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2011, Vol.11, No.5

  • 1.

    Infants according to type of teacher education oral health education behavioral research using PRECEDE model

    심재숙 | 문하영 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.603~613 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study is to investigate factors that predispose the oral health education patterns of teachers at preschool institutions such as kindergartens and day nurseries, for which a comparison was made among the patterns, whereto the PRECEDE model was applied. Methods : A survey was conducted by two visits, a preliminary survey and a main survey, and teachers at the foregoing institutions personally filled in the questionnaire. Results : 1. With relation to epidemiological and social diagnosis, the largest number of respondents (53.7%) agreed on the need for oral health education, but at the same time, the largest number of respondents (40.3%) was unsatisfactory with oral health education given by them. 2. With relation to behavioral diagnosis, there were many cases where respondents taught their students to brush their teeth after meals and snacks. Oral health education was focused on safety and injuries. There was no significant intergroup difference (p>0.05). 3. Predis- posing factors (a subcategory of educational diagnosis) showed the following results: As for the frequency of oral health education, most respondents at both institutions answered preferred once every six month (p>0.05). In the case of oral health checkup, 75.4% of respondents at kindergartens preferred once a year. 72.2% of respondents at day nurseries preferred the same frequency. They showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). In enabling factors, it was found that most respondents at both institutions collected information and teaching materials from mass media and public health centers respectively. In enabling factors, insufficient teaching materials, media and knowledge were found to be obstacles to oral health education. Conclusions : Oral healthcare providers’cooperation is required to diversify away from tooth brushing-centered education and to enrich oral health education. In addition, continuous supplements are required to make teachers at preschool institutions acquire expert knowledge and give oral health education with confidence. Moreover, it needs to train them for various education programs as well as to support them with educational media. Lastly, family members’cooperation is required to develop oral health education programs.
  • 2.

    A study on the oral health behavior of some dental hygiene students and other majors

    정미경 | 김윤미 | Hong Sae Young | 2011, 11(5) | pp.615~627 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The study has three aims: 1) to assess the perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of dental hygiene students and other college students towards oral and dental care, 2) to provide grounds for developing an oral and dental health educational program, and 3) to improve the oral and dental health status among the college student population. Methods : The subjects in this study were 520 students who included dental hygiene students from J health college and other majors from a four-year university located in Seoul. The survey was conducted from September,2010, to June 3, 2011. The collected 507 questionnaires were analyzed. The collected data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS WIN 12.0, and the level of significance was set at 0.05. Results : 1. As for a daily toothbrushing frequency, the largest number of the students brushed their teeth three times a day, and the dental hygiene students did that more often than the other majors(p<0.001). Concerning awareness of the toothbrushing method and the time for the change of the toothbrush, the rolling method was more prevailing among the dental hygiene students than the others(p<0.001). 2. In regard to education experience about the toothbrushing method and satisfaction with the existing toothbrushing method, 64.7% of respondents ever received education about the toothbrushing method(p<0.001). 3. As to scaling experience and gingival bleeding,the dental hygiene students had more scaling experiences(p<0.001), and the other majors who underwent gingival bleeding from time to time outnumbered the dental hygiene students who did(p<0.01). 4. In relation to subjective oral health status, the dental hygiene students found themselves to be in better oral health than the other majors(p<0.001), and the latter had more parts of the mouth in which they didn’t feel well than the former(p<0.01). The dental hygiene students were more concerned about their oral health(p<0.001) and felt more uncomfortable in chewing(p<0.05). The other majors felt more uncomfortable in pronunciation(p<0.01). Conclusions : The results of this study indicated that dental hygiene students strongly recognized the importance of knowledge, motivation, and self-care behaviors, and attitudes towards oral health and dental care compared to other college students. It suggested that regular educational programs for the college student population should be implemented to increase their concern for oral and dental issues and to improve their oral and dental health status.
  • 3.

    A study of comparative the mastication capability and life quality of elderly people using dentures or implants

    김영숙 | 전보혜 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.629~636 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of oral health on the quality of life of elderly patients with dentures or implants. It is our intention that through this analysis we can aid seniors in making the choice between dentures or implants, considering future masticatory function and the likely effects of this decision on the patients quality of life. Methods : This survey was conducted between November 1, 2010 and November 25, 2010, in Kyunggi-Do, whasung city. The research was carried out at one public health center, among elderly patients. 105 seniors were surveyed using the direct interviewing method, oral health related quality of life was measured by the Philadelphia Geriatric Center(PGC) Morale Scale. Collected data was examined using the SPSS 13.0 program, using frequency,mean, and standard deviation analysis, T-test and χ2 test. Results : The number of residual teeth for patients who have implants was 20.45±5.85, while among those patients with dentures the number was considerably lower, 8.11±7.66 (p<0.05). The results of patients masticatory function, was 28.13±2.40 for those with implants, and 25.35±4.15 with dentures. The results were better for those with implants. Among implant patients overall satisfaction was rated 25.21±3.63, higher than for those with dentures 20.20±6.79(p<0.05). Quality of life was scored higher for patients with implants(12.76±2.61) compared to those with dentures(10.47±3.52)(p<0.05). The subjects masticatory function was highly related to the number of remaining teeth and greater masticatory function had a positive effect on patients quality of life and life satisfaction. Conclusion : Dental treatments such as dentures and implants will have a great influence on patients quality of life and life satisfaction. Implants can improve the oral health related quality of life and satisfaction and the general quality of life more than denture therapy
  • 4.

    Study on the perception of health science college students about the personal protection of dental personnels

    강은주 | 최미혜 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.637~647 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was performed to enhance infection control and to establish the fundamental and practical improvement by the survey on personal protection of dental personnels with health science college students. Methods : We performed the survey with 585 individual students affiliated with health science in Jeonbuk province and statistically analyzed by SPSS 12.0 program. Results : The frequencies of the clinic gown as a personal protection were 96.0% of dentists (p<0.01) and 88.0% of dental hygienists (p<0.05) respectively in college-associated dental hospital when we compared with institution scale. The frequencies of the medical gloves as a compulsory personal protection were 47.2% of dentists and 34.6% of dental hygienists respectively (p<0.001). The frequencies of the medical mask as a compulsory personal protection were 84.0% of dentists (p<0.001) and 52.2% of dental hygienists (p<0.05) respectively shown by freshman students. The frequencies of the safety glasses as a compulsory personal protection were 12.3% of dentists and 2.5% of dental hygienists shown by freshman students (p<0.001). Conclusions : The results reflect that current dental personnel's concern of personal protection need to be increased continuously in accordance with current demands and eventually suggest their effort to put their action on personal protection in their dental office.
  • 5.

    A study on attitude and satisfaction of the students in department of dental hygiene

    정진아 | 장윤정 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.649~657 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to research attitude and satisfaction of the students in the department of dental hygiene in Jeolla-do and Chungcheong-do. Methods : We surveyed 499 students at the department of dental hygiene at colleges. During the period from October 2 to October 30, 2009 using a self-administered questionnaires. The data were analyzed with chi-square,t-test and one-way ANOVA, person correlation coefficients and multiple regression using the SPSS 13.0 program. Results : As for entrance motive with Dental Hygiene, 63.9% of the employment and selection information was 36.3% by oneself. As for pre-knowledge before entrance about dental hygiene by grade(p<0.01), as for satisfaction in the department dental hygiene by regional groups(p<0.05), as for aptitude suitability by educational system(p<0.05), as for encourage of enter school by grade and regional groups(p<0.05), by educational system(p<0.01) were statistically significant. As for encourage of enter school, aptitude suitability, pre-knowledge before entrance about dental hygiene were positive relation to satisfaction in the department dental hygiene. Multiple regression analysis indicated with explanatory power of 30.8% about satisfaction in the department dental hygiene. Conclusions : This study reports that it is necessary to carry out further studies on the various educational process and development of program in college. Dental hygiene education for the whole man and for promote efficiency in the department of dental hygiene, should be positive information activity via various media get the correct information of a department choice.
  • 6.

    A study on the state of oral care among some special school personnels

    박정순 | 이선옥 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.659~670 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the state of oral health care among special school personnels in an attempt to provide some information on the improvement of the oral health care of students with disabilities who would be under the first hand influence of school personnels. Methods : The subjects in this study were personnels who were selected by randomselection in five different special schools located in the city of Jeonju, North Jeolla Province. A self- administered survey was conducted in person from July 5 to 14 after the purpose of this study was explained. Results : 1. Concerning their general characteristics, the level of oral health knowledge was high in the personnel whose career is 5 years more, and the younger personnels had a better oral health knowledge, and the men were more knowledgeable than the women. 2. As to oral health education experience, the rate of the respondents who ever received oral health education stood at 35.3 percent. In relation to the frequency of oral health education,the biggest group that accounted for 58.2 percent received that education once. As for the route of education, the largest group that represented 52.7 percent received that education at dental hospitals or clinics. In relation to satisfaction with oral health education, the greatest group that accounted for 38.5 percent were dissatisfied with that education. 3. As for an intention of receiving oral health education in the future, the biggest group that accounted for 60.9 percent intended to receive that education if they would have free time, and the largest group that represented 47.7 percent believed that oral health education should be conducted by dental hygienists. 4. Concerning their general characteristics, the level of oral health promotion behavior according to age in both bushing and supplies of oral health care was high in forties-1.89 point and 3.33 point, and that in regular visit to a dental clinic was the highest in twenties for 2.58 point, and that in dietary control was the highest in twenties for 2.59 point. 5. Their oral health knowledge had a significant positive correlation to their toothbrushing, regular dental clinic visit and dietary control that were the subfactors of oral health promotion behavior. 6. As for the impact of oral health promotion behavior on oral health knowledge, toothbrushing exerted the greatest influence on that(β=0.306, p<0.001). Conclusions : Appropriate institutional measures should be taken to let dental hygienists who are expert in oral health care provide incremental oral health care for students and adults with disabilities in educational institutions and facilities for the disabled, and the development of oral health education programs is urgently required to offer systematic oral health education for not only students with disabilities but their teachers and guardians.
  • 7.

    A study for middle-aged on oral health knowledge, oral health care and satisfaction with prosthetic treatment

    고은정 | Yong Hwan Lee | 박광환 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.671~683 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health knowledge and actual oral health care of the selected subjects, their decision making about prosthetic treatment, the state and characteristics of their prosthetic treatment and their satisfaction with prosthetic treatment in an attempt to provide some information on the improvement of the quality of life related to oral health and the promotion of oral health. Methods : The subjects in this study were 250 people who received education in two different lifelong education institutions in the city of Busan. After a survey was conducted from May 23 to June 15, 2011, the answer sheets from 217 respondents were analyzed. Results : 1. As for the general characteristics of the respondents, the men(52.1%) outnumbered the women. Those who were in their 60 and up(47.5%) made up the largest age group, and the married people(65.4%) outnumbered the unmarried ones. By occupation, the company employees(20.3%) made up the biggest group. By education, the greatest group was high-school graduates(36.1%). By monthly mean income, the biggest group gained an income of 2.01 million won or more(36.9%). As to medical security, community-based insurance was most prevailing (36.9%). In terms of health promotion, the largest group worked out to stay fit(52.4%). 2. Regarding oral health knowledge, they had a good knowledge about the cause of dental caries(56.7%), but they weren't well aware of the right time for regular dental checkup(47.9%). In relation to oral health care, regular scaling wasn't prevailing(16.9%). 3. Regarding connections between the general characteristics and satisfaction with prosthesis, the less-educated respondents expressed significantly more dissatisfaction(p=0.015). By monthly mean income, those who had a smaller income were dissatisfied in general(p=0.028). Conclusions : The findings of the study illustrated that it’s required to spread awareness of the importance of oral health among people in general, and that differentiated incremental oral health care should be provided for different age groups. In order to raise the satisfaction of patients with prosthesis, how to relieve their pain and anxiety and how to adjust prosthetic treatment cost properly should carefully be considered. In addition, the government should take measures to offer assistance for the low-income classes in preparation for an increase in the elderly population.
  • 8.

    Job consistency and occupational satisfaction of dental hygienists by educational period of college

    Choi YongKeum | 김경미 | 김선일 and 4other persons | 2011, 11(5) | pp.685~693 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : Five years have passed since the departments of dental hygiene with four-year term released their graduates. It is necessary to investigate concordance between desired career and current job and job satisfaction in dental hygienists according to graduation term. Accordingly, a survey on concordance between desired career and current job and job satisfaction in dental hygienists according to graduation term was conducted to obtain a basis necessary for providing right job consciousness to students of departments of dental hygiene. Methods : Of departments of dental hygiene nationwide, a total of four departments consisting of two departments with 3-year term and two departments with 4-year term were randomly selected. Of 683 graduates for 2006-10 of the selected departments, 163 graduates who agreed to participate in this study through telephone and e-mail were chosen as subjects. The data of 159 graduates were analyzed except for 4 graduates who did not respond to job satisfaction. The questionnaire consisted of a total of 17 questions: 5 general questions such as graduation term, and current job and salary, 2 questions for desired career at the time of entrance and graduation,and 10 questions for the satisfaction of current job and working environments. Concordance between the desired career at the time of entrance and graduation and current job was calculated using Kappa-value. A cross analysis was conducted to investigate job satisfaction according to general features and graduation term. A statistical significance was examined using X^2-test (p<0.05). Results : The Kappa-value for concordance between the desired career at the time of graduation and the current job was 0.288, showing slightly low concordance. In particular, the Kappa-value was 0.089 in the graduates of departments of dental hygiene with 3-year term, which showed significantly low concordance. The job satisfaction of the graduates was 49.1%, which was higher in the graduates with 4-year term than in the graduates with 3-year term, but was statistically insignificant (p>0.05). The detailed job satisfaction was all higher in the graduates with 4-year term than in the graduates with 3-year term except for distance to a working place, but a statistical significance was only found in working place recognition and regional status (p<0.05 ). Conclusions : This study showed differences in concordance between desired career and current job and job satisfaction between the graduates of departments of dental hygiene with 3-year term and the graduates of departments of dental hygiene with 4-year term. Therefore, the curriculum of department of dental hygiene is required to be more specifically applied in accordance with graduation term. In addition, a further study is required to develop specialized curriculums in accordance with graduation term
  • 9.

    The study of oral health perception, oral health behavioral and family smoking status according to smoking experience in a part of high school students

    김혜진 | Sun-Jung, Shin | 2011, 11(5) | pp.695~706 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to assess oral health perception, oral health behavioral and family smoking status according to smoking experience in a part of high school students. Methods : A survey is conducted with a total of 648 first grader at high school in Dae- Gu city from 1st to 30th September, 2009. The results are as follows. Results : 1. 95.5% of respondents are‘ smoking is very harmful for health’and the majority of smoking-related disease are lung cancer, oral disease, and oral cancer. 2. 127 respondents have experience in smoking and 62respondents are smoking at that time. 59.7% respondents have 1 year smoking history and the majority of respondent are 5 cigarettes/day. 67.8% respondents are under 5 cigarettes/day. 3. In oral health behavioral by smoking, the majority of smokers’teeth brushing are 3 times, 47.2% and 2 times, 27.6%. The majority of nonsmoker’s teeth brushing are 3 times, 47.0% and 2 times 26.5%. The results of teeth brushing time are significantly different between smokers and non-smokers(p<.001). The majority of smokers and non-smokers have not experienced about scaling. It is significantly different between 2 groups(p<.05). 4. The smoking rate of father and grandfather in smokers is higher than non-smokers. It is significantly different between 2 groups(p<.005). 5. The need for oral management in oral health education is gum treatment and dental caries treatment. 22.8%smokers and 25.7% non-smokers require to get gum treatment. 18.1% smokers and 20.2% non-smokers required to get dental caries treatment. Conclusions : Also Future longitudinal research is required to develop oral health promotion program contents according smoking-oral health.
  • 10.

    The association between oral health related quality of life(OHRQoL) and socio-economic position in the elderly in rural area of Gangwon province

    이민선 | Sun-Jung, Shin | 정세환 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.707~715 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The objective of this study was to assess a level of oral health related quality of life(OHRQoL) for rural communities elderly and to determine the association between OHRQoL and socio-economic position. Methods : The study population was elderly(60+ year-old) residents of PyeongChang county, Jeongseon county,Yeongwol county, Gangwon province. A total of 171 people were invited to participate. Oral health related quality of life was measured using the GOHAI. The data were analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis test and to assess socio-economic inequalities in OHRQoL(GOHAI), we used multi-variable logistic regression models. We used models adjusting for age, sex, family status factors(Model I) and compared them to models additionally adjusting for stress level(Model II). Results : There were significant differences in lower score of GOHAI at lower age group and live alone group. And we found that lower SES was significantly associated with lower score of OHRQoL. Social gradient in the score of OHRQoL persisted when adjusted for age, sex, family status, stress level. Conclusions : We recommend that oral health promotion program should be developed after due consideration SES for rural communities elderly because OHRQoL of rural communities elderly was low and association between SES and OHRQoL for rural communities elderly.
  • 11.

    Relationship between oral health quality of life and oral health-related factors in patients with successful dental implants

    박정현 | Sang-Hwa Urm | 권현숙 and 4other persons | 2011, 11(5) | pp.717~727 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was purposed to estimate the level of oral health quality of life and the relationship between health-related factors and oral health quality of life in patients with successful dental implants. Methods : This questionnaire survey was conducted during the period from December 2009 to March 2010 with 126 patients confirmed successful dental implants in Busan. The oral health related quality of life and oral health-related factors were estimated with OHIP-14 and 8 oral health characteristics, respectively. Data analysis was performed with descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression analysis using SAS(ver 9.1) program. Results : The score of oral health quality of life in patients with successful dental implants was 12.25±7.82. The scores of subscale of the oral health quality of life were 1.24±1.35 in social disability, 1.60±1.37 in handicap, 1.60±1.44 in psychological disability, 1.70±1.38 in functional limitation, 1.81±1.35 in physical disability, 2.14±1.46 in physical pain, 2.17±1.46 in psychological discomfort, respectively. The related factors of oral health quality of life in patients with successful dental implants were absence of other type prosthesis and experience of tooth brushing education. Conclusions : The oral health related quality of life in patients with successful dental implants was relatively good condition. Social supports and chances for high quality denture and tooth brushing educations are needed to improve oral health related quality of life in patients with dental implants.
  • 12.

    Comparing with self-efficacy and knowledge, attitudes about radiation safety management of dental hygienists and students at department of dental hygiene

    Jung-Ae Yoon | Young-Suk Yoon | 2011, 11(5) | pp.729~739 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : It is important to catch individual characteristics by measuring the level of self-efficacy, radiation safety knowledge, attitudes to increase behavior levels in the radiation safety management(RSM) and we consider this should be applied to the professional program development to improve RSM activities of dental hygienist and students at department of dental hygiene. Methods : This study mentioned mainly self-efficacy, radiation safety knowledge, attitudes for dental hygienists and the second & third year students at department of dental hygiene in Pusan area to provide the correct information associated with the use of radiation and to be aid in the development program to increase behavior levels in the RSM in dental care institutions and schools in the future and performed a survey 8 May to 7 Juiy, 2011. The survey results were as follows Results : 1. The results of self-efficacy is 3.53±0.42 points for the dental hygienist and 3.32±0.40 points for students(p<0.001). 2. According to the knowledge level of RSM, the result is 11.7± 3.12 points for the dental hygienist and 9.56±2.72 points for students(p<0.001). 3. According to the knowledge level of RSM, the result is 4.40±0.49 points for the dental hygienist and 4.22±0.56 points for students(p<0.001). 4. According to relationship among self-efficacy, radiation safety knowledge and attitudes, the higher the score for knowledge of RSM was, the higher the score for self-efficacy was. The higher the score for attitudes was, the higher the score for self-efficacy and knowledge was(p<0.01). 5. The factors to affect attitudes about RSM were self-efficacy, knowledge(p<0.01).
  • 13.

    According to the dental hygienists care services of patient satisfaction

    성정민 | 문윤미 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.741~747 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to the satisfaction level of patients with dental hygienists services. Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out targeting 157 dental hygienists. The collected data was performed frequency&percentage,independentt-testand Pearson'scorrelationcoefficientanalysis. Results : 1. The mean score of kind of dental hygienists was 3.07 out of a maximum 4 points and level medical treatment of dental hygienists 2.94, friendly of dental hygienists 2.75. 2. Regarding the correlation between kind, level medical treatment, friendly of dental hygienists had a statistically significant correlation of r=0.677 which was the highest correlation factor(p<0.01). 3. dental satisfaction, dental reuse intention between intention recom- mendation, they were statistically significant different with dental satisfaction(p<0.05) 4. Regarding the correla- tion between dental satisfaction, dental reuse intention, intention recommendation had a statistically significant correlation of r=0.705 which was the highest correlation factor(p<0.01). Conclusions : Dental care service, dental hygienists have significant and their to revisit and recommend.
  • 14.

    Analysis of case reports based on dental hygiene process

    이수영 | Ha-Na Choi | 2011, 11(5) | pp.749~758 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyse case reports performed through a dental hygiene process and provide basic data on clinical education of dental hygiene. Methods : 154 case reports which collected for six years were analysed. This study applied dental hygiene process model in dental hygiene diagnosis. Dental hygiene diagnosis was more cleared by dental a hygiene process model. Data analysis was performed by the Frequency statistics using SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Results : 1. The clients are mainly comprised 20’s university student(91.9%). 2. In assessment phase, clients finished 100% test of subjective data. 3. When applied a dental hygiene process model in dental hygiene diagnosis,students have identified 23 type of dental hygiene problem and analysed dental hygiene problem frequently used as bleeding of gingiva, calculus and deposit of dental plaque. 4. In case of plan of dental hygiene intervention,Fluoride application showed the most high level(98.1%) in clinical intervention. 5. Results of intervention showed that performance rate(98.7%) of scaling is the most high level. Conclusions : Dental hygiene process model is more useful than other diagnostic models in clinical practice based on dental hygiene process
  • 15.

    The comparison of effect in oral health education frequency for elementary school students from a part of community child center

    김희경 | 배수명 | Sun-Jung, Shin and 7other persons | 2011, 11(5) | pp.759~771 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aim of study is the comparison of effect in oral health education frequency and contents for elementary school students from a part of community child center to run and suggest a practical and effective oral health promotion program for local community child center. Methods : The program has been running for 4 trials in G district in Seoul and 2 trials has been conducted in S city in Gyung gi province. The comparison was done in independent samples test of awareness, knowledge and behavior of children of community child center in both G district and S City and paired t-test was conducted before and after oral health promotion program to find out those same 3 items. Results : As a result, after the comparison of plaque control score of Oral health promotion program frequency, significantly better result was show in 4 trial program with 55.3 score(p<0.05), No significant result of plaque control score was shown in 2 trail program(p>0.05). Conclusions : As a result of the Oral Health Promotion program which has been conducted in 2 different session type, knowledge, awareness and behaviour has been changed, however, There were no significant difference between Oral health education frequency of those two different program. Also with the result of Plaque control score of those two programs were not satisfying level. Therefore, in conclusion, the management and operation of the Oral Health Promotion program is needed and it must be based on health promotion which it would change the behavior and attitude of the children
  • 16.

    Oral health attitudes and behaviors among clients receiving scaling

    강용주 | 장계원 | 정미경 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.773~782 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of the study was to investigate self-reported oral health attitudes and behaviors among patients receiving scaling services and provide guidelines for developing preventive programs for dental disease. Methods : The survey was administered to a sample of 462 receiving voluntary scaling service in the practice lab in the department of dental hygiene at J health college. Results : 1. Of all participants, 261(56.5%) reported that they received scaling services in the past. 134 of the women (62.6%) and 127 of the men (51.2%) received scaling services 2. Analysis of the regular scaling attendance rates showed that only 16.2% of all participants received routine scaling. 13.7% of the male participants and 19.2% of the female participants received scaling on a regular basis. 3. Participants commonly reported“self-motiva- tion”and“suggestion by others”(37.9% and 34.1%, respectively) as the main reasons for obtaining scaling ser- vices. 4.Themainreasonsfornotobtainingscalingserviceswere“Ididnotknowaboutscaling”(39.3%),“Idon’t feel it is necessary”(27.4%) and“because I am scared”(20.9%). More men (42.1%) than women (35%) reported that they did not know about scaling. 5. Of the total participants, 41.6% reported that they were concerned about oral health at a moderate level, and 30.3% reported that they were concerned about oral health at a high level. 6. Of the participants who responded“very concerned about oral health”and“extremely concerned about oral health”, the majority obtained scaling service (70.2% and 84.2%, respectively). Conclusions : The study suggested that researchers and national health authorities should develop routine scal- ing, preventive dental care, and oral health programs for oral health promotion and disease prevention.
  • 17.

    Analysis of oral radiography practice

    안금선 | kim hyo jeong | 2011, 11(5) | pp.783~790 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine students’difficulties in the process of oral radiography practice, to raise awareness of the importance and necessity of oral radiography and decipher, and to provide some information on effective ways of oral radiography practice. Methods : The subjects in this study were 285 dental hygiene students at K college, who included 153 sophomores and 132 graduates-to-be from June to November, 2010. Results : 1. The parts of the anatomy structure that they found it most difficult to decipher were maxillary molar(25.3%) and lower molar(22.1%). 2. They made during oral radiography was an improper film positioning(35.1%). 3. The part of bisecting technique was adjusting vertical and horizontal angles(53.0%). 4. The part of paralleling technique was positioning XCP in the oral cavity(44.2%). 5. The part of bite-wing technique was adjusting vertical and horizontal angles(38.2%). 6. The part of occlusion technique was positioning film and tube head(36.5%). 7. The part of panorama technique was finding out program setting(42.5%). Conclusions : The findings of the study indicated that in terms of anatomy structure decipher, it's especially difficult to decipher maxillary molar and lower molar, and that film positioning was difficult to do in the process of oral radiography. What difficulties they faced in applying each kind of oral radiography techniques and which part of the oral cavity they found it hard to radiograph were analyzed as well in this study. Given the findings of the study, more intensive practice is required to help students to acquire accurate oral radiography techniques to ensure their successful job performance in the future.
  • 18.

    A study on the aspects of utilization of the dental services for the old and their related factors

    유미선 | Cheon, hye won | 주온주 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.791~799 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study aimed at examining the aspects of utilization of the dental services in some regions and analyzing the related factors with a view to helping the old solve the dental problems and overcome the difficulties. Methods : This investigation was intended for 422 old people living in Jeon-ju city and Jang-su county from July 18, 2006 to August 25 by direct interviewing posing questions. The survey data sets were analyzed by chi-square,correlation, multiple regression and logistic regression. Results : 1. The average number of the existing teeth per an old person was 13.6 and the 28.8% of the old who didn’t use denture called for dentures. 2. The annual coefficient of utilization in dental services for an old person was 52.3% and the annual average visits to dental clinics were 3.12 days while 38.6% of the old experienced illegal dental treatments. 3. The affecting factors on the dental utilization for treatment were as follows: family income,dental clinics available, the number of existing teeth, the days of dental trouble, the recognition of the prevention of the dental disease, the knowledge for the dental treatment and the oral health judged by himself. 4. The major variables influencing the utilization of dental services were spouse presence, form of family, income, having a regular dental care, denture presence and the experience of inconvenience in living. Conclusions : To conclude, the following suggestions could be made. First, It was necessary that enforcement practice of free dental prosthesis service and application to the national health insurance in old people’s prosthetic therapy for government support because the economic factor was barrier to utilization of the dental services. Second, Dental clinic was required to the health center because availability of common dental services was big impact in utilization of the dental services.
  • 19.

    Achievement and effectiveness on oral health education of M high school students in Seoul

    신경희 | 진보형 | Yoon, Mi-sun | 2011, 11(5) | pp.801~809 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The Purpose of this study is to apply an oral health education program to the high school students, to analyze their oral health knowledge and changes of behaviors, and to examine oral health education for effective,thus using all of those results as the basic data for developing materials on their oral health education. Methods : The study was conducted on the freshmen and women of M high student in Seoul City. They were in total 85 student, consisting of 77 of male student(90.6%) and 8 of female student(9.4%). Knowledge survey contained 38 questions including such as dental common knowledge, dental caries, and periodontal disease, while behaviors survey did 24 questions including such as tooth-brushing, brush selection and management, and prevention of oral disease. Results : First, oral health education had brought to improve oral health knowledge for high school students. Second, even with the improvement of oral health behaviors through the education, there was not statistically significant on behaviors such as the regular checkups and the usage of dental floss. And third, the students in general were satisfied with the oral health education. Conclusions : First, the oral health education being conducted in kindergarten and elementary school should be continued or expanded into the adolescence. Second, the oral health education should be focused efficiently on the learning objective demanding for a change of behavior through the repeated education, for which the education that is right for the high school students should be done. And third, for the effective oral health education in high school, the media that could cause interests should be developed
  • 20.

    A study on the relationship of self-efficacy to stressors and stress adaptation in dental hygiene students

    임미희 | 구인영 | 최혜숙 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.811~822 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the self-efficacy of dental hygiene students to their stressors and ways of stress-adaptation patterns. Methods : The subjects in this study were dental hygiene juniors in four selected colleges located in the metropolitan area. Results : 1. They got a mean of 3.22 in self-efficacy. They gave the highest mark(3.50) to an item‘ I can attain it if I set a primary goal.’2. They got a mean of 3.18 in stressors. Among the stressors, task assignments(3.74) were identified as the greatest stressor, followed by the curriculum(3.25), learning environments(3.16), prospects of employment (3.07) and test anxiety(2.95). 3. They got a mean of 2.02 in stress-adaptation method. They got 2.31and 1.72 in long-term and short-term adaptation respectively, which showed that long-term stress adaptation method were more prevailing than short-term ones. 4. As a result of analyzing whether there would be any gaps in self-efficacy according to general characteristics, statistically significant gaps were found in that regard according to experience of preparing for college admission after leaving high school, academic standing, satisfaction with the department of dental hygiene and prospects of employment(p<.05). 5. As a result of checking the relationship of their self-efficacy to their stressors and ways of stress adaptation method, there were statistically significant differences in that aspect according to examinations and prospect of employment(p<0.05). As for ways of stress adaptation method, there were statistically significant differences in long-term adaptation method (p<0.05). Conclusions : As it’s found that the level of the self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students was linked to the efficiency of their ways of stress adaptation method, the development and implementation of programs geared toward boosting the self-efficacy of dental hygiene students are required to teach them to successfully cope with various kinds of stress that they are likely to face after getting a job.
  • 21.

    The effects of emotional labor and stress on job satisfaction in oral health professional

    이영수 | 장종화 | 문애은 | 2011, 11(5) | pp.823~831 | number of Cited : 28
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to investigate the level of emotional labor and stress on job satisfaction and the significant factors influencing job satisfaction in oral health professional. Methods : Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 297 oral health professional(mean age=29.95±8.10). Participants in the study were recruited when they attended the dental health form in Gwangju. Emotional labor was classified into two factors: external, inner. Stress consisted of four factors: sleep disorder&anxiety,self-confidence, health&vital, social role work. job satisfaction included growth development, stability chase. The data was analysed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Results : The mean score of emotional labor and score was 3.13 out of a maximum 7 points. job satisfaction was negatively correlated with emotional labor and stress. job satisfaction explained 32.0%. Conclusions : Based on the findings, The emotional labor and stress was correlated with job satisfaction. These results suggest that further development should be continued to develop the effective emotional labor and stress to improve the job satisfaction of oral healthcare professional.