Korean | English

pISSN : 2287-1705 / eISSN : 2288-2294

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.08
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2011, Vol.11, No.6

  • 1.

    Awareness and practice of dental caries prevention according to concerns and recognition for offspring’s oral health

    이지영 | 조평규 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.1005~1016 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of mothers on their children’s oral health and their concern for that by socio- demographic characteristics and the relationship of their awareness of methods of dental-caries prevention to their practice of the methods. Methods : The subjects in this study were 337 guardians of preschoolers at kindergartens and daycare centers. A self-administered survey was conducted from April 25 to May 27, 2011, and the collected data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS 18.0. Results : 1.Self-rated concern for children’s oral health, 87.7 percent and 12.1 percent replied,“ So-so.”Whether they were working or not and whether they were mainly responsible for child rearing made significant differences to that(p<.05). 2. As to subjective awareness of their children’s oral health, the largest group of the mothers answered“ So-so.”(44.9%) The second replied that their children were in good oral health(40.5%), and the third group in poor oral health(14.2%). 3. The relationship between self-rated concern for their children’s oral health and awareness of methods of caries prevention, statistically significant differences were found according to toothbrushing education and sealant(p<.05). There were no statistically significant differences in practice ,but application of fluoride was the least. 4. The relationship between self-rated awareness for their children’s oral health and awareness of the preventive methods of caries, there were statistically significant gaps in awareness of toothbrushing education(p<.05). In practice, statistically significant gaps were found in practice of toothbrushing education and sugar-intake restriction(p<.01). 5. In regard to the correlation between awareness and practice of the preventive methods of caries, awareness of all the factors involving toothbrushing education, sealant, application of fluoride and restriction of sugar intake had a significant positive correlation to practice of them. Better awareness led to better practice. Conclusions : In order to ensure children’s successful oral health care, more authentic education of how to prevent dental caries should be offered by experts such as dental hygienists and dentists. Especially, detailed information on application of fluoride, restriction of sugar intake and pit and sealant should be provided for mothers to help their children to stay away from dental caries.
  • 2.

    A Survey on dental patients’awareness and periodontal care behavior in periodontal disease

    전지현 | Tae-Yong Lee | 민희홍 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.1009~1017 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : Periodontal disease is a serious oral disease that frequently occurs among adults. The objective of this study is to provide necessary data for the development of an oral health care program that can effectively manage periodontal disease and subsequently maintain and enhance oral health. Methods: DatawascollectedfrompatientsofadentalclinicinDaejeon,Koreafrom1Julyto25August2009.A thesis submitted to the Committee of Graduate School of Public Health & Biotechnology Chungnam National Uni- versity in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Public Health conferred in February, 2010. Results : 68% of the patients were aware of periodontal disease, with older patients exhibiting better awareness. 48.0% replied that their periodontal health is good in general, with older patients inclined to say that their peri- odontal health was poor. 70.5% cited bad brushing habit or skipping the act of tooth brushing as the cause of periodontal disease, while 63.5% reported brushing their teeth an average of 3 times a day. 56.5% said that they brush their teeth correctly, and 63.5% told that they brush their teeth up and down, and left to right and 70.0% replied that they would attend an educational program for the prevention of periodontal disease, with older patients shown tomore likely attend such a program. Conclusion : a program that can motivate people to become aware of the importance of oral health care should be developed and implemented. Such a program should include the dissemination of correct and accurate oral health care information and measures for educating people about the importance of prevention.
  • 3.

    A study on eating habits of the elderly to senior citizens’centers in section area

    박성숙 | 장계원 | 조미숙 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.1018~1029 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study carried out the agreement of old people who visited senior citizens’centers in section area from January 5to 15, 2010. This study aimed to arrange basic data for the development in oral health and for the elderly oral health program, by surveying on regular level and food habit in the eating habits of the elderly. Methods : The regular level of dietary life, meal volume, meal time, kinds of meal preference, the appearance of snack intake, and kinds in snack preference were analyzed by using the statistical processing SPSS WIN 18 targeting totally 140 subjects, by preparing 1:1 questionnaire through direct interview. Results : The regular level of dietary life in the elderly was surveyed to be regular in 76.4% of the whole and to be irregular in 23.6%. As for the daily meal volume of the elderly, it was indicated to be 36.4% for‘ eating proper volume’and to be 51.4% for‘ eating a little.’As for the meal time of the elderly, it was indicated to be 52.1% for under 10 minutes and to be 25% for having a meal for 16˜20 minutes. In the results of having surveyed on kinds of meal preference in the elderly, it was indicated to be 57.7% for having a meal‘ centering on vegetables.’In the survey on snack intake of the elderly, it was indicated to be 62.1% for‘ enjoying eating snack.’As for snack kinds of being preferred, 69.3% of the elderly were indicated to be the highest in‘ fruits.’Conclusions : The elderly meals on a regular basis as needed by vegetarian diet, however showed thar eating a very short time. I consider it is necessary that study on connection between old people meal time, eating habits and oral physical condition.
  • 4.

    Nutritional status of Korean elderly by oral health level - based on 2009 national health and nutrition survey data

    김철신 | Bo-Mi, Shin | 배수명 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.833~841 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was investigation of quality and quantity of nutritional intake related oral health status among Korean elders. Methods : The nutrient intake and the dietary quality was evaluated on the basis of the Dietary Reference Intakes For Koreans(KDRIs). Chi-square test for Complex Samples was used to determine the relationship between oral health and inadequate nutrient intake in Korean elders. The complex samples general linear model was used to test difference of average value difference of nutrient intake percentage compared to dietary reference intake(DRI), energy intake rate from three major nutrients,average mean adequacy ratio(MAR) and index of nutritional quality(INQ) related oral health status. Age, sex and total energy intake was compensated for this analysis. PASW 18 was used for statistical analysis. Results : We could found the difference of the nutrient intake and the dietary quality related oral health status among Korean elders. Especially, Nutrient intake percentage and component ratio of protein among energy intake rate from three major nutrient was lower as oral health status became worse. The percentage of subjects with nutritional intakes under showed highest level in worst oral health status. As oral health status became worse, average mean adequacy ratio(MAR) was lower and the number of nutrient of which index of nutritional quality(INQ) was under 1 was more. Conclusions : From the result above, this study clearly shows the level of oral health affecting the inequalities of eating and the food for the people. And the various propose of oral health policies is needed for vulnerable groups who needs solution to solve the problem of inequality of food distribution where intensive distribution of nutrition problem occurred. Sufficient, safe, and a variety of healthy food intake is a fundamental right of our people. And also, to apply this policy in reality, institutional arrangements and organizations, and specific performing system will be needed.
  • 5.

    Perceived oral malodor and need for dental care among visitors receiving dental prophylaxis

    정미경 | 장계원 | 강용주 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.843~852 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aims of the study were to examine perceived oral malodor and self-reported need for oral and dental care among patients receiving oral prophylaxis services and provide guidelines for developing educational programs(toothbrushing method and tongue cleaning) for oral hygiene and oral malodor prevention. Methods : The survey was administered to a sample of 462 receiving voluntary oral prophylaxis service in a dental laboratory at the J School of Public Health in Korea. The subjects were asked a range of questions related to the degrees of perceived oral malodor and concern for oral health status, as well as their demographic information and need for oral and dental treatment. Univariate analyses using Chi-square and T-test with a P-value of .05 were performed using SPSS Version 12.0 for Windows. Results : 1. Male participants reported “moderately concerned for bad breath and smell”and “I don’t care bad breath and smell”39.1% and 26.2% respectively, while more female participants were concerned for oral malodor. “moderately concerned for malodor”and“ highly concerned for malodor”41.1% and 28.5%(p<.05). a significant difference among age groups was found. 19% of young adults (less than or equal to 29 years of age) reported“ highly concerned for bad breath and smell”while 36.4% of older adults (greater than or equal to 50 years of age) reported “highly concerned for bad breath and smell ”(p<.05). 2. 12 non-smoking participants (3.7%) and 15 smoking participants (10.8%) reported that they have perceived bad breadth and smell (p<.05). 3. Smoking participants reported a higher degree of need for oral malodor treatment than that of non-smoking participants 88.5% and 82% respectively(p<.05). 4. The participants who did regular toothbrushing more than 3 times a day reported“ no malodor”, 77 % as compared to 66.7% of the participants who did regular toothbrushing 2 times a day. Toothbrushing 2 times a day reported either “moderate malodor “or “sever malodor”(p<.01). Participants with more frequent toothbrushing reported less oral and breath odor as compared participants with less frequent toothbrushing. Conclusions : The study suggested that there is a need to oral prophylaxis for prevention and toothbrushing and tongue cleaning method oral malodor care and oral health status.
  • 6.

    Self-report symptoms for temporo- mandibular disorder and related factors in the high school third grade students

    조명숙 | 이승주 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.853~862 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the number of self-report symptoms for temporomandibular disorders(TMD) and related factors in the third grade students of high school. Methods : A total of 1,043 high school the 3rd students age 16 20 completed a questionnaire from 11 high schools in Andong city from April to June 2010. Student's t-test was used to analyze the difference of TMD number. Multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the effects of independent variables on TMD number. Results : 1. Students who have one TMD were 71.3%, two 41.7% and over three 25.7%, respectively. 2. The number of TMD symptom of students who have no good habits such as clenching, bite lip and cheeks, resting on hand,chewing gum, hard foods, and unilateral chewing was a statistically significant higher than those who doesn't have ones(p=0.00). 3. TMD number of students who have been under more stress was a significantly higher than those who didn't have been(p=0.00). 4. Bite lip and cheek(β=0.03, p=0.037), chewing gum(β=0.03, p=0.029), resting on hand(β=0.04, p=0.006), hard foods(β=0.07, p=0.000), and stress out(β=-0.03, p=0.018) were significantly associated with TMD number by multiple regression analysis. Conclusions : Variables associated with TMD were bite lip and cheek, chewing gum, resting on hand, hard foods,and stress out factor. According to our findings, it is so important to teach good habits on oral health to the 3rd grade students in high school. Further prospective study should explore cause of TDM from those variables.
  • 7.

    The effect of satisfaction of dental esthetics on life quality related to oral health(OHIP-14)

    박은미 | 유소연 | 장종화 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.863~870 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : It examines influence of satisfaction with dental esthetics upon quality of life related to oral health after examining the satisfaction with dental esthetics and the quality of life related to oral health according to subjective perception. Methods : The subjects who have experience of dental esthetics from June 2010 to August 2010 in 50 places of hospitals and clinics with dental esthetics in Seoul, which were selected with convenience sampling, the structured questionnaire was widely distributed to 315 people who agreed to research. After making the subjects respond with self-reported method, data was collected. 298 copies except 17 copies were used in the final analysis. Results : The better in the perceived general health group led to the higher satisfaction with orthodontic treatment(p=0.001). There was significant difference even in satisfaction with dental bleaching(p=0.030). The better in the perceived general health group led to the higher quality of life related to oral health(p=0.002). The subjective perception was indicated to have relationship with satisfaction at dental esthetics or quality of life related to oral health. The satisfaction with orthodontic treatment(β=2.142, p=0.038) was indicated to be relevant factor of having influence upon quality of life related to oral health. Conclusion : As a result of analyzing partial correlation analysis by having subjective perception as control variable,the satisfaction with orthodontic treatment and the life quality related to oral health showed positive correlation.
  • 8.

    Adults’concern for oral health and subjective oral health symptoms

    이선미 | 김선경 | 강부월 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.871~880 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the self-rated oral health concern of adults over the age of 20 and from all over the country and their subjective oral health symptoms in a bid to provide some information on oral health policy setting for adults. Methods : The subjects in this study were 3,558 adults who voluntarily participated in a survey conducted by this researcher at the website of a company. After their answer sheets were analyzed, the following findings were given:Results : 1. 81 percent replied that they were very concerned about oral health. As to the relationship between their general characteristics and oral health concern, there were statistically significant differences in that regard according to their gender, age, purpose of seeing a dentist and occupation. 2. As for the relationship of their general characteristics to subjective awareness of oral health symptoms, there were statistically significant gaps in that aspect according to their gender, age, purpose of seeing a dentist, occupation and state of smoking. 3. In regard to the relationship between oral health concern and subjective awareness of oral health symptoms,those who were more concerned about oral health felt less subjective oral symptoms, but the difference between them and the others was not significant. The respondents who felt more symptoms of dental caries felt more symptoms of periodontal diseases as well. Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings indicate that in order to help adults promote or maintain their oral health, their concern for oral health should be stimulated by providing them with a lot of diverse information,and it seems that the development of programs that can eliminate their subjective oral symptoms of dental caries and peridontal diseases, the primary causes of tooth dysfunction, is required.
  • 9.

    A study on toothbrushing habits depending in some of middle school students

    Mi-Sook Cho | 이은경 | 강용주 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.881~891 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was carried out in order to contribute to preventing dental caries, which is the biggest disease in adolescence and to promoting oral health by implanting a right habit on oral care targeting adolescents,and further to offer basic help to proceeding with making the better health life. Methods : This study carried out questionnaire survey targeting 1,100 students of middle schools where are located in small and medium-sized cities of Gyeongnam from March 7-18, 2011. Statistical processing was performed frequency analysis and cross tabulation, by using SPSSWIN 12.0 program. Results : As for middle school students' oral health education experience, the group with educational experience was indicated to be 52.9% for girl students and 47.1% for boy students(p<.05) in case of gender. Toothbrushing time was indicated to be the highest with 25.6% in‘ after having breakfast’. The appearance of toothbrushing after having lunch at school was indicated to be 53.3% for girl students and 26.3% for boy students(p<.001) by gender. The most important reason for toothbrushing accounted for 82.1% in the 1st grade, 71.1% in the 2nd grade, and 67.4% in the 3rd grade depending on school year as for the response as saying of‘ aiming to prevent decayed tooth and gum disease.’Thus, the lower school year led to having indicated to be higher in response as saying of brushing teeth for preventing decayed tooth and gum disease(p<.001). As for a toothbrushing method by gender, boy students accounted for 24.2% in response as saying of ‘brushing teeth freely’, thereby having been indicated to be higher than 15.0% for girl students(p<.001). Conclusions : In order for toothbrushing method to be rightly practiced and habituated continuously, there will be a need of changing adolescents' awareness and of being driven systematically and continuously through oral health education. School oral health education, which can nurture right attitude and habit of oral health care, is thought to be necessarily expanded and executed
  • 10.

    Dental hygiene freshmen satisfaction with their major and its influence perception of occupational consciousness

    진혜정 | 김혜영 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.893~900 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The study was to examine satisfaction with their major study influences their perception of occupa- tional consciousness among dental hygiene freshmen. Methods : The total of dental hygiene freshmen were conveniently recruitedfrom four schools located in Gyeongsangnam-do, Ulsan and Busan city. A questionnaire was used to collect information about general char- acteristics and the perception of occupational consciousness and major study satisfaction. The statistical analysis was done by using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results : Dental hygiene freshmen who showed a positive their major satisfactory showed higher perception of occupational. The social recognition and position of job-consciousness was lowest at the score 2.55, harmony with a colleague is close to efficiency in duty of job-consciousness was highest at the score 3.54. Conclusions : We need a modifying and complement of the career guidance programs for dental hygiene freshmen.
  • 11.

    A Study on dental hygiene and nursing students’perception and attitudes about medical market opening

    오혜승 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.899~909 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was conducted during the period from August 30 to September 9, 2011 in order to survey difference in the general perception of medical market opening and factors related to the choice of foreign hospitals among dental hygiene and nursing students at universities in Seoul. Methods : For this purpose, 438 students were surveyed using a questionnaire and collected data were analyzed using SPSSWIN 18.0. Conclusions drawn from this study are as follows. Results : 1. With regard to dental hygiene and nursing students’perception of medical market opening according to general characteristics, significant difference was not observed according to gender, experience in working at a hospital, medical institution used, and the frequency of using medical institutions, but significant difference was observed according to department, and interest in healthcare?related news. 2. There was significant difference in dental hygiene and nursing students’pro/con attitude toward medical market opening, but not in gender, experience in working at a hospital, medical institution used, and the frequency of using medical institutions. 3. With regard to intention to visit and revisit foreign hospitals, there was significant difference between dental hygiene and nursing students in intention to visit but not in intention to revisit. Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that more research on the medical market opening portion dental hygiene and nursing students’perception and attitude did not differ significantly, so the more accurate and open markets for a variety of medical education and school education and a variety of materials through hands-on experience be grasped should allow. Furthermore, students’acquisition of accurate prior knowledge about medical market opening is expected to be helpful to activate their employment in overseas
  • 12.

    A research of stresses caused by extramural practices by hospital

    Jang Sung Yeon | 권순복 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.913~922 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study aims to analyze the factors and degree of stress, which dental hygienics students experience during the off-campus practical training period at university/general dental hospitals or dental hospitals/clinics, to strategically plan and operate an efficient practical training, and to exploit such data for development of the said students into professional dental hygienists by nurturing their abilities to effectively cope with the potential educational frustration, demotivation, and skepticism on their occupations in advance . Methods : The stress measurement tool is set for 38 questions in total, The grading system for each question is based on 5-point Likert scale, which interprets that the lower score demonstrates a higher level of stress. The data collected as above are analyzed by SPSS 19.0. Results : The satisfaction "Satisfactory" of extramural practice at departments of dentistry of university and general hospitals and dental hospitals and clinics is 48.3% and 37.7% respectively. Environment area (p<.001) and role & activity area (p<.05) showed a significant difference of stresses between practices at departments of dentistry of university and general hospitals and dental hospitals and clinics. For departments of dentistry of university and general hospitals, the stress in environment area was highest. On the contrary, students who did practices at dental hospitals and clinics showed that the stress is highest at role & activity area. There was a positive correlation of areas of environment, personal relations, role & activity, and ideal & value. However, there was no correlation between treatment fields. Conclusions : In conclusion, educational institutes need to conduct a specialized systematic research establishing close relationships extramual practice organs, in order to minimize students' stress resulting from extramural practices by type and to increase the effect of extramual practices.
  • 13.

    Association between oral health status and oral health impact profile(OHIP-14) among the community elderlies

    안권숙 | 신미아 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.923~938 | number of Cited : 26
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was attempted in order to grasp oral health level according to socio-demographic characteristics in elders in some communities, and to evaluate oral health status and its association. Methods : The subiects in this study were performed with 235 people, who were over 65 years and resided in Daejeon Province, from June 20 to July 10, 2011. An individual interview was held, and they got a dental checkup. As for data analysis, chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation were utilized. Methods : The subiects in this study were performed with 235 people, who were over 65 years and resided in Daejeon Province, from June 20 to July 10, 2011. An individual interview was held, and they got a dental checkup. As for data analysis, chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation were utilized. Results : The older age in the whole research subjects and the lower educational level led to the less remaining teeth and the larger missing teeth index. The decayed missing filled teeth index and the decayed missing filled teeth rate were higher in more women and older age and in the lower educational level. Tooth mortality rate was higher in the older age, the lower educational level, and the group of living together with spouse. The maxillarymandibular fixed-bridge status in the mouth was indicated to be the highest in the full-denture mounting ratio as for elders in over 80 years old. Oral Health Impact Profile(OHIP-14) average score was 56.05±11.64 in the whole research subjects The decayed missing filled teeth index and the decayed missing filled teeth rate showed significantly positive correlation with the decayed missing filled teeth rate, tooth mortality rate and showed significantly negative correlation with OHIP-14. Tooth mortality rate showed significantly negative correlation with OHIP-14Oral Health Impact Profile(OHIP-14) showed significantly positive correlation with its factors. Conclusions : Accordingly, the policy effort is considered to be necessary that implements in elders in order to spend active senescence, and that elders' health and oral-health behavior can be implemented continuously and preventively through classification according to elders' physical function.
  • 14.

    A Study on the relationship of dental hygienist job awareness and view of college courses amongs some dental hygiene students

    황미영 | 원복연 | 신명숙 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.939~949 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the job awareness of dental hygiene students about a dental hygienist, what duties they wanted to do as dental hygienists, their awareness of college courses related to the job performance of dental hygienists and whether they viewed the courses as what's most widely utilized for theclinical job performance of dental hygienists. It's ultimately meant to help provide goodeducation for dental hygiene students to have the right understanding of dental hygienists and bolster their professionalism. Methods : The subjects in this study were 301 dental hygiene students in four different colleges located in the metropolitan area. A survey was conducted to find outtheir satisfaction level with the department of dental hygiene, personal characteristics, awareness of college courses and awareness of the duties of dental hygienists. Results : The group of students who deemed the life span of the dental hygienist occupation to be long put more significance on the college courses that should focus on job performance. As for the relationship between their personal characteristics andawareness of the college courses, their satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the department and their ideas on thelife span of the occupation made significant differences to that. The group of students who considered the life span of the occupation to be longer thought that the college courses would be more linked to theduties of dental hygienists and their job performance and should be given moreweight, and there were significant differences among them in their view of the life span of the occupation and awareness of the college courses that should be givenmore weight(p<.05). Their view of how much the college courses would be linked to the duties of dental hygienists had a statistically significant correlation to that of the college courses that should focus on the clinical job performance of dental hygienists. Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings suggest that as part of the regular curriculum, the kind of education that aims at boosting the professionalism and job performance of dental hygienists as experts should be provided for dental hygiene students to build the right values as professional dental hygienists.
  • 15.

    The effects of behavior of preventive treatment on job satisfaction in dental hygienist

    소미현 | 김선숙 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.951~959 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The author has studied the effects of behavior of preventive treatment on job satisfaction in dental hygienist. Methods : The hygienists who had worked from June 27th to August 1st in 2011 were explained about this research objectives and only the hygienists who agreed with this research participation were conducted a selfadministered Questionnaire survey and the results were collected immediately. The collected questionnaire was 297, but the final 250 questionnaire were decided as a target except for the trustless ones. This analysis was extracted using SPSS(SPSS 12.0 for windows, SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results : 1. Preventive treatment of dental hygienist was shown as this order - Educational needs 4.25, Importance 4.12, Usefulness 4.09, Perform 3.42. Job satisfaction was reached the moderate level. 2. Analysis of preventive treatment of hygienist was shown as this order - Basic brushing education 4.72 was ranked the highest,Taking patient history and Incremental dental health care 4.58 was held the second place. Dental caries activity tests 3.30 was shown the lowest figures. Response of preventive treatment conducting was like this order - Taking patient history 4.30, Dental prophylaxis 4.28, Basic brushing education 4.11, Incremental dental health care 4.04. Dental caries activity tests 2.05 was shown the lowest figures. 3. General characteristics in behavior of preventive treatment was resulted in this case that the respondents who have worked for less one year in current job than the ones who have worked for more than five years was shown such a low level, this was taken as a meaningful difference.(p=0.008) 4. It was shown that the higher fulfillment of preventive treatment(β=0.340, p<0.001) and the greater earnings(β=0.194, p=0.001) and usefulness of preventive treatment(β=0.130, p=0.042), the higher job satisfaction. Conclusions : Considering these results, environment where the hygienists can concentrate on preventive treatment which is their proper job should be built up as soon as possible. And through this environment, the atmosphere where hygienists, as oral health professionals, can play a role to improve the oral health of the people by boosting job satisfaction should be created. Also It is thought that an institutional, actual improvement-changing the social awareness towards hygienists and dentists, the recognition of scope of the hygienists’work - should be established urgently.
  • 16.

    The effect of need of oral health management to oral health impact profile among elderly over 65 years

    박정란 | 김혜진 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.961~971 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aim of the study was to identify the need of oral health education and prevention? for over 65years elderly. Methods : his study was to identify the need of oral health management and oral health impact profile among elderly over 65 years. 200 elderly participated in the study, lived in KungBuk and KungNam areas, visited Senior welfare center, from 1st September to 30st December 2008. Results : 1. This majority of respondents are female(74.0%), 75-79 years(29.5%), none education(42.5%), living alone(45.5%), income from children(46.0%), and health insurance(65.5%). 2. In the need of oral health management category, the need of dental treatment are professional toothbrushing, gum treatment, treatment for dental caries, treatment for xerostomia. In the need of prevention and education, the majority participants are ‘required’. In oral health impact profile category, the majority participants are‘ feel no difficulty during speaking(59.0%)’, and ‘feel no difficulty during tasting(47.0%). In the category, the positive answers are more than negative answers. 3. According to general characteristic with the need of oral health management, famle, obviously income, high level of life are significantly different in the need of prevention and education category. Obviously income is significantly different in the need of dental treatment category. According to general characteristic with the oral health impact profile, getting older, high education are significantly different in disadvantage category. In the case of no spouse, anxiety, physical difficulty, mental difficulty and disadvantage are high score in oral health impact profile. In the case of living alone, pain, anxiety, and disadvantage are high score in oral health impact profile. In the case of no income, limitation of function, pain, anxiety, mental difficulty and disadvantage are high score in oral health impact profile. In the case of no health insurance, anxiety, physical difficulty mental difficulty and lack of sociality are high score in oral health impact profile. 4. The oral health impact profile are positive correlation with the need of dental treatment and the need of prevention?education. The effect of oral health impact profile are significantly different with spouse, average of income, the need of prevention ·education. Conclusions : In Conclusion, the need of prevention·education and dental treatment for individual oral health promotion are related with general life condition and life level. Also these are influence of quality of life relate with oral health. These findings are require of development of oral health services program and system from bottom to top.
  • 17.

    A study on the preschool children dental health awareness and behavior of the educators at the nurseries and kindergartens in Chungnam region

    이지원 | 정의정 | Na Hee Ja | 2011, 11(6) | pp.967~977 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The oral care during early childhood plays an important role to maintain sound oral health during adulthood. As the number of children’s using child care facilities is on the rise recently, the children’s oral health awareness and behavior of the educators at nurseries and kindergartens are to be examined. Methods : A self-recording survey was conducted on 194 educators at the nurseries and kindergartens in Chungnam region. Results : The most frequently given snack was milk, 91.8 percent of the facilities had children brush their teeth,63.4 percent made them apply fluoride and 56.2 percent kept children’s toothbrushes in an ultraviolet rays sterilizer. There was a meaningful difference in the awareness of the necessity to educate children about oral health according to the offer of the opportunity to apply fluoride (p<0.05). A meaningful difference was found in the recognition of the necessity to educate children according to their grade (p<0.05) and to train teachers themselves (p<0.05). The most desirable persons in charge of oral health education were dentists in health centers (46.9%) in order. The more experience in teaching they have had (p<0.05), when they’re married (50.5%) (p<0.05) and when they’re not homeroom teachers (52.6 percent), the more regular checkups they have had (p<0.05). As for the importance of oral health and the results of regular checkups, those who had answered‘ very important’(42.4%)showed higher rate of regular checkup (p<0.05) than those who had answered‘ important’(23.9%). When teachers have the experience to get trained about oral care (96.3%), the practice frequency of brushing teeth was proved to become higher (p<0.05). Conclusions : The educators for children should recognize the importance of oral health education, educate children to practice oral health care, and the environment and systematic foundation should be established which the educators manage effectively.
  • 18.

    Relevant on oral health, oral health beliefs and practices of dental care in some elementary students

    정유선 | 김수경 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.985~992 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study is based on oral health knowledge and oral health belief , oral health behaviors are processed of an elementary school oral health education. Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out targeting the elementary grades 5,6, in Nowon region. The data collected withT-test and pearson correlation analysis results were as follows:Results : 1. Correct answers of oral health knowledgeis not required to treat dental decay in children’s showed 5 grade students 17 persons 11.3%, 6 grade students 10 persons 6.8%. 2. 2 times ofa day brush strokes showed 5 grade students85 persons56.6% and 6 grade students 79 persons 53.7%. 3. Students who have received dental care, oral health beliefs of the seriousness of the average 10.80 ± 3.94 and showed, Students who have never received dental care in the severity of oral health beliefs appear to the average 9.16 ± 3.15 were significantly dif- ferent. 4. Elementary students’oral health beliefs and health of the sensitivity of the severity and disability - increasing the motivation to increase susceptibility showed a positive correlation, negative correlation between benefit and importance was the. Conclusions : In this study, elementary school students learn proper oral health knowledge will be required to be properly trained, improving oral health, oral health education beliefs lead to action would be to help.
  • 19.

    A study of current infection control by dental hygienists and related factors

    박정희 | 허남숙 | 송혜정 | 2011, 11(6) | pp.986~996 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study is designed to identify the need for an efficient infection control plan in the curriculum of Dept. of Dental Hygiene and encourage dental hygienists to be more attentive to infection control by analyzing their personal protective measures, hand-washing frequency and other factors relating to infection control. Methods : A survey was conducted of 471 dental hygienists in general hospitals, dental clinics and dental hospitals in City of Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do from December 20, 2009 to February 21, 2010. Results : 1. Among those who worked for more than 11 years, personal protection (3.79) and hand-washing frequency (3.90) factors were rated high (p<0.05). 2. When surveyedby workplace, personal protection was high in general hospitals (3.75) while hand-washing frequency was high in dental clinics (3.74). 3. Among those who received infection control education more than three times, personal protection (4.07) and hand-washing frequency (3.80) were high (p<0.05). 4. Personal protection-related factors were general hospital workers, necessity of infection control education and awareness on infectious disease (p<0.05), while factors associated with handwashing frequency were number of patients per day, whether or not infection control-related class is given at school, necessity of infection control education and awareness on infectious disease (p<0.05). Conclusions : To enhance awareness of infection control, it may be necessary to addan infection control-related class to the school curriculum and provide the necessity of conducting continuous and systematic infection control education through newly entering staff training and education of dental practitioners.