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2012, Vol.12, No.5

  • 1.

    Oral health concern and oral healthcare recognition of some soldiers

    한수연 | Song Kwui-Sook | Ryu da young | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1007~1015 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to survey Korean solders' oral healthcare recognition and perceived oral health concern. Methods : The data was collected from a questionnaire given 157 soldiers in Chungcheongnamdo. The data was analyzed into t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation analysis. Results : 25.5% replied that they were concerned about oral health. Soldiers who have received oral healthcare education exhibited higher recognition on the prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. Moreover, those who have used oral hygiene devices also showed higher recognition on the prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. The recognition of preventive effects on dental caries, in particular, showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). In regard to the relationship between oral health concern and recognition of oral healthcare, those who were more concerned about oral health were higher recognition of periodontal disease prevention(r=0.254, p<0.01). Conclusions : To improve concern and recognition of oral health for the members, the soldiers needs to develop oral health education and policy.
  • 2.

    A study on the relationship between patient's medical communication, reliance and satisfaction to dental hygienist

    Lee Jung Hwa | Jung-Mi Choi | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1017~1027 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to help form treatment relationship with patient through more effective communication by defining the relationship between dental hygienist's medical communication and outpatient's reliance.satisfaction. Methods : The study researched 273 male and female patients who visited dental clinics and hospitals of Busan from March 12 to March 26, 2012 and its results are as follows. Results : 1. The linguistic communication of dental hygienist was 3.72±0.63 and non-linguistic communication was 3.48±0.58. 2. For the dental hygienist's reliance.satisfaction, the reliance was 3.62±0.65 and the satisfaction was 3.74±0.65. 3. The dental hygienist's communication degree depending on general characteristic was statistically significant when the job of patient was housewife(p<0.001) and the number of dental clinic visits was more than 10 times (p<0.000). The dental hygienist's non-linguistic communication was statistically significant depending on patient's gender(p<0.000), age(p<0.002), job(p<0.001) and number of dental clinic visits (p<0.000). 4. The dental hygienist's reliance and satisfaction showed statistically significant difference depending on patient's gender(p<0.000), age(p<0.002), job(p<0.001) and number of dental clinic visits (p<0.000). 5. The dental hygienist's non-linguistic communication showed a positive correlation with reliance and satisfaction(p=0.000). Conclusions : When considering the result above, it is necessary to develop the teaching method and material to educate the communication ability of dental manpower. It is necessary to reinforce the curriculum of dental hygienics and the education of dental hygienist to perform effective, smooth communication between dental hygienists.
  • 3.

    Comparison of the quality of life of adults and elderly

    Lee Eun Gyeong | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1029~1038 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was examine a relationship those variables with health-related quality(HRQOL) of life in the elderly and provide basic information on HRQOL and evidence for establishing effective health policies for old ages ultimately. Methods : This research was conducted through individual interviews using a structured questionnaire and oral status examinations of 600 residents The data have been analyzed using Χ2-test through PASW Statistics 18.0.0(SPSS Korea Datasolution Inc.) and Structural Equation Modeling through LISREL ver8.8. Results : According to the Structural Equation Modeling, independent variables which influence the health-related quality of life are as follows: sex the highest, followed by existence of chronic diseases, perceived health, age, perceived oral health the lowest. Parameters are as follows: oral health-related quality of life the highest, followed by subjective oral symptoms, and oral health status the lowest. Conclusions : In order to improve the quality of life of olds, it is not only necessary to improve perceived health through reduce of chronic diseases, but is also required to regular tooth check-up to reduce subjective oral symptoms for increase oral health-related quality of life.
  • 4.

    Correlation analysis of factors and the geriatric oral health-related quality of life in Gumi

    김한나 | Inyoung Ku | seonjeongmoon | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1039~1048 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The objective of this paper is to clarify the factors of the geriatric oral health influencing oral health-related quality of life by using the contracted OHIP-14 tool. Methods : This research conducted individual interview for 177 seniors using senior citizen center by using structured questionnaires. SAS(Ver.9.2) Program was used for the collected data to perform frequency analysis, reliability and scale analysis, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results : The oral health-related quality of life level related to oral health according to the demographical characteristics showed that it was better in case that they are younger, married, more educated and have more living expenses. Except for age, oral health-related quality of life was connected to scholastic achievement, living expenses, subjective health condition and subjective oral health condition. The factors influencing the oral health condition were subjective health condition, marriage, scholastic achievement, living expenses, age and sex. As the subjective health condition is better, in case of cohabitation of only a couple and as the age or scholastic achievement is higher and the living expenses are more, the oral health condition was better. The factors influencing oral health-related quality of life were subjective oral health condition, marriage, sex, subjective health condition, scholastic achievement and living expenses. As the subjective oral health condition and health condition were better and in case of sole living and cohabitation of only a couple, male’s oral health-related quality of life was higher. Conclusions : It is considered that because the geriatric oral health condition becomes an important factor to oral health-related quality of life, the development of the geriatric oral health business and the geriatric heal education program to maintain and improve oral health is required and the activation of the oral health insurance policy for preventive dental service is necessary.
  • 5.

    Analysis of the education objectives of the dental hygiene department from core competencies-based perspective

    최규일 | 이형숙 | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1049~1058 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : It will be necessary to make statement about the competence targeted in the dental hygienic education that adopts the competence-based curriculum from the standpoint of core competence which the students need to be equipped with in the society. Methods : To achieve the education objective of Dental Hygienics, the information available on the website of the Korean Dental Association, universities and graduate schools were used, and the education objectives of the concerned universities which were posted in the websites of 82 universities from July to August, 2011 were analyzed. Results : C7 and C1 accounted for 21.1%, the highest percentage, in the core capability, while HP1 comprised 79.6% in the health improvement and disease prevention. CM1 stood at 73.7%, the highest percentage, in the community involvement(CM) area, and PC4 accounted for 90.8%, the highest percentage, in the patient care(PC) area. In the professional growth and development(PGD) area, PGD1 was the highest, followed by PGD3. In relation to the comments on the occupational types after graduation, 63.1% of respondents mentioned the dental hygienists at the school, while 33.3% did not make any comment on the dental hygienists. Conclusions It was necessary to re-establish the essential objectives of the graduates based on the competence as the accomplishments of studying and learning in the department of dental hygiene. It may be a useful method to set the competency-based education objective on the basis of the implementation ability and the level of graduates.
  • 6.

    Oral health knowledge and oral hygiene care among some orthodontic patients

    Yong-Ju Kang | 2012, 12(5) | pp.1059~1069 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of orthodontic patients about oral health knowledge and their actual oral hygiene care, which affected the oral hygiene of orthodontic patients. It's specifically meant to provide information on the prevention of the possible side effects of orthodontic treatment and the promotion of the oral health of orthodontic patients. Methods : This study were 227 orthodontic patients of dental clinics specialized in orthodontics. The collected data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS WIN 18.0. Results : 1.As for Oral health knowledge, they had the best knowledge about smoking and dental checkup among the subfactors of oral health knowledge. 2. As to actual oral hygiene care, what they did best was doing toothbrushing before sleeping and what they did worst was avoiding eating food injurious to teeth. 3. They scored highest in the right toothbrushing(3.85), the use of oral hygiene supplies(3.62), the prevention of periodontal diseases(3.13) in the subfactors of actual oral hygiene care. They scored lowest in dental checkup and diet(2.99). 4. There were significant differences among the patients in oral health knowledge according to age(F=2.95, p<.05). Those who received another treatment during orthodontic treatment had a better oral health knowledge than the others who didn't, and the gap between the two was statistically significant(t=2.26, p<.05). 5. There were differences among the patients in actual health hygiene care according to gender(t=2.71, p<.01), age(F=4.40, p<.01), educational experiences about oral hygiene care(t=3.06, p<.01) and experience of receiving another treatment during orthodontic treatment(t=2.56, p<.05). 6. There was a positive correlation between oral health knowledge and oral hygiene care(r=.261, p<.001). Conclusions :The above-mentioned findings suggest that more education of diet and toothbrushing should be provided for orthodontic patients to improve their oral health care.
  • 7.

    Effect of reflective journaling in team learning on the learning motivation of learners

    박인숙 | Mi-Jeong Kim | 2012, 12(5) | pp.849~859 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the educational effects of team learning by having learners keep a journal to record, check and reflect on their own learning. It's basically meant to investigate the effects of team learning on learning motivation and academic achievements to provide some information on teaching-learning strategy setting tailored to learner characteristics. Methods : The subjects in this study were 49 college sophomores. After they were divided into an experimental group and a control group, the experimental group of 24 students engaged in team learning from March to June, 2012, and that group was asked to keep a reflective journal every week to determine whether writing a reflective journal in every session served to boost their learning motivation and academic achievement or not. Results : 1. After the experimental group kept a reflective journal, that group underwent a significant change in learning motivation from a mean of 3.34 in the pretest to a mean of 4.01 in the posttest(p<0.05). The experimental group showed a more positive improvement than the control group. 2. After the experimental group kept a reflective journal, they underwent a significant change in academic achievement from 22.7 in the pretest to 23.5 in the posttest(p<0.05). The control group showed no significant improvement in academic achievement. Conclusions : The findings of the study illustrated that keeping a reflective journal had a positive impact on the learning motivation of the learners, and the findings of the study are expected to lay the foundation for future research in new teaching methods for the department of dental hygiene.
  • 8.

    The comparison on periodontal attitude and oral health promotion behavior by dental hygiene process applies

    Oh Hye Young | 김창희 | 박용호 and 2other persons | 2012, 12(5) | pp.861~870 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study has made a comparison of the difference between the periodontal parameter before and after applying dental hygiene process on patients requiring supportive periodontal therapy at a private dental clinic. Methods : The entire process was conducted on 74 patients. As a result of analyzing the difference in periodontal parameters such as PPD>4mm, BOP, and O'Leary Index of 29 patients that has completed 1 circle of dental hygiene process. Results : All periodontal parameters in all subject patients had been significantly reduced(p<0.05). Furthermore, as a result of comparing the periodontal conditions of the smoking group and non-smoking group, complier and non-complier, all parameters were reduced with a significant difference in the non-smoking group and the complier, but the smoking group and the non-complier did not show difference in all parameters. As a result of making an assessment of before and after dental hygiene process according to PRA classifications, high risk group has been generally changed to moderate or low risk group. Conclusions : Accordingly, the supportive periodontal therapy applying dental hygiene process has been shown to be effective. The dental hygiene process in periodontal patients who require continuous management is anticipated to be a very efficient process.
  • 9.

    Analysis of the factors associated with awareness of community water fluoridation program

    김유진 | 백소영 | 안세연 and 7other persons | 2012, 12(5) | pp.871~879 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to the awareness level of community water fluoridation program. Methods : 700 subjects were surveyed among the residents living in Incheon Metropolitan City. Data were collected on awareness of community water fluoridation program, general factors, oral health behavior, self-reported oral health and oral health interest. The factors related to the awareness level of community water fluoridation program were analyzed by t-test, a one way ANOVA and multiple linear regression analysis. Results : 1. Subjects' ages were 40~59 years, monthly average incomes were more than 3 million won and higher their educational levels had a higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). 2. People who brushed their teeth more than three times a day, used oral hygiene devices, and had periodic oral examination and removed plaques were had higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). Especially, the use of oral hygiene devices was the strongest factor in relation with the awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). 3. People who had a fine self-reported oral health, highly interested in dental hygiene and made an effort to keep oral health were had higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.001). Conclusions : The awareness level of community water fluoridation program was related to oral health behavior, self-reported oral health and oral health interest. So, in order to expand the areas for community water fluoridation program, it is important to educate to the right information about objectives, safety, dental caries preventing effect of the community water fluoridation program. And the education and publicity on general oral health will have an affirmative effect on expanding community water fluoridation program.
  • 10.

    Relationship of the use of some fluoride containing dentifrice on the korean market to children's fluoride intake in different age groups

    KyeongHee Lee | Choong-Ho Choi | HONGSUCKJIN | 2012, 12(5) | pp.881~896 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the amount of daily fluoride intake among children using fluoride-containing dentifrice in an effort to pave the way for the selection of criteria for the development of safe dentifrice for different age groups to make a contribution to children's oral health. Methods : This study was implemented over approximately six months from May to October 2008 by recruiting subjects, asking their consent, conducting a survey, collecting samples and analyzing the collected data. The subjects in this study were preschool residents in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, who were at the western age of 2 to 5. The amount of fluoride withdrawn from their one-time toothbrushing was measured in two different ways. One was by using HMDS-facilitated modified diffusion method and fluoride ion electrode, and the other was by applying ion chromatography without the diffusion procedure. Results : The fluoride intake accounted for 46.5±19.1 percent of the amount of fluoride used, and that percentage was statistically significantly different according to age(p<0.01). The one-time fluoride intake from dentifrice per weight(kg) was a mean of 0.009±0.006mg. As a result of multiplying this amount by daily toothbrushing frequency, the daily fluoride intake from dentifrice per weight(kg) appeared to be 0.023±0.016mg on average. There was a large difference among the children in that regard, since that ranged from a low of 0.003mg to a high of 0.070mg. And age made a statistically significant difference to that(p<0.01). Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings of the study showed that the children's daily fluoride intake from dentifrice per weight was lower than the recommended daily fluoride intake from diets per weight for young children aged 1 to 12(0.05-0.07mg). However, there was a great disparity among the children in that aspect, and they are likely to take more fluoride from other things as well. Therefore it is required to prepare separate criteria for preschool and school-aged children.
  • 11.

    Relationship between occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms of upper extremities among dental hygienists

    Lee So Young | KoHyoJin | Byeng Chul Yu | 2012, 12(5) | pp.897~908 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was purposed to estimate prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms, level of occupational stress and their relationship among dental hygienists. Methods : This questionnaire study was performed during May to October 2010 with 317 dental hygienists worked in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do recruited as study population. The occupational stress and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms were accessed using questionnaire of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale and musculoskeletal symptoms from the Korea Occupational Safety Health Agency. Data analysis was performed with the descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression analysis using SPSS(ver 19.0K)program. Results : The prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and the level of occupational stress were 79.2% and 52.67±4.86 in dental hygienists. By multiple logistic regression analysis, job insecurity(OR=2.86, 95% CI: 1.38-5.94 in stress high risk group; reference-stress low risk group) and organizational system(OR=3.32, 95% CI: 1.55-7.08 in stress high risk group; reference-stress low risk group) were associated with upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms in dental hygienists. Conclusions : The overall prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and level of occupational stress in dental hygienists were relatively high and some sub-scales of occupational stress were related with upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms. Not only previously reported risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms but also occupational stress should consider to prevent and improve upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms in dental hygienists.
  • 12.

    A study on the effect of self-efficacy and stress-coping method of dental hygienist

    Won Young Soon | So-Yong Pakr | 김정숙 | 2012, 12(5) | pp.909~919 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the self- efficacy of dental hygienists on their stress-coping method. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygienists in dental institutions that were selected by convenience sampling from Jeonju, Iksan, Gimjei and Gunsan in North Jeolla Province. A survey was conducted by using structured questionnaires. Results : A regression analysis was carried out to see whether self-efficacy would affect stress-coping method, and it's found that those whose overall self-efficacy was better made more use of an overall stress-coping method(p>0.001). General and social self-efficacy exerted a significant influence on a problem-oriented stress-coping method(p>0.001, p>0.01), and general and social self-efficacy had an impact on a stress-coping method of social support pursuit(p>0.01, p>0.01). In addition, general and social self-efficacy exercised an influence on a stress-coping method of wishful thinking(p>0.01, p>0.05). Conclusions : The self-efficacy of the dental hygienists affected their own stress- coping method, and the finding of the study suggests that a lot of efforts should be made from diverse angles to boost the self-efficacy of dental hygienists.
  • 13.

    A study on the actual conditions of oral health education for the elderly in some communities

    김영 | 이은주 | 김민경 and 5other persons | 2012, 12(5) | pp.921~932 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of the this study was to obtain necessary source data for development of oral health improvement and promotion programs for the elderly by investigating the actual situations of oral health education related experience and needs that senior citizens had in Korea. Methods : In this study, convenience sampling was conducted in 430 senior citizens aged 65 years who lived in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do in Korea, for about six months from December 2011 to May 2012. For data collection, the structured questionnaire was used. Community-based senior citizens' welfare facilities and centres, as well as nearby churches were visited to inform them of the information on this study. Then, the senior citizens who agreed to participate in this study were given the questionnaire sheets. Excluding 33 copies of inadequately completed questionnaire sheets, 397 copies (92.3% of the entire collected data) were analyzed. Results : 1. In terms of the experience with oral health education, the number of elderly respondents who have not received oral health education was 202 (50.9%), whereas the number of those who have received oral health education was 195 (49.1%), which indicates that the latter shows a slightly higher proportion. 2. Examining the necessity for oral health education, the overall mean was 3.67 points based on 5 points as full marks, which suggests that senior citizens have high awareness of the necessity for oral health education. 3. Regarding the willingness to participate in oral health education, the number of those who answered that if any opportunity to receive oral health education is given, they would be willing to receive such the education was 211 (53.1%). Conclusions : Based upon the results mentioned above, we conclude that it is required to develop more systematic and sustained, life-long oral health education programs at the levels of senior citizen's welfare facilities and centres, in order to guide senior citizens to desirable oral health care practice.
  • 14.

    Effectiveness of oral health promotion on the oral health education in some high school students

    신경희 | 2012, 12(5) | pp.933~942 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study is to examine the effectiveness in the oral health promotion through the oral health education for high school students. In adolescence, there seems to be the high incidences of dental caries, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. Concerning preventing all such outbreaks, this study focuses on applying the oral health education to their health education, and on analyzing its effectiveness. Methods : To verify its effectiveness, this research administered 85 students of both genders of a certain high school in Seoul during May-October 2010, followed by the evaluation of DMFT, S-PHP, and CPITN. Results : First, the oral health promotion through the education was statistically significant in the permanent effects of index (FT index). Second, the effect of S-PHP index gradually decreased in statistics from the first to the fifth session, but, after five months ever since the education, it seemed relatively higher in the next sessions. Third, the changing in the level of CPITN decreased continuously as the students received the education repeatedly, but there is no significant difference in statistics for each session. Conclusions : For the oral health promotion in the high school students, the education ought to be focused on the behavior-change objectives rather than on the knowledge-based objectives. The repeated education for tooth-brushing instruction should be stressed for preventing from returning to the old bad behaviors.
  • 15.

    Community periodontal index and osteoporosis relevance

    장윤정 | Kim,Nam-Song | 2012, 12(5) | pp.943~953 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the systemic osteoporosis of Korean adults on their periodontal diseases and CPI index based on the data of their systemic osteoporosis. Methods : The third-year raw data of the 4th 2009 National Health & Nutrition Survey that turned out to be representative and reliable were utilized. The subjects in this study were 7,285 adults who were over the age of 19 and got both of health and dental checkups. As for data analysis, the statistical packages PASW 19.0 and SAS 9.0 were employed. Results : The most periodontal diseases were found in those who had osteoporosis in the entire parts, entire femur, femoral neck and spiral bone, but there was no significant relationship between periodontal diseases and osteoporosis. As for the connections between peridontal diseases and osteoporosis, the adults who had femoral neck osteoporosis had a 2.057-fold less bone mass than those who had a normal bone density in this part, and the former's periodontal diseases increased in proportion to that. There was consequently a statistically significant relationship between the two(p<0.05). Among the prevalence factors of osteoporosis, a lower entire femur bone mineral density led to a lower CPI index(p<0.01), and a lower femoral neck bone mineral density led to a higher CPI index(p<0.05). Thus, there was a significant relationship between osteoporosis and the oral health indicator. Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings confirmed that in terms of the relationship among the periodontal diseases, CPI index and osteoporosis of Korean adults, a higher risk of osteoporosis affected the increase of chronic periodontal diseases.
  • 16.

    The knowledge of infection control, practice and performance of dental hygienists

    PARKJUNGHYUN | Jang Kyeung Ae | 2012, 12(5) | pp.953~961 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the infection control practice and performance study on knowledge of dental hygienist between their knowledge and general characteristics. Methods : The subjects in this study are 305 dental hygienists who received local in-service education on December 10, 2011 and February 28, 2012. Results : The infection prevention knowledge and performance are higher as work experience is more (p<.05), as the education level is higher and when they have undergone in-service education (p<.001). Also these are higher when they are working in the dentist at the present (p<.001). The infection prevention practice are different with respect to ages (p<.01), work experience (p<.001), and the highest level of education (p<.01). There are correlations between the infection control practices and knowledge, performance and knowledge. As the practice level is higher, it is shown that the performance is higher (r=.049, p=.01). Conclusions : It would be necessary to develop the systematic and continuous program in infection control education and to build system which makes in-service training for dental hygienists mandatory. These could improve the level of infection prevention knowledge, practice and performance of dental hygienists to prevent the exposure to infection of the people.
  • 17.

    A study on quality assessment of dental office websites

    김선영 | Kim,Nam-Song | 2012, 12(5) | pp.963~971 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to make a comparative analysis of the websites of dental office from different countries to provide some information for the quality evaluation of the websites of dental office. Methods : Two hundred twenty-four dental websites were selected by using Yahoo, one of the international portal sites, which included 59 from the United States, 50 from the United Kingdom, 54 from Canada, and 61 from Korea. Results : 1. As results of the credibility of the websites, the Canadian websites were most reliable, followed by the American websites, the English websites and the Korean ones(p<0.005). 2. As results of the complementarity of the websites, the Korean websites were most interactive, followed by the American websites, the English websites, and the Canadian ones(p<0.001). 3. As results of the accessibility of use of the websites, the Korean websites were easiest to use, followed by the American websites, the Canadian websites, and the English ones(p<0.001). 4. As results of the update of the websites from the nations, the Korean websites were most sustainable, followed by the English websites, the Canadian websites and the American ones(p<0.05). 5. When the overall quality of the dental office websites was assessed, the Korean websites were the best, followed by the Canadian websites, the American websites and the English ones(p<0.001). Conclusions : In order to make accurate oral health information more accessible to people in general, prolonged research efforts should be continued for the evaluation of the quality of dental office websites, and the development of standard international evaluation criteria is required as well.
  • 18.

    Adults’self-reported of dry mouth and it's associated impact factors

    Hee Jeong Park | SHIM YOUN-SOO | 2012, 12(5) | pp.973~985 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The aim of this study is to investigate the possible impact factors on adults’ self-reports of dry mouth and to develop strategies to improve oral health education policy. Methods : This study was conducted on a total of 622 self-administered questionnaires adult above 20 and under 65 years of age living in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. The final participants consisted of 443 adults without chronic illness, taking medications and wearing dentures. The Hierarchical Multiple Regression model with three stages was used to assess the association for exposure of interest, such as socio-demographics, health-related behavior, mental health and self-reported of dry mouth. Results : The participants reported mean score of dry mouth(6.32±4.47), of which 191 were male(6.81±4.56) and 252 were female(5.94±4.37). Hierarchical Multiple Regression revealed that the score of dry mouth was shown to be significantly higher for the following people: Males, who were employed, unemployed, negative self-perceived general health, perceived stress, and participants who had no experience awareness of distress in two weeks. The explanatory power was 21.9%. The most powerful impact factor regarding to employment was shown to be negatively associated to dry mouth, and self-perceived general health, experiencing awareness of distressful in two weeks was also important factors. Conclusions : Based on these results in order to develop oral health education policy strategies for the prevention and management of dry mouth, there need to be considered for the employee.
  • 19.

    A survey study on recognition of periapical radiography in dental hygiene students

    PARK IL SOON | 정정옥 | KyeongHee Lee | 2012, 12(5) | pp.987~997 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : This study was carried out in order to obtain basic data for students' efficient acquirement and instruction of radiography technology in the future by surveying dental hygiene students' recognition of periapical radiography. Methods : This study carried out a questionnaire survey targeting dental hygiene students from December 2009 to December 2010, and obtained the following results. Results : 1. As a result of examining recognition on periapical radiography, the bisecting angle technique was indicated to be averagely 3.84±0.566 points. The paralleling technique was indicated to be 2.66±0.701 points. 2. As a result of examining about problems given the bisecting angle technique, what had been most difficult given the bisecting angle technique was indicated to be the highest in cone positioning with 34.2%. The most difficulty given deciding on the X-ray vertical-angel irradiation direction was indicated to be the highest with 66.9% in adjusting the cone direction on the virtual bisector. 3. As a result of examining about problems given the paralleling technique, what had been most difficult in the process of the paralleling technique was indicated to be the highest with 56.7% in fixing the film immobilization device inside the mouth. Conclusions : Examining the above results, it is considered that there is a need of understanding morphological and anatomical structure inside the mouth in order to reduce the mistake rate given the periapical radiography, and that it is important to increase skill level by repetitively shooting several times with having enough time.
  • 20.

    Knowledge of adolescents and adults about water fluoridation among the residents of Seoul

    유영재 | 김광수 | 2012, 12(5) | pp.999~1006 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives : The purpose of this study was to understand and compare the knowledge of the adolescents and adults among the residents of Seoul metropolitan city about water fluoridation program. Methods : A total of 613 adolescents and adults between the age of 15 and 31-49 was surveyed by the questionnaire. Among them, the source of drinking water, the source of cooking water, awareness of caries prevention effect of water fluoridation program, awareness of cost benefit of health insurance of water fluoridation program, approval of water fluoridation program, awareness of health safety of water fluoridation program were surveyed. Results : 85.5% of adolescents and 88.9% of adults were surveyed to use public water supply for drinking water, and 95.3% of adolescents and 96.8% of adults were surveyed to use public water supply for cooking water. But only 14.0% of adolescents, comparing to the 42.1% of adults, were surveyed to be aware of the caries prevention effect of water fluoridation, and only 6.0% of adolescents, comparing to the 24.6% of adults, were surveyed to be aware of the caries prevention effect of water fluoridation to reduce to health insurance expenditure. About 82.6% of adolescents, comparing to the 92.1% of adults, were surveyed to vote for the fluoridation program, and only 6.8% of adolescents, comparing to the 28.6% of adults, were surveyed to be aware of health safety of water fluoridation program. Conclusions : Extensive oral health education program to the adolescents are necessary about using water fluoridation to prevent the dental caries.