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2011, Vol.11, No.1

  • 1.

    Affecting factors to oral scaling experience of the part worker

    천석연 | Won Bok-Yun | 2011, 11(1) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was to investigate into company workers’ oral scaling related factors and enhance a rate of oral scaling. Methods: From August 2010, self-administered questionnaires of the About general question items, oral health relation factors, knowledge of periodontal disease for oral scaling performed, in 267 people worker objects. Results: The followings are the findingd of this reserch. First, Oral scaling experiences were responded by 205 people(76.8%). Among those prevention the case which enforces with a goal periodically 6 month period 7.3% and the period of 1 years is 28.8%, be most inconvenient is cold(50.7%), with motive is dentistry visits inducement for tooth therapy which 51.2%. Non experience in oral scaling was responded by 62 people(23.2%), 45.2% of whom answered they had no necessity for such treatment. Second, Knowledge of periodontal disease is ‘dental calculus and stain loses toothbrush quality did eagerly’ incorrect one right answer ratio is highest with 86.5%, ‘Becoming the adult being made to draw out tooth is periodontitis than decay’ was incorrect one right answer rate was lowest with 62.9%. Third, The workers’ sex, service field, one month average income, Currently the oral inconvenient presence, oral health Interest degree, tooth brushing method, knowledge of periodontitis have a significant effect on their oral scaling experience. Conclusions: When seeing with result of above, it is necessary of the oral scaling widely with the method which is various includes a mass communication by causing the changes in the perception of oral scaling. The dental hygienist is inconvenience from oral scaling experience have interest when is possible the patient comfortably, in order could be operated, endeavors demanded.
  • 2.

    A study on the oral health knowledge and behavior of the volunteers in practice for oral prophylaxis

    NAM - sang mi | 2011, 11(1) | pp.13~27 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this survey research was to investigate the relationship among oral health State, behavior and knowledge of oral health of patients who participate in dental hygiene students voluntarily. Methods: The subject in this were patients who got a scaling at the oral hygiene practice lab in the department of dental hygiene in S university dental clinic from April 1 to May 31, 2010. For the data analysis, an SPSS WIN 11.5 program was used and its signification level was 0.05. Results: 1. For the oral health state according to sex distinction, it showed the men's 0.78 MT index was higher than women's 0.48 MT index and statistically significant difference. For FT index, women(4.72) was higher than men(3.50) and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 2. For the oral health state according to age distinction, DT index of under 20years(2.44) was higher than the others and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 3. For the oral health state according to marriage distinction, not married DT index(1.59) was higher than married DT index(2.56) and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 4. For the oral health behavior according to age distinction, 87.0% 20∼29years patients replied as I have experience of my teeth scaled and it showed statistically significant difference. 18.5% more than 30years replied as I use interdental brush and it showed statistically significant difference. 18.5% more than 30years replied as I use powered brush and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 5. For the oral health state according to oral health behavior distinction, there were significant difference that regular visit of dental clinic, experience of teeth scaled, toothbrushing, oral hygiene device(p<0.05). 6. For the oral health state according to oral health knowledge distinction, there were significant difference that toothbrushing time after each meal, appropriate toothbrushing time, toothbrushing method, dental caries foods(p<0.05). Conclusions: I suggest with the result of the study that there was a very close relationship between oral health status , behavior and knowledge of oral health. Therefore student of the dental hygiene should be encouraged to pay more attention to oral health care of the patient, and they should be well educated oral health care personnels who volunteers in practice for oral prophylaxis.
  • 3.

    A study on the awareness of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and infection control among dental hygiene students in Yeungnam

    Lee Seunghun | 김동열 | 2011, 11(1) | pp.29~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to survey the awareness of methicillin -resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) among dental hygiene students in Yeungnam South Korea. Also the knowledge of infection control and infection diseases was surveyed. Methods : The subjects in this study were 213 dental hygiene students in three different colleges in Yeungnam. This study was conducted by using the self-reported questionnaire. Results : In the first, most of the students(86.9%) did not know about MRSA and 85.7% of them got the information in the college. Secondly, the awareness of infectious disease according to infection control education didn't have statistically significant difference(p>0.05). In the third, the infection control attitude level that the gowns should be changed after the treatment of infectious patients was scored higher than the others questions. In addition, the level of 'The use of high vacuum suction', 'The change of wet mask', 'The history taking of infectious disease' was scored higher. Finally, the attitude level according to grade and clinical training had statistically significant difference(p<0.05). But the infection control education had not affected significantly(p>0.05). Conclusions : Despite the infection control education and clinical training, the awareness was found insufficient in infectious diseases and MRSA. Therefore, it should be strengthen that the dental hygiene students were more educated about infection control at college course before clinical training, and especially the danger of MRSA was more
  • 4.

    A study of oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior of elementary school students

    Song Kwui-Sook | Ryu da young | 2011, 11(1) | pp.39~47 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain data that can be utilized in the planning of oral health education, by surveying the correlation between oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among elementary school students. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 227 students in the 5th and 6th grades in Hongseong-gun. The obtained data were analyzed with the SPSS 14.0 program. Results: Knowledge of oral health was very high. Correct attitudes and positive behavior were indicated. There was a significant difference in oral health behavior according to school year (p<0.05). Positive correlation was significantly observed among oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behavior(p<0.01). Especially, attitudes and behavior were highly correlated(r=0.583). Conclusions: Children's' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward oral health were mutually influenced. Thus, oral health education should be carried out with the goal of causing changes in the attitudes and behavior of students, as opposed to delivering simple knowledge. Through continuous oral health education, correct oral health knowledge and behavior can be developed. Thus oral health education was expected to promote healthy habit for oral health.
  • 5.

    The oral health knowledge and behavior of elementary school students in Jeonju

    kim young im | 2011, 11(1) | pp.49~57 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to stress the necessity of the oral health promotion behavior of elementary school students and to provide some information on the development of oral health education programs. Method : The subjects in this study were 570 students who were in their fourth, fifth and sixth grade elementary schools in the city of Jeonju that were equipped with school dental clinics. A survey was conducted to find out their oral health knowledge and behavior. Results : As for oral health knowledge, 47.5% that was the largest group had an excellent knowledge of oral health. In regard to preference for the content of oral health education, the elementary school students had the most preference for toothbrushing education, and there was a definitely positive relationship between concern for oral health and actual oral health care, since those who were more interested in oral health took better care of their oral health. Conclusions : The oral health knowledge and behavior of the elementary school students were satisfactory, and the development and implementation of quality oral health education programs are required to encourage their oral health promotion behavior.
  • 6.

    A study on a way to use fluorine and the recognition level by the education career periods of elementary school teachers in Jinhae region

    박홍련 | Inyoung Ku | 문선정 | 2011, 11(1) | pp.59~67 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : To investigate the knowledge and recognition level of fluorine by teaching career among class teachers, who are primarily responsible for oral health education, despite lack of expertise in oral health, by playing a model role for students through continuous contacts with them, and provide basic elementary data about accurate knowledge and how to correctly use fluorine remarkably effective in preventing dental caries. Methods : A self-administered survey was conducted with 539 teachers at 21 elementary schools in Jinhae City from September 1 to October 15, 2010, drawing the following conclusions. Results :1. As for the channel for acquiring knowledge of oral health, the highest frequency was found in health programs for respondents with less than 9 years of career, in dental clinics for those with 20 to 29 years of career, and in PR booklets for those with 10 to 19 years and 30 years and longer of career. 2. Use of fluorine-containing toothpaste and fluorine spread is very effective and effective in preventing dental caries got 64.9%, 72.2%, 72.3%, 77.7% and 54.0%, 63.1%, 62.2%, 69.7%, respectively, among elementary school teachers with less than 9 years, 10 to 19 years, 20 to 29 years, and 30 years and longer of career. 3. Intake of fluoride and toothbrushing with fluoric solution is very effective and effective in preventing dental caries got 33.3%, 40.1%, 39.5%, 55.3% and 50.0%, 54.9%, 48.8%, 69.7%, respectively, among elementary school teachers with less than 9 years, 10 to 19 years, 20 to 29 years, and 30 years and longer of career. 4. Use of fluoric tablets is very effective and effective in preventing dental caries got 32.9%, 36.0%, 36.1%, 47.3%, respectively, among elementary school teachers with less than 9 years, 10 to 19 years, 20 to 29 years, and 30 years and longer of career. 5. Most of the elementary school teachers knew the fact that fluorine increases dental resistance to cavity and prevents bacterial growth but gave incorrect responses to properties of becoming basic nutrients or inducing recalcification. Conclusions : Various types of application of fluorine during the elementary-level childhood experiencing the most frequent dental caries will be very useful in improving oral health in the future. It is necessary to enable class teachers to get correct recognition of fluorine through supplementary and job training based on technical knowledge and various educational materials so that they, who are directly responsible for health management through continuous contacts with students, can understand how to correctly use fluorine and get accurate knowledge.
  • 7.

    A study on educational environments for students from department of dental hygiene and their satisfaction level with the major in different regions

    정상희 | 김은희 | 김현숙 | 2011, 11(1) | pp.69~78 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the curriculum, educational facilities and employment guidance of the departments dental hygiene in junior colleges in different regions and the satisfaction level of students with their major in an effort to provide some information on the improvement of educational environments and satisfaction level with the major. Methods : The subjects in this study were 315 dental hygiene students in several junior colleges located in Seoul, Gangwon Province and South Jeolla Province. A survey was conducted during a 15-day period from April 15 to March 1, 2010. Results : As for educational environments and satisfaction level with the major, they gave 3.18, 2.95 and 3.11 respectively to satisfaction level with curriculum, facilities/employment guidance and the major. In terms of satisfaction with educational environments by academic year, the juniors and seniors expressed much satisfaction with the qualifications of professors, the preparation of labs and practice devices, the utilization of labs and practice devices and a supply of employment information. By region, the students from the metropolitan area were satisfied a lot with curriculum, the qualifications of professors, practice-centered curriculum, the preparation of labs and practice devices, the utilization of labs and practice devices, the system of employment guidance and a supply of employment information. By credit, the students tho got A expressed lots of satisfaction with the quality of instruction. Concerning satisfaction level with their major by academic year, the juniors and seniors were highly satisfied with relationship with dental hygiene professors and social status of dental hygienists. By school location, the students from the metropolitan area expressed a lot of satisfaction with the content of major courses and social status of dental hygienists. Conclusions : In order to boost the satisfaction level of students in non-metropolitan areas, colleges should try to improve educational environments, and full-fledged assistance should be provided to them.
  • 8.

    Oral care status and its related factor in diabetic patients

    Na Hee Ja | jung eui jung | 2011, 11(1) | pp.79~92 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study conducted to investigate oral care abilities in diabetic patients to find a good dental method which may efficiently control diabetes. Methods : The diabetic group consisted of 40 patients with type 2 diabetics, while the non-diabetes were 33 persons with no signs of diabetics, who had visited a Public Health Center and dental clinic of a general hospital in Gwangju city from Dec. 2008 to Sep. 2009. Periodontal disease, gingivitis, dental caries, tongue plaque and halitosis between diabetic group and non-diabetic group were examined and at the same time a questionnaire survey was conducted. The data were analyzed with chi-square, t-test, pearson correlation coefficients using the SPSS WIN 15.0 program. Results : The mean values of both the community periodontal index and the gingival index of diabetic group were 2.18 and 1.75, respectively, and those were higher than those (1.79 and 1.50) of non-diabetic group with no statistical significance. The mean saliva secretion of non-diabetics was 16.74 mL, which was higher than 13.90 mL of diabetic patients(p<0.05). The oral care ability(mean 3.10) acquired from plague index in diabetic group was worse than in non-diabetic(mean 2.33). Conclusions : The high blood sugar concentration in diabetic patients causes low saliva secretion and high saliva viscosity, with the results halitosis and periodontal disease take place. This study suggested that good oral care ability of diabetic patients was very helpful to prevent periodontal disease and halitosis. In addition to this, it may reduce complications of diabetic patients.
  • 9.

    Local children's centers in Gyeongnam province experienced group of teachers' oral health education toothbrushing effects

    나미향 | 2011, 11(1) | pp.93~99 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : Children who are users of local children's centers are mostly in the lower income brackets or raised by single parents or grandparents. Their parents are usually careless about them, or they are placed in tough environments. Specifically, they are unlikely to be taught at home to brush their teeth on a regular basis. The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health education experiences of teachers at local children's centers and the reality of oral health care provided by them to children, and to pave the way for the development of collaborative oral health education programs by local children's centers and local communities. Methods : The subjects in this study were teachers who worked at 158 local children's centers located in Gyeongnam Province. Each teacher was asked to fill out the given a questionnaire at the centers. The survey was conducted by phone or in person from February 26 to April 1, 2009. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 15.0 program, and statistical data on frequency and percentage were acquired to find out the general characteristics of the teachers. And crosstabulation was utilized to look for connections between oral health education experiences and actual oral health care. Result : At the 158 local children's centers, 21 teachers had ever learned about oral health education to provide children with that, and 137 teachers hadn't. The local children's centers that the former worked for had more interest in dental caries, and those centers had children do toothbrushing more than the other centers at which the latter served. Conclusions : It seems that local children's centers and local communities should make concerted efforts to develop joint education programs.
  • 10.

    Study on the oral health awareness and behavior in the special school for students of disability

    SONG, YUN-SHIN | 장우성 | 2011, 11(1) | pp.101~109 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study of oral health problems was conducted to 311 students in Special Schools in order to inquire into the state of their oral health behaviors, to find out the main obstacles against dental services, to secure dental reasonable basis for oral health promotion.Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in the Special School of the 311 students in the area of the metropolitan Seoul. By means of Chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test, oral hygiene habits for each type of the subjects, the contents of dental care services, the prerequisites to improve oral health, were inquired. To evaluate the effects to the current oral health status of types of disability, 2-way ANOVA was practiced. Results: The handicapped with Visual impairment, mental retardation, multiplicity with disabilities, answered negatively in their own oral health status. 47.4% of the deaf can do brush for theirselves without the inconvenience, but in other types of disability they showed that they were helped by others. Subjects did not use the secondary oral hygiene necessaries because, except brain damage, almost of types of disability impeded the convenient use. 60 to 88.2 percent of the total respondents were recent visitors to dental clinique within 1 year, and the most common motives of the visiting to the dentist, is a routine medical examination, their movements to the dentist in all types of disabilities, needed to have helps of others. Most of them received medical treatment at a private dentist, the handicapped preferred the private care and place(49.8%). Only in the case of the brain disorders, extremely much of the disabled answered that they were needed the preventive treatment, and the another cases of disability were largely needed the treatment of the decayed teeth. To improve the oral health of the people with disabilities, at the opening of the clinics and hospitals over a certain size, the mandatory medical facilities for the care of the disabled should be preceded and followed by the improvement of dental insurance system so as to reduce the burdens of the cost of dental care.Conclusion: The improvement of oral health policy for the disabled are needed inevitably: Development of secondary oral hygienic easy to use for the disabled, the building systems of medical dental hospital with the disabled facilities, by the improvement of the insurance system, the reduction of the burden of payments.
  • 11.

    An analysis of the associated factors which influence DMFT index of the primary school children's in Pocheon city

    김영남 | SONG, YUN-SHIN | Choi, Eun-Jung and 2other persons | 2011, 11(1) | pp.111~124 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: We supposed that identifying the influencing factors on DMFT index in the primary school children in Pocheon be indispensible for the primary school children's oral health program establishment in Pocheon. So, to prepare the basic materials for the primary school children's oral health program establishment in Pocheon, we analyzed the associated factors which could have an influence on the primary school children's DMFT index in Pocheon. Methods: We selected 3,676 primary school children in Pocheon, whose age were from 6 to 11, and surveyed those children by a questionnaire and the oral examination based on WHO's oral health survey method. Data were analyzed with a x^2- -test and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 15.0^®. Results: The results of oral survey in the primary school children in Pocheon revealed as follows: DMFT index, National Health Oral health survey of 2006 people nationwide in the results when compared to younger grade children and older grade in the low and the higher. Subjective oral health awareness, high of viscosity junk food snacks, fruit, gender, dental visits and humidity, oral health education classes, including the variable of attitude was 6(p<0.05). Their higher awareness of dental health, oral health education classes ever the more positive attitude to DMFT index was statistically significant(p<0.05). Solid in the habit of eating junk food snacks to the students of a liquid relative to student intake was higher DMFT index indices(p<0.05). Conclusion: We could reason that one's oral health recognition and behavior should have a relationship with his(her) DMFT index.
  • 12.

    A study on injuries in deciduous teeth and permanent teeth

    Lee Mi Ra | Ji, min gyeong | Min Hee-Hong | 2011, 11(1) | pp.125~134 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    1. Deciduous teeth were indicated to be the highest in imperfect luxation with 60.7%, and were indicated to be in order of crown fracture with 25.5%, root fracture with 12.4%, and perfect luxation with 1.4%. The permanent teeth were indicated to be the highest in crown with 58.1%, and were indicated to be in order of imperfect luxation with 27.3%, root fracture with 13.1%, and perfect luxation with 1.5%(p<0.001). 2. In case of deciduous teeth for a place with damage, the home was indicated to be the highest with 31.7%. The permanent teeth were indicated to be the highest(p<0.001) in the road and stairs with 40.4%. As to a cause for damage, both deciduous and permanent teeth were indicated to be the highest(p<0.001) in a cause for falling with 53.1% and 30.8%, respectively. 3. As for a treatment method, in case of deciduous teeth, the close observation was indicated to be the highest with 46.9%. In permanent teeth, the resin restoration was indicated to be the highest(p<0.001) with 22.2%. Dental injuries in deciduous teeth and permanent teeth are showing diverse aspects. Conclusions : It is important to arrange guidelines on cure of the damaged teeth by injury through continuing a dynamic research on these aspects. Also, the damage in deciduous teeth may have direct and indirect influence upon growth in successional permanent teeth. Thus, through careful treatment, the injury needs to be minimized. It is considered to be likely necessary for a right coping method when injury occurs, and above all, for enough prior education so that injury cannot occur.
  • 13.

    A study on infection control practices by dental hygienists

    NAM - sang mi | 2011, 11(1) | pp.135~146 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the infection control practices of practicing dental hygienists. Methods: This research was based on self-filling servey which 149 dental hygienists in dental clinic and dental hospital on October 2009. For the data analysis, an SPSS WIN 11.5 program was used and its signification level was 0.05. The following shows the results of this study. Results: 1. There was significant difference in there practice about sterilization and disinfection of dental instrument depending upon the respondent' career(p<0.05). 2. There was significant difference to were gloves and a apron according to type of service(p<0.05). 3. There was significant difference in the time to change the gown according to experience of education factors infection control(p<0.05). Conclusions: The majority of dental hygienists surveyed reported altering infection control practices and treatment techniques. While there has been an improvement in compliance with recommended infection control guidelines. Even though there is a need for continuing infection control education for dental hygienists.