Objectives : The objectives of this study is to investigate the handwashing and use of personal protection equipment in dental hygienists and provide the basic data for dental infection control guideline.
Methods : A questionnaire survey was performed in the dental hygienists who participated in the continuing education by the Daejeon City Commission in October 2012. The collected data were analyzed using PASW 18.0.
Results : Handwashing was well practiced in group working for 3 to 5 years of employment.
Those who took the infection cnotrol training used liquid soap, paper towel, dental mask, protective goggles, face shield, and gloves.
Conclusions : Infection control is the most important practice in dental hygienists. So it is necessary to emphasize the inportnace of personal protection equipment including medical gloves, dental mask, and goggles.
Objectives : The objective of this study is to determine the associations between dietary behaviour and subjective measurements of dental caries and periodontal disease in a cohort of nursing home staff.
Methods : A self-reported survey was carried out in 280 nursing home staff in Jeollabukdo Province, Korea. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS Version 19.0 program. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine the effects of dietary behavior and food intake on subjective measurements of the two serious dental diseases.
Results : The irregular meal tended to increase dietary imbalance and periodontal diseases in the nursing staff. For example, it had influences on the imbalance of sugar, vegetable, and safood intake.
Conclusions : It is important to take regular meal because irregular eating behavior tended to increase dietary imbalance and periodontal diseases in the nursing staff.
Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate stepwise regression analysis on cervical abrasion & general characteristics, subjective oral health perception, habit related to oral health,and oral symptom.
Methods : The study subjects were 2,158 workers in 23 industrial work places located in Gumi-si,Gyeongsangbuk-do Province from June 1 to July 1, 2012. As a result, the following conclusions were obtained.
Results : 1. The cervical abrasion rate was high in men and older age group. 2. The cervical abrasion rate was high in a case of having not received scaling for the past one year. 3. The cervical abrasion rate was high in frequent tooth brushing. 4. The cervical abrasion rate was high in group having no bleeding in tooth and the gum. 5. The cervical abrasion rate was high in group having the cold symptom in teeth. 6. Excluding gum pain and bleeding, factors affecting tooth abrasion were gender, age, scaling over the past year, frequency of brushing a day and tooth sensitivity when cold food was ingested. 7. Gender and tooth sensitivity turned out to have negative(-) effect. age, scaling over the past year and frequency of brushing a day turned out to have positive(+) effect.
Conclusions : Through this study, the best prevention method of cervical abrason is effective tooth brushing education and regular dental check up.
Objectives : The purpose of this research was to investigate the awareness of an adult on implants and the relevant factors which affect the satisfaction of a patient after an implant treatment.
Methods : This study was conducted to 407 adult subjects in Seoul and Gyeonggi. A total of 384 data were analyzed except the questionnaires having poor responses or errors.
Results : The acquaintance route of implant was TV advertisements, self-knowledge, internet,news, and newspapers. Dentist's ability to practice implant was the most important factor in patient's choice. The responents answered the expected lifespan of an implant was more than 5 years to 10 years. In terms of dental health management behavior on implants, the average response of the highest 4.07 points of 5 Likert scale. Generally women are more concerned with implant than men(p<0.01). The highly educated and elderly patients had tendency to receive more treatment(p<0.0001). Patients were more satisfactory after receiving regular checkups after treatment(p<0.05). The low expenses of implant satisfied the patients(p<0.05).
Conclusions : As implant technology advances, the concern of patients on implants also increase.
So reduction of cost can make the patients have access to the dentist and the patients' oral health must be improved through continuous dental care.
Objectives : This study aims to provide the basic data for the maintenance and management of healthy implants through finding out the educational experience of toothbrushing and the oral hygiene management for the implant patients and to determine the maintenance measure.
Methods : From April 1 to october 1, 2012, 250 patients in the dental clinic in Daejeon completed the self-reported questionnaire.
Results : As for the educational experience of toothbrushing, 66.4 percent received the training for toothbrushing and 33.6 percent had not received the training for toothbrushing. Those who brushed three times a day accounted for 74.1 percent. Those who received the training for toothbrushing comprised 56.0 percent and took regular check up of every 6 months. Approximately 50.0% received regular scaling service every 6 months. Periodical medical check up comprised 55.6% among those who received toothbrushing education. Approximately 63.9% thought that periodical medical check up is the most important to maintain oral health.
Conclusions : There were important factors for oral health. They were tooth-brushing, the utilization of various oral hygienic products, and the awareness of importance of oral hygiene management. The customized education program for the general public should be implemented as regular as possible.
Objectives : The quality of service is considered as the difference between services that customers perceive and expect by using SERVQUAL model and the basic data for the efficiency of management of dental hospital and clinics, the differentiation strategies of dental medical institutions and the improvements on quality of service are provided.
Methods : Subjects were 469 patients who visited six dental hospitals and clinics in Daegu-Gyeongbuk regions. Questionnaire consisted of five items such as type, reliability,responsiveness, certainty and empathy properties. Data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 program in this study.
Results : Women had high satisfaction scores of medical services in certainty and empathy properties. 40s and higher had the highest score in the type property. 30s had high score in the certainty property. For expected service satisfaction, 30s had the highest score in dental practitioners and administrative staffs. For reuse of current medical institution and intent for recommendation, certainty property and factor of dentist and dental practitioners had high scores.
Additionally, reliability and responsiveness properties were statistically significant.
Conclusions : Medical institutions should make every effort to get the dentists or dental practitioners have the medical knowledge at a high level, a kindness for patients and trust from patients.
Objectives : This study aimed to explore the influence of food intake and oral health behaviors on dental caries in juveniles.
Methods : A total of 2,129 juveniles completed a questionnaire survey to identify the presence of permanent teeth caries, behaviors relevant to oral health and food intake based on the fourth National Health and Nutrition Survey.
Results : Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that higher occasions of intake of carbonated drinks significantly cased dental caries in the meanwhile oral health behavior and the number of toothbrushing was in reverse proportion to dntal caries. The risk of dental caries was higher in the group of lower frequency of toothbrushing and intake of carbonated drink.
Conclusions : Carbonated drinks intake and the number of toothbrushing is closely related to dental caries. So it is very important to develop oral health education program in order to improve eating habits and toothbrushing habits in juveniles.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge of methods to deal with dental trauma in some middle school students.
Methods : Among 375 middle school students, a total of 340 filled out the self-administered questionnaire (response rate of 90.7%). The data were analyzed statistically using chi-square analysis.
Results : 32.9% of respondents received emergency care education of dental trauma. Knowledge by general information about dental trauma was not so different from the other questions. Tooth storage medium comprised 25.0% and 48.5% in milk and saline, respectively.
Conclusions : In order to get the knowledge about emergency treatment of dental trauma in middle school students, it is necessary to develop the professional education program for middle school students.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the periodontal health indexes of some college students and awareness of periodontal health by conducting a survey and complete blood count(CBC) to evaluate periodontal health status.
Methods : The study subjects were 133 college students. After receiving informed consent,the health-related majoring students voluntarily participated in this study from May 1 to 30, 2012.
Results : 1. In order to assess periodontal health indexes, total scores of all the 15 items were calculated and mean was 3.06 of 5 points. Mean of periodontal health was 3.48. 2. High hemoglobin and high hematocrit revealed high periodontal health indexes and high platelet resulted in low peridontal health indexes. 3. Red blood cell, hemoglobin, and hematocrit of the male,older, smoking, and high periodontal index students showed higher range of score in the meanwhile white blood cell and platelet was low range. The range of female students were not statistically significant.
Conclusions : Periodontal health education program is very important to periodontal care and can motivate the oral health behavior change.
Objectives : The objective of this study is to investigate the work value factors and the professional attitude factors of dental hygienists and provide basic data for dental hygiene curricula.
Methods : A total of 329 dental hygiene students in 4 universities completed the questionnaire which consisted of 15 questions for the work value factors and 10 questions for the professional attitude factors. Correlation between the work value factors and the professional attitude factors was analyzed.
Results : The “students with no clinical practice experience (4.34 points)” were seen to be statistically significant (p= .013) in the work value factors, as compared to the “students with clinical practice experience (4.19 points).” In accordance with the grade level (p= .000), conformity in aptitude (p= .022), satisfaction level for the major (p= .000), desired duration of career (p=.009), and presence of recommendation for dental hygiene department (p= .000), the professional attitude factors had statistically significant differences. The higher the scores of the work value factors of dental hygiene students, the higher the scores of the professional attitude factors appeared,there by showing a positive (+) correlation (r= .367).
Conclusions : For the cultivation of work value factors and professional attitude factors for dental hygiene students, it is necessary to improve the educational system that reflects the operation of a counseling and mentoring by the utilization of structured personality type testing tools and an improvement of interpersonal relationships.
Objectives : The objectives of this study were to investigate the handwashing and practice of health science college students and emphasize the importance of handwashing and infection control precaution to the students.
Methods : This study was conducted by 586 health science college students through self-reported survey. All data were analyzed using SPSS/PC 13.0 program.
Results : 1. Female students washed hands more frequently(7 times per day) than male students(6times per day). Female students washed hands for 39 seconds in the meanwhile male students washed hands for 28 seconds.
2. Handwashing after using toilet accounted for 79.6% and 72.0% in female and male students,respectively.
3. Most of the handwashing was performed with faucet water (82.1%). The others were tepid water (54.3%), running water (98.1%) and water with soap bar (66.7%).
4. The reason for not practicing handwashing was due to annoyingness (36.3%).
Conclusions : Health science college students' tended to wash their hands frequently. However,there existed a gap between the handwashing perception and practice in the previous reports because the observed practice was different from self-estimated perception.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of elementary school teachers on oral health and oral health education by position and teacher carrer in an effort to provide information on oral health awareness and oral health education.
Methods : This survey was conducted on 320 elementary school teachers in Jeollabuk-do from July 2 to 19, 2012. 296 questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The collected date was analyzed using the statistical package SPSS WIN 13.0.
Results : As for self-rated oral health status and concern for oral health by teacher career,the teachers who had a less than six years of career considered themselves to be unhealthier and were more concerned about oral health. Regarding oral health knowledge by position and career, those who were homeroom teachers and who had a less than five years of career had a better knowledge on oral health. Concerning concern for oral health education and the necessity of oral health education, the homeroom teachers were more concerned about oral health education and were better cognizant of the necessity of that education. In relation to teaching ability for oral health, the homeroom teachers found themselves to be more capable of providing oral health education than the non-homeroom teachers.
Conclusions : The improve concern and recognition of oral health for the members, the elementary school students needs to develop oral health education and policy.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the preparation of toothbrushing and the opinion of teachers in the practice of toothbrushing of elementary school students to provide information on the implementation of school-based toothbrushing programs.
Methods : The subjects were 85 elementary school teachers. The statistical package SPSS 18.0was used to obtain descriptive statistics and -test.
Results : Oral health education program and toothbrushing preparation proved to be the most important priority in this study. The barriers to school-based toothbrushing guideance were limit of education time and shortage of space. School-based toothbrushing was related to oral health education program in the meanwhile school without school-based toothbrushing program needed the toothbrushing facilities. About 87.5% of the schools had not equipped with toothbrushing facilities. If the facilities were given, 82.5% of the school would implement the program.
Conclusions : The elementary school is the place where the lifelong oral health program is given to the students, so it is very important to promote the school-based toothbtushing nationwide in the future.
Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze self-perceived oral malodor symptoms and associated factors among adults in metropolitan area.
Methods : This research was based on self-perceived oral malodor symptoms survey in 413adults from March 5 to May 7, 2012. Data were analyzed with chi-square test, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS WIN 12.0 program and significance level was set at p<0.05.
Results : The prevalence rate of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was 62.7%. The most influencing factors of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was age. The other factors were self-perception stress level, exercise, and periodontitis in the order.
Conclusions : In order to reduce self-perceived oral malodor symptoms, it is necessary to maintain mental and physical soundness basically.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and peridontal diseases in Korean adults based on the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010.
Methods : The study subjects were 5,605 adults aged 19 years or older whose information were community periodontal index (CPI) and smoking status. and statistical analyses were conducted by applying complex sample analysis technique.
Results : In terms of the relationship between smoking and periodontal status, the risk of periodontitis was 1.63-fold higher in smoker group than in nonsmoker group, and 1.02-fold higher even after adjustment of gender, age, income levels, educational background, alcohol consumption,exercising, body mass index (BMI), oral examination, the frequency of tooth brushing, the use of oral hygiene devices, and perceived oral health. Chi square analysis also showed that the prevalence rate of periodontitis was higher in smoker group than in nonsmoker group.
Conclusions : It is very important to provide oral health education by smoking cessation and prevent periodontal diseases through anti-smoking campaign.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and peridontal diseases in Korean adults based on the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010.
Methods : This study was carried out from May 15 to June 15, 2012, 200 college students working in companies in Chungnam, Korea participated in the study.
Results : 1. Both study and work were distress to male and female students with a statistically significant difference (p<.05). 2. Major subjects satisfied male and female students (p<.05). 3.
There was a significant differences between gender specific satisfaction. (p<.05). 4. Students were satisfied with college education (p<.05). 5. The companies tried to understand the students' difficulty in studying (p<.05).group.
Conclusions : It is very important to establish the practice and theory in college students working in companies.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the family dentist system on oral health status of children and adolescents of Community Children's Centers in Busan,Korea.
Methods : The subjects of this study were 81 children and adolescents, 6 to 14 years old,using Community Children's Centers. The oral health survey was conducted on the subjects from the starting stage of family dentist program in 2009 to the evaluation stage in 2010. Dental health status was examined by a trained dentist according to the guideline proposed by the World Health Organization. In addition, the information on the oral health knowledge, belief, and process of dental care were obtained using questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the paired samples t-test.
Results : Percentages of subjects with fissure sealants on permanent teeth and filling rate among DMF teeth of 2010 year were higher than those of 2009 year (P<0.05). However, the rate of decayed teeth among DMF teeth of 2010 year was lower than those of 2009 year (p=0.049).
Conclusions : These findings showed that the family dentist system brought a positive effect on caries prevention and proper dental care of children and adolescents of the Community Children's Centers.
Objectives : This study was performed to evaluate the salivary secretion, salivary pH and cariogenic activity using unstimulated whole saliva in patients with hematologic malignancy.
Methods : Nineteen patients (9 male, 10 female) who had hematologic malignancy and were treated with chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation, and nineteen normal volunteers (7male, 12 female) as control group were included. The mean age of patients group and control group was 45.1 and 46.7 years, respectively. Patients group was examined salivary secretion,salivary pH, and cariogenic activity using unstimulated whole saliva and was compared with control group.
Results : In comparison with control group, salivary secretion, salivary pH and salivary buffer capacity were significantly lower in patients with hematologic malignancy (p<0.01). Both cariogenic activity(p<0.01) and the number of Lactobacilli(p<0.05) are higher in patients group than control group.
Conclusions : These results suggest that the unstimulated whole salivary secretion, pH and buffer capacity were lower in patients with hematologic malignancy than control group. Cariogenic activity is higher in patients with hematologic malignancy than control group. Such salivary factor and cariogenic activity can increase the possibility of induction of dental caries.
Objectives : The aim of the study is to investigate the antimicrobial activity of jaborandi and sorbitol to various oral microbes.
Methods : Jaborandi leaves contain pilocarpine. The conditions for extraction were optimized on the basis of substances, temperatures and pHs. Total pilocarpine content after extraction was analyzed by HPLC. The herbal antimicrobial activity of jaborandi and sorbitol were evaluated for oral microbes containing ATCC 25175 S. mutans, ATCC 13419 S. salivarius, ATCC 6249 S.
mitis, ATCC 33398 S. equi, ATCC 29213 S. aureus, ATCC 14053 C. albicans.
Results : The optimum conditions for highest yielding extraction were pilocarpine content after boiling at 100oC for 1 hour at pH 3. The level of total pilocarpine content was analyzed at 833 mg/kg by HPLC. The most effective antimicrobial activity was obtained by combination of pilocarpine and sorbitol rather than pilocarpine, menthol and sorbitol, respectively.
Conclusions : This results supported the preventive oral health care using safe and convenient jaborandi herb.
Objectives : This study aimed to improve school health program by investigation of several variables through educational diagnostic factors which influence the level of subjective oral health perception and DMFT of students on the basis of PRECEDE model.
Methods : A total of 286 high school students in Busan completed the self-reported questionnaire from September 3 to 28 in 2012.
Results : 1. Social and epidemiologic diagnosis suggested that the level of subjective oral health perception of male students was not better than that of female students and DMFT number of the male was more than that of the female(p<0.001)(p<0.001). 2. Oral health diagnosis indicated that once a day tooth brushing group showed lower level of oral health perception(p<0.001)and high DMFT number(p<0.001). 3. Predisposing factor of educational diagnosis implied that more than 4 times a day snack intake group and sweet diet and soda friendly group showed lower level of oral health perception and high DMFT number(p<0.001). 4. Tooth brushing of the reinforcing factors had the most important effect on the level of oral health perception and the number of dental caries. Daily snack intake was the most important effect on DMFT number.
Conclusions : The informed consent from each family was the important factor in implementing PRECEDE model. School health program improved oral health care. Oral health program can correct the risk oral health behavior in children and adolescents.