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2012, Vol.12, No.4

  • 1.

    Comparison of knowledge, cognition and practice level on oral health care of the clients visiting dental clinic in Pusan area

    김혜란 | 김동열 | MOON DEOG HWAN | 2012, 12(4) | pp.647~654 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : To propose the data for prevention of oral health problems through assessment on the knowledge, cognition and practice about oral health care of the clients who visit dental clinics. Methods : The subjects were total 400 clients from the four dental clinics in Busan city. Their knowledge,cognition and performances about oral healthcare collected with questionnaire survey from February to March, 2011. The rate and mean compared by chi-square test, t-test, and ANOVA. Results : Mean level of their knowledge, recognition and practice were 72.5, 80.2, and 65.6, respectively. Theses levels were higher in women (p<0.01), in the group of higher interested (p<0.001), immediately treated (p<0.001), correct tooth brushing (p<0.05), toothbrushing educated (p<0.001), take regular scaling (p<0.001), use assistant hygiene items (p<0.001), instead no differences by age and education level. And,the rate of correct toothbrushing was higher as 1.24 (1.03~1.50) times in the group with higher knowledge level, the rate of immediate treatment and regular scaling were higher as 1.35 (1.07~1.70) times, and 2.26(1.41~3.64) times in the group with higher recognition level, respectively. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that insufficient knowledge and recognition of oral health care are related to a lack of its practice. Though their primary goal of the visits was treatment, the clients'attention needed to raise the comprehensive knowledge and recognition levels for their oral health promotion, especially reach to the performance level rather than simple knowledge acquisition. And more,to achieve the efficient oral health promotion, the importance of early treatment and strengthened efforts for prevention should be emphasized.
  • 2.

    The laser therapy conditions and satisfaction of the dental patients

    Sun-Mi Lee | park - ji -eun | 김은주 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.655~663 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was progressed a research with the aim of using it as basic data necessary for a plan in order to increase qualitatively medical level for patients who feel anxiety about dental treatment,and of offering basic data for improving the whole medical services by grasping conditions and satisfaction level with laser therapy in patients who visited dental clinic. Methods : The statistical analysis was carried out t-test and ANOVA by using SPSS(PASW statistics) 18.0. When there is statistically significant difference in analysis of variance, post-test was carried out by using Duncan multiple range test. Results : In therapy kinds of using laser, gingival treatment was the largest with 37.0 %. It was the highest in likely seeming to be not painful with 32.9% as for a decisive factor, which came to receive laser therapy, and in having been enough to endure even if having been slightly tingling as for pain level. Conclusions : This study can be considered to have significance in changing recognition of medical cure by surveying patients satisfaction with using laser as a method for slightly solving elements of fear and anxiety about dental treatment and to have its value as basic data for seeking improvement plan for diverse medical services in the future.
  • 3.

    Factors related to dental service quality evaluated by dental clinic patients

    연정미 | Tae-Yong Lee | Min Hee-Hong | 2012, 12(4) | pp.665~674 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study purposed to identify factors related to dental service quality perceived by dental clinic patients, and for this purpose. Methods : The data conducted a questionnaire survey of 362 patients who had visited a dental clinic in Daejeon twice or more in August 2010 and aged over 20 during the period from the 1st to 31st of August 2010 and obtained results as follows. Results : The patients’ general characteristics, perceived dental service quality was higher in older ones,married ones, high school or lower school graduates, civil servants, self‐employed ones, and housewives,and the differences were statistically significant. according to the patients’ dental clinic use characteristics,perceived dental service quality was higher when the stay in dental clinic was short, and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusions : Perceived dental service quality was related to the patients’ general characteristics and dental clinic use characteristics. therefore, dentists and dental hygienists should make efforts to be more patient‐oriented and to create pleasant dental care environment.
  • 4.

    Development of measurement scale for Korean scaling fear-1.1

    Cho, MyungSook | 이승주 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.675~684 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for Korean Scaling Fear (KSF)-1.1 in scaling patients. Methods : 402 sample size for scaling patients was studied in Daegu city in July and August of 2011. Mean and standard deviation was calculated in 3 dimensions(FWS: fear while scaling, DDH: distrust on dental hygienist, FAS: fear after scaling). Results : Age of 402 subjects was 36.5 years. In analyzing reliability for item-level, a range of correlation coefficient() on i tem-internal c onsistency(FWS, DDH, and FAS) w as 0 . 58∼0. 88(=0.90), 0.40∼0.71(=0. 82), a nd 0 . 54∼0. 63(=0.82), respectively. Floor(%) and ceiling(%) value on 3 dimensions were also 9.2% and 4.0%, 12.4% and 0.5%, and 17.7% and 1.2%, respectively, therefore, we found statistically high reliability for those(p<0.001). With explanatory factor analysis, this study could generate 3dimensions(factor 1, eigenvalue 5.41, proportion 0.49; factor 2, eigenvalue 1.50, proportion 0.14; factor 3,eigenvalue 1.04, proportion 0.09) and 11 sub-scales. Also confirmatory factor analysis results showed that the KSF1.1 model was fitted very well in analysis of model fit(χ2=112.94, df=41, p=0.000; goodness of fit index=0.95; adjusted goodness of fit index=0.92; root mean square residual=0.057). Conclusions : In conclusion, The findings of this study showed that developed reliable and valid instrument for measuring the KSF1.1 in the scaling patients.
  • 5.

    Dental hygienists work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and factor analysis

    박새롬 | SHIM YOUN-SOO | 정상희 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.685~693 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This research was conducted to find the subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal system for main jobs and job posture. Methods : A survey was conducted from S eptember 15, 2011 to October 7, 2011 and 357 dental hygienists were responded. The survey was consisted of the working environment and medical equipments,psycho-social characteristics, health habits a nd e ducation, job p osture, subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal system pain, and so on. Results : In the survey on the frequency of job posture of dental hygienists by jobs, said they cast down or tilt their head by 15 degrees or more or twist or bend their back. The result of the analysis on the subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal system by main job showed that they experienced a pain in neck,shoulder, and back, although the order differed. The order of subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal system for casting down or turning head by 15 degrees or more, twisting or bending back, having shoulders not parallel to the ground, sitting at the end of a chair, and supporting the whole body with one leg or pressing on a pedal for treatment was from the shoulders to the neck to the back. The order of subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal system for having arms too far from the body or hunching for treatment and bending wrists inward or outward for treatment was from the shoulders to the back to the neck. Conclusions : Due to the characteristics of the job which requires one to have a proper view of a patient's oral cavity, most of the postures included casting down of head or bending of back. Therefore a development of new postures is needed to replace the existing job postures which pressure the musculoskeletal system. And shift rotation can be used as a preventive measure.
  • 6.

    The exposure of lead and cadmium and the dental caries

    Won Young Soon | Kwon HoJang | Sangchul Roh and 3other persons | 2012, 12(4) | pp.695~705 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the appearance of having relationship between the exposure to lead and cadmium and the dental caries targeting adults in the Republic of Korea. Methods : The study was designed as a cross-sectional study, using the data of the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects as 1,966 people, who were confirmed the appearance of dental caries among 1,991 people of having been offered the heavy-metal concentration in blood. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 19.0, according to complex sampling design. Results : As a result of multi-variate analysis on factors of dental caries, in Model Ⅰ without correction,the gender, age, educational level, appearance of lifelong smoking, daily toothbrushing frequency,appearance of using dental floss, and subjective oral health status were recognized as important factors. In Model Ⅱ with correction of gender and age, the educational level, daily toothbrushing frequency, and subjective oral health status were recognized as statistically significant factors. In Model Ⅲ with correction of all factors, the gender, age, educational level, appearance of using dental floss, and subjective oral health status were functioning as statistically significant factors. As a result of statistically analyzing relationship between the exposure to lead and cadmium and the dental caries targeting adults, it was analyzed that there is no significant correlation. However, in case of lead, the tendency of being grown the cross ratio of dental caries could be examined in model I, which didnʼt correct disturbance factor, model Ⅱ,which corrected gender and age, and model Ⅲ, which corrected all variables of disturbance factor. Conclusions : The exposure to lead and cadmium was indicated to have no relationship with adultsʼ dental caries. However, a continuous research of relationship was considered to be necessary by using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is surveyed in the future.
  • 7.

    A survey on awareness and behavior on preventive method of dental caries in middle school students

    PARKJUNGHYUN | 이은경 | Mi-Sook Cho | 2012, 12(4) | pp.707~714 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objective : This study came to be carried out in order to develop oral health education program for maintaining adolescentsʼ oral health and to be helpful for qualitative improvement in prevention program by surveying the awareness and behavior on preventive method of dental caries in adolescents. Method : The collected materials of totally 1,100 people who responded were carried out frequency analysis by using SPSS 12.0(Statistical Package for the Social Science). Results : 1. As for the results of awareness on fluoride effect and sealant effect, the students with response to ʻeffect of preventing decayed toothʼ were indicated to be the highest. It was indicated to be the highest in girls as for gender and in the 2nd grade as for school year. (p<0.05). 2. As for the results of being created when eating sweet food and carbonated drink, the students with response as saying that ʻa decayed tooth occurs wellʼ were indicated to be the highest. 4. As for the results on the aim of visiting dental clinic, the students with response as saying of ʻvisiting for having treatmentʼ when tooth is painful were indicated to be the highest. Conclusion : Synthesizing this study, the studentsʼ awareness on preventive method of dental caries was high. But the practice on regular check-up or diet was indicated to be low. Through oral health education,the adolescents should be not only delivered information or knowledge, but also changed habit and behavior.
  • 8.

    A recognition study on tourism of dental hygienist in parts areas

    김진경 | 김은주 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.715~722 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to suggest an effective future development direction of dental medical tourism in Korea by examining dental hygienists’ perception of medical tourism and factors which are necessary to boost medical tourism. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygienists who worked in Seoul. The study was conducted on 189 people who participated in refresher training, which was held in November 2010, by the Seoul Dental Hygienist Association. Self-administered questionnaire surveys were used. Results : 1. 106 people (56.1%) responded that medical tourism is “a tour to treat illness” and 73 (39.5%)responded that the introduction of medical tourism is “timely.” 2. opposition against the introduction of medical tourism accounted for the highest proportion (61.6%) and the reason for it was “concern for mushrooming of untested types of medical treatment.” 3. 131 people (71.6%) responded that they are willing to participate in medical treatment of medical tourism and 172 (93.0% of participants) cited “communication”as a most difficult issue. 4. Those who recognized medical tourism proved to have higher intentions to invest time and money to prepare for it (p<.002). Conclusions : In order to boost medical tourism, a unified treatment program for foreigners and training program for medical staff throughout the hospitals should be established.
  • 9.

    The recognition on toothbrushing facilities and job status of facility workers in school dental clinic

    Jung Jae Yeon | Kim, Soo-Hwa | Han Su Jin | 2012, 12(4) | pp.723~732 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study aims to analyze the tasks, recognition and obstacles in operation of school dental clinics and to examine opinions on installation, operation and prerequisites for toothbrushing facilities. Methods : It conducted a survey t o the persons in charge at 3 78 s chool dental clinics in Korea and total 127 sheets, excluding incompletely answered data, were used for analysis by using SPSS 18.0. Results : Two regular dental hygienists visit school dental clinics 2-3 times per week and work 4-6 hours per week on average. Their tasks include oral health education, toothbrushing instruction, oral examination, sending school newsletters, and dental sealants. The obstacles of operation include excessive workload other than the work for the school dental clinic, lack of dentists, and lack of cooperation of principals and teachers in school. The persons in charge think that the chief task of the school dental clinic is the continuous oral health management, and it effectively affects students’ oral health improvement. Most of them were for the installation of toothbrushing facilities. They said that it will be effective in students having an adequate toothbrushing habit and their toothbrushing rate increasing higher. They thought that if the school dental clinic is changed to toothbrushing facilities, it will improve students’ oral health management. The prerequisites for toothbrushing facilities are the support of manpower in charge, principal’s support, and development of operational programs. Conclusions : The most effective function of school dental clinics is constant oral health management. However, when public health doctors are reduced and dental sealants get included in health insurance, the budget of local government will decrease and then it will eventually reduce the work of school dental clinics. Therefore, it is needed to enhance support for school dental clinics or install a toothbrushing facilities rather than a school dental clinic.
  • 10.

    Comparative study on survival rate of human gingival fibroblasts stored in different storage media

    Hee Su Lee | 임유선 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.733~739 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : To Compare the degree of survival rate of gingival fibroblasts, which is concerned with teeth adherence based on the type of avulsed tooth’s storage solution. Methods : Different media gingival fibroblasts were stored in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium(DMEM),Hank’s balanced salt solution(HBSS), milk, saline, and green tea in for 1, 2, 3 hours. And, MTT assay was conducted to compare survival rate of human gingival fibroblasts. Results : 1. The survival rate of gingival fibroblasts in DMEM and HBSS was higher than thoes in other storage media( Milk> Saline> Green tea). 2. The survival rate of gingival fibroblasts in milk, saline and green tea decreased as time passed. 3. Because of low osmotic pressure, green tea showed decrease of survival rate of gingival fibroblasts. Conclusion : DMEM and HBSS were the most effective storage media for gingival f ibroblast. Among milk,saline, green tea, milk is most effective storage media for keeping gingival fibroblasts. Milk is recommended for storage media of avulsed tooth for keeping viability of cells.
  • 11.

    A relevant factor analysis on dental treatment fear in some high school students

    hong sun hwa | 오정숙 | 2012, 12(4) | pp.741~749 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : High school students to measure fear of dental treatment, dental health care workers according to the level of reliability of this study is to determine the extent of terror was carried out. Methods : Located in Gwangju, 165 high school students were surveyed. SPSS windows ver. 11.0 by demographic characteristics and oral health characteristics of the frequency and percentage, and dental health care workers about the reliability of the Chi-square test, the general characteristics and oral health characteristics by dental fear of the t-test and one way ANOVA and were factors associated with dental fear of the stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed. General characteristics, except Cronbach-α coefficient was 0.911. Results : According the general fear of Dental Treatment Fear Factor item 4, you'll feel the highest fear when you feel the muscle tension and the needle pricks your skin. The reliability of dental health care workers if the dentist lower the higher the grade, subjective oral health status is considered more reliable health was higher, the stronger the reliability of pain was significantly lower (p <0.05). Other care coordination include the reliability of sources of interest in subjective oral health history, no past experience in treating pain and increase the number of reliability was low (p <0.05), past experience and increase the number of pain during treatment the stronger the fear of more pain showed an increase (p<0.05). Conclusion : According the related factors about the fear of dental treatment, stimulus-response and fear of dental office have increased, the fear of dental treatment increase.
  • 12.

    Dental hygienistʼs recognition of national health insurance coverage of toothbrushing instruction

    kwag jung suk | Jae-Ra Lee | 2012, 12(4) | pp.751~758 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study aimed to seek the national health insurance coverage and the efficient direction of toothbrushing instruction and to contribute to establishing policy as auxiliary data, targeting 373 dental hygienists who are working in some areas of Jeonnam. Methods : A research method was questionnaire survey by individually self-administration method. Results : It was indicated to agree to the national health insurance coverage of toothbrushing instruction in the better understanding and cooperation level with toothbrushing instruction, in case of carrying out toothbrushing instruction, and in the higher age group. Conclusions : There will be a need of allowing the national health insurance coverage to be formed in the direction at which the dental service providers and the dental service consumers can be satisfied, by being performed a comprehensive and sufficient research for this.
  • 13.

    Awareness of periodontal diseases and implant management among implant wearers

    Boo Wol Kang | Sun-Mi Lee | 2012, 12(4) | pp.759~770 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of implant wearers about periodontal diseases and implant management, which were closely linked to implant durability, in an effort to obtain information on the right directions for oral health education related to implant self-care and specialized care. Methods : The subjects in this study were 217 patients who wore implant and visited 14 different dental hospitals and clinics in the metropolitan area. After a questioaire survey was conducted and collected data were analyed by the statistical package SPSS 18.0. Results : As for the awareness of the subjects on the regeneration of alveolar ridge by general characteristics, there were statistically significant intergroup gaps according to the number of possessed implant, implant satisfaction and subjective gingival health status(p<0.05). Regarding their awareness of implant durability by general characteristics, there were statistically significant gaps according to the number of possessed implant and oral health education experience(p<0.05). Concerning their awareness of the cycle of regular implant checkup by general characteristics, there were statistically significant gaps according to occupation, subjective gingival health status and oral health education experience(p<0.05). Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings suggest that in order to ensure the long- term safe maintenance of implant, the way of looking at periodontal diseases and implant management should be changed. Specifically, more intensive oral health education should be provided for implant wearers to be aware of the importance of self-care and specialized care to change their oral health behavior, and clinical dental hygienists should improve their role performance to make it happen.
  • 14.

    Through continuing education of dental hygienists for the job satisfaction

    유경화 | 이선경 | Jeong Min Seong | 2012, 12(4) | pp.771~780 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of the study was to explorer the extent to which the dental hygienist demand for higher education. Methods : T his study was done u sing the s tatistical p ackage f or s ocial sciences 12.0 (SP SS 1 2.0) f or windows. The results was as followed. Results : Participation continuing education 42.3%, do not attend the continuing education 57.7%. General characteristics of respondents according to education after graduation, in recognition of the existence,winning less than five years if is the most was higher with 42.9%, to 50.5% in the current academic year graduated colleges is the most highly(p<0.05). Through continuing education, improve `self-regard and identity' 3.12±.49 was the highest. General characteristics of subjects with continuing education in accordance with the highest satisfaction of the relevant item `future work areas hope' has been investigated(p<0.05). Conclusions : Dental hygienists as one of professionals taking responsibility and duties on oral health need to make effort to satisfy. While they show infinite ability, possible as they can and overcome given environment and situation.
  • 15.

    Dental hygienist image among dental hygiene students according to clinical practice experience

    Hye-Jeong Youn | 정정옥 | KyeongHee Lee | 2012, 12(4) | pp.781~792 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine what image dental hygiene students had about a dental hygienist during clinical practice and what factors affected their image of dental hygienist. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygiene students at three different colleges. After a survey was conducted, the answer sheets from 427 respondents were analyzed. Results : The dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a higher self-esteem than those who hadnʼt in general(p<0.01). A statistically significantly stronger achievement motivation was found among the dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice than those who hadnʼt(p<0.01). The dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a statistically significantly worse image of a dental hygienist than the others who hadnʼt(p<0.01). Whether the self-efficacy, self-esteem and achievement motivation of the dental hygiene students had any impact on their image of a dental hygienist was analyzed in consideration of their clinical practice experience. As a result, the dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a more positive image of a dental hygienist when they had a higher self-esteem(p<0.05) and a stronger achievement motivation(p<0.001), and those who hadnʼt engaged in clinical practice had a more positive image of a dental hygienist when they had a higher self-esteem(p<0.01). Conclusions : Given the above-mentioned findings, a wide variety of programs should be developed to bolster the self-esteem and achievement motivation of students and improve their image of a dental hygienist, as self-esteem and achievement motivation are the variables that exert the largest influence on oneʼs image of a dental hygienist.
  • 16.

    Relationship of DISC behavioral type to job satisfaction among dental hygienists

    Lee, Seong-Sook | 2012, 12(4) | pp.793~800 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the DISC behavioral type of dental hygienists and their job satisfaction in an effort to provide some information on the efficiency of human-resources management. Methods : The subjects in this study were 278 dental hygienists who worked in dental clinics in Seoul. A self-administered survey was conducted from February 10 to March 30, 2011, and the statistical package SPSS WIN 12.0 was employed to analyze the collected data. Results : As for differences among the dental hygienists in DISC behavioral type according to their general and job-related characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in dominance type according to age, and statistically significant differences were found in steadiness type according to martial status. There were statistically significant differences in conscientiousness type according to career, and statistically significant differences were found in steadiness type according to the daily mean number of outpatients. Concerning differences in job satisfaction according to DISC behavioral type, the group of influence type was most satisfied with the job itself, and those who were of dominance type expressed the best satisfaction with pay. The group of influence type was most satisfied with boss ties, and those who were of influence type expressed the best satisfaction with colleague relationships as well. Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings indicate that in order to ensure the job satisfaction of dental hygienists in terms of human-resources management, both of their DISC behavioral type and job satisfaction should accurately be grasped, which is expected to make a contribution to the efficient human-resources management of dental institutions.
  • 17.

    A study on the status of the senior citizensʼ oral health in some areas

    이태정 | 정정옥 | KyeongHee Lee | 2012, 12(4) | pp.801~815 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : To obtain necessary fundamental data for the development of oral health improvement programs for senior citizens in the manner of investigating the Status of their oral health. Methods : Data were collected from 346 senior citizens aged 65 years or older who had lived in Seoul and Gyeonggido province, Republic of Korea. This study was conducted for 3 months from April 2011 to June 2011. Excluding those obtained from 34 respondents who gave inadequate responses to given questions, the data from 312 respondents were analyzed. Results : 1. The number of senior citizens who chose ‘Sometimes’ to as an answer to the question about the self-perception of their own oral conditions such as mastication, swallowing, gingiva hemorrhage, dry mouth, and/or oral malodor was the largest. As an answer to the question about the presence of interpersonal avoidance, ‘No’ accounted for the largest proportion. The number of respondents choosing gingiva treatment regarding the perception of the necessity for medical interventions was the largest. 2. In regard to the knowledge of oral health care, the percentage of correct answers was the highest for ‘I brush my tooth before each meal’ (0.69±0.156), while the lowest percentage of correct answers was seen for ‘Gingival diseases can be improved by medications’ (0.33±0.472). Conclusions : Based upon the above mentioned results, the author conclude that developing relevant national programs and support policies at a national level as well as implementing proactive and systematic home-visiting oral health programs at the levels of local autonomous entities or communities will lead to significant improvements in senior citizensʼ oral health and QoL (quality of life).
  • 18.

    The relationship between knowledge, attitude of periodontal diseases and dental health behavior in adolescents

    Su-Jung,Lee | Jong-Hwa Jang | 2012, 12(4) | pp.817~825 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was to examined the degree of oral health knowledge, attitude of periodontal diseases and dental health behaviors and to examine the relationship among variables in 12-year-old adolescents. Method : Participants were 2,196 adolescents who live in Seosan with an average age of 12.2. Data was collected using a self administrated questionnaire from April 10 through June 10, 2011. Results : T he k nowledge o f periodontal disease of t he s ubjects was 2. 46±1. 52 a nd t he a ttitude was 1.88±1.11. It appears that knowledge and attitude concerning periodontal and dental health among young Korean 12-year-old adolescents living in Seosan city are in need of improvement. The knowledge and attitude were significantly higher in high group than low group of income. The knowledge and attitude toward periodontal and dental health was positively related to dental health behaviors. Conclusion : Based on the findings, dental health behaviors are strongly associated with knowledge and attitude toward periodontal and dental health. This result suggest that the implementation of oral health promotion should be considered for various factors related to attitude of oral health in adolescents.
  • 19.

    Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental health care in the teacher of local children center

    천진은 | Yeon-Hee Choi | 2012, 12(4) | pp.827~837 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of dental health care among the teachers at local children centers. Methods : The author administered a questionnaire with 105 teachers while undergoing his/her teacherʼs internship at a Local Center for Childrenʼs Welfare in Daegu, from Feb 18th to Feb 20th, 2011. The statistical techniques as frequencies and means, t-test, ANOVA, Pearsonʼs Correlation Coefficient and multiple regression with the PASW 18.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results : The knowledge, attitudes, and practice of dental health care was average 19.1 point in knowledge,average 7.8 point in attitudes, average 11.9 point practically high in gender role values. The multiple regression results related each variable to practice of dental health, the practice is significant associated to oral health education, childrenʼs dental check-up opportunities, and the higher score attitude of dental health care. Based on the results of this study mentioned so far, the teacherʼs practices of administering the oral hygiene is deemed to be influenced by the existence of their experiences in the oral hygiene educations, and their attitudes on the subject. Conclusions : t is, therefore, just to provide an education program about dental health care of the children to the teachers on consistent base, in order to assist them to develop an appropriate attitude which would lead to better practices.
  • 20.

    A analysis on oral health behaviors of workers and Korean adults

    SHIM YOUN-SOO | Woo Hee Sun | 2012, 12(4) | pp.839~848 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : Oral care is important for workers and Korean adults to improve the quality of life and perform economic activities. This study was conducted to prepare the basic data to establish the management system for adult oral health by looking into characteristics by ages and the genders questingly. Methods : Oral health examination was conducted on workers in 2009 in the city of Gwangju and Chonnam province. This analysis was extracted using SPSS(SPSS 12.0 for windows, SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results : Among the study respondents, 39.5% workers and 47.7% Korean adults answered their subjective oral health is not good, but there was no statistically significant difference between them(p<0.001***). 39.9%workers a nd 2 0.6% Korean adults w ere smokers, and they s howed a statistically s ignificance in t he a ges and genders (p<0.001***). 9 1.2 %workers and 4 9.8% Korean adults b rushed their t eeth before going to b ed,and they showed a statistically significance in the ages and genders(p<0.001***). In terms of the gender,male workers and Korean female adults showed high frequency of use, and both workers and Korean adults aged 18-24 showed high frequency with regard to the age. Regarding the use of oral care items, 36.0%workers and 16.9% Korean adults used them, and a statistical significance was shown in both the gender and age(p<0.001***). In terms of the gender, female workers and Korean female adults showed high frequency of use and in terms of the age, 45-54 age bracket workers and 30-34age bracket Korean adults used the items frequently. 2 8.0% workers and 3 0.7% Korean adults answered that t heir mastication among o ral functions is uncomfortable, and 8.8% workers and 6.5% Korean adults responded that it is hard to pronounce. They were statistically significant in the gender and age(p<0.001***). Workers and Korean female adults expressed their mastication discomfort and men expressed that they have a difficulty in pronouncing. In terms of the age, the 54-64 age bracket workers and Korean adults express their inconvenience of mastication and pronunciation. Conclusions : According to the above findings, it needs to build the economical and efficient adult oral health care system in order to enhance both workers and Korean adults’ oral health.