on chewing(55.1%), pain on opening the mouth(55.1%). 2. Analysis of subjective symptom of TMD showed the first child group was statistical significantly higher on joint sounds and TMJ pain than non first child group(<0.05). 3. Analysis of bad habit and dysfunction showed the first child group was statistical significantly higher on clenching of the teeth, difficulties of bite, headache than non first child group(<0.05). 4. Analysis of stress showed the first child group was statistical significantly higher on stress with parents than non first child. especially on marks and disagreement(<0.05). 5. Stress were related to subject symptom of TMD, especially appearance & matter stress related to joint sound, pain on chewing, pain on non-chewing, pain on opening the mouth(<0.05), pain of TMD(<0.01), study stress to related with joint sound(<0.05), pain on non-chewing, pain on opening the mouth(<0.01), parents stress were related to pain on chewing, pain on opening the mouth(<0.01) and friends stress were related to dislocation of joint, pain on non-chewing(<0.01). 6. Analysis of relation stress and bad habit & dysfunction showed appearance & matter stress were related to clenching of the teet, occlusal stability, difficulties of chewing(<0.05), difficulties of bite, headache(<0.01), study stress were related to clenching(<0.05), occlusal stability, headache(<0.01), parents stress were related to clenching(<0.05), occlusal stability(<0.01) and friends stress were related to clenching, headache(<0.05), occlusal stability(<0.01). 7. Analysis of relation bad habit and TMD showed clenching were related to joint sound(<0.05), pain on chewing, pain on non-chewing, pain on opening the mouth, pain of TMD(<0.01), bruxism were related to pain on chewing, pain on opening the mouth(<0.05), pain on non-chewing, pain of TMD(<0.01). Conclusions : The first child stress and symptom of TMD were higher than non-first child, also stress and symptom of TMD was positively associated. therefore management of the first child' stress is necessary and related study is necessary in the future.
  • 15.

    A comparative study on J regional sport players' actual conditions of maxillofacial trauma and their knowledge about It

    최미혜 | 강은주 | 우승희 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.695~703 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the maxillofacial injuries of the sports players' and analyzing the concerned factor. Methods : The subject in this study were 290 sports players' enrolled in Jeolla region. SPSS statistics program(Version 12.0) was used to analyzed the collectde data, Chi-square test and percentage were used as the analysis technique. Results :1. It was found that 63.8% of all respondents ever experienced trauma in sport activities and 28.6% experienced maxillofacial trauma. 2. In terms of traumatic causality, it was found that most of our respondents attributed the biggest cause of maxillofacial trauma to ‘sport activities.’ 3. However, it was found that only 12.1% of all respondents gave correct answers to question items about good medical treatment for traumatic odontoptosis. 4. It was found that less than half of all respondents ever faced information on maxillofacial trauma. Conclusion: This finding suggests that it is required to build up current orientation programs about maxillofacial trauma for our sport players. The maxillofacial trauma of sport players' is a important factor that degenerate the quality of the oral health and bring about the change of life style.
  • 16.

    Dental fear cause and oral health care behavior in the dental hygiene clinic clients

    이준미 | 장선옥 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.705~715 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objective: This study is aimed to seek how to promote oral health care by leading the clients with dental fears to change their behaviors in oral hygiene care based on the analysis of the relationships between the dental fears and oral health care behaviors of the clients who visit the Dental Hygiene Education Room. Methods: This study analyzed the 361 dental hygiene records of the subjects with finished treatment and accurate records among a total of 370 clients who had received dental hygiene care at the Dental Hygiene clinic in Y University from March 2007 till June 2009. According to their general features, the study analyzed whether they had any dental fears and why such fears occurred and conducted Chi-square test to compare their oral hygiene care experiences and behaviors with dental fears. Data analysis was made using the SPSS 12.0K for Window, with level of significance set at 0.05. Results: 1. In terms of dental fear or non-fear, the comparison by gender showed that women had a higher level than men, with 76 women(47.2%) answering yes; the comparison by age showed that the age group of 30 years old or older had a higher level than other groups. 2. In terms of dental fear reasons, "the past pain experiences" recorded 34.2%, showing the highest rate. 3. In addition, dental fears had influences on regular dental examination, scaling and dental hygiene education and the subjects without dental fear showed higher levels in terms of tooth-brushing frequency and time. Conclusions: To control "the past pain experiences", future dental treatment should place priority on preventive treatment and get clients to cope with pains through the preliminary education with pains. Besides, to make an effective oral health care of the clients with dental fears, dental hygienists should control the fears of the clients and perform an appropriate oral health care for them using the communication techniques to make friendly and trustworthy impressions.
  • 17.

    The effect of occupational exposure on quality of life in dental hygienists

    장종화 | 이혜남 | Cheonghwan Lim | 2010, 10(4) | pp.717~725 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was to determine the level of occupational exposure and quality of life and to investigate the effect of variables related occupational exposure on quality of life in dental hygienists. Methods: A survey questionnaire was mailed to dental hygienists from April 4 to May 15, 2010. The subjects were 256(56.9%), who were worked in dental hospital and clinic with mean age of 29.59±7.30. Quality of life was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF. It consists of 26 items, each with 5-point likert scale. Self control of occupational exposure was measured using the 3-items. The data were analyzed with chi-square, t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression using the SPSS WIN 17.0 program. Results: Regarding quality of life, the subjects was a mean of 90.73 out of a maximum 130 points. The level of self control occupational exposure a mean of 3.20 out of a maximum 5 points. Self control of occupational exposure, frequency of panorama radiography, work experience of radiography had a significant impact on quality of life in dental hygienists. Conclusions: Based on the findings, occupational exposure is negatively associated with quality of life in dental hygienists. These results suggest that health promotion program should be considered various factors related occupational exposure in dental hygienists.
  • 18.

    Oral health care of the elderly in long-term care facilities in Korea

    정윤미 | 김소명 | 이효진 and 3other persons | 2010, 10(4) | pp.727~734 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the oral health care of the elderly in long-term care facility on caregivers' behaviors. Methods: Cross-sectional study in a cluster sample of 171 caregivers recruited from 17 facilities located in the Province of Gangwon. The Questionnaire was consisted of 16 items contained oral hygiene care, denture care, oral health education and general characteristics(Chronba's α=0.87). Using SPSS WIN 12.0, descriptive statistics and chi-square test were conducted to examine the subjects general characteristics, the status of oral health education and denture care. Results: 1. The mean age of care givers was 42 years and 88.9% education experience rate was found. 2. Above 70% of them was found in daily oral hygiene care after every meal. They used toothbrush and toothpaste, they keep the toothbrush properly. 3. The denture care was conducted by most of care givers, containing proper storage. But three of ten care givers was cleaned denture by toothpaste or used water only. It was severe at the care givers didn't received oral health education(p<0.05). Conclusions: The contents of oral health education for care givers should contain the denture care(time and the reason shouldn't use toothpaste). Further large-scale longitudinal studies are needed to determine professional oral health care and to develop evidence of the dental hygiene practice for the elderly in long-term care facilities.
  • 19.

    A study on stress factors of testees for the national dental hygiene certification examination

    Lim Mi Hee | 2010, 10(4) | pp.735~744 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors and stress-adaptation patterns of students preparing for the national dental hygiene certification examination. Methods: The subjects in this study were dental hygiene juniors in four selected colleges located in the metropolitan area. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed. Results: 1. Concerning motivation of choosing the department of dental hygiene, the largest group that accounted for 72.2 percent chose it due to employment prospects. As to satisfaction level with the department, 40.4 percent were satisfied. In relation to employment prospects, 54.1 percent thought the prospects were bright. 2. They got a mean of 3.23 in stressors. To be specific, they felt the most stress due to test anxiety(3.70), followed by leisure insufficiency (3.21), the uncertainty of the future(3.18) and parental pressure(2.64). 3. They got a mean of 2.02 in stress-adaptation method. They got 2.31 and 1.72 in long-term and short-term adaptation respectively, which showed that long-term stress adaptation method were more prevailing than short-term ones. 4. As for the relationship of the stressors, there was positive correlation among all the test anxiety, future uncertainty, leisure insufficiency and parental pressure, and their correlation was statistically significant(p<0.000). 5. Regarding connections between general characteristics and the stressors, whether they spent two years or more for college admission, satisfaction level with the dental hygiene department, employment prospects and health status made significant differences to the stressors (p<0.05), and there were significant gaps in adaptation patterns according to academic standing, satisfaction level with the department and health state(p<0.05). Conclusion: The dental hygiene students were under great pressure since they had to prepare for the national dental hygiene certification examination to become a certified dental hygienist, one of professional health care workers. Therefore stress counseling programs and stress-coping programs should be developed to relieve the stress of dental hygiene students who are going to take the national dental hygiene certification examination. And they should be assisted to stay away from stress and to handle their stress in a more active manner.
  • 20.

    Barriers to research utilization among dental hygiene researchers

    문소정 | 신선정 | 정원균 and 1other persons | 2010, 10(4) | pp.745~755 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The research of dental hygiene has made considerable progress over the past 10 years toward developing a unique body of knowledge for guiding education, practice, and profession. The purpose of this study was to determine Barriers to Research Utilization among Dental Hygiene Researchers. Methods : This study used cross-sectional design, self-reported questionnaire. That was consisted of 31 items(5 categories), reliability was tested(Cronbach's Alpha=0.882). The subjects were 117, mean age was 36.1±9.3. They were consisted of full-time faculty (35.9%) and the doctoral course(61.0%). Results : The greatest barriers in dental hygiene research were 'Dental hygienists are isolated from knowledgeable colleagues with whom to discuss with' in Dental Hygienist category and 'The facilities are inadequate for implementation' in setting. In Research category, 'the research has not been replicated' and 'the relevant literature is not complied in one place' in presentation were the greatest. The researchers who were the twenty's, received dental hygiene license after 2000 year and studying for the master's degree had more barriers in all categories significantly. Conclusions : This finding provided evidence that there are barriers in dental hygiene research and we found the junior researchers have more difficulties. To improve this barriers, dental hygiene related associations need to focus on the research utilization and encourage them to attend conferences. In addition, research related education should be provided to them. Further study is essential to investigate the barriers for the established researchers in dental hygiene and to find specific solutions.
  • 21.

    Enamel strengthening effect of the dental fluoride compound

    김주원 | 이정애 | 이가연 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.757~764 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The fluoride coating for caries prevention and strengthen enamel use NaF(sodium fluoride, Junsei Chemical Co., Ltd, Japan) 2% gel, SnF2(stannous fluoride, SIGMA-ALDRICH Gmbh, USA)8% gel and APF(acidulated phosphate fluoride, Sultan health care, USA) 1.23% gel. Methods : After put the enamel piece in these fluoride compound gel, we observed density level. And after measuring the vickers hardness, Got the following conclusions. Results : 1. After settling in the APF 1.23% during 6 days, we observed high density level of enamel surface using 250 magnification scanning microscope. The vacuum of surface packed (in) like sardines. 2. After settling in the APF 1.23% during 6 days, we observed reducing the space between the cluster of enamel surface using 50,000 magnification scanning microscope. 3. The vickers hardness change was very much on the all kinds of fluoride compound gel[2% NaF(sodium fluoride)gel, 8% SnF2(stannous fluoride) gel, 1.23% APF(acidulated phosphate fluoride)gel]. It's all because of reducing the space between the cluster of enamel surface(p<0.001). Conclusions : The vickers hardness change was very much on the all kinds of fluoride compound. It's all because of reducing the space between the cluster of enamel surface.
  • 22.

    Satisfaction of the aged with their dental treatments and consideration of the necessity for dental hygienic education about the aged

    Kyoung-Ok Yun | 김진수 | 김숙향 | 2010, 10(4) | pp.765~775 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    목적: 노인 환자들이 제공받고 있는 치과 의료서비스 만족도를 평가하여 노인 환자에게 양질의 구강보건진료 서비스를 제공하고 노인의 구강보건향상에 기여하기 위하여 실시하였다. 이와 같은 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 노인관련 일반적 특성을 알아보고, 치과 병·의원을 이용하는 노인 환자의 만족도에 미치는 요인 및 병․의원 선택이유를 조사하였다. 방법: 서울특별시와 경기도, 경상도, 전라도 일부지역의 치과병원 및 치과의원을 이용하는 노인 환자 300명을 편의추출 하였으며, 2009년 4월 1일부터 5월 8일까지 면접 및 자기기입법으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 설문지는 4개영역으로 구분하여 치과 의료서비스 만족도 22문항, 치과위생사의 의료서비스 만족도 14문항, 재이용ㆍ권유의사 4문항 및 일반적 특성과 치과이용에 관한 8문항으로 구성하였다. 노인환자의 일반적인 특성에 따른 치과 의료서비스 만족도, 연구대상자의 병원인지경로, 치과선택이유에 따른 치과의료서비스 만족도는 일원배치분산분석(One-way ANOVA)을 실시하였다. 치과의료서비스 만족도 영향인자, 만족도에 미치는 치과위생사 요인 등은 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구대상자의 성별과 병원내원기간에 따른 치과선택이유는 카이제곱(χ2) 분포를 따르는 정확검정(exact test)을 실시하였다. 결과:1. 노인환자들이 병원을 선택할 때 가족, 친척으로부터 추천을 받는 경우가 가장 많으며 이 경우 다른 인지경로에 비하여 치과에 대한 만족도가 가장 높았다. 2. 치과선택 이유에 따른 만족도를 비교하였을 때 첫째, 의사의 높은 진료수준, 둘째, 친절한 서비스에 만족도가 높았다. 또한 치과선택이유가 의사의 높은 진료수준과 친절함을 포함한 의사요인이 가장 중요한 것으로 나타났다. 3. 치과위생사의 높은 진료수준과 친절도는 치과의료서비스 만족도에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 노인환자들의 만족도를 높이기 위해 노인에 대한 치위생교육이 필요하고 노인에 대한 지식뿐만 아니라 태도에 대한 교육도 실시되어야 한다. 4. 동일한 치과를 계속적으로 다니는 이유는 첫 번째 의사의 높은 진료수준, 두 번째 친절도로 의사요인과 관련이 가장 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 3-4년 이상의 장기내원환자는 의사의 높은 진료수준 다음으로 친절도를 중요한 이유로 선택하였다. 결론: 이상의 결과로 노인 환자가 만족하는 치과는 치과의사와 치과위생사의 진료수준이 높아야 하겠고, 다음으로 친절한 서비스가 중요함을 알 수 있었다. 또한 노인환자들의 만족도를 높이기 위해 노인에 대한 치위생교육이 필요하고 노인에 대한 지식뿐만 아니라 태도에 대한 교육도 실시되어야 한다.