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2011, Vol.11, No.3

  • 1.

    Dental hygiene students’knowledge, attitude in an influenza A (H1N1)

    이향님 | 심형순 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.301~311 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : In order to identify the awareness of influenza A (H1N1) having currently high frequency and risk as an infectious disease, to find problems and to reflect them on curriculum improvements from students before/after clinical practices. Methods : The data was collected from 279 dental hygiene students of 1st and 2nd years at G health college university from December 6th 2010 to December 10th 2010. The questionnaire were consisted of awareness of influenza A (H1N1), preventive attitude, sociodemographic characteristics. Results : 1. 1st year was 51.6%, the case having dental experience was 51.2%, in the infection control training experience‘ had’was 46.6%. In the route acquiring the information, the mass media was 70.6%, in obtained information,personal hygiene was 82.1%. In the impact on human body,‘ great impact’was 58.1%. In terms of the most need for response and preparedness, vaccination was the highest, 67.4%. People who experienced influenza A (H1N1) were 10.7%. 2. Awareness of influenza A (H1N1) was 0.71 points, and treatment and spreading mechanism was 0.78 points, prevention was 0.63 points, causes and definition was 0.53 points. 3. In the attitude for infection prevention of influenza A (H1N1), ‘washing hands before practice’was the highest, 0.99 points and ‘wear the mask only in case of contact with patient within 1-2 meters upon occurrence of no aerosol’was the lowest, 0.72points. 4. Awareness of influenza A (H1N1) according to sociodemographic characteristics showed the significant differences upon the impacts on systemic health (p<0.05). Preventive attitude didn’t show a significant difference in grade, clinical experience, experience in infection control training, acquiring rmation routes, the possibility for occurrence, impact on systemic health, the most need for prevention, experience in influenza A (H1N1) (p>0.05). 5. The significantly correlated between awareness of influenza A (H1N1) and preventive attitude(p<0.01). Conclusions : Information and preventive attitude for influenza A (H1N1) as well as systematic training programs to identify actual affecting factors and to improve the practice are needed. Also government’s institutional support is needed.
  • 2.

    Effect of attribution disposition and self-efficacy on test anxiety in selected dental hygiene students.

    임순연 | 조영식 | 배현숙 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.313~323 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine effect of attribution disposition and self-efficacy on test anxiety in selected college students who major in dental hygiene. This study provides basic data to develop a program for dental hygiene students to reduce test anxiety. Methods : 328 students from A college in Kyungnam, B college in Chunnam and C university in Chungnam who majored in dental hygiene were asked to answer the self-efficacy scale, attribution disposition and test anxiety scale in November and December. 2008. Total of 311 copies were analyzed. Using SPSS 15.0, correlation analysis was conducted and structural model was verified using AMOS 7.0. Evaluation of mediated effect of attribution disposition in suggested structural model was assessed using Sobel verification. Results : 1. Looking at the correlation among self-efficacy, attribution disposition and test anxiety. Self-efficacy had negative relation with external attribution disposition and test anxiety. External attribution disposition had positive relation with test anxiety. 2. Path coefficient from self-efficacy to internal attribution disposition was significant positively and path coefficient from self-efficacy to external attribution disposition was significant negatively. However, the path coefficient from self-efficacy to test anxiety was insignificant. 3. Path coefficient from external attribution disposition to self-efficacy was positively significant. However, the path coefficient from internal attribution disposition to self-efficacy was not significant statistically. 4. In structural model among attribution disposition, test anxiety and self-efficacy, indirect effect of external attribution dispositions was significant statistically. The students with higher self-efficacy showed lower external attribution disposition,the students with lower external attribution disposition showed lower test anxiety. Conclusions : To reduce test anxiety, educators should find a strategy that can improve students’self-efficacy and change their attribution disposition.
  • 3.

    The investigation of the degree of the request of the education about the claim for the medical expenses in the dentistry health insurance - mainly in the Daejeon, Chungcheong area -

    남용옥 | Sung-Hee Kim | 김민자 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.325~341 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This research has investigated the reality of the education of the claim and the degree of the educa- tion for the claimed of the dentistry recuperation organization in the Daejeon and Chuncheong are for the improvement of the problem in the medical expenses. Methods : It use as a basic data for the vitalizations of the education and performed the survey in the dentistry recuperation organization in the Daejeon and ChungCheong Nam BukDo which are registered in the evaluating organization for judging the health insurance in the present May 2010, and concluded just like the below. Results : 1. The education of the claim in the requirer in the dentistry recuperation organization, and the educa- tion of the claim was especially lacking when the dentist was studying in the university, and the dental hygienist had the similar educational experience in the school and the clinic (p<0.05) 2. Most of the requirer in the dental recuperation organization was hoping to get the education related to the claim work, but the dentist and the nurse’s aid was relatively low (p<0.05) 3. For fixing the error of the claim, the participation and the extension of the judging standard of the insurance was the highest among the university subordinate dental hospital/dental hospital, but the health center was relatively low (p<0.05). 4. The dentist feels the economic burden in employing the special employee because the raising of the special judging people, compared to others, but the staffs such as the dental hygienist preferred it as one of ways to fix the error of the claim of the dental insurance (p<0.05) 5. Both dentists and the dental hygienist said proper time to teach the insurance was all needed in the school, and the clinic, but other workers relatively believed it should be held in the clinic (p<0.05). 6. The important factors to decide the participation of the lecture was in order of the contents of the lecture, the place of the lecture, the amount for the lecture, the superintendent of the lecture, whether it has gone through the educational score, and whether it has passed the conserving educational score was relatively less important in the university subordi- nate dentist/dentist, but the medical center was very effective as 4.50 (p<0.05) 7. Health Insurance Review and assessment service was very high as the managing department for supplying the lecture and the information, 70.5%, and the next was the Korean Dental Association/ Korean dental hygiene association, but dentists were preferring the association to manage in than the Health Insurance Review and assessment service to manage (p <0.05) 8. In preferring lecture for the inquiring the insurance, periodontal surgery was the highest as 4.51, the diagnosis standard for injection was high in the university subordinate hospital/dentists, and the more the year of the insurance inquiry, the less the doctor who was hoping for the lecture about the basic treatment. Conclusions : Taken together, it is decided that the inquiry education about the medical expense in the dentist, so the consistent and systematic education should be held to the related people, and from this, it is thought to reduce the problem of the inquiry of the medical expenses by fostering the knowledge and supplying the informa- tion which are related to the inquiry of the dentists.
  • 4.

    Factors associated with turnover intention of public health dental hygienist

    Ha-Na Choi | 이지원 | 조영식 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.343~351 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with turnover intention on public health dental hygienists. Methods : A total 235 public health dental hygienist completed a questionnaire on attitudes related to their job position and sociodemographic status. Results : In total 82.5% of the respondents have experienced a job transfer. Their children and job stress strongly affect turnover intention. Turnover intention was correlated with empowerment, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, burnout and job stress. Using multiple regression analysis, the effects of job stress, children, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, career were satistically significant. Conclusions : The study showed strong relationship between turnover intention and job stress and their children. They had positive attitude for their job position and satisfied with their job. They experienced the stress on their job but had little turnover intention.
  • 5.

    The relationship between social values and health system values in dental healthcare hygienist

    So-Yeon You | 박은미 | 장종화 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.353~361 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to examine the social value of dental hygienists, their values about the health system and the relationship of all the related variables. Methods : The subjects in this study were 205 dental hygienists who worked in dental clinics and hospitals on Seoul. A survey was conducted from August 12 to October 15, 2010. The questionnaire consisted of nine items about general characteristics, two items about social values and 11 about values of the health system. The items related to social values and values of the health system were prepared by translating the items used in David et al’s study, and the Cronbach alpha coefficient of those items respectively 0.80 and 0.76. Results : The dental hygienists got 3.94 in social values, which was above the average. In terms of values about the health care system, their values of the treatment delivery system(3.92) rated highest, followed by values of patient rights(3.79) and values of institutional restrictions(3.25). Their socal values had a closest positive correlation to their values of the treatment delivery system, and their values of patient rights had a strong positive correlation to those of the treatment delivery system and was positively correlated to those of institutional regulations as well. And there was a positive correlation between their values of the treatment delivery system and institutional regulations(r=.276). Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings illustrated that the social values of the dental hygienists had a positive correlation to their values of the health system. Therefore the kinds of educational programs that help dental hygienists to build their social values and values of the health system should be developed to improve their job efficiency as oral health experts.
  • 6.

    A demand for opening and a plan for operation on major deepening course for department of dental hygiene in some regions

    한지형 | 정영란 | Jung you sun | 2011, 11(3) | pp.363~372 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to pursue an efficient operating plan by surveying the cognition and demand level for major deepening course. Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out targeting 135 dental hygienists who work in Cheonan and neighboring region. The collected data was performed frequency & percentage, T-test and ANOVA analysis. Results : 1. As for dental hygienists’acquiring academic degree, 77.0% of them responded to have interest. As for a desired route of acquiring academic degree, the major deepening course or Credit Bank System was the highest with 62.2%. 2. As a result of surveying cognition on major deepening course, 73.3% responded to know. A route of having come to know was the largest in senior or friend with 34.8%. Necessity of major deepening course was responded to be necessary with 89.7%. 89.1% of them clarified to have intention of acquiring. 3. The curricular subject, which is desired to be learnt for a plan of operating major deepening course, was the highest in the major field with 63.0%. 4. As a result of comparing an interest, necessity, and intention of acquisition on major deepening course depending on general characteristics, the statistically significant difference wasn’t shown. Conclusions : These results suggest that major deepening of course through active public should be aware that many dental hygienists will be subject to a variety of programs and development of clinical course and a practical hands-on education is expected to be strengthened.
  • 7.

    A study on the practice application of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies and oral health status ofpatients in‘ S’university dental clinic

    남상미 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.373~381 | number of Cited : 22
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among the practice application of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies, oral health state of patients in S university dental clinic. Methods : The subject in this were 261 patients who got a scaling at the oral hygiene practice lab in the department of dental hygiene in S university dental clinic from April 1 to May 31, 2010. For the data analysis, an SPSS WIN 11.5 program was used and its signification level was 0.05. Results : 1. For the oral health state according to sex distinction, it showed the men’s 0.78 MT index was higher than women’s 0.48 MT index and statistically significant difference. 2. For FT index, women(4.72) was higher than men(3.50) and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 3. For the oral health state according to sex distinction, Why not use oral hygiene auxiliary supplies showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 4. For the practice application of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies according to age distinction, 18.5% more than 30years replied as I use interdental brush and it showed statistically significant difference. 18.5% more than 30years replied as I use powered brush and it showed statistically significant difference(p<0.05). 5. For the oral health state according to the practice application of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies distinction, there were significant difference that dental floss, interdental brush, mouth rinse product, Why not use oral hygiene auxiliary supplies(p<0.05). Conclusions : The findings of this study were lower than the utilization of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies. Therefore,to increase the use of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies to patients of the appropriate selection and correct usage of oral hygiene auxiliary supplies and the resulting effects have sufficient training to practice more efficiently should be.
  • 8.

    Association of quality of dental care service on the level of patient satisfaction

    이향님 | 심형순 | 김가영 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.383~393 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study has been undertaken for the purpose of finding out what influence is made by the dental care service provided to patients by the dental clinics to the level of patient satisfaction to provide the base data for developing and improving the dental care service of dental hygienist. Methods : The survey was undertaken for 500 patients visiting 18 dental clinics in City G and the questionnaire was undertaken for two weeks in May 2010, and 473 copies were analyzed with the exception of the questionnaires with many omissions in the response. Results : 1. Distribution of the level of satisfaction for patient had the dentist factor which was highest in the dentist factor for 4.43 at the age of 60s (p<0.05). and in sole proprietorship for 4.49 (p<0.01). treatment procedure factor which was highest in sole proprietorship for 4.16 (p<0.001). environment of dental clinic factor which was highest at the age of 60 years or older for 4.36 (p<0.05) and in sole proprietorship for 4.14 (p<0.01). 2. Evaluation on the quality of the dental care service of dental hygienist had the kindness of dental hygienists which was highest at the age of 60 years or older for 4.40(p<0.001), knowledge factor of dental hygienist which was highest for 4.34 at the age of 60 years or older (p<0.05) and highest 4.27 for visit dentists(p<0.001) and the patient management and other factor was highest at the age of 60s for 4.47 (p<0.05), and in sole proprietorship for 4.28 (p<0.05). 3. Factors influencing on the level of satisfaction for patient. The level of satisfaction for patient was higher for higher evaluation of the dentist quality (p<0.001), for feeling convenient in treatment procedure and use (p<0.01), for feeling kindness of the dental hygienist (p<0.01), and for higher evaluation in patient management and other management activities of the dental hygienist (p<0.001). Conclusions : In order to heighten the level of satisfaction for patient, it would be necessary to strengthen the kindness and patient management aspect on the patients of the dental hygienist, and it would require to heighten the quality of dentist as patients recognize and heighten the treatment procedure and service convenience of dental clinics.
  • 9.

    The effects of organizational culture and selfleadership on organizational effectiveness in oral health professional

    장종화 | 이영수 | 문애은 | 2011, 11(3) | pp.395~404 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to investigate the level of organizational culture and self-leadership on organizational effectiveness and the significant factors influencing organizational effectiveness in oral health professional. Methods : Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 297 oral health professional(mean age=29.95±8.10). Participants in the study were recruited when they attended the dental health form in Gwangju. Organizational culture was classified into four factors: relation-oriented, innovation-oriented, hierarchy-oriented, task-oriented culture. Self-readership consisted of five factors: rehearsal/self-observation, self-goal establishment, selfesteem,self-criticism, self-reward. Organizational effectiveness included organizational commitment and job satisfaction. The data was analysed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Results : The dominant organizational culture was rank-oriented culture. The mean score of self-readership score was 3.51 out of a maximum 5 points. Organizational commitment was positively correlated with age, relation-oriented culture, self-goal establishment, self-reward explained 41.9% and job satisfaction was positively correlated with relation-oriented culture and self-esteem explained 48.6%. Conclusions : Based on the findings, the organizational culture and self-readership was correlated with organizational effectiveness. These results suggest that further development should be continued to develop the effective self-readership and organizational culture to improve the organizational effectiveness of oral healthcare professional.
  • 10.

    The satisfaction and subjective symptom level by indoor air quality in dental parlor in Capital and Jeon-nam area

    Choi Mi Suk | 2011, 11(3) | pp.405~417 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : A precedent research has documented that indoor air pollution is closely associated with increased the risk of symptom and decreased in job satisfaction. This study was conducted in an effort to assess the relationship of indoor air quality to self-perceived symptom and satisfied with working environment. Methods : This research is based on self-filling survey which 393 dental hygienists who work in seoul and Jeonnam area participated on October 2010 through January 2011. This survey was compared and analyzed about the level of satisfaction and subjective symptom by the indoor air quality that dental office’s working environment. Results : The result of satisfaction degree of hospital working environment was pretty low about office air. Most people mentioned that they were sore and dull all over the back, shoulder, and neck. Also, they were drowsy and exhausted in work place. Conclusions : In conclusion, it is need to improve their quality of life and mental health by developing proper air conditioning system and using one in their work place.