Objectives : The purpose of the study is to obtain the basic data for an industrial oral health project enhancing the quality of life and oral health.
Methods : Questionnaire consisted of 17 questions including 7 questions of general characteristics,5 questions of oral health awareness, and 5 questions of the behavior of oral health. A self-reported questionnaire was carried out from September 1 to September 28, 2012, The subjects were 400male and female sanitation workers in private corporations in Jeonju. A total of 354 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS windows ver. 12.0 (SPSS Inc. Korea).
Results : The majority of the subjects were male in 50’s. Temporary contract workers are older aged and 2 to 5 years of career workers were the majority of the cleaners. Average monthly income was less than 2 million Korean Won. Those who had a higher academic background and permanent position tended to have oral health knowledge (p<0.05). Female workers had healthier subjective oral health status than male workers. Those who were in older age, single,temporary position, and 2 to 5 years of career tended to have healthier subjective oral health status (p<0.05). Those who were in older age, married, and long period of employment were worrying about their health (p<0.05). The subjective oral health knowledge was high in 49.7%of the workers because they were not able to brush teeth during work hours. They were able to brush their teeth only after dinner. It was low in female and older aged workers (p<0.05).
The brushing method included a combination of top to bottom and from the side to side.
Conclusions : This study showed the influencing factor of oral health in street workers. Work environment, education, age, monthly income, and types of employment were the important factors to oral health care. It is necessary to provide the right oral health care program for the workers in the near future.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to find the association between obesity and periodontal disease by age in adults.
Methods : The subjects were 5,728 adults in the first year of the Fifth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010. The questionnaire included oral examinations, periodontal disease, and body mass index screenings. Chi-square test was performed to confirm the periodontal disease.
Results : The impact of obesity and waist circumference on body mass index (BMI) showed high risk of periodontal diseases. The risk of periodontal disease according to BMI by age was closely related to obesity ranged form 35 to 59 yeard old. The increased waist circumference and those who were in 35 to 59 and over 60 years old had a significant association with the periodontal disease risk.
Conclusions : Obesity and periodontal disease are closely related factors. Those aged from 35 to 59 are the high risk groups of potential obesity and periodontal disease. It is very important to control well-balanced nutrition and physical activity that can prevent the progression of periodontal disease.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between variables associated with oral health status in psychiatric patients and to provide basic information on oral health education program development for the psychiatric patients.
Methods : Subjects were 151 psychiatric patients who filled out the structured questionnaire.
The data were analyzed for independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression by using SPSS Win Program 18.0 version.
Results : Higher DMFT index was shown in the older age(p<0.001) and low perceived oral health group(p<0.001). Higher DMFT index included no tooth brushing after breakfast(p=0.045),wrong tooth brushing method(p<0.001). Chewing discomfort(p=0.027) and denture(p=0.027) were closely related to higher DMFT index. Bread(p=0.033) and snack(p<0.001) increased DMFT index.
Factors affecting oral health status were age, denture, snack and bread. The explanation power of the final model was 29.4%.
Conclusions : Dietary control for the psychiatric patients is very important to prevent dental caries. Tooth brushing and use of oral hygiene devices can improve good oral health care.
Furthermore, this result can improve the oral health care for the disabled people.
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to improve the oral health knowledge in children education institute teacher.
Methods : Data were selected by convenience sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire was filled out by the children education institute teachers. Frequency analysis and χ2 test were used to analyze the actual condition of oral health education and utilizing media contents. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used.
Results : 1. The teachers received the oral health education (94.3%) twice to five times.
2. There was a difference between position and career of teacher in implementing oral health education. 3. Most of the oral health education were done by the dentists. Tooth brushing method was the most common education contents. Skill demonstration was the most common teaching method. 4. There was a positive correlation between experience and implementation of oral health education. 5. Use of education media accounted for 74.1% in oral health education. The number of media was more than two to five. 6. Self-devised media contents were the most commonly used in oral health education. Visual materials, dentiform and tooth brush were the most common contents in oral health education.
Conclusions : It is necessary to develop the systematic and repetitive oral health education curriculum for the children education institute teachers. The dissemination of media for oral care is needed for oral health care knowledge acquisition.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the overall oral health knowledge and toothbrushing pattern of school dental clinic students in school dental clinics and to provide the basic data for the oral health.
Methods : The subjects were 290 elementary school students visiting school dental clinics in Busan Metropolitan city. The data were collected from July 3, 2012 to July 19, 2013.
Results : The visit rate of school dental clinics was 40.3%. Girl students brushing three times a day accounted for 47.3% and boy students brushing twice a day accounted for 58.5%(p<0.05).
Students using rolling brushing method accounted for 35.4% and 8% of the students did not know the rolling method. Brushing method response consisted of circular motion(21.6%) and rolling method(30.8%). Brushing more than 3 minutes accounted for 46.5%(p<0.001) and 30.8%of the students chose rotation brushing method(p<0.001).
Conclusions : It is very important for the elementary school students to learn the right oral health education and oral health knowledge.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the significant(SiC) index of the 12year old children‘s permanent teeth caries experience. A total of 428 children aged 12 years old were recruited from metropolitan city(215 children) and rural area(213 children) in this study.
SiC index was obtained from DMFT index. Data were analyzed by gender, region, and DMFT.
Methods : DMFT index and Sic index were analyzed and compared by pit and sealant fissure treatment, dental caries, gender, and areas. A total of 428 children aged 12 years old were recruited from metropolitan city(215 children) and rural area(213 children) in this study.
Results : Boy students(6.73) tended to have a higher SiC index than girl students(7.84). There were significant differences(p<0.05). DMFT index in urban area was 2.59, and that in rural area was 3.35. In SiC index, rural children showed a higher index(7.77) than urban children(6.72).There existed a significance between DMFT index and SiC index(p<0.05).
Conclusions : It is important to educate and to develop the oral disease prevention program for the high risk group children. This study showed the relationship between DMFT index and SiC index in 12 year old children in urban and rural areas.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible differences in elementary schools jointed to fluoride mouth rinse plans in health centers.
Methods : Students from the third to sixth grades filled out the questionnaires. Data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS 12.0.
Results : The rate of a personal toothbrush holding and toothbrushing after lunch were higher in those who rinsed their mouths with fluoride than those who did not.(p<0.05). Toothbrushing by the rolling method was more prevailing in the students who rinsed their mouths with fluoride(57.0%) and having regular dental checkup(p<0.05) than in those who did not(39.8%).
Conclusions : The students who had rinsed their mouths with fluoride showed the good oral health behavior. Continuing good quality of oral health care education must be provided to the students by professional dental hygienists.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between appearance perception, appearance satisfaction, and self-esteem in adolescents who demand the orthodontic treatment.
Methods : A total sample of 403 high school students filled out the questionnaire and data were analyzed by using SPSS ver 20.0. for n (%), chi-square test, t-test, and a logistic regression.
Results : Girl students (68.3%) tended to have a higher demand for orthodontic treatment than male students (31.7%). Higher appearance perception(t=6.967, p<0.001), lower appearance satisfaction(t=-5.477, p<0.001) and lower self-esteem(t=-7.333, p<0.001) were higher in group of demand for orthodontic treatment. The logistic regression analysis revealed that a gender,self-perception of their teeth, appearance perception, and self-esteem were significantly associated with orthodontic treatment demand.
Conclusions : The result of this study will provide basic data for the consideration of psychosocial factors in orthodontic treatment in adolescents.
Objectives : It is considered that the education of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the preparation for quick response to cardiac arrest are very important to dental hygiene students who get employed in dental clinics and hospitals after graduation. The purpose of the study is to investigate the perception, attitude and knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR)in dental hygiene students and to provide basic data to educate CPR education program for the dental hygiene students.
Methods : The study subjects were 260 students in the department of dental hygiene in J city health college. A self-reported questionnaire was conducted from May 1st to 31st 2013. A frequency analysis and x2-test was carried out to confirm the general characteristics of the 260respondents.
Results : The perception rate of the CPR was 55.8%(145 persons). There were positive correlations between perception and attitude of CPR (r=.202) and attitude and knowledge(r=.249).
Conclusions : CPR performance is the vital to the cardiac arrest victim. So it is necessary to educate the dental hygiene students in case of emergency situation. It is necessary to educate CPR and basic life support (BLS) in dental hygiene students.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the image toward the elderly among dental hygiene students.
Methods : The subjects were 348 college students. A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by the students from May 15 to June 15, 2013. The questionnaire included general characteristics of the elderly people and image toward the elderly.
Results : As for the elderly people-related general characteristics of the students, 79.9 percent of the students had never received education on the elderly. Approximately more than half of the students replied that they lived with elderly people and gave positive answers to living with elderly people out of filial duty and respect for the elderly. They got a mean of 79.78±10.60out of 140 in image toward the elderly. Those who believe in religion and have more siblings tended to have a positive image toward the elderly people.
Conclusions : In order to have a positive image toward the elderly people, volunteer activity for the elderly people in senior welfare centers can make the students more positive to the elderly people.
Objectives : In this study, for before/after dental implant surgery, our aim is to provide the basic data based on the decision of the treatment by measuring satisfaction of the treatment and finding out the intention to revisit a hospital and also by recommendation.
Methods : We conducted the frequency analysis, a cross-tabulations, paired t-test and a correlation analysis of 146 data who had visited at 6 dental clinics and hospitals located in Daegu for dental implant surgery, with SPSS (PASW 18.0 for Windows, SPSS Inc, USA) to find out the satisfaction of the treatment before/after dental implant surgery.
Results : The satisfaction related to before/after dental implant surgery of oral health was all statistically significant on a masticatory, social and psychological function, the satisfaction towards the treatment, the intention to revisit a hospital and also by recommendation. Independent variables explained the satisfaction of the treatment before/after dental implant surgery as 19.1% and indicated a significantly high value in general.
Conclusions : The satisfaction was higher on satisfactory of the postoperative treatment than on satisfactory of the preoperative treatment in spite of these limitations. Therefore, the dental medical team should take into account dental implanting as a way which improves the satisfaction of the treatment related with oral health and have continuous managements and careful concerns.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of dental hygienists toward digital dentistry.
Methods : The subjects were 393 dental hygienists in Daegu·Gyeongbuk. A total of 380 data were analyzed except the incomplete questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA using SPSS version 18.0.
Results : 1. Difference of perception by general characteristics was affected by age, academic background, working career, and married.
2. Difference of perception by utilization of digital facilities was affected by digital camera, CAD/CAM system, oral scanner, and computer system.
3. Difference of perception by digital education experience and intention of participation was affected by stronger intention to participate in digital education and practical exercise. Digital X-ray system and CAD/CAM system were the must-be equipment in education.
Conclusions : Utilization of digital dentistry is the motive for education experience in dental hygienists.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of expertise and awareness of information on toothpaste in dental hygienists and to give patients information on toothpaste.
Methods : The subjects was 205 dental hygienists working at dental clinic, dental hospital or college dental hospital in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. They filled out the questionaire from 13th to 27th April, 2013. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0 program and significant level was set at p=0.05.
Results : The awareness of information on toothpaste was the highest in dental hygienists having under 3 years career and working at dental clinics(p<0.001). The level of expertise on toothpaste was the highest in those having over 5 years career and working at general hospital or college dental hospital(p<0.001). In association with the effect of toothpaste(p<0.05), experienced dental hygienists had a higher knowledge(1.68 point) that those who had no experience(2.27point). Instruction of the oral care devices included 27.5% of dental floss, 27.1% of toothbrush and 25.4% of proxabrush, and 4.9% of toothpaste.
Conclusions : The results revealed that the right choice of the toothpaste would be the best prevention of dental caries and it is necessary to educate the dental hygienists for the toothpaste information.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to improve autonomous decision-making ability by analyzing the relationship between autonomy and decision-making ability.
Methods : The subjects were 176 dental hygienists in Busan. Self-reported questionnaire was fill out from May 2012 to January 2013.
Results : The average of the degree of autonomy was 2.20±0.29. Buddhists showed the highest score of 2.37±0.37 (p<0.05). Buddhists had the higher education than other religions (p<.05).
Clinical decision-making ability was 2.21±0.25. Among the subcategories, statistically significant differences (p<.05) was shown by gender, degree of education, and religion in the domain of “Exploration of Choice and Alternatives”; Buddhists showed a higher score in the domains of “Assessment and Re-evaluation of Decisions” and “Review of Values and Goals,” with significant difference of p<.05. Autonomy and clinical decision making revealed a positive correlation in the categories “Assessment and Re-evaluation of Decisions” (r=.518, p=.000), “Review of Values and Goals” (r=.610, p=.000), and “Investigation of Information and Synchronization of New Information” (r=.314, p=.000).
Conclusions : To improve the performance of dental hygienists, working systems and training will be intensified to develop the autonomy and clinical decision making.
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between general characteristics and the intention of overseas employment and job satisfaction by Korean dental hygienists.
Methods : We conducted a survey of 562 dental hygienists working in dental clinics nationwide.
Collected data were analyzed by using the SAS(Version 9.2, SAS Institute, Cary, N.C.) package.
χ2 test was used to determine the general characteristics of the subjects including job satisfaction level and intention to work abroad.
Results : Old aged dental hygienists tended to work in the country rather than abroad(p<0.05).
Higher job satisfaction was closely related to working hours, monthly income, social status, and stability of employment(p<0.05). Job satisfaction was concerned with intention to overseas employment. The main purpose of overseas employment included economic benefits(35.99%),self realization(26.75%), and improvement of working condition(21.66%) in the group of overseas employment(p<0.05). The obstacles to overseas employment were mastery of language proficiency(60.94%) and related information(21.89%) in those who want to work abroad.
Conclusions : In order to increase the number of Korean dental hygienists for overseas employment, it is necessary to improve working competence and job satisfaction.
Objectives : The objective of this study is to investigate the influencing factors of turnover intention in dental hygienists and to find the management of manpower by path analysis.
Methods : The influencing factors included working environment, external factors, and job satisfaction. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 20.0.
Results : Older and married persons were satisfied with their jobs. Turnover intention was higher in the single and more experienced persons. Job satisfaction and working environment factors were closely related with each other.
Conclusions : Job satisfaction and working environment factors were closely related with each other. In order to reduce turnover intention, it is very important to enhance the work performance and self-esteem toward job in the dental hygienists.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate influential factors for the use of oral hygiene supplies with a view to give the right directions for related oral health education.
Methods : Subjects were recruited in dental clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Questionnaire data were carried out from June 1 to August 31, 2012.
Results : 1. The awareness towards oral hygiene supplies revealed a mean of 5.46±3.87 out of 14 points. Familiarity with the oral hygiene supplies was 2.62±2.66 and that of oral hygiene supplies was 2.63±1.48. 2. A regression analysis showed that by selecting the use of oral hygiene supplies as a dependent variable and the model turned out to make an 8.1% prediction. Among the selected independent variables, familiarity with the use of oral hygiene supplies revealed a statistically significant influence on the use of oral hygiene supplies that was a dependent variable(p<0.000).
Conclusions : Awareness of oral hygiene supplies didn't have a lot of impact on the use of the supplies. It is important to motivate learners to make use of oral hygiene supplies in case of oral health education.
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to establish the regular scaling checkup service and to improve oral health care on the basis of knowledge, attitude, and belief by Dental Prophylaxis Practice Lab in A university.
Methods : Subjects were 324 patients who visited Dental Prophylaxis Practice Lab in A university for the preventive removal of tartar from April to June 8, 2012. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 through the frequency analysis, chi-test, and logistics regression analysis.
Results : In relation to scaling experience by age, 65.3% had experienced scaling checkup and those between 20 to 29 (34.7%) did not receive the scaling therapy. Smokers tended to have received more scaling experience than nonsmokers. Second, the number of untreated dental caries and missing teeth due to dental caries were important because the variables of oral health condition affected the scaling experience.
Conclusions : It is necessary to increase the scaling experience and regular dental checkup by providing the education to improve dental clinics visit based on the knowledge and belief towards the scaling.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the deciding factors of regular scaling checkup in metropolitan adults.
Methods : The subjects were 395 adults of 20s to 50s in Seoul and Gyeonggi province from September 25 to October 4, 2012. Data were self-reported questionnaires.
Results : Female tried to receive more regular scaling checkup than male. Dental practitioners were acquainted with the dental knowledge and had more scaling checkup. Those who received dental scaling checkup tended to use dental hygiene products and visit the dentists regularly.
Those who receiving good dental health services tended to visit the dental clinics more frequently.
Higher knowledge and lower fear of dental treatment lead to frequent regular checkup. There were significant positive correlations between satisfaction, kindness, knowledge of scaling and regular scaling checkup. Fear to dental treatment showed the negative correlation.
Conclusions : In order to increase intention degree of regular scaling checkup, it is necessary to develop programs for proper oral health behavior and to improve patient care services by dental hygienist.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate Korean scaling fear (KSF)-1.1 and related factors in scaling patients.
Methods : The subjects were 314 scaling patients in 7 dental clinics in Daegu from April to June, 2013. Data were analyzed for simple frequency rate, t-test and ANOVA(Sheffes's post hoc)for the identification of the differences between KSF-1.1 and variables. Multiple regression was analyzed for the impact of independent variable on the score of KSF-1.1.
Results : Mean score of KSF-1.1 in 314 scaling patients was 2.60. Female patients (2.71) had a higher score than male (2.47) (p<0.01). Those who didn't get a regular dental check up(2.87)tended to have higher fear level than those who had regular checkup (2.46) (p<0.001). Those who experienced dental pain (2.90) had significantly higher score than those who had not (2.46)(p<0.001). There was a significant difference between three groups (yes 3.03, ordinary 2.79, and no 2.42) in scaling (p<0.001) and financial burden (p<0.001). Variables associated with score of KSF-1.1 were gender( =0.21, p<0.05), waiting time for scaling( β=0.24, p<0.01) and financial burden ( β=0.22, p<0.02) by multiple regression analysis.
Conclusions : The influencing factors of scaling were gender, financial burden, waiting time for scaling that may effect on a score of KSF-1.1.
Objectives : The aim of the study is to offer basic data that help to reduce dental fear by measuring adult dental fear level with DFS scale.
Methods : The subjects were 300 persons including college students in W University and their parents in Jeollabuk-do Province. Data were collected by convenience sampling from May 1 to May 30, 2013.
Results : 1. Dental clinic visit provoked pain in 99 people(47.4%). Oral examination and preventive treatment evoked pain in 13 people(6.2%). 2. Women tended to feel much pain than men.
Both women and men felt the thrilling fear when a needle pricks the flesh. 3. Respondents having dental caries, gum bleeding, halitosis, shaking tooth, and painful tooth had a higher dental fear level. 4. The direct pain experience(p<0.001) had the greatest influence. The next influencing factor was the insufficient anesthesia(p<0.05). 5. The explanatory power that the pain experience has influence upon dental fear is R2=0.151.
Conclusions : The direct pain experience and the insufficient anesthesia experience have the great influence upon patients' dental fear level. Anesthetics and analgesics can be considered as one of the positive methods for pain control.
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to provide basic data for oral health promotion in national basic livelihood security.
Methods : The data were extracted from the 4th National Health and Nutrition Survey (2007-2009)in Korea. The data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. to χ2-test and CSGLM.
difficulty. 2. The infuencing factors of DMFT include gender (p<0.05), type of health insurance (p<0.05), membership for private health insurance (p<0.05), frequency of toothbrushing (p<0.05),use of oral hygiene products (p<0.01), smoking (p<0.05), drinking (p<0.05). The influencing factors of CPI include gender (p<0.01) and smoking (p<0.05). The influencing factors of fixed bridge include age (p<0.05), income (p<0.05) and use of accessory oral hygiene products (p<0.05).
The influencing factors of fixed bridge include age (p<0.001), income (p<0.01), education (p<0.001),type of health insurance (p<0.001), membership for private health insurance (p<0.001), frequency of toothbrushing (p<0.01), use of oral hygiene products (p<0.01), and drinking (p<0.05).
Conclusions : It is necessary to provide oral health care and health promotion to the recipients of National basic livelihood security. The government must give them better quality of dental health care in the near future.